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Encyclopedia > Tom and Jerry (MGM)
Rare Tom and Jerry title card from the 1940s, no longer seen on re-issue prints.
Rare Tom and Jerry title card from the 1940s, no longer seen on re-issue prints.

Tom and Jerry are an Academy Award-winning animated cat (Tom) and mouse (Jerry) team who formed the basis of a successful series of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer theatrical short subjects created, written and directed by animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera (later of Hanna-Barbera fame). One hundred and fourteen Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio in Hollywood from 1940 until 1957, when the animation unit was closed down. These shorts are notable for having won seven Academy Awards for Best Short Subject (Cartoons), tying it with Walt Disney's Silly Symphonies as the most-awarded theatrical animated series. Image File history File links Tomjerrylogo40s. ... Image File history File links Tomjerrylogo40s. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Animation is the rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement. ... Binomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis lybica invalid junior synonym The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... Feral mouse A mouse (plural mice) is a rodent that belongs to one of numerous species of small mammals. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Early American actor William Garwood starred in numerous short films, many of which were only 20 minutes in length Short subject is a format description originally coined in the North American film industry in the early period of cinema. ... Screenwriting refers to the art and craft of writing screenplays. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... William Denby Bill Hanna (July 14, 1910 – March 22, 2001) was an American animator, director, producer, cartoon artist, and co-founder, together with Joseph Barbera, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Joseph Roland Joe Barbera (March 24, 1911 – December 18, 2006) was an American animator, cartoon artist, storyboard artist, director, producer, and co-founder, together with William Hanna, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon opening title, from the 1940s. ... ... This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... The redrawn (from 1930) opening title for the first Silly Symphony cartoon, The Skeleton Dance (1929). ...

Contents

Plot and format

Tom and Jerry title card used during the late 1940s and early 1950s, attached to many reissues of early and mid 1940s shorts.
Tom and Jerry title card used in the early 1950s, and some reissues of 1940s shorts.
Tom and Jerry title card used in the early 1950s, and some reissues of 1940s shorts.

The plots of each short usually center on Tom's frustrated attempts to catch Jerry, and the mayhem and destruction that ensues. Since Tom rarely attempts to eat Jerry and because the pair acutally seem to get along in some cartoon shorts (at least in the first minute or so), it is unclear why Tom chases Jerry so much, but some reasons given may include normal feline/mouse enmity, duty according to his owner, revenge, or competition with another cat, among other reasons. Image File history File linksMetadata TomandJerryTitleCard1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata TomandJerryTitleCard1. ... Image File history File links TomandJerryTitleCard2. ... Image File history File links TomandJerryTitleCard2. ...


Tom rarely succeeds in catching Jerry, mainly because of Jerry's craftiness and cunning abilities, but sometimes because of Tom's own stupidity. Tom usually beats Jerry when Jerry becomes the instigator or when he crosses some sort of line.


The shorts are famous for some of the most violent gags ever devised in theatrical animation: Jerry slicing Tom in half, shutting his head in a window or a door, Tom using everything from axes, pistols, dynamite, clubs and poison to try to murder Jerry, Jerry stuffing Tom's tail in a waffle iron, plugging his tail into an electric socket, hitting him with a mace and so on. Despite all the violence, there is no blood or gore in any scenes. A recurring gag involves Jerry hitting Tom when he's preoccupied, with Tom initially oblivious to the pain--and only feeling the effects moments later. Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... Dynamite is an explosive based on the explosive potential of nitroglycerin, initially using diatomaceous earth (kieselguhr) as an adsorbent. ... A club is generally an association of people united by a common interest or goal, as opposed to any natural ties of kinship. ... The skull and crossbones symbol (Jolly Roger) traditionally used to label a poisonous substance. ...


The cartoon is also noteworthy for its reliance on stereotypes, such as the blackening of characters following explosions and the use of heavy and enlarged shadows (e.g., "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Mouse"). Resemblance to everyday objects and occurrences is arguably the main appeal of visual humor in the series. The characters themselves regularly transform into ridiculous but strongly associative shapes, most of the time involuntarily, in masked but gruesome ways.


Music plays a very important part in the shorts, emphasizing the action, filling in for traditional sound effects, and lending emotion to the scenes. Musical director Scott Bradley created complex scores that combined elements of jazz, classical, and pop music; Bradley often reprised contemporary pop songs, as well as songs from MGM films, including The Wizard of Oz and Meet Me In St. Louis. For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Scott Bradley (born November 26, 1891 in Russellville, Arkansas, USA; died April 27, 1977 in Chatsworth, California, USA) was an American composer, pianist and conductor. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. ... Meet Me in St. ...


Before 1953, all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in the standard Academy ratio and format; from 1953 to 1956, some of the output was dually produced in both Academy format and the widescreen CinemaScope process. From 1956 until the close of the MGM animation studio a year later, all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in CinemaScope; some even had their soundtracks recorded in stereo. The 1960s Gene Deitch and Chuck Jones shorts were all produced in Academy format, but with compositions that made them compatible to be matted to Academy widescreen format as well. All of the Hanna and Barbera cartoons were produced in three-strip Technicolor; the 1960s entries were done in Metrocolor. ... The inner box (green) is the format used in most pre-1952 films and pre-widescreen television. ... A Fox logo used to promote the CinemaScope process. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... A Fox logo used to promote the CinemaScope process. ... Label for 2. ... Gene Deitch (born August 8, 1924 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is an American Academy-Award winning illustrator, animator and film director, based out of Prague. ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Characters

Tom and Jerry title card used in 1955 and 1956, when the series switched to the CinemaScope format.
Tom and Jerry title card used in 1955 and 1956, when the series switched to the CinemaScope format.
The final "Tom and Jerry" title card used in 1956 until the final Hanna and Barbera short in 1958.
The final "Tom and Jerry" title card used in 1956 until the final Hanna and Barbera short in 1958.

Image File history File linksMetadata TomandJerryTitleCard3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata TomandJerryTitleCard3. ... A Fox logo used to promote the CinemaScope process. ... Image File history File linksMetadata TomandJerryTitleCard4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata TomandJerryTitleCard4. ... See also: 1957 in television, other events of 1958, 1959 in television and the list of years in television. // Events July 1 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada. ...

