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Encyclopedia > Tombstone, Arizona
City of Tombstone, Arizona
Location in Cochise County and the state of Arizona
Location in Cochise County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 31°42′57″N 110°3′53″W / 31.71583, -110.06472
Country United States
State Arizona
County Cochise
Founded 1879
Government
 - Mayor Don Aiton
Area
 - City  4.3 sq mi (11.1 km²)
 - Land  4.3 sq mi (11.1 km²)
 - Water  0.0 sq mi (0.0 km²)
Elevation  4,541 ft (1,384 m)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 1,569
 - Density 364.9/sq mi (141.4/km²)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85638
Area code(s) 520
FIPS code 04-74400
GNIS feature ID 0012590
Website: http://www.cityoftombstone.com/

Tombstone is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, USA, founded in 1879 in what was then the Arizona Territory. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the town is 1,569,[1] a decline from its early years. Image File history File links Cochise_County_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Tombstone_highlighted. ... Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST, or Summer Time) is the local time a region is designated for a portion of the year, usually an hour forward from its standard official time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... North American area code 520 is a state of Arizona telephone area code which was created in a split from area code 602 on March 19, 1995 for the rest of the state outside of the Greater Phoenix metropolitan area. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ...

Contents

History

Tombstone in year 1881
Ed Schieffelin in Tombstone in year 1880
Ed Schieffelin in Tombstone in year 1880

In the summer of 1877 prospector Ed Schieffelin was working the hills east of the San Pedro River in the southeast portion of the Arizona Territory, when he came across a vein of very rich silver ore in a high plateau called Goose Flats. When Schieffelin filed his mining claim he named it "The Tombstone", after a warning given him by a passing soldier. While telling the soldier about his rock collecting experiences, the soldier told him that the only rock he was likely to collect among the waterless hills and warring Apaches of the area would be his own tombstone. Image File history File links Tombstone_year_1891. ... Image File history File links Tombstone_year_1891. ... Image File history File links Ed_Schieffelin_in_Tombstone_year_1880. ... Image File history File links Ed_Schieffelin_in_Tombstone_year_1880. ... Ed Schieffelin monument, Arizona Ed Schieffelin (1847-May 27, 1897), was a Tioga County, Pennsylvania native who became the founder of Tombstone, Arizona. ... The San Pedro River is a south to north running river, flowing from the northern Mexico state of Sonora, 140 miles north where it meets with the Gila River in south central Arizona. ... The Apaches (Les Apaches or Societe des Apaches) was a group of French musicians, writers and artists which formed around 1900. ...


The town of Tombstone was founded in 1879, taking its name from the mining claim, and soon became a boomtown. Fueled by mineral wealth, Tombstone was a city of 1000 by the beginning of 1881, and within another year Tombstone had become the seat of a new county (Cochise County) with a population between 5,000 and 15,000, and services including refrigeration (with ice cream and later even ice skating), running water, telegraph and limited telephone service. Capitalists and businessmen moved in from the Eastern U.S. Mining was carried out by immigrants from Cornwall and Europe. An extensive service industry (laundry, construction, restaurants, fine hotels, etc.) was provided by Chinese and other immigrants. A boomtown is a community that experiences sudden and rapid population and economic growth. ... Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the state of Arizona. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ...

Ed Schieffelin monument
Ed Schieffelin monument

Without railroad access the increasingly sophisticated Tombstone was relatively isolated, deep in a Federal territory that was largely unpopulated desert and wilderness. Tombstone and its surrounding countryside also became known as one of the deadliest regions in the West. Uncivilized "southern" gangs from the surrounding countryside, known as "cow-boys", were at odds with the "northern" capitalists and immigrant miners who ran the city and mines. On October 26, 1881 this situation famously exploded in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, leading to a continued family and political feud that resulted in multiple deaths. Image File history File links Ed_Schieffelin_monument1. ... Image File history File links Ed_Schieffelin_monument1. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ...


As a result of relative lack of water and quick wooden construction, Tombstone experienced major fires in June 1881 and May 1882. The second fire was particularly destructive and signaled the end of the classic old boomtown mining city. After the mid-1880s, when the silver mines had been tapped out, the main pump failed, causing many mines to be flooded with deep groundwater, and Tombstone declined rapidly.


Tourism

Tombstone nearly became a ghost town after the decline of silver mining there, saved for many years only by its status as the Cochise County seat. Even the county seat was later moved by popular vote to nearby Bisbee in 1929. However, the classic Cochise County Courthouse and adjacent gallows yard in Tombstone is preserved as a museum. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the state of Arizona. ... Bisbee is a city located in Cochise County, Arizona, USA, 82 miles (132 km) southeast of Tucson. ...


