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Encyclopedia > Tommy (film)
Tommy

Film poster
Directed by Ken Russell
Produced by Ken Russell
Robert Stigwood
Written by Ken Russell
Pete Townshend
Starring Roger Daltrey
Oliver Reed
Ann-Margret
Elton John
Eric Clapton
Tina Turner
Cinematography Dick Bush
Robin Lehma
Ronnie Taylor
Editing by Stuart Baird
Distributed by Columbia Pictures (USA)
Hemdale Film Distributors Ltd. (UK)
Release date(s) 19 March 1975
Running time 111 min.
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Budget $5,000,000 (estimated)
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile
Roger Daltrey as Tommy

Tommy was a 1975 musical film, based on The Who's 1969 "rock opera" concept album Tommy. It was directed by Ken Russell and featured a star-studded cast, including the band members themselves. Ann-Margret received a Golden Globe Award for her performance, and was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Pete Townshend was also nominated for an Oscar for his work in scoring and adapting the music for the film. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 376 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (744 × 1185 pixel, file size: 85 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Film poster for Tommy (1975) Source: image, page This image is of a poster, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Robert Stigwood (born April 16, 1934 in Adelaide, Australia) is an Australian-born entertainment entrepreneur. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Peter Dennis Blandford (Pete) Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ... Roger Harry Daltrey, CBE (born 1 March 1944) is a rock vocalist, songwriter, and actor, best known as the founder and lead singer of The Who, an English rock band. ... Robert Oliver Reed (February 13, 1938 – May 2, 1999) was an English actor known for his macho image on and off screen. ... Ann-Margret Ann-Margret (born April 28, 1941) is a Swedish-born actress and singer. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE [2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a multiple Grammy and Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer and composer, who is one of the most successful musicians of the 20th century,[1] garnering an unprecedented three inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... Tina Turner (born November 26, 1939) is an 11 time Grammy Award-winning (sharing three), American Singer, Dancer, Record Producer, Executive Producer, Actress, Writer, Performer, Songwriter, Author and occasionally Painter whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... Stuart Baird is a British film editor, producer, and director who is mainly associated with action films. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Image File history File links Tommy_1975. ... Image File history File links Tommy_1975. ... // January 28 - George Lucas creates the second draft of what would eventually become Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... // Perhaps the most famous musical events of 1969 are two legendary concerts. ... The Whos Tommy, the first album explicitly billed as a rock opera A rock opera or rock musical is a musical production in the form of an opera or a musical in a modern rock and roll style rather than more traditional forms. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Tommy (1969) is the first of The Whos two full-scale rock operas (the second being Quadrophenia), and the first musical work explicitly billed as a rock opera. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Ann-Margret Ann-Margret (born April 28, 1941) is a Swedish-born actress and singer. ... The Golden Globe Award The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Nomination is part of the process of selecting a candidate for either election to an office, or the bestowing of an honor or award. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actresses working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Peter Dennis Blandford (Pete) Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ...

Contents

Cast

Roger Harry Daltrey, CBE (born 1 March 1944) is a rock vocalist, songwriter, and actor, best known as the founder and lead singer of The Who, an English rock band. ... Robert Oliver Reed (February 13, 1938 – May 2, 1999) was an English actor known for his macho image on and off screen. ... Ann-Margret Ann-Margret (born April 28, 1941) is a Swedish-born actress and singer. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE [2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a multiple Grammy and Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer and composer, who is one of the most successful musicians of the 20th century,[1] garnering an unprecedented three inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... John Alec Entwistle (October 9, 1944 – June 27, 2002) was an English bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, and horn player, who was best known as the bass guitarist for rock band The Who. ... Keith Moon (August 23, 1946 – September 7, 1978) was the drummer of the rock group The Who. ... Paul Nicholas (born Paul Oscar Beuselinck in Peterborough, England, 3rd December 1945) is a British actor and singer who has had considerable success on stage, screen and in the pop charts. ... Nicholson as Wilbur Force in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960). ... Robert Powell (born June 1, 1944), is a well-known English television and film actor, known for the title role in Jesus of Nazareth and as the fictional secret agent Richard Hannay. ... A Group Captains sleeve/shoulder insignia A Group Captains command flag Group Captain is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... Peter Dennis Blandford (Pete) Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ... Tina Turner (born November 26, 1939) is an 11 time Grammy Award-winning (sharing three), American Singer, Dancer, Record Producer, Executive Producer, Actress, Writer, Performer, Songwriter, Author and occasionally Painter whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... Brown on the cover of The Crazy World of Arthur Browns Nightmare single The Rev. ... Benjamin Patrick Aris (16 March 1937–4 September 2003) was an English actor who was best known for his parts in Hi-de-Hi! and To the Manor Born, and was also very active on stage. ...