Tom and Jerry

Tom is a bluish-grey housecat, depending on the short (Tom's fur color is close to that of the Russian Blue breed of cats), who lives a pampered life, while Jerry is a small brown mouse who always lives in close proximity to him. Tom is very quick-tempered and thin-skinned, while Jerry is independent and opportunistic. Despite being very energetic and determined, Tom is no match for Jerry's brains and wits. By the iris-out of each cartoon, Jerry usually emerges triumphant, while Tom is shown as the loser. However, other results may be reached; on rare occasions, Tom triumphs. Sometimes, usually ironically, they both lose or they both end up being friends. Both characters display sadistic tendencies, in that they are equally likely to take pleasure in tormenting each other. However, depending on the cartoon, whenever one character appears to be in mortal danger (in a dangerous situation or by an enemy), the other will develop a conscience and save him. Sometimes they bond over a mutual sentiment towards an unpleasant experience. Binomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis lybica invalid junior synonym The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... The Russian Blue is a breed of cat. ... Feral mouse A mouse (plural mice) is a rodent that belongs to one of numerous species of small mammals. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ...


Although many supporting and minor characters speak, Tom and Jerry rarely do so. Tom, most famously, sings while wooing female cats; for example, Tom sings Louis Jordan's "Is You Is or Is You Ain't My Baby" in the 1946 short Solid Serenade. Co-director William Hanna provided most of the squeaks, gasps, and other vocal effects for the pair, including the most famous sound effect from the series, Tom's leather-lunged scream (created by recording Hanna's scream and eliminating the beginning and ending of the recording, leaving only the strongest part of the scream on the soundtrack). The only other reasonably common vocalisation is made by Tom when some external reference claims a certain scenario or eventuality to be impossible, which inevitably, ironically happens to thwart Tom's plans - at which point, a bedraggled and battered Tom appears and says in a haunting, echoing voice "Don't you believe it!". One short, 1956's Blue Cat Blues, is narrated by Jerry in voiceover. Louis Jordan swinging on sax, Paramount Theatre, NYC, 1946 (Photo: William P. Gottlieb) Louis Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering African-American blues, jazz and rhythm & blues musician and songwriter who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. ... Solid Serenade is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject in the Tom and Jerry series, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres on August 31, 1946 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ... William Denby Bill Hanna (July 14, 1910 – March 22, 2001) was an American animator, director, producer, cartoon artist, and co-founder, together with Joseph Barbera, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Blue Cat Blues is a 1956 Tom and Jerry cartoon directed and produced by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. ... VoiceOver is a feature built into Apple Computers Mac OS X v10. ...


Recurring characters

Mammy Two Shoes, the housemaid who made many appearances in the 1940s and early 1950s.
Mammy Two Shoes, the housemaid who made many appearances in the 1940s and early 1950s.

In his attempts to catch Jerry, Tom often has to deal with the intrusions of Butch, a scruffy black alley cat who also wants to catch and eat Jerry; Spike (sometimes billed as "Killer" or "Butch"), an angry, vicious guard bulldog who tries to attack the cat but is usually friendly towards Jerry, being his bodyguard and protector in a couple of shorts; Toodles Galore, Tom's girlfriend; and Mammy Two Shoes, a stereotyped African-American domestic housemaid (although she occasionally seems to be the owner of the house in which Tom resides, not a servant) (voiced by Lillian Randolph), whose face is never seen, and who usually wallops the cat with a broom when he misbehaves. Mammy would appear in many cartoons until 1952; later cartoons would instead show Tom and Jerry living with a 1950s Yuppie-style couple: a tall, lanky man with glasses, and a doting housewife with black hair. Soon after, Tom's only owner seemed to be a thin, strict woman, with a personality similar to Mammy-Two-Shoes but instead of her dislike of mice she adores them, and punishes Tom for chasing Jerry, instead of failing to capture him. Image File history File linksMetadata Mammytwoshoes. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mammytwoshoes. ... Mammy Two Shoes, in a scene from Old Rockin Chair Tom. ... Butch the cat is a Tom and Jerry character who acted as a rival for Tom. ... Spike and Tyke, in the 1951 Tom and Jerry cartoon Slicked-Up Pup. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A girlfriend is a female partner in a non-marital romantic relationship, or a female friend. ... Mammy Two Shoes, in a scene from Old Rockin Chair Tom. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Lillian Randolph (December 14, 1898 - September 12, 1980) was an African American actress and singer, a veteran of radio, film, and television. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Yuppies (or young urban professionals and young upwardly mobile professionals[1]) is a market segment whose consumers are characterized as self-reliant, financially secure individualists who do not exhibit or aspire to traditional American values. ...

Nibbles, the little orphan mouse, later named Tuffy.
Nibbles, the little orphan mouse, later named Tuffy.

In the late 1940s, Jerry adopted a little gray mouse foundling named Nibbles (also later known as Tuffy). Unlike Jerry, Nibbles could speak, but usually in a foreign language in keeping with the theme and setting of the short. During the 1950s, Spike is shown to have a son of his own named Tyke; an addition that led to both a slight softening of Spike's character and a short-lived spin-off theatrical series (Spike and Tyke). Spike spoke occasionally, using a voice and expressions modeled after comedian Jimmy Durante. Another recurring character in the series was Quacker the duckling, who was later adapted into the Hanna-Barbera character Yakky Doodle. Image File history File linksMetadata Nibblesfat. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nibblesfat. ... Nibbles can mean: The plural of Nibble. ... Tuffy (originally Nibbles) is a fictional character from the Tom and Jerry cartoon series. ... Tuffy (originally Nibbles) is a fictional character from the Tom and Jerry cartoon series. ... Spike and Tyke was a short-lived theatrical animated short subject series, based upon the bulldog father-and-son team from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayers Tom and Jerry cartoons. ... “Inka Dinka Doo” redirects here. ... Image:YakkyDoodle. ...


History and evolution

Hanna-Barbera era (1940 – 1958)

A screenshot from 1940s Puss Gets The Boot, the first Tom and Jerry cartoon.

