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Encyclopedia > Tom Thomson
Tom Thomson

Tom Thomson
Born 5 August 1877
Claremont, Ontario
Died July 8, 1917 (aged 39)
Algonquin Park, Ontario
Nationality Canadian
Field Painting
Movement Group of Seven
Works The Jack Pine, The West Wind and The Northern River
Influenced by Impressionism
Influenced Group of Seven, Canadian Group of Painters

Thomas John Thomson (August 5, 1877July 8, 1917) was an influential Canadian artist of the early 20th century. He was closely associated with the painters who later became the Group of Seven, but died under mysterious circumstances before it formed. Image File history File links TomThomson23. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Claremont is a village located in the north part of the City of Pickering, Ontario, Canada. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Algonquin Provincial Park is a Provincial Park in central Ontario, Canada. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... For the group of seven industrially advanced nations see G7. ... Jack Pine is well-known 1916 painting by Canadian painter Tom Thomson. ... This article is about the art movement. ... For the group of seven industrially advanced nations see G7. ... The Canadian Group of Painters was a group of noted Canadian painters formed in 1931. ... Thomas Thompson may refer to: Tommy Thompson, former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tommy Thompson (football player), an American football player in the NFL Tommy Thompson (footballer), (born 1929) former England and Aston Villa footballer Thomas Larkin Thompson (1838–1898), U.S. Representative from California, ambassador to... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... The Group of Seven was a group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. ...

Contents

Biography

Tom Thomson was born near Claremont, Ontario and grew up in Leith, near Owen Sound. In 1899, he entered a machine shop apprenticeship at a foundry owned by William Kennedy, a close friend of his father. He was fired from his apprenticeship by a foreman who complained of Thomson's habitual tardiness. In 1899 he volunteered to fight in the Second Boer War.[1] In 1901, he enrolled in a business college in Chatham and dropped out eight months later to follow his older brother, George Thomson, who was operating a business school in Seattle, Washington. There he met and had a brief summer romance with Alice Elinor Lambert. In 1904, he returned to Canada, and may have studied with William Cruikshank, 1905–1906.[2] In 1907 Thomson joined Grip Ltd., an artistic design firm in Toronto, where many of the future members of the Group of Seven also worked. Claremont is a village located in the north part of the City of Pickering, Ontario, Canada. ... The unincorporated village of Leith, named after Leith, Scotland, is located on the eastern shore of the Owen Sound, an inlet on the south shore of Georgian Bay on Lake Huron about 9 km northeast of the city of Owen Sound, Ontario in Canada. ... Owen Sound (2006 City population 21,753; UA Population 22,649; CA Population 32, 259), the county seat of Grey County, is a city in south-western Ontario, Canada. ... Combatants British Empire Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Sir Redvers Buller Lord Kitchener Lord Roberts Paul Kruger Louis Botha Koos de la Rey Martinus Steyn Christiaan de Wet Casualties 6,000 - 7,000 (A further ~14,000 from disease) 6,000 - 8,000 (Unknown number from disease) Civilians... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Province County none–Single-tier municipality Established 1998 Government  - City Mayor Randy Hope  - Governing body Chatham-Kent Council  - MPs Bev Shipley (CPC) Dave Van Kesteren (CPC)  - MPPs Pat Hoy (OLP) Maria Van Bommel (OLP) Area  - City 2,458 km² (949 sq mi) Elevation 198 m (650 ft... Seattle redirects here. ... William Cruikshank is a name shared by a number of notable people. ...

Thomson fishing in Algonquin Park.
Thomson fishing in Algonquin Park.

Thomson first visited Algonquin Park in Ontario in 1912; thereafter he often travelled with his colleagues around Canada, especially to the wilderness of Ontario, which was to be a major source of inspiration for Thomson. In 1912 Thomson began working, along with other members of the Group of Seven, at Rous and Mann Press, but left the following year to work as an artist full-time. He first exhibited with the Ontario Society of Artists in 1913, and became a member in 1914, when the National Gallery of Canada purchased one of his paintings. He would continue to exhibit with the Ontario Society until his death. For several years he shared studio and living quarters with fellow artists, before taking up residence in a shack on Canoe Lake. Beginning in 1914 he worked intermittently as a fire fighter, ranger, and guide in Algonquin Park, but found that such work did not allow enough time for painting.[3] During the next three years he produced many of his most famous works, including The Jack Pine, The West Wind and The Northern River. Algonquin Provincial Park is a Provincial Park in central Ontario, Canada. ... For other uses, see Wilderness (disambiguation). ... National Gallery of Canada on Canada Day. ... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... Jack Pine is well-known 1916 painting by Canadian painter Tom Thomson. ...