Plot summary

Tommy's father, RAF Group Captain Walker, is away fighting the Germans in World War II. His plane is shot from the air even before Tommy is born. His mother, Nora Walker, receives the news while at work in a munitions factory filling bombs with ball bearings. Mrs. Walker faints and brings boxes of the ball bearings down with her. Mrs. Walker then gives birth to a baby boy, Tommy. Tommy's mother believes her husband is dead for nearly six years. She meets Frank Hobbs at a holiday camp and starts a relationship with him. Look up plane in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Layers of Atmosphere (NOAA) Air redirects here. ... Childbirth (also called labour, birth, partus or parturition) is the culmination of a human pregnancy with the emergence of a newborn infant/s from the mothers uterus. ... Nickel-chrome plated steel balls A ball bearing is a common type of rolling_element bearing, a kind of bearing. ... Faces of mother and child; detail of sculpture at Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Female mallard duck and ducklings. ... Husband may refer to: the male spouse in a marriage a husband pillow. ... Holiday camp, in Britain, generally refers to a resort with a boundary that includes accommodation, entertainment and other facilities. ...


However, Group Captain Walker had survived the crash and returns home one night. Tommy follows him to the bedroom where Walker sees Mrs. Walker and Hobbs in each other's arms. Hobbs kills Group Captain Walker by smashing a lamp on his head. The act is witnessed by young Tommy. Tommy is then told in a violent manner that he "didn't hear it, didn't see it" and "won't say nothing to no-one,". As a result, Tommy mentally becomes deaf, mute, and blind to avoid it. Hobbs and Tommy's mother turn to such characters as the preacher (religion), the Acid Queen (drugs), and doctor (medicine) for cures to Tommy's condition. The only thing in common Tommy sees in these fantasies is a vision of his dad. The word deaf can have very different meanings depending on the background of the person speaking or the context in which the word is used. ... Muteness is a speech disorder in which a person lacks the power of speech, or chooses not to speak. ... Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or psychological factors. ... Preacher is a term the for someone who preaches sermons or gives homilies. ...


Tommy's only stimulus seems to come from a long mirror that he stands and stares into. Led alone into a junkyard at night by a vision of himself, Tommy comes into contact with a device that will change his life forever. A pinball machine scattered among the scrap metal allows Tommy to rise to national prominence and fame. Tommy's pinball prowess transforms him into a cult hero. Junkyard may refer to: Junkyard - a motorvehicle wrecking yard Junkyard (band) - a hard rock band This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Pinball is a type of coin-operated arcade game where a player attempts to score points by manipulating one or more metal balls on a playfield inside a glass covered case called a pinball machine. ... Pinball is a type of coin-operated arcade game where a player attempts to score points by manipulating one or more metal balls on a playfield inside a glass covered case called a pinball machine. ...


Filled with guilt one day, Tommy's mother throws him into the mirror he is staring into, which wakes Tommy into normality once more. He uses his new awareness to try and bring enlightenment to people. He starts giving talks and enlightening people by canvassing. Tommy's stepdad exploits him to make more money and eventually Tommy becomes a worldwide religious icon.


Tommy eventually sets up his own Holiday Camp for his followers, where he gives them dark glasses, ear plugs and mouth corks to make them mentally (temporarily) deaf, mute and blind like Tommy was and he makes them all play pinball. However, mercantile exploitation by Tommy's family and the tough and/or the unreasonable demands of his cult cause the disciples to revolt against him and abandon him. His mother and stepfather are killed during the riot. Alone and abandoned by everybody, Tommy achieves new enlightenment. A stepfamily is the family one acquires when a parent marries someone new. ...