William Hanna and Joseph Barbera were both part of the Rudolf Ising unit at MGM's animation studio in the late 1930s. Barbera, a storyman and character designer, was paired with Hanna, an experienced director, to start directing films for the Ising unit; the first of which was a cat-and-mouse cartoon called Puss Gets the Boot. Completed in late 1939, and released to theatres on February 10, 1940, Puss Gets The Boot centers on Jasper, a grey tabby cat trying to catch an unnamed rodent, but without breaking anything; the African-American housemaid Mammy has threatened to throw Jasper out ("O-U-W-T, out!") if he breaks one more thing in the house. Naturally, the mouse uses this to his advantage, and begins tossing wine glasses, ceramic plates, teapots, and any and everything fragile, so that Jasper will be thrown outside. Puss Gets The Boot was previewed and released without fanfare, and Hanna and Barbera went on to direct other (non-cat-and-mouse related) shorts. "After all," remarked many of the MGM staffers, "haven't there been enough cat-and-mouse cartoons already?" Image File history File links Pussgetsboot. ... Image File history File links Pussgetsboot. ... Puss Gets the Boot is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres on February 10, 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ... William Denby Bill Hanna (July 14, 1910 – March 22, 2001) was an American animator, director, producer, cartoon artist, and co-founder, together with Joseph Barbera, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Joseph Roland Joe Barbera (March 24, 1911 – December 18, 2006) was an American animator, cartoon artist, storyboard artist, director, producer, and co-founder, together with William Hanna, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Hugh Harman (1908–1982) and Rudolf Rudy Ising (1903–1992) were animators best known for founding the Warner Bros. ... Puss Gets the Boot is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres on February 10, 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The pessimistic attitude towards the cat and mouse duo changed when the cartoon became a favorite with theatre owners and with the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which nominated the film for the Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons of 1941. It lost to another MGM cartoon, Rudolph Ising's The Milky Way. Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, California Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ... The Milky Way is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres in 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ...


However, producer Fred Quimby, who ran the MGM animation studio, quickly pulled Hanna and Barbera off the other one-shot cartoons they were working on, and commissioned a series featuring the cat and mouse. Hanna and Barbera held an intra-studio contest to give the pair a new name; animator John Carr won with his suggestion of "Tom and Jerry". The Tom and Jerry series went into production with The Midnight Snack in 1941, and Hanna and Barbera rarely directed anything but the cat-and-mouse cartoons for the rest of their tenure at MGM. Frederick C. Quimby (November 14, 1883 - September 16, 1965) was the producer of the MGM animated cartoon division, which most notably included the Tom and Jerry team of William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. ... The Midnight Snack is a one-reel Tom and Jerry animated cartoon, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres on July 19, 1941 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ...

Tom & Jerry in the 1946 Academy Award winning cartoon The Cat Concerto.
Tom & Jerry in the 1946 Academy Award winning cartoon The Cat Concerto.

Tom's physical appearance evolved significantly over the years. During the early 1940s, Tom had an excess of detail--shaggy fur, numerous facial wrinkles, and multiple eyebrow markings--all of which were streamlined into a more workable form by the end of the 1940s- and looked like a realistic cat; in addition from his quadrupedal beginnings Tom became increasingly, and eventually almost exclusively, bipedal and animatrophic. Jerry stayed essentially the same for the duration of the series. By the mid-1940s, the series had developed a quicker, more energetic (and violent) tone, because of inspiration from the work of MGM Animation colleague Tex Avery, who joined the studio in 1942. Tom & Jerry in the 1946 Academy Award winner The Cat Concerto This work is copyrighted. ... Tom & Jerry in the 1946 Academy Award winner The Cat Concerto This work is copyrighted. ... Tom & Jerry at odds in The Cat Concerto. ... Frederick Bean Fred/Tex Avery (Wednesday, February 26, 1908 – Tuesday, August 26, 1980) was an American animator, cartoonist, and director, famous for producing animated cartoons during the Golden Age of Hollywood. ...


Even though the theme of each short is virtually the same, Hanna and Barbera found endless variations on that theme. Barbera's storyboards and rough layouts and designs, combined with Hanna's timing, resulted in MGM's most popular and successful cartoon series. Thirteen entries in the Tom and Jerry series (including Puss Gets The Boot) were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons; seven of them went on to win the Academy Award, breaking the Disney studio's winning streak in that category. Tom and Jerry won more Academy Awards than any other character-based theatrical animated series. This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ... Walt Disney Productions is the former name of The Walt Disney Company, which it held from 1929 to 1986. ...


Tom and Jerry remained popular throughout their original theatrical run, even when the budgets began to tighten somewhat in the 1950s and the pace of the shorts slowed slightly. However, after television became popular in the 1950s, box office revenues decreased for theatrical films, and short subjects. At first, MGM combated this by going to all-CinemaScope production on the series. After MGM realized that their re-releases of the older shorts brought in just as much revenue as the new films, the studio executives decided, much to the surprise of the staff, to close the animation studio. The MGM animation department was shut down in 1957, and the final of the 114 Hanna and Barbera Tom and Jerry shorts, Tot Watchers, was released on August 1, 1958. Hanna and Barbera established their own television animation studio, Hanna-Barbera Productions, in 1957, which went on to produce such popular shows as The Flintstones, The Jetsons, and Scooby-Doo. A Fox logo used to promote the CinemaScope process. ... The title card for Tot Watchers Tot Watchers is the final episode in the Hanna-Barbera era of Tom and Jerry. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ... The Flintstones is an American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. ... The Jetsons was a prime-time American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, and aired on Sunday nights on ABC from September 23, 1962 to March 3, 1963. ... Scooby-doo is also British naval divers slang for civilian sport scuba diver. Scooby-Doo is an important character in animation up to this day Scooby-Doo is a long-running animated series produced for television by Hanna-Barbera Productions from 1969 to 1986, 1988 to 1991, and from 2002...

High Steaks, a 1961 Tom & Jerry short directed by Gene Deitch.
High Steaks, a 1961 Tom & Jerry short directed by Gene Deitch.

