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Encyclopedia > Tommy Douglas
Thomas Clement Douglas

The Honourable Thomas Clement Douglas Image File history File links Size of this preview: 528 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (550 × 625 pixel, file size: 76 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Tommy Douglas, former premier of Saskatchewan. ...


In office
July 10, 1944 – November 7, 1961
Preceded by William John Patterson
Succeeded by Woodrow S. Lloyd
Constituency Weyburn

Born October 20, 1904(1904-10-20)
Flag of Scotland Falkirk, Scotland
Died February 24 1986 (aged 81)
Flag of Canada Ottawa, Ontario
Political party CCF/NDP
Spouse Irma Dempsey
Profession Baptist minister
Religion Baptist

Thomas Clement Douglas, PC, CC, SOM, MA, LL.D (hc) (October 20, 1904February 24, 1986) was a Scottish-born Baptist minister who became a prominent Canadian social democratic politician. As leader of the Saskatchewan Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) from 1942 and the seventh Premier of Saskatchewan from 1944 to 1961, he led the first socialist government in North America and introduced universal public medicare to Canada. When the CCF united with the Canadian Labour Congress to form the New Democratic Party, he was elected as its first federal leader and served in that post from 1961 to 1971. He is warmly remembered for his folksy wit and oratory with which he expressed his steadfast idealism, exemplified by his fable of Mouseland. The Premier of Saskatchewan is the first minister for the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... July 10 is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... William John Patterson (May 13, 1886-June 10, 1976) was a Liberal Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada. ... Woodrow Stanley Lloyd (July 16, 1913-April 7, 1972) was a Canadian politician who succeeded Tommy Douglas as Premier of the Province of Saskatchewan. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Falkirk is a town in Scotland, in the district of Falkirk. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Government  - Mayor Larry OBrien  - City Council Ottawa City Council  - Representatives 8... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area Ranked 4th... The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was a Canadian political party founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, by a number of socialist, farm, co-operative and labour groups as well as the League for Social Reconstruction. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a progressive social democratic philosophy that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... The Saskatchewan Order of Merit is an award given in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum, not to be confused with an honors degree) is an academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was a Canadian political party founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, by a number of socialist, farm, co-operative and labour groups, and the League for Social Reconstruction. ... The Premier of Saskatchewan is the first minister for the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Canadian Labour Congress, or CLC (in French le Congrès du travail du Canada or CTC) is the central labour body in Canada to which most Canadian labour unions are affiliated. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a progressive social democratic philosophy that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... For a comparison of fable with other kinds of stories, see Myth, legend, fairy tale, and fable. ... The Story of Mouseland was a story told first by Clare Gillis, and later by Tommy Douglas, leader of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, a democratic socialist party in Canada. ...


In 1930 Douglas married Irma Dempsey, a music student at Brandon College. They had one daughter, actress Shirley Douglas, and they later adopted a second daughter Joan, who became a nurse. Through Shirley, he is grandfather of actor Kiefer Sutherland. Brandon University is a Canadian university located in the city of Brandon, Manitoba with an enrolment of 3383 (2005) full-time and part-time students. ... Shirley Douglas OC (born in Weyburn, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian television, film and stage actress. ... Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus Sutherland (born December 21, 1966 in London, England) is an Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian television and film actor, currently well known for his role of Jack Bauer on the series 24. ...


In 2004, he was voted "The Greatest Canadian" of all time in a nationally televised contest organized by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. The miniseries Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story, was filmed between February and May of 2005 and aired on CBC in two parts on March 12 and 13, 2006. Officially launched on April 5, 2004, The Greatest Canadian was a project by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) to find out who is considered the greatest Canadian of all time. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... A miniseries (sometimes mini-series), in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ... Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story is a CBC Television miniseries first aired in two consecutive parts on March 12 and March 13, 2006. ...

Contents

Early life and activism

Douglas was born in 1904 in Falkirk, Scotland. In 1910, his family immigrated to Canada, in search for a better life, where they settled in Winnipeg. The Douglas family later returned to Glasgow during WW1, but returned after the war. As a child, Douglas injured his leg and developed osteomyelitis. The leg would have been amputated were it not for a doctor who saw the condition as a good subject to teach his students and agreed to help for free. This rooted Douglas's belief that health care should be free to all, as he thought people shouldn't be dependent on generosity in order to get their health in good order. During World War I, the family returned to Glasgow. They came back to Winnipeg in 1919, in time for Douglas to witness the Winnipeg General Strike. From a rooftop vantage point on Main Street, he witnessed the police charging the strikers with clubs and guns, a streetcar being overturned and set on fire. He also witnessed the RCMP murder two men. [1] Falkirk is a town in Scotland, in the district of Falkirk. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Osteomyelitis is an infection of bone, usually caused by pyogenic bacteria or mycobacteria. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Glaswegian redirects here. ... Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919 The Winnipeg General Strike was Canadas most influential labour protest. ...