Mysterious death

Thomson disappeared during a canoeing trip on Canoe Lake in Algonquin Park on July 8, 1917, and his body was discovered in the lake eight days later. The official cause of death was accidental drowning, but there are still questions about how he actually died. It was reported that there was fishing line wrapped around his leg seventeen times and he had a head injury (which may have been post mortem).[citation needed] It has also been speculated that he was murdered by a German-American neighbor, Martin Blecher, Jr., or that he fell on a fire grate during a drunken brawl with J. Shannon Fraser, owner of Canoe Lake's Mowat Lodge, over an old loan to Fraser for the purchase of canoes. Thomson allegedly needed the money for a new suit to marry Winnifred Trainor, whose parents had a cottage at Canoe Lake. Rumours circulated following his drowning that she was pregnant with Thomson's child. Winnifred Trainor made a trip to Philadelphia with her mother the following winter and returned around Easter. She never spoke about her relationship with Thomson. A nephew, Terrance Trainor MacGregor, an upper New York resident who inherited her estate, which included at least 13 small Thomson paintings and letters, said the letters confirm their engagement. MacGregor has refused to produce the letters for scholarly investigation. Others believe that Thomson, who produced at least 63 landscape paintings that last spring, many of which he gave away or discarded, suffered severe depression and drowned himself. He was buried at Canoe Lake in Algonquin Park on July 17, 1917 without family members having seen the body. Under the direction of his older brother, George Thomson, the body was exhumed two days later and re-interred in the family plot beside the Leith Presbyterian Church on July 21. None of these theories are conclusive, and the wide range of speculation serves mostly to perpetuate Thomson's romantic legend.[4] This article is about the boat. ... Algonquin Provincial Park is a Provincial Park in central Ontario, Canada. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... German Americans (German Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of ethnic German ancestry and currently form the largest ancestry group in the United States, accounting for 17% of the U.S. population. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Art and technique

Thomson was largely self taught. He was employed as a graphic designer with Toronto's Grip Ltd., an experience which honed his draughtsmanship. Although he began painting and drawing at an early age, it was only in 1912, when Thomson was well into his thirties, that he began painting seriously. His first trips to Algonquin Park inspired him to follow the lead of fellow artists in producing oil sketches of natural scenes on small, rectangular panels for easy portability while traveling. Between 1912 and his death in 1917, Thomson produced hundreds of these small sketches, many of which are now housed in such galleries as the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto and the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa. Graphic design is the applied art of arranging image and text to communicate a message. ... Grip was the name of the Toronto, Ontario design firm that was home to many of Canadas premier designers and painters during the first half of the 20th Century. ... The main entrance to the AGO The Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) is an art museum on the eastern edge of Torontos downtown Chinatown district, on Dundas Street West between McCaul Street and Beverley Street. ... National Gallery of Canada on Canada Day. ...


Many of Thomson's major paintings, including The Jack Pine, Northern River, and The West Wind, began as sketches before being expanded into large oil paintings at Thomson's "studio"--an old utility shack with a wood-burning stove on the grounds of an artist's enclave in Rosedale, Toronto. Although Thomson sold few of these paintings during his lifetime, they formed the basis of the posthumous exhibitions, including one at Wembley in London, that eventually brought international attention to his work. Jack Pine is well-known 1916 painting by Canadian painter Tom Thomson. ... Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... I wont stop until Dat dere cell-tech is on the English language article: Ronnie coleman! ... Wembley, until 1965 a borough in its own right, forms the northern part of the London Borough of Brent. ...

Thomson's peak creative period was from 1914 to 1917. Thomson was aided by the patronage of Toronto physician Dr. James MacCallum, who enabled Thomson's transition from graphic designer to professional painter. Jack Pine by Tom Thomson (1916), from http://national. ... Jack Pine by Tom Thomson (1916), from http://national. ... Jack Pine is well-known 1916 painting by Canadian painter Tom Thomson. ... ...