Image File history File linksMetadata Highsteaks. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Highsteaks. ... Gene Deitch (born August 8, 1924 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is an American Academy-Award winning illustrator, animator and film director, based out of Prague. ...

Gene Deitch era (1960 – 1962)

In 1960, MGM decided to produce new Tom and Jerry shorts, and had producer William L. Snyder arrange with Czech-based animation director Gene Deitch and his studio, Rembrandt Films, to make the films overseas in Prague, Czechoslovakia. The Deitch/Snyder team turned out 13 shorts, many of which have a surrealistic quality. Gene Deitch (born August 8, 1924 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is an American Academy-Award winning illustrator, animator and film director, based out of Prague. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ...


Since the Deitch/Snyder team had seen only a handful of the original Tom and Jerry shorts, the resulting films were considered unusual, and in many ways- bizarre. The characters' gestures were often performed at high speed, frequently causing heavy motion blur. As a result, the animation of the characters looked choppy and sickly. The soundtracks featured sparse music, spacey sound effects, dialogue that was mumbled rather than spoken, and heavy use of reverb. Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... This article is about audio effect. ...


These shorts are the only Tom and Jerry cartoons not to carry the "Made In Hollywood, U.S.A." phrase at the end. Due to Deitch's studio being behind the Iron Curtain, the production studio's location is omitted entirely. For other uses, see Hollywood (disambiguation) Greetings from Hollywood Hollywood is a district of the City of Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., that runs from about Vermont Avenue on the east to just beyond Laurel Canyon Boulevard above Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards on the west; the north to... Warsaw Pact countries to the east of the Iron Curtain are shaded red; NATO members to the west of it — blue. ...


Chuck Jones era (1963 – 1967)

Cannery Rodent, from 1967, one of the final Tom & Jerry shorts directed by Chuck Jones.
Cannery Rodent, from 1967, one of the final Tom & Jerry shorts directed by Chuck Jones.
MGM's Tom & Jerry ident from the Chuck Jones era, a play on the more famous Leo the Lion ident.
MGM's Tom & Jerry ident from the Chuck Jones era, a play on the more famous Leo the Lion ident.

After the last of the Deitch cartoons were released, MGM turned to American director Chuck Jones, famous for his work on Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts starring Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, and the Road Runner and Coyote, among others. Jones had just ended his thirty-plus year tenure at Warner Bros. Cartoons and started his own animation studio, Sib Tower 12 Productions, with partner Les Goldman. Beginning in 1963, Jones and Goldman went on to produce 34 more Tom and Jerry shorts, all of which carried Jones' distinctive style (and a slight psychedelic influence), but with varying degrees of critical success. Fans that typically rooted for Tom critizied Jones' cartoons for making Tom never become a threat to Jerry. Image File history File links CanneryRodent. ... Image File history File links CanneryRodent. ... Cannery Rodent is a 1967 Tom and Jerry cartoon produced and directed by Chuck Jones. ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tom_and_jerry_mgm_parody. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tom_and_jerry_mgm_parody. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... Leo the Lion (1957–present) in the MGM logo. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... Looney Tunes opening title Looney Tunes is a Warner Brothers animated cartoon series which ran in many movie theatres from 1930 to 1969. ... Merrie Melodies end title Merrie Melodies is the name of a series of animated cartoons distributed by Warner Bros. ... Bugs Bunny is an Academy Award-winning fictional animated rabbit who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Daffy, as Duck Dodgers, faces off against Marvin the Martian in the 1953 short Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century, a parody of Buck Rogers. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Termite Terrace is the nickname for an old building on Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA where Looney Tunes were created frm 1935 to 1937. ... The opening studio logo from one of the Chuck Jones-produced Tom and Jerry cartoons, featuring Tom the cat in place of Leo the Lion. ...


Jones had trouble adapting his style to Tom and Jerry's brand of humor, and a number of the cartoons favored poses, personality, and style over storyline. The characters underwent a slight change of appearance: Tom was given thicker, Boris Karloff-like eyebrows, a less complex look, and furrier cheeks, while Jerry was given larger eyes and ears, and a sweeter, Porky Pig-like expression. Jones co-directed the majority of the shorts with layout artist Maurice Noble; the remaining shorts were directed by Abe Levitow and Ben Washam, with Tom Ray directing two shorts built around footage from earlier Tom and Jerry cartoons directed by Hanna and Barbera. MGM ceased production of animated shorts in 1967, by which time Sib Tower 12 had become MGM Animation/Visual Arts, and Jones had already begun to move on to television specials and the feature film The Phantom Tollbooth. Boris Karloff (born William Henry Pratt) (East Dulwich, November 23, 1887 – February 2, 1969) was an English actor, who emigrated to Canada in the 1910s, best known for his roles in horror films and the creation of the Monster in 1931s Frankenstein. ... Porky Pig is an Academy Award-nominated animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. ... Maurice Noble (1911-2001)[1] was an American animation background artist and layout designer whose contributions to the industry spanned more than 60 years. ... Abe Levitow (July 2, 1922 - 8 May 1975) was an American animator who worked mainly at Warner Bros. ... Ben Washam (1915-1984) was an American animator who worked at Warner Bros. ... Tom Ray is an American animator who began work at Warner Bros. ... The Phantom Tollbooth is a live-action/animated film based on the 1961 childrens book The Phantom Tollbooth. ...