At the age of fifteen, Douglas began an amateur career in boxing. In 1917 Tommy used the One Big Union Gym to train his skill, fighting bouts that included wrestling as well. Douglas appeared with Canadian heavyweight champ Jack Taylor, and the U.S. champion, Ed "Strangler" Lewis. Weighing 135 pounds, Douglas fought in 1922 for the Lightweight Championship of Manitoba; and after a six round fight won the title. Douglas sustained a broken nose, a loss of some teeth, and a strained hand and thumb. Douglas successfully held the title the following year.


In 1924, Douglas attended Brandon College to study for the ministry. While there, Douglas was influenced by the social gospel movement, which combined Christian principles with social reform. He graduated from Brandon College in 1930, and completed his Master's degree (MA) in Sociology from McMaster University in 1933. His thesis entitled The Problems of the Subnormal Family was on eugenics, a way to "solve the problems of the Subnormal Family" by sterilizing mentally and physically disabled Canadians, and sending them to camps. [2] He later rejected this theory after a trip to Nazi Germany in 1938. He rarely mentioned his thesis later in his life, and his government never enacted eugenics policies (it may be noted that two Canadian provinces, Alberta and British Columbia, had eugenics legislation in the 1930s, and that the philosophy was not discredited in North America prior to World War II). Brandon University is a Canadian university located in the city of Brandon, Manitoba with an enrolment of 3383 (2005) full-time and part-time students. ... The Social Gospel movement is a Protestant movement that was most prominent in the late 19th and early to mid-20th century. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... “M.S.” redirects here. ... McMaster University is a medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ... Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Following this, he became a minister at the Calvary Baptist Church in Weyburn, Saskatchewan. With the onset of the Depression, Douglas became a social activist in Weyburn, and joined the new CCF organization. He was elected to the Canadian House of Commons in the 1935 federal election. Weyburn is a city in southeastern Saskatchewan, Canada. ... The Great Depression was a time of economic down turn, which started after the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1935 election The Canadian federal election of 1935 was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ...


After the outbreak of World War II, Douglas enlisted in the wartime Canadian Army. He had volunteered for overseas service and was on a draft of men headed for the Winnipeg Grenadiers when a medical examination turned up leg problems. Douglas stayed in Canada and the Grenadiers headed for Hong Kong. But for that ailment, he would have been with the regiment when its members were killed or captured at Hong Kong in December 1941.[citation needed] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Winnipeg Grenadiers was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces formed in 1908. ...


Premier of Saskatchewan

Despite being a federal Member of Parliament and not yet an MLA, Douglas was elected the leader of the Saskatchewan CCF in 1942 and did not resign from the House of Commons until June 1, 1944. He led the CCF to power in the June 15, 1944 provincial election, winning 47 of 53 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan, and thus forming the first democratic socialist government in not only Canada, but all of North America as well. A Member of the Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature or legislative assembly of a subnational jurisdiction. ... The Saskatchewan New Democratic Party (NDP) is a social democratic political party in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Saskatchewan general election of 1944 was the tenth provincial election in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... The Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan is located in Regina. ...


Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF then went on to win five straight majority victories in all subsequent Saskatchewan provincial elections up to 1960. Most of his government's pioneering innovations came about during its first term, including:

  • the creation of the publicly owned Saskatchewan Power Corp., successor to the Saskatchewan Electrical Power Commission, which began a long program of extending electrical service to isolated farms and villages;
  • the creation of Canada's first publicly owned automobile insurance service, the Saskatchewan Government Insurance Office;
  • the creation of a large number of Crown Corporations, many of which competed with existing private sector interests;
  • legislation that allowed the unionization of the public service;
  • a program to offer free hospital care to all citizens—the first in Canada.
    Leader Post announces CCF victory.
    Leader Post announces CCF victory.
  • passage of the Saskatchewan Bill of Rights, legislation that broke new ground as it protected both fundamental freedoms and equality rights against abuse not only by government actors but also on the part of powerful private institutions and persons. (The Saskatchewan Bill of Rights preceded the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations by 18 months).