Although the Group of Seven was not officially founded until after Thomson's death, his work is sympathetic to that of group members A. Y. Jackson, Frederick Varley, and Arthur Lismer. These artists shared an appreciation for rugged, unkempt natural scenery, and all used broad brush strokes and a liberal application of paint to capture the stark beauty and vibrant colour of the Ontario landscape. A.Y. Jackson at work Alexander Young Jackson, CC , CMG (born October 3, 1882 in Montreal, Quebec, died April 5, 1974 in Kleinburg, Ontario) was a Canadian painter and founding member of the Group of Seven. ... Frederick Horsman Varley (January 2, 1881-September 8, 1969) was a member of the Canadian Group of Seven artists. ... Arthur Lismer CC (June 27, 1885 – March 23, 1969) was born in England in 1885. ... Brush Strokes was an Esmonde and Larbey sitcom set in south London and depicting the (mostly) amorous adventures of a good-looking, wisecracking house painter, Jacko (Karl Howman). ...


Thomson's art bears some stylistic resemblance to the work of such post-impressionists as Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Cezanne, whose work he may have known from books or visits to art galleries. Other key influences were the Art Nouveau and Arts and Crafts movements of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, styles with which he would have been familiar from his work in the graphic arts. Post-Impressionism is a term applied to a number of painters of the late 19th and early 20th centuries whose style developed out of or reacted against that of the Impressionists. ... van Gogh redirects here. ... Categories: 1839 births | 1906 deaths | French painters | Post-impressionism | Artist stubs ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ...


Since his death, Thomson's work has grown ever-more valuable and popular. In 2002, the National Gallery of Canada staged a major exhibition of his work, giving Thomson the same level of prominence afforded Picasso, Renoir, and the Group of Seven in previous years. In recent decades, the increased value of Thomson's work has led to the discovery of numerous forgeries of his work on the market. A young Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, formally Pablo Ruiz Picasso, (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was one of the recognized masters of 20th century art. ... Pierre-Auguste Renoir (February 25, 1841–December 3, 1919) was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Legacy and influence

Ontario provincial plaque to Tom Thomson, Leith, Ontario.
Ontario provincial plaque to Tom Thomson, Leith, Ontario.

In September 1917 the artists James E. H. MacDonald and John W. Beatty, assisted by area residents, erected a memorial cairn at Hayhurst Point on Canoe Lake, where Thomson died. The cost was paid by MacCallum. It can be accessed by boat. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

The Tom Thomson Memorial Cairn, Canoe Lake, Algonquin Park
The Tom Thomson Memorial Cairn, Canoe Lake, Algonquin Park

In the summer of 2004 another historical marker honoring Thomson was moved from its previous location nearer the centre of Leith, to the graveyard in which Thomson is now buried. In 1967 the Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery opened in Owen Sound. Numerous examples of his work are also on display at the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Art Gallery of Ontario,and the McMichael Canadian Art Collection in Kleinburg, Ontario. ImageMetadata File history File links To_The_Memory_Of. ... ImageMetadata File history File links To_The_Memory_Of. ... Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery is a place (usually an enclosed area of land) in which dead bodies are buried. ... The McMichael Canadian Art Collection is an art gallery in Kleinburg, Ontario, near and to the north of Toronto, in Canada. ... Kleinburg is a small unincorporated village located in the city of Vaughan, Ontario, Canada. ...


Thomson's influence can be seen in the work of later Canadian artists, including Emily Carr, Goodridge Roberts, Harold Town, and Joyce Wieland. Emily Carr Emily Carr (December 13, 1871 – March 2, 1945) was a Canadian artist and writer. ... Joyce Wieland (June 30, 1931 – June 27, 1998) was a Canadian experimental film maker and mixed media artist. ...


Joyce Wieland based a movie (The Far Shore) on the life and death of Tom Thomson. Joyce Wieland (June 30, 1931 – June 27, 1998) was a Canadian experimental film maker and mixed media artist. ...