Tom and Jerry hit television

Beginning in 1965, the Hanna and Barbera Tom and Jerry films began to appear on television in heavily edited form: the Jones team was required to take the shorts that featured Mammy, rotoscope her out, and replace her with a thin white woman, with Lillian Randolph's original voice tracks replaced by June Foray performing in an Irish accent. However, in local telecasts of the cartoons, and in the ones shown on Boomerang, Mammy could once again be seen, and more recently, with a new, less stereotypical black voice supplied. Much of the extreme violence in the cartoons were also edited out. Starting out on CBS' Saturday Morning schedule on September 25, 1965, Tom and Jerry moved to CBS Sundays two years later and remained there until September 17, 1972. Rotoscoping is a technique where animators trace live action movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ... Lillian Randolph (December 14, 1898 - September 12, 1980) was an African American actress and singer, a veteran of radio, film, and television. ... June Foray (born September 18, 1917) is an extremely versatile voice actor who has worked for most of the studios which produced animated films since the 1940s. ... Boomerang is the name of at least four television networks owned by Cartoon Network. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tom & Jerry's new owners

In 1986, MGM was purchased by Ted Turner. Turner sold the company a short while later, but retained MGM's pre-1986 film library, thus Tom and Jerry became the property of Turner Entertainment (where the rights stand today via Warner Bros.), and have in subsequent years appeared on Turner-run stations, such as TBS, TNT, Cartoon Network, Boomerang, and Turner Classic Movies. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Turner Entertainment Company was established August 4, 1986 to oversee Turner Broadcastings film library after its acquisition of MGM/UA. In addition to the studio, Turner got its library, which included all of MGMs films, Warner Bros. ... Warner Bros. ... TBS also stands for Tokyo Broadcasting System, a Japanese television network. ... Turner Network Television, usually referred to as TNT, is a cable TV network created by media mogul Ted Turner and currently owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. ... Cartoon Network is an American cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... Boomerang is the name of at least four television networks owned by Cartoon Network. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ...


Tom and Jerry outside the United States

When shown on terrestrial television in the United Kingdom (from 1967 to 2000, usually on the BBC) Tom and Jerry cartoons were not cut for violence and Mammy was retained. As well as having regular slots, Tom and Jerry served the BBC in another way. When faced with disruption to the schedules (such as those occurring when live broadcasts overrun), the BBC would invariably turn to Tom and Jerry to fill any gaps, confident that it would retain much of an audience that might otherwise channel hop. This proved particularly helpful in 1993, when Noel's House Party had to be cancelled due to an IRA bomb scare at BBC Television Centre - Tom and Jerry was shown instead, bridging the gap until the next programme. Recently, a mother has complained of the smoking scenes shown in the cartoons since Tom often attempts to impress love interests with the habit. It has been said that these scenes will be edited out. The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... Noels House Party was a BBC television light entertainment show broadcast live on Saturday evenings throughout the 1990s hosted by Noel Edmonds. ... Provisional Irish Republican Army (Irish name: Óglaigh na hÉireann) (PIRA; more commonly referred to as the IRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Army or the RA) is an Irish Republican left-wing paramilitary organisation that, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern Ireland... BBC Television Centre (sometimes abbreviated TVC or TC) in London is home to much of BBC television output and, since 1998, almost all of the corporations national TV and radio news output by BBC News. ...


Due to its lack of dialog, Tom and Jerry was easily translated into various foreign languages. Tom and Jerry began broadcast in Japan in 1964. A 2005 nationwide survey taken in Japan by TV Asahi, sampling age groups from teenagers to adults in their sixties, ranked Tom and Jerry #85 in a list of the top 100 anime of all time, while their web poll taken after the airing of the list ranked it at #58 - the only non-Japanese animation on the list (it should be noted that in Japan, the word "anime" refers to all animation regardless of origin, not just Japanese animation). [1] Tom and Jerry is also well-known in India, China, Indonesia, Iran, Thailand, Middle East and South Korea. TV Asahi Corporation ) (TYO: 9409 ), also known as EX and Tele-Asa ), is a television network headquartered in Roppongi, Minato, Tokyo, Japan. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ...


Tom and Jerry have long been popular in Germany. However, the cartoons are overdubbed with rhyming German-language verse that describes what is happening onscreen and provides additional funny content. The different episodes are usually embedded in the episode Jerry's Diary (1949), in which Tom reads about past adventures. German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ...


In Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Philippines, India and Pakistan, Cartoon Network still airs Tom and Jerry cartoons nearly everyday. In Russia, local channels also airs the show in its daytime program. Tom and Jerry was one of the few cartoons of western origin broadcast in Czechoslovakia (1988) before the fall of Communism in 1989. Cartoon Network is an American cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Censorship

Tom and Butch with blackfaces in A Mouse in the House.

Like a number of other animated cartoons in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s, Tom and Jerry was not considered politically correct in later years. Some cartoons featured either Tom or Jerry in blackface following an explosion, which are subsequently cut when shown on television today, although the The Yankee Doodle Mouse blackface gag is still shown in other countries. Other ethnic stereotypes are also omitted, particularly the black maid, Mammy Two-Shoes, whose voice was redubbed by Turner in the mid-1990s in hopes of making the character sound less stereotypical. One cartoon in particular, His Mouse Friday, is often banned from television due to the cannibals being seen as racist stereotypes. If shown, the cannibals' dialogue is edited out, although their mouths can be seen moving. Image File history File links Blank. ... Image File history File links Blank. ... A Mouse in the House is a 1947 Tom and Jerry cartoon directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera and produced by Fred Quimby. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ... This reproduction of a 1900 minstrel show poster, originally published by the Strobridge Litho Co. ... Original theatrical poster for The Yankee Doodle Mouse. ... His Mouse Friday is a 1951 cartoon directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera and produced by Fred Quimby for Metro Goldwyn Mayer. ...


In 2006, UK channel Boomerang made plans to edit Tom and Jerry cartoons being aired in the UK where the characters were seen to be smoking in a manner that was "condoned, acceptable or glamorised." This followed a complaint from a viewer that the cartoons were not appropriate for younger viewers, and a subsequent investigation by UK media watchdog Ofcom.[2] It has also taken the US approach by editing out blackface gags, though this seems to be random as not all scenes of this type are cut. Boomerangs original logo was the same as the U.S. channel, used from launch to 12 September 2004 Boomerang is a television channel broadcast in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, launched on 27 May 2000. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... United States may refer to: Places: United States of America SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. ...