Premier Douglas was the first head of any government in Canada to call for a constitutional bill of rights. This he did at a federal-provincial conference in Quebec City in January, 1950. No one in attendance at the conference supported him in this. Ten years later, Premier Lesage of Quebec joined with Premier Douglas at a First Ministers' Conference in July, 1960, in advocating for a constitutional bill of rights. Thus, respectable momentum was given to the idea that finally came to fruition, on April 17, 1982, with the proclamation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. [3] SGI Head Office in downtown Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada Created in 1945, Saskatchewan Government Insurance (SGI) is a provincial Crown corporation that has evolved over the years into two distinct operations. ... In Commonwealth countries a Crown corporation is a state-controlled company or enterprise (a public corporation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (479 × 638 pixel, file size: 122 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Cover of the Leader Post announcing a CCF government. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (479 × 638 pixel, file size: 122 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Cover of the Leader Post announcing a CCF government. ... Bold text Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...


Thanks to a booming postwar economy and the prudent financial management of provincial treasurer Clarence Fines, the Douglas government slowly paid off the huge debt left by the previous Liberal government, and created a budget surplus for the Saskatchewan government. Coupled with a federal government promise in 1959 to give even more money for medical care, this paved the way for Douglas's most notable achievement, the introduction of universal medicare legislation in 1961. Clarence Melvin Fines (born August 16, 1905 in Darlington, Manitoba; died October 27, 1993 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) was provincial treasurer of Saskatchewan during the Tommy Douglas era, and also served as Deputy Premier. ... For other uses, see Debt (disambiguation). ... The Saskatchewan Liberal Party is a political party in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... Surplus means the quantity left over, after conducting an activity; the quantity which has not been used up, and can refer to: budget surplus, the opposite of a budget deficit economic surplus Surplus product or surplus value in Marxian economics physical surplus in the economic theory of Piero Sraffa Operating... Publicly funded medicine is a level of medical service that is paid wholly or in majority part by public funds (taxes or quasi-taxes). ...


Medicare

Douglas's number one concern was the creation of Medicare. In the summer of 1962, Saskatchewan became the centre of a hard-fought struggle between the provincial government, the North American medical establishment, and the province's physicians, who brought things to a halt with a doctors' strike. The doctors believed their best interests were not being met and feared a significant loss of income as well as government interference in medical care decisions even though Douglas agreed that his government would pay the going rate for service that doctors charged. The medical establishment claimed that Douglas would import foreign doctors to make his plan work and used racist images to try to scare the public. Their defenders have also pointed out that private or government medical insurance plans covered 60 to 63 per cent of the Saskatchewan population before Medicare legislation was introduced. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


An often forgotten political fact is that though Douglas is widely hailed as the father of Medicare, he had retired from his position as Saskatchewan's premier, turned over this job in 1961 to Woodrow Lloyd and took the leadership of the federal New Democratic Party.


The Saskatchewan program was finally launched by his successor, Woodrow Lloyd, in 1962. The success of the province's public health care program was not lost on the federal government. Another Saskatchewan politician, newly elected Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, decreed in 1958 that any province seeking to introduce a hospital plan would receive 50 cents on the dollar from the federal government. In 1962, Diefenbaker appointed Justice Emmett Hall—also of Saskatchewan, a noted jurist and Supreme Court Justice—to Chair a Royal Commission on the national health system. In 1964, Justice Hall recommended the nationwide adoption of Saskatchewan's model of public health insurance. In 1966, the Liberal minority government of Lester B. Pearson created such a program, with the federal government paying 50% of the costs and the provinces the other half. Woodrow Stanley Lloyd (July 16, 1913-April 7, 1972) was a Canadian politician who succeeded Tommy Douglas as Premier of the Province of Saskatchewan. ... John George Diefenbaker, CH, PC, QC, BA, MA, LL.B, LL.D, DCL, FRSC, FRSA, D.Litt, DSL, (18 September 1895 – 16 August 1979) was the 13th Prime Minister of Canada (1957 – 1963). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Loonie. ... Emmett Matthew Hall (November 9, 1898 - November 11, 1995) was a Canadian jurist and civil libertarian and is considered, with Tommy Douglas, one of the fathers of the Canadian system of Medicare. ... The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... In states that are Commonwealth Realms a Royal Commission is a major government public inquiry into an issue. ... Lester Bowles Pearson, often referred to as Mike, PC, OM, CC, OBE, MA, LL.D. (April 23, 1897 – December 27, 1972) was a Canadian statesman, diplomat and politician who was made a Nobel Laureate in 1957. ...