Changes from album

The film version of Tommy showed a few changes from the original 1969 album. One such change is the date in which the story happened. The movie takes place in the post World War II era as the album takes place in post World War I. For example, in the song "1921" where on the album the line is, "got a feelin' 21 is gonna be a good year." the movie changes it to "got a feelin' 51 is gonna be a good year"' for the film. This allowed Russell to use more contemporary images for later scenes. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


In the album, Group Captain Walker returns to find his wife with a new lover and proceeds to murder the lover. In the film it is flipped around; the lover kills Group Captain Walker. This is perhaps (though not necessarily) the cause for a different treatment of the title character. In the film, Tommy's fame as pinball champion is exploited by his mother and Hobbs, who use it to give themselves a much more lavish lifestyle.


Unlike other films of rock operas (such as Pink Floyd's The Wall) the album is never dubbed over the film; the different actors -including Nicholson and Reed, neither of whom were known for their vocal prowess - sing the songs instead of The Who. Because of this, all the songs are rerecorded and some shuffled around. A large number of songs have new lyrics and instrumentation. Notably: The Whos Tommy, the first album explicitly billed as a rock opera A rock opera or rock musical is a musical production in the form of an opera or a musical in a modern rock and roll style rather than more traditional forms. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

  • "The Amazing Journey" has almost completely different lyrics, and the "guide" from the album is shown as being Tommy's murdered father.
  • Pinball Wizard has a few extra lyrics. References to pinball are removed from "Christmas".
  • Several new songs were written, including "Prologue 1945", "Bernie's Holiday Camp", "Champagne", "Mother and Son", and "T.V. Studio." "Sparks" is not present (however, parts from it can be heard as Tommy is found playing Pinball); Only a few brief segments of "Overture" can be heard.

Symbolism

The visual part of the film involves many messages. It may be interpreted as containing a kafkaesque commentary on the rich and on the commercial, consumerist side of modern society in general (notably the famous scene with Ann-Margret bathing in the pool of beans, which might also refer to the cover of The Who Sell Out). Also, perhaps not surprisingly, Tommy's cult is shown as resembling or imitating existing religions such as Christianity (e.g. its symbol is a "cross" formed by a T-shaped staff and a pinball on top of it) and Eastern religions (e.g. in the scene where Tommy is trying to teach cripples to meditate). The film also makes a large statement about how celebrities are loved almost to the point of being worshipped religiously, as seen in the church during the "Eyesight to the Blind" scene, where the church-goers are worshiping an idol of Marilyn Monroe. Kafkaesque is an adjective which is used to describe concepts, situations, and ideas which are reminiscent of the literary work of Prague writer Franz Kafka, particularly his novel The Trial and his novella The Metamorphosis. ... Young people interacting within an ethnically diverse society. ... The Who Sell Out is The Whos third album, released in 1967. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Taken during a Hindu prayer ceremony on the eve of Diwali. ... Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson on June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), was a Golden Globe Award-winning American actress, singer, model and pop icon. ...


Trivia

Elton John singing Pinball Wizard

The film's tagline was "Your senses will never be the same." Image File history File links This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Image File history File links This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE [2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a multiple Grammy and Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ...


Eric Clapton's appearance in the film was an expression of thanks to Pete Townshend, who had helped Clapton kick his heroin addiction. Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer and composer, who is one of the most successful musicians of the 20th century,[1] garnering an unprecedented three inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... Peter Dennis Blandford (Pete) Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ... Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is an opioid synthesized directly from the extracts of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. ...


Rod Stewart was originally chosen to sing Pinball Wizard. Elton John convinced Stewart not to take the role, and then took it for himself. Stevie Wonder was also considered. Roderick David Stewart, CBE (born January 10, 1945), is a Scottish / English singer born and raised in London. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE [2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a multiple Grammy and Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Stevie Wonder (born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Stevland Hardaway Morris),[1] is an American singer, songwriter, and record producer. ...