Trivia

  • The original Tom and Jerry cartoons have been taken off many children's channels because they are said to be too violent

Later television and theatrical cartoons

The title card for Hanna-Barbera's 1975 Tom and Jerry Show
The title card for Hanna-Barbera's 1975 Tom and Jerry Show

In 1975, Tom and Jerry were reunited with Hanna and Barbera, who produced new Tom and Jerry cartoons for Saturday mornings. These 48 seven-minute short cartoons were paired with Grape Ape and Mumbly cartoons, to create The New Tom and Jerry/Grape Ape Show, The Tom and Jerry/Grape Ape/Mumbly Show, and The Tom and Jerry/Mumbly Show, all of which ran on ABC Saturday Morning from September 6, 1975 to September 3, 1977. In these cartoons, Tom and Jerry (now with a red bow tie), who had been enemies during their formative years, became nonviolent pals who went on adventures together, as Hanna-Barbera had to meet the stringent rules against violence for children's TV. screen capture from The Tom and Jerry Show (1976 TV show) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... screen capture from The Tom and Jerry Show (1976 TV show) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... The New Tom & Jerry Show, also known as The Tom & Jerry Show, is an American animated television series produced for Saturday morning by Hanna-Barbera Productions and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1975 for ABC based on the series of Academy Award-winning theatrical animated cartoons produced by MGM featuring the... This is a list of television-related events in 1975. ... Grape Ape holding Tom and Jerry The Great Grape Ape was a Saturday morning cartoon produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions that was broadcast on ABC from 1975 to 1978. ... Mumbly is a Hanna-Barbera cartoon dog character famous for his wheezy laugh, voiced by Don Messick. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ...


Filmation Studios (in association with MGM Television) also tried their hands at producing a Tom and Jerry TV series. Their version, The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show, debuted in 1980, and also featured new cartoons starring Droopy Dog, Spike, and Barney Bear, not seen since the original MGM shorts. The thirty Filmation Tom and Jerry cartoons were noticeably different from Hanna-Barbera's efforts, as they returned Tom and Jerry to the original chase formula, with a somewhat more "slapstick" humor format. This incarnation, much like the 1975 version, was not as well received by audiences as the originals, and lasted on CBS Saturday Morning from September 6, 1980 to September 4, 1982. The first Filmation logo. ... MGM Television Entertainment logo MGM Television (first known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Television, and later MGM/UA Television) is an American television production/distribution company that was launched in 1955 and a subsidiary of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc. ... Title screens from the 1980 Tom & Jerry Comedy Show episodes produced by Filmation The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show is an American animated TV program produced by Filmation Studios for Metro Goldwyn Mayer in 1980, on the CBS Network for Saturday mornings. ... This is a list of television-related events in 1980. ... Droopy Dog in Señor Droopy. ... Barney Bear in the opening sequence. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... -1...

The title card for Hanna-Barbera's 1990s Tom and Jerry Kids Show

One of the biggest trends for Saturday morning television in the 1980s and 1990s was the "babyfication" of older, classic cartoon stars, and on September 8, 1990, Tom and Jerry Kids Show, produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions in association with Turner Entertainment, debuted on FOX. It featured a youthful version of the famous cat-and-mouse duo chasing each other. As with the 1970s H-B series, Jerry wears his red bowtie, while Tom now wears a red cap. Spike and his son Tyke, and Droopy and his son Dripple, appeared in back-up segments for the show, which ran until October 2, 1993. Image File history File links Tom&JerryKidsTitle. ... Image File history File links Tom&JerryKidsTitle. ... Tom & Jerry Kids Show, also known as Tom & Jerry Kids is an American animated television series, produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions and Turner Entertainment, featuring the popular cat-and-mouse pair as children. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Since the 1980s, there have been many shows that have featured both famous and well-known cartoon characters (Scooby-Doo, Bugs Bunny, etc. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Tom & Jerry Kids Show, also known as Tom & Jerry Kids is an American animated television series, produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions and Turner Entertainment, featuring the popular cat-and-mouse pair as children. ... Turner Entertainment Company was established August 4, 1986 to oversee Turner Broadcastings film library after its acquisition of MGM/UA. In addition to the studio, Turner got its library, which included all of MGMs films, Warner Bros. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... October 2 is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

A promotional still for the 2005 Tom and Jerry cartoon The Karateguard.

In 2000, a new Tom & Jerry cartoon entitled The Mansion Cat premiered on Cartoon Network. It featured Joseph Barbera as producer and as the voice of Tom's owner, whose face is never seen. In this cartoon, Jerry, housed in a habitrail, is as much of a house pet as Tom is, and their owner has to remind Tom to not "blame everything on the mouse". Image File history File linksMetadata Tom_and_Jerry_Karateguard. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tom_and_Jerry_Karateguard. ... Cartoon Network is an American cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... Joseph Roland Joe Barbera (March 24, 1911 – December 18, 2006) was an American animator, cartoon artist, storyboard artist, director, producer, and co-founder, together with William Hanna, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Habitrail is a product made by the Hagen corporation, a series of clear plastic tubes and houses for use in home terrariums, designed especially for pets such as mice or hamsters. ...


A new Tom & Jerry short, entitled The Karateguard, which had been written by Joseph Barbera, directed by Barbera and Spike Brandt, storyboarded by Barbera and Iwao Takamoto and produced by Joseph Barbera, Spike Brandt and Tony Cervone premiered in Los Angeles cinemas on September 27, 2005. As part of the celebration of Tom & Jerry's sixty-fifth anniversary, this marked Joe Barbera's first return as a writer, director and story board artist on the series since his and Hanna's original cartoon shorts from 1940-58. Director/animator Spike Brandt was nominated for an Annie award for best character animation. On Friday, January 27, 2006, the short debuted on Cartoon Network. January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Cartoon Network is an American cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ...


During the first half of 2006, a new series called Tom and Jerry Tales was produced at Warner Bros. Thirteen half-hour episodes (each consisting of three shorts) were produced, with only markets outside of the United States and United Kingdom signed up. The show then came to the UK in February 2006 on Boomerang, and is currently airing on Kids' WB! on The CW in the US. [3]. Tales is the first Tom and Jerry TV series that utilizes the original style of the classic shorts, along with the violence. Tom and Jerry Tales is an animated television series, currently airing on The CWs Kids WB block. ... Warner Bros. ... Boomerangs original logo was the same as the U.S. channel, used from launch to 12 September 2004 Boomerang is a television channel broadcast in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, launched on 27 May 2000. ... Kids WB! is the Saturday morning cartoon portion of the WB Television Networks programming. ... The CW Television Network, casually referred to as The CW, or most recently as The New CW (due to it being a new network) is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006 television season. ...