Federal NDP leader

When the CCF allied with the Canadian Labour Congress to form the New Democratic Party (NDP) in 1961, Douglas defeated Hazen Argue at the first NDP leadership convention and became the new party's first leader. Douglas resigned from provincial politics and sought election to the House of Commons in the riding of Regina City in 1962, but was defeated. He was later elected in a by-election in the riding of Burnaby—Coquitlam, British Columbia. The Canadian Labour Congress, or CLC (in French le Congrès du travail du Canada or CTC) is the central labour body in Canada to which most Canadian labour unions are affiliated. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a progressive social democratic philosophy that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... Argues official portrait from the Senate of Canada. ... NDP leadership conventions are the process by which the Canadian New Democratic Party elects its leader. ... In the British Isles since Anglo-Saxon times, a riding is traditionally a sub-division (especially in three) of a county, in Australia analogous. ... For the Canadian city, see Regina, Saskatchewan. ... A by-election or bye-election is a special election held to fill a political office when the incumbent has died or resigned. ... Burnaby—Coquitlam was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of British Columbia. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km...


Re-elected as MP for that riding in the 1963 and 1965 elections, Douglas lost it in the 1968 federal election. He won a seat again in a 1968 by-election in the riding of Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands, British Columbia, and represented it until his retirement from electoral politics in 1979. Map of Canadas provinces and territories and which party won the most votes in each province and territory and their popular vote. ... In the Canadian federal election of 1965, the Liberal Party of Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson was re-elected with a larger number of seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... In the Canadian federal election of June 25, 1968, the Liberal Party won a majority government under its new leader, Pierre Trudeau. ... Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands was a federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons. ...


While the NDP did better in elections than its CCF predecessor, the party did not experience the breakthrough it had hoped for. Despite this, Douglas was greatly respected by party members and Canadians at large as the party wielded considerable influence during the minority governments of Lester Pearson. In 1970, Douglas and the NDP took a controversial but principled stand against the implementation of the War Measures Act during the October Crisis. The War Measures Act (enacted in August 1914, replaced by the Emergencies Act in 1988) was a Canadian statute that allowed the government to assume sweeping emergency powers. ... Military cordon in support of police taking surrender of terrorist Liberation cell, December 3, 1970 The October Crisis was a series of dramatic events triggered by two terrorist kidnappings by members of the Front de libération du Québec in the province of Quebec, Canada, in October 1970, which...


Late career and retirement

In 1962, Douglas received an honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of Saskatchewan. He resigned as NDP leader in 1971, but retained his seat in the House of Commons. He served as the NDP's energy critic under the new leader, David Lewis. He was re-elected in the riding of Nanaimo–Cowichan–The Islands in the 1972 and 1974 elections. Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... The University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is the largest education institution in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... David Lewis (born Loch), CC, MA (June 23, 1909-May 23, 1981) was a Russian-born Canadian labour lawyer and politician. ... The House of Commons after the 1972 election The Canadian federal election of 1972 was held on October 30, 1972 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... The House of Commons after the 1974 election The Canadian federal election of 1974 was held on July 8, 1974 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ...


He retired from politics in 1979 and served on the board of directors of Husky Oil, an oil and gas exploration company.


The Douglas-Coldwell Foundation was established in 1971. In 1981, Douglas was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. In 1985, he was awarded the Saskatchewan Order of Merit. In the mid-1980s, Brandon University created a students' union building in honour of Douglas and his old friend, Stanley Knowles. The Douglas-Coldwell Foundation is a Canadian think tank devoted, in the words of its slogan, to promoting education and research into social democracy. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... The Saskatchewan Order of Merit is an award given in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... Brandon University is a Canadian university located in the city of Brandon, Manitoba with an enrolment of 3383 (2005) full-time and part-time students. ... A students union, student government, student leadership,or student council is a student organization present in many elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges and universities. ... Stanley Howard Knowles, PC , OC , BA , BD , LL.D (June 18, 1908 - June 9, 1997) was a Canadian parliamentarian. ...