In 1970, Judge William Little published a book, The Tom Thomson Mystery, about his digging up of Thomson's original gravesite in the Mowat Cemetery on Canoe Lake in 1956. He and three companions found a body in what they believed was Thomson's coffin. Medical investigators determined that the body was that of a native Indian. The Tom Thomson Mystery is the book that propelled the Tom Thomson mystery. ...


Citations

  1. ^ Town and Silcox, page 235.
  2. ^ Town and Silcox, page 235.
  3. ^ Town and Silcox, page 58.
  4. ^ Town and Silcox, page 208.

References

Books on Thomson's art include The Silence and the Storm by Harold Town and David Silcox, and several coffee table books by the art expert Joan Murray. Roy MacGregor's novel Shorelines (reissued in 2002 as Canoe Lake) is a fictional interpretation of Thomson's death. Coffee table book on coffee table A coffee table book is a hardcover book that rests on a coffee table or similar surface in an area where guests sit and are entertained, thus inspiring conversation or alleviating boredom. ...

  • Lehto, Neil J. Algonquin Elegy Tom Thomson's Last Spring. iUniverse, 2005. ISBN 0-595-36132-3
  • Little, William T. The Tom Thomson Mystery. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1970. ISBN 0-07-092655-7
  • Murray, Joan. Tom Thomson: The Last Spring. Toronto: Dundurn, 1994.
  • Town, Harold and David Silcox. The Silence and the Storm Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1977.
  • Littlefield, Angie The Thomsons of Durham: Tom Thomson's Family Heritage

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ...

External links

The Group of Seven was a group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. ... Frank Carmichael, 1930 Franklin Carmichael (May 4, 1890-October 24, 1945) was a Canadian artist. ... Lawren Harris, 1926 Lawren Stewart Harris (October 23, 1885 – January 29, 1970) was a Canadian painter. ... A.Y. Jackson at work Alexander Young Jackson, CC , CMG (born October 3, 1882 in Montreal, Quebec, died April 5, 1974 in Kleinburg, Ontario) was a Canadian painter and founding member of the Group of Seven. ... Frank Johnston is a Canadian artist associated with the Group of Seven. ... Arthur Lismer CC (June 27, 1885 – March 23, 1969) was born in England in 1885. ... James Edward Hervey MacDonald (May 12, 1873–November 26, 1932) was a member of the famous Group of Seven Canadian artists. ... Frederick Horsman Varley (January 2, 1881-September 8, 1969) was a member of the Canadian Group of Seven artists. ... Alfred Joseph Casson, OC (May 17, 1898 - February 20, 1992) was a member of the Canadian group of painters, the Group of Seven. ... Edwin Holgate (born in Allandale, Ontario in 1892; died in Montreal, Quebec in 1977), was a Canadian artist, painter and engraver. ... Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald (March 17, 1890-August 7, 1956) was a Canadian artist, a member of the Group of Seven. ... Sir Frederick Grant Banting, KBE, MC, MD, FRSC (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, doctor and Nobel laureate noted as one of the co-discovers of insulin. ... Emily Carr Emily Carr (December 13, 1871 – March 2, 1945) was a Canadian artist and writer. ... The Canadian Group of Painters was a group of noted Canadian painters formed in 1931. ... // British painter and sculptor (1911-1980) Cyril Mann was a British painter who added a new dimension to figurative art by exploring the dynamic effects of sunlight in a different way from his predecessors’, J.M.W. Turner and the Impressionists. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tom Thomson - FREE Tom Thomson Biography | Encyclopedia.com: Facts, Pictures, Information! (791 words)
Tom Thomson 1877-1917, Canadian painter of typically Canadian outdoor scenes, b.
Thomson was mysteriously drowned in the summer of 1917.
Tom Thomson was born at Claremont, Ontario, not far from Toronto but was...
Tom Thomson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1068 words)
Thomson was largely a self-taught artist, although he had had long career as a graphic designer, much of it with Toronto's Grip Ltd., which gave him a keen sense of draughtsmanship.
Thomson's peak period was from 1913 to 1917, after a one-year patronage from the Toronto physician James MacCallum enabled Thomson's transition from graphic designer to professional painter (although he never made a living entirely from painting).
An historical marker concerning Tom Thomson was moved to the graveyard in the summer of 2004 from its earlier location nearer the centre of Leith.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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