Feature films

Jerry and Gene Kelly in the 1945 MGM musical film Anchors Aweigh.
Jerry and Gene Kelly in the 1945 MGM musical film Anchors Aweigh.

In 1945, Jerry made an appearance in the live-action MGM musical feature film Anchors Aweigh, in which, through the use of special effects, he performs a dance routine with Gene Kelly. In this sequence, Gene Kelly is telling a class of school kids a fictional tale of how he earned his medal of honor. Jerry is the king of a magical world populated with cartoon animals, whom he has forbidden to dance as he himself does not know how. Gene Kelly's character then comes along and guides Jerry through an elaborate dance routine, resulting in Jerry awarding him with a medal. Jerry speaks and sings in this film; his voice is performed by Sara Berner. Tom has a cameo in the sequence as one of Jerry's servants. Image File history File links Anchors-aweigh. ... Image File history File links Anchors-aweigh. ... Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996), better known as Gene Kelly, was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, producer, and choreographer. ... Anchors Aweigh is a 1945 musical comedy film, directed by George Sidney in which two sailors go on a four-day shore leave in Hollywood, accompanied by music and song, meet an aspiring young singer and try to help her get an audition at MGM. It stars Frank Sinatra, Gene... Anchors Aweigh is a 1945 musical comedy film, directed by George Sidney in which two sailors go on a four-day shore leave in Hollywood, accompanied by music and song, meet an aspiring young singer and try to help her get an audition at MGM. It stars Frank Sinatra, Gene... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ... Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996), better known as Gene Kelly, was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, producer, and choreographer. ...


Both Tom and Jerry appear with Esther Williams in a dream sequence in another MGM musical, Dangerous When Wet (1953). In the film, Tom and Jerry are chasing each other underwater, when they run into Esther Williams, with whom they perform an extended synchronized swimming routine. Tom and Jerry have to save Esther from a lecherous octopus, who tries to lure and woo Esther into his (many) arms. Esther Jane Williams (born August 8, 1921[1] or 1922[2]) was a United States competitive swimmer and movie star, famous for her musical films that featured elaborate performances with swimming and diving. ...


1993 saw the overseas release of Tom and Jerry: The Movie, produced by Phil Roman. The film was released to United States theatres in 1993. A musical in the typical Disney-esque vein, Tom and Jerry: The Movie was criticized by reviewers and audiences alike for being predictable and for giving Tom and Jerry dialogue (and songs) through the entire film. As a result, it failed at the box office. Phil Roman (born December 21, 1930 in Fresno, California), was the founder of Film Roman, Inc. ...


In 2001, Warner Bros., which had by then merged with Turner and assumed its properties, released the direct-to-video movie Tom and Jerry: The Magic Ring, in which Tom covets a ring which grants mystical powers to the wearer, and has become accidentally stuck on Jerry's head. Also, William Hannah and Joseph Barbera co-executive produced "Tom & Jerry" for the final time. Four years later, Bill Kopp scripted and directed two more feature films for Warner Bros.: Tom and Jerry Blast Off to Mars and Tom and Jerry: The Fast and the Furry, the latter one based on a story by Joseph Barbera. Both were released on DVD in 2005, starting the celebration of Tom and Jerry's sixty-fifth anniversary. Tom and Jerry: The Fast and the Furry was released theatrically in select cities on June 3, 2006 by Kidtoon Films. In 2006, another direct-to-video film Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers tells a story about Tom and Jerry having to work together to get treasure. This became the last "Tom & Jerry" cartoon to be co-executive produced by Joseph Barbera, who had been involved at this stage of every direct-to-video feature. Warner Bros. ... Warner Bros. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Kidtoon Films is a distributor of childrens animated films in the United States. ...


Other formats

Tom and Jerry began appearing in comic books in 1942, as one of the features in Our Gang Comics. In 1949, with MGM's live-action Our Gang shorts long out of production, the series was renamed Tom and Jerry Comics. The pair continued to appear in various books for the rest of the 20th century. A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... A poster for the 1931 Our Gang comedy Love Business featuring depictions of (from left to right): Pete the Pup, Jackie Cooper, and Norman Chubby Chaney. ... A poster for the 1931 Our Gang comedy Love Business featuring depictions of (from left to right): Pete the Pup, Jackie Cooper, and Norman Chubby Chaney. ...


The pair have also appeared in a number of video games as well, spanning titles for systems from the Nintendo Entertainment System and Super NES to more recent entries for Playstation 2, Xbox, and Nintendo Gamecube. This article is about computer and video games. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The European SNES design is identical to the Super Famicom. ... The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ...


Cultural influences

Throughout the years, the term and title Tom & Jerry became practically synonymous with never-ending rivalry, probably more so than the 'cat and mouse fight' metaphor did.


The Simpsons characters Itchy & Scratchy, of the eponymous cartoon on the Krusty the Clown Show, are spoofs of Tom and Jerry. The extreme cartoon violence of the Tom and Jerry is parodied and intensified, as Itchy (the mouse) dispatches Scratchy in various gratuitous, gory fashions. In one episode, Itchy & Scratchy is replaced by a cartoon called Worker and Parasite, a parody of the Gene Deitch Tom and Jerry cartoons. The Simpsons. ... Itchy and Scratchy The Itchy & Scratchy Show is a fictional television cartoon show within the television cartoon show The Simpsons (see show-within-a-show). ... Herschel Pinkus Yerucham Krustofski (Hebrew: הרשל פינקוס ירוחם קרוסטופסקי, born c. ... Worker and Parasite cartoon Worker and Parasite was a fictional cartoon on the animated television show The Simpsons. ...


Tom and Jerry are also parodied in the original Sally the Witch anime (1966), and The Fairly Oddparents film Channel Chasers (2004). Sally, the Witch, also known as Magical Witch Sally ) is an early magical girl (mahō shōjo) anime in Japan (although it isnt the kind about a transforming one, e. ... The Fairly OddParents is an American animated television series created by Butch Hartman. ... WOW!!!!!!!!! ...