In June 1984 Douglas was injured when he was struck by a bus but he quickly recovered and on his 80th birthday he claimed to The Globe and Mail that he usually walked up to five miles a day. [4] By this point in his life his memory was beginning to slow down and he stopped accepting speaking engagements but remained active in the Douglas-Coldwell Foundation. The Globe and Mail is a large English language national newspaper based in Toronto, Canada, and printed in seven cities across Canada. ...


He became a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada on November 30, 1984. In 1998, he was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... November 30 is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Canadian Medical Hall of Fame is a Canadian charitable organization, founded in 1994, that honours Canadians who have contributed to the understanding of disease and improving the health of people. ...


Douglas died of cancer on February 24, 1986 at the age of 81 in Ottawa. [5] Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Government  - Mayor Larry OBrien  - City Council Ottawa City Council  - Representatives 8...


Artistic depiction

In the two Canadian Broadcasting Corporation mini-series about Pierre Trudeau, Trudeau and Trudeau II: Maverick in the Making, Tommy Douglas is portrayed by Eric Peterson. In the biography mini-series, Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story, which aired on March 12 and 13, 2006, also on CBC, Douglas was played by Michael Therriault. The movie was widely derided by critics as being historically inaccurate. Particularly, the movie's portrayal of James Gardiner, premier of Saskatchewan from the late 1920s to mid-1930s, was objected to by political historians and the Gardiner family itself. In response, the CBC consulted a "third party historian" to review the film and pulled it from future broadcasts, including halting all home and educational sales. [6] [7] The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... A miniseries, in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ... For other uses, see Pierre Elliott Trudeau (disambiguation). ... Categories: Canadian people stubs | 1946 births | Canadian actors ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Michael Therriault Michael Therriault is an actor. ... The Right Honourable James (Jimmy) Garfield Gardiner (November 30, 1883-January 2, 1962) was a farmer, politician, Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada, and minister in the Canadian Cabinet. ...

Preceded by
Edward James Young
MP Weyburn
1935–1944
Succeeded by
Eric Bowness McKay
Preceded by
George Crane
MLA Weyburn
1944–1961
Succeeded by
Junior Staveley
Preceded by
William John Patterson
Premier of Saskatchewan
1944–1961
Succeeded by
Woodrow S. Lloyd
Preceded by
New position
Leader of the New Democratic Party
1961–1971
Succeeded by
David Lewis
Preceded by
Erhart Regier
Burnaby—Coquitlam
1962–1968
Succeeded by
District abolished
Preceded by
Colin Cameron
MP Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands
1968–1979
Succeeded by
District abolished


The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Weyburn was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Saskatchewan. ... The Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan is located in Regina. ... William John Patterson (May 13, 1886-June 10, 1976) was a Liberal Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada. ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Saskatchewan, Canada, since it was formed in 1905. ... Woodrow Stanley Lloyd (July 16, 1913-April 7, 1972) was a Canadian politician who succeeded Tommy Douglas as Premier of the Province of Saskatchewan. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a progressive social democratic philosophy that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... David Lewis (born Loch), CC, MA (June 23, 1909-May 23, 1981) was a Russian-born Canadian labour lawyer and politician. ... Burnaby—Coquitlam was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of British Columbia. ... Colin Cameron (born 23 October 1972 in Kirkcaldy) is a professional footballer who currently plays for Coventry City and has been capped 27 times for Scotland. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Nanaimo—Cowichan—The Islands was a federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons. ...

Premiers of Saskatchewan Flag of Saskatchewan
Scott | Martin | Dunning | Gardiner | Anderson | Gardiner | Patterson | Douglas | Lloyd | Thatcher | Blakeney | Devine | Romanow | Calvert