Tombstone is home to perhaps the most famous graveyard of the Old West, Boot Hill. Buried at the site are various victims of violence and disease in Tombstone's early years, including those from the O.K. Corral. Boot Hill (also known as the old city cemetery) was also the destination for bad-men and those lynched or legally hanged in Tombstone. Admission to this historic site is free and donations are accepted. Great Basin region, typical American West The Western United States has played a significant role in history and fiction. ... Boot Hill (or Boothill) is the name for any number of cemeteries, chiefly in the American West. ... The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral was an event of legendary proportion which has been portrayed in numerous Western films. ...


The lot in which the historic gunfight at the O.K. Corral occurred in 1881 started is also preserved, but this has been walled off, and admission is charged. However, since much of this streetfight occurred in Tombstone's Fremont Street (modern Highway 80), much of this site is also viewable without admission charge. Newspaper coverage of the fight. ...


According to Guinness, the world's largest rosebush was planted in Tombstone in 1885 and still flourishes today in the city's sunny climate. This Lady Banksia rose now covers 8,000 square feet of the roof on an inn, and has a 12-foot circumference trunk. [1] Guinness World Records 2007 edition. ... Binomial name Rosa banksiae Banks The Rosa species R. banksiae, commonly referred to as the Lady Banks Rose, is indigineous to Western China, between the Yunnan and Shensi mountain ranges. ...


Currently, tourism and western memorabilia are the main commercial enterprises; a July 2005 CNN article notes that Tombstone receives approximately 450,000 tourist visitors each year. This is about 300 tourists/year for each permanent resident. In contrast to its heyday, when it featured saloons open 24 hours and numerous houses of prostitution, Tombstone is now a staid community with few businesses open late. The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ...

Allen Street
Allen Street

The town's focus on tourism has threatened the town's designation as a National Historic District, a designation it earned in 1961 as "one of the best preserved specimens of the rugged frontier town of the 1870s and '80s." In 2004, the National Park Service (NPS) declared the designation threatened, seeking to work with the community to develop an appropriate stewardship program. The inappropriate alterations to the district cited by the NPS include: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 738 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 738 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ... A frontier is a political and geographical term referring to areas near or beyond a boundary, or of a different nature. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Look up stewardship in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • Placing "historic" dates on new buildings
  • Failing to distinguish new construction from historic structures
  • Covering authentic historic elevations with inappropriate materials
  • Replacing historic features instead of repairing them
  • Replacing missing historic features with conjectural and unsubstantiated materials
  • Building incompatible additions to existing historic structures and new incompatible buildings within the historic district
  • Using illuminated signage, including blinking lights surrounding historic signs
  • Installing hitching rails and Spanish tile-covered store porches when such architectural features never existed within Tombstone

Geography

Tombstone is located at 31°42′57″N, 110°3′53″W (31.715940, -110.064827)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.1 km² (4.3 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 1,504 people, 694 households, and 419 families residing in the city. The population density was 135.0/km² (349.8/mi²). There were 839 housing units at an average density of 75.3/km² (195.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.37% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 8.18% from other races, and 2.53% from two or more races. 24.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 694 households out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.73. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 19.9% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $26,571, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $26,923 versus $18,846 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,447. About 13.0% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Tombstone in Popular Culture

The starship Enterprise as it appeared on Star Trek Star Trek is a culturally significant science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry in the 1960s. ... Spectre of the Gun is an episode of Star Trek: The Original Series from the third season, and was first broadcast on October 25, 1968. ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tombstone is a 1993 Western movie written by Kevin Jarre and directed by George P. Cosmatos. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Tombstone pizza is a frozen pizza product. ... Matanza may refer to: Argentina Rio Matanza/ Rio de la Matanza Buenos Aires Province La Matanza/Matanza -> San Justo, Buenos Aires Province Brazil Matanza (band) - a country/hardcore band from the Rio de Janeiro Dominican Republic settlement in María Trinidad Sánchez Province Colombia Matanza -> A Municipality of the... Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998) was an American pioneer of rockabilly music, a mix of rhythm and blues and country music that was recorded most notably at Sun Records in Memphis beginning in 1954. ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... Sings the Ballads of the True West is a concept album by country singer Johnny Cash, released on Columbia Records in 1965 (see 1965 in music). ...

References

  1. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arizona (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 15, 2006.

The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tombstone, Arizona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (654 words)
Tombstone is a city located in Cochise County, Arizona, founded in 1879.
Tombstone was known as one of the deadliest towns in the West after silver was discovered in the area in 1877; four years later the town was the site of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.
Tombstone is home to the legendary Boot Hill Graveyard.
Tombstone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (147 words)
Tombstone most commonly means a headstone marking the grave of a deceased person.
Tombstone (comics) is the name of a fictional Marvel Comics character.
Tombstones (programming) are a solution to dangling pointers in computer programming languages.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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