Tom and Jerry on DVD

There have been several Tom and Jerry DVDs released in Region 1 (the United States and Canada), including a series of two-disc sets known as the Tom and Jerry Spotlight Collection. There have been negative responses to these sets, due to some of the cartoons included on each having cuts and/or redubbed Mammy Two-Shoes dialogue. The following is an excerpt of the article entitled DVD. For the sake of convenience, the terms Region 0, Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, Region 4, Region 5, Region 6, Region 7 and Region 8 redirect to this page. ... The Tom and Jerry Spotlight Collection is a series of two-disc DVD sets, operating in the same style as the Looney Tunes Golden Collection. ...


In the United Kingdom, most of the Tom and Jerry shorts have been released in their chronological order (a few, namely The Million Dollar Cat and Busy Buddies, were not included, for unknown reasons). However, these contain many edits, such as blackface jokes. Almost all of the shorts contain the re-dubbed Mammy Two-Shoes track. Despite these cuts, His Mouse Friday, the only Tom and Jerry cartoon to be completely taken off the airwaves, due to racism, is included, unedited with the exception of extreme zooming-in towards the end to avoid showing a particularly racist caricature. The Million Dollar Cat is an animated cartoon short subject, starring Tom & Jerry. ... His Mouse Friday is a 1951 cartoon directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera and produced by Fred Quimby for Metro Goldwyn Mayer. ...


Filmography

Notable cartoons

For a full list of theatrical Tom & Jerry cartoon shorts, see List of Tom and Jerry cartoons. The first Tom and Jerry title card. ...


The following cartoons won the Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Short Subject: Cartoons: This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ...

These cartoons were nominated for the Academy Award (Oscar) for Best Short Subject: Cartoons, but did not win: Original theatrical poster for The Yankee Doodle Mouse. ... A screenshot from Mouse Trouble. ... A screenshot from Quiet Please!. Quiet Please! was a 1945 Tom and Jerry cartoon which won the 1945 Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons. ... Tom & Jerry at odds in The Cat Concerto. ... The Little Orphan was a one-reel theatrical short animated cartoon featuring Tom and Jerry, and was released in theatres on 30 April 1949 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ... The Two Mouseketeers is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject in the Tom and Jerry series, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres on March 15, 1952 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ... Johann Mouse is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject in the Tom and Jerry series, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres on March 21, 1953 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ... This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ...

These cartoons were nominated for the Annie Award in the Individual Achievements Category: Character Animation, but did not win: Puss Gets the Boot is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres on February 10, 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. ... The Night Before Christmas is an animated cartoon from 1941 featuring Tom and Jerry. ... Dr. Jekyll and Mr. ... Hatch Up Your Troubles is a one-reel animated cartoon featuring Tom and Jerry. ... Jerrys Cousin is a 1951 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Animated Cartoon that features Tom the cat and Jerry the mouse. ... Touché, Pussy Cat! is a Tom and Jerry cartoon, which was nominated for an Academy Award in 1954, their final Oscar nomination. ... The Annie Awards are given to an animation award show created by the International Animated Film Society ASIFA-Hollywood, and are animations highest honor[1]. Originally designed to celebrate lifetime or career contributions to animation in the fields of producing, directing, animation, design, writing, voice acting, sound and sound...

Springtime for Thomas is a 1946 cartoon directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera and produced by Fred Quimby. ... Thats My Mommy is a 1955 Tom and Jerry cartoon directed and produced by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. ... Muscle Beach Tom is a 1956 Tom and Jerry CinemaScope cartoon directed and produced by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. ...

Original TV series

The New Tom & Jerry Show, also known as The Tom & Jerry Show, is an American animated television series produced for Saturday morning by Hanna-Barbera Productions and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1975 for ABC based on the series of Academy Award-winning theatrical animated cartoons produced by MGM featuring the... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Title screens from the 1980 Tom & Jerry Comedy Show episodes produced by Filmation The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show is an American animated TV program produced by Filmation Studios for Metro Goldwyn Mayer in 1980, on the CBS Network for Saturday mornings. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... Tom & Jerry Kids Show, also known as Tom & Jerry Kids is an American animated television series, produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions and Turner Entertainment, featuring the popular cat-and-mouse pair as children. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ... Tom and Jerry Tales is an animated television series, currently airing on The CWs Kids WB block. ... The WB Television Network is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ...

Feature films

Anchors Aweigh is a 1945 musical comedy film, directed by George Sidney in which two sailors go on a four-day shore leave in Hollywood, accompanied by music and song, meet an aspiring young singer and try to help her get an audition at MGM. It stars Frank Sinatra, Gene... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Miramax is a Big Ten film distribution and production company. ...

Direct-to-video features

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tom and Jerry and the Fast and the Furry was released by Warner Bros. ...

Video games

Tom and Jerry is a sidescrolling platform game released by Hi Tech Expressions for the NES in 1993. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console which was Segas response to Nintendos Game Boy. ... The SNES controller The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES (pronounced either as a word or initials), is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) is a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... The Nintendo 64 ) is Nintendos third home video game console, and its third home video game console for the international market. ... The Altair 8800 was among the first microcomputers to be affordable by an individual, although it initially lacked peripherals and memory. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... The Altair 8800 was among the first microcomputers to be affordable by an individual, although it initially lacked peripherals and memory. ...

See also

The Golden Age of American animation is a period in American animation history that began with the advent of sound cartoons in 1928 and lasted into the 1960s when theatrical animated shorts slowly began losing to the new medium of television animation. ... A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon opening title, from the 1940s. ... Herman and Katnip are a duo of cartoon characters (Herman the mouse and Katnip the cat), who have appeared both separately and together in Famous Studios cartoons from 1943 to 1959. ... The Itchy & Scratchy Show. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Pixie, Dixie, and Mr. ...

References

  • Adams, T.R. (1991). Tom and Jerry: Fifty Years of Cat and Mouse. Crescent Books. ISBN 0-517-05688-7.
  • Barrier, Michael (1999). Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-503759-6.
  • Maltin, Leonard (1980, updated 1987). Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-452-25993-2.

Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ...

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