The Premier of Saskatchewan is the first minister for the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saskatchewan. ... The Honourable Thomas Walter Scott (known less formally as Walter Scott) (October 27, 1867-March 23, 1938) was the first Premier of the province of Saskatchewan in Canada. ... William Melville Martin (August 23, 1876-June 22, 1970) served as Liberal Premier of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan from 1916 to 1922. ... Charles Avery Dunning The Honourable Charles Avery Dunning, PC (July 31, 1885 – October 2, 1958) was born in Croft, Leicestershire, England. ... The Right Honourable James (Jimmy) Garfield Gardiner (November 30, 1883-January 2, 1962) was a farmer, politician, Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada, and minister in the Canadian Cabinet. ... James Thomas Milton Anderson (July 23, 1878-December 29, 1946) was Saskatchewans fifth Premier and the first Conservative to hold the office. ... The Right Honourable James (Jimmy) Garfield Gardiner (November 30, 1883-January 2, 1962) was a farmer, politician, Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada, and minister in the Canadian Cabinet. ... William John Patterson (May 13, 1886-June 10, 1976) was a Liberal Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada. ... Woodrow Stanley Lloyd (July 16, 1913 — April 7, 1972) was a Canadian politician who succeeded Tommy Douglas as Premier of the Province of Saskatchewan. ... Wilbert Ross Thatcher, PC (24 May 1917–22 July 1971) was the tenth premier of Saskatchewan, Canada, serving from 2 May 1964 to 30 June 1971. ... The Honourable Allan Emrys Blakeney, PC , OC , SOM , QC , MA , DCL (born September 7, 1925) was the Premier of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan from 1971 to 1982, and leader of the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party (NDP). ... Grant Devines Official Portrait The image above is believed to be a replaceable fair use image. ... Roy John Romanow, PC , OC , SOM , QC , LL.B , DU, (born August 12, 1939 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian politician and former Premier of Saskatchewan (1991–2001). ... Lorne Calvert, MLA (born December 24, 1954 in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan) is the current premier of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ...

Leaders of the CCF/NDP
Woodsworth | Coldwell | Argue | Douglas | Lewis | Broadbent | McLaughlin | McDonough | Layton

The New Democratic Party (NDP; Nouveau Parti démocratique in French) is a political party in Canada with a progressive social democratic philosophy that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... J.S. Woodsworth James Shaver Woodsworth (July 29, 1874 – March 21, 1942) was a pioneer in the Canadian social democratic movement. ... M.J. Coldwell and David Lewis looking over some papers together Major James William Coldwell, PC, CC (December 2, 1888–August 25, 1974), usually known as M.J., was a Canadian socialist politician, and leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation party from 1942 to 1960. ... Argues official portrait from the Senate of Canada. ... David Lewis (born Loch), CC, MA (June 23, 1909-May 23, 1981) was a Russian-born Canadian labour lawyer and politician. ... John Edward Ed Broadbent, PC, CC, Ph. ... The Honourable Audrey Marlene McLaughlin, OC, P.C. (born November 7, 1936) was leader of Canadas New Democratic Party, and the first woman leader of a major Canadian federal party. ... Alexa McDonough (born August 11, 1944) is a Canadian politician, and former leader of the New Democratic Party. ... John Gilbert Jack Layton, PC, MP, PhD (born July 18, 1950) is a social democratic Canadian politician and current leader of Canadas New Democratic Party (since 2003). ...

Notes and References

  1. ^ This incident influenced Douglas in his commitment to protect fundamental freedoms in a Bill of Rights on his election as Premier of Saskatchewan in 1944. See, Ken Norman, The Saskatchewan Bill of Rights, The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan, 2005, Regina, Canadian Plains Research Center, at page 798; [1]
  2. ^ writings of Tommy Douglas
  3. ^ Barry L. Strayer, "Patriation of the Constitution and the Charter: 25 years after", The Timlin Lecture, February 20, 2007, University of Saskatchewan, at p. 14.
  4. ^ "Douglas is well after accident", Globe and Mail, October 26, 1984, p. 8. 
  5. ^ Tommy Douglas from the CBC
  6. ^ "CBC pulls Tommy Douglas movie", CBC, June 12, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-30. 
  7. ^ Wood, James. "CBC pulls Tommy Douglas movie", Edmonton Journal, June 12, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-30. 

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Cipher-block chaining ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Tommy Douglas

  Results from FactBites:
 
Douglas-Coldwell Foundation - Tommy Douglas - T.C. Douglas - Thomas Clement Douglas (1356 words)
Douglas was the first socialist leader of a government on this continent.
Douglas was born on October 20, 1904, in Falkirk, Scotland.
Douglas resigned his federal seat to lead the Saskatchewan CCF and, in the memorable election of June 15, 1944 he led the party to a massive victory, winning 47 of 53 seats.
Douglas-Coldwell Foundation - Tommy Douglas - T.C. Douglas - Thomas Clement Douglas (1581 words)
Tommy Douglas était un homme au grand cœur.
Tommy Douglas n'était pas grand mais il avait un cerveau et un courage de taille.
Douglas a démissionné de son siège fédéral pour diriger la CCF de Saskatchewan et, dans une élection mémorable du 15 juin 1944, il a dirigé le parti à une victoire massive, gagnant 47 de 53 sièges.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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