Robert Stigwood, who produced the film with Ken Russell, was Eric Clapton's manager during Clapton's tenure with Cream. Robert Stigwood (born April 16, 1934 in Adelaide, Australia) is an Australian-born entertainment entrepreneur. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer and composer, who is one of the most successful musicians of the 20th century,[1] garnering an unprecedented three inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... Cream were a 1960s British rock band, which consisted of guitarist Eric Clapton, bassist Jack Bruce and drummer Ginger Baker. ...


The original choice for the Acid Queen was David Bowie. David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ...


Premiere engagements of Tommy were presented in 5-channel Quintaphonic Sound. The music and sound effects were played (at near-earsplitting volume) from loudspeaker arrays located in the four corners of the auditorium; vocals emanated from the speakers behind the screen.


The British TV show Rutland Weekend Television aired a parody skit called Pommy. Pommy was simply about a blind, deaf and dumb boy trying to get out of a Ken Russell film. This parody was one of the two choices Lorne Michaels had to make when he asked Eric Idle if he had any submissions to contribute to his new show, at the time, Saturday Night Live. Michaels chose the latter, which is The Rutles. RWT logo. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is a controversial English film director, particularly known for his films about famous composers. ... Lorne Michaels (born Lorne Michael Lipowitz on November 17, 1944) is an Emmy-winning Canadian-born television producer, writer and comedian best known for creating and producing Saturday Night Live and producing the various film and TV projects that spun off from it. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is a British comedian, actor, author and writer of comedic songs. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 91-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City that has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... The Rutles are a parody of The Beatles, jointly created by Eric Idle and Neil Innes. ...


Ken Russell originally wanted Christopher Lee to play the Doctor. But he was in Bangkok, Thailand, filming The Man with the Golden Gun. Jack Nicholson was in London at the time, and he was brought in as a last-minute replacement for Lee. His singing and his film part were filmed and recorded in 18 hours. Christopher Frank Carandini Lee, CBE (born May 27, 1922) is an English actor known for his professional longevity and his distinctive basso delivery. ... The Man with the Golden Gun is the ninth film in the James Bond series and the second to star Roger Moore as MI6 agent James Bond. ...


Elton John was supposed to record Pinball Wizard with The Who but got sick of waiting for them so he used his own band.


The crowd storming the stage was choreographed and took three days to shoot.


Elton John was in a great deal of pain in those boots and fell over at one point.


Students from Portsmouth College of Art made up the cast of extras and were rewarded after the wrap with a 3-hour concert by the Who in the Portsmouth Guildhall.


South Parade Pier, Southsea, was used as the ballroom in the final scenes and coincidentally burnt down during filming. Ken Russell was slated for using his own actual footage of the fire in the film. The Pinball Wizard scenes were filmed in the Theatre Royal in Portsmouth. This also burnt down during filming.


The holiday camp moving wurlitzer was built over a Mini car


Actual disabled extras were used for some of the scenes, which caused an uproar and protests at the locations.


The screams from the crowd are lifted from the Beatles "A Hard Day's Night" movie during the concert scene. In the US, The Soundtrack album was not released on The Who's US Label MCA. Instead, it was released on their UK Label, Polydor.


The villain of the Dragon Ball manga & anime, Emperor Pilaf, wears a hat similar to the one Elton John's character wears. Also in the anime, Pilaf uses a giant pinball machine, complete with keyboards. Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Original run 1984 – 1995 No. ...


Oliver Reed reportedly had difficulty recording his parts due to an inability to sing. Reed was able to complete the film by recording his parts small pieces at a time. This would upset Pete Townshend on numerous occasions.[1]


References

  1. ^ "Trivia for Tommy". imdb.com.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tommy (film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1029 words)
Tommy is told to forget what he saw and heard, and as a result becomes deaf, dumb, and blind.
Unlike other films of rock operas (such as Pink Floyd's The Wall) the album is not dubbed over the film; the different actors sing the songs instead of The Who.
For the most part the original ideas of Tommy's unique perception (being that Tommy can experience the world in a spiritual manner that average humans cannot with all of their senses being assaulted by other sensations) are only hinted at in the film version.
Tommy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (114 words)
Tommy is a given name that is the English diminutive of Thomas.
Tommy Oliver, a character from the Power Rangers TV series.
Tommy Pickles, the character from the animated TV show Rugrats
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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