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Encyclopedia > Tom McCall
Tom McCall
Tom McCall

In office
January 9, 1967 – January 13, 1975
Preceded by Mark Hatfield
Succeeded by Robert W. Straub

Born March 22, 1913
Massachusetts
Died January 8, 1983
Portland Oregon
Political party Republican
Spouse Audrey Owen
Profession Politician

Thomas Lawson McCall (March 22, 1913January 8, 1983) was an American politician, a Republican, and the thirtieth governor of Oregon from 1967 to 1975. Image File history File links Oregon Governor Tom McCall Official photo from the Oregon State Archives [1]. Copyright status is unknown, may be public domain, otherwise is held by the Oregon Secretary of State. ... The Governor of Oregon is the top executive of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Mark Odom Hatfield (born July 12, 1922) is an American politician from Oregon. ... Robert Bob Straub (May 6, 1920 - November 27, 2002), was a Democratic politician who served as Governor of Oregon from 1975 to 1979. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mayor Tom Potter County Multnomah County Population (2003) 538,544 Time zone Pacific (UTC−8) Portland is the largest city in Oregon, and county seat of Multnomah County. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      For other uses, see Republican Party (disambiguation) or GOP (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... A governor or governour (archaic) is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the Head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


McCall's two terms as Oregon's governor were notable for many achievements in the environmental sphere, including the country's first "bottle bill", the cleanup of the Willamette River, passage of a law to maintain Oswald West's legacy of public ownership of the state's beaches, and the first statewide land-use planning system, which introduced the urban growth boundary around the state's cities. The Oregon Bottle Bill of 1971 was the first container deposit legislation passed in the United States. ... The Willamette River (pronounced wil-LAM-met) is a tributary of the Columbia River, approximately 240 mi (386 km) long, in northwestern Oregon in the United States. ... An urban growth boundary, or UGB, is a regional boundary, set in an attempt to control urbanization by designating the area inside the boundary for high density urban development and the area outside the boundary for low density rural development. ...


McCall is well known for a comment that he made in a 1971 interview with CBS News's Terry Drinkwater, in which he said:

Come visit us again and again. This is a state of excitement. But for heaven's sake, don't move here to live.[1]

Contents

Early life and career

McCall was born in Egypt, Massachusetts on March 22, 1913.[2] He was the grandson of copper-king Thomas Lawson and of Massachusetts governor and congressman Samuel W. McCall. As a child he divided his time between his grandfather, Thomas Lawson's Massachusetts estate named Dreamwold and his father’s ranch near Prineville, Oregon aptly named Westernwold. When he was nine he settled permanently on the ranch. McCall attended the University of Oregon and graduated with a degree in journalism in 1936. March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Samuel Walker McCall (February 28, 1851 - November 4, 1923) was Governor of Massachusetts. ... The city of Prineville is the county seat of Crook County, Oregon, United StatesGR6. ... The University of Oregon is a public university located in Eugene, Oregon. ...


Prior to entering politics, McCall worked for years as a newspaper reporter in Moscow, Idaho and radio commentator in Portland. He made an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. House in 1954. He was a television reporter and commentator for most of the next decade at KGW in Portland. Moscow (pronounced Moss-co) is the county seat of Latah CountyGR6 in northern Idaho, along the Washington/Idaho border. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ...


Tom McCall lead early efforts to help migrant workers. In September of 1958 McCall lead a meeting in Portland as chairman of the Steering Committee for the Oregon Committee on Migrant Affairs. This eventually lead to groundbreaking migrant civil rights legislation passed at the Oregon Legislature in 1959 as discussed by Oregon Historian Tim Hills in the Portland based quarterly McMenamins Newsletter Dec. '06 - Feb. '07.


A 1962 documentary he produced and hosted ("Pollution in Paradise") graphically portrayed the poor condition of the Willamette and helped focus public attention on the problem. McCall also hosted a show on KGW called Viewpoint, which dealt with political issues of the day. McCall appears briefly (on a TV set) in the famous 1975 film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest in a cameo role based on his time at KGW. One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest is a 1975 film directed by MiloÅ¡ Forman. ... Since its first use in 1851, a cameo role or cameo appearance has been a brief appearance in a play (or later, a movie) that stands out against the general context for its éclat or dramatic punch. ...


Political career

McCall made his first run for office in 1954, winning the Republican nomination for Oregon's Third Congressional District seat. He lost in the general election to Edith Green, who went on to hold the seat for the next two decades. Edith Louise Starrett Green (January 17, 1910 – April 21, 1987) was a former Democratic U.S. congresswoman from Oregon. ...


In 1958, when Mark Hatfield was elected governor of Oregon, he vacated the position of Secretary of State. McCall thought Hatfield had promised to appoint him to the unexpired portion of the term, but the job went to Hatfield associate Howell Appling instead. When Appling chose not to run for re-election in 1964, McCall sought and won the job. He was elected governor in 1966 and re-elected in 1970. Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mark Odom Hatfield (born July 12, 1922) is an American politician from Oregon. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...


While his activity on behalf of Oregon's environment brought nationwide attention to his state, McCall brought a measure of both common sense and imagination to his office.


Vortex I

In 1970, McCall was faced with a potential riot in Portland. In May of that year, a week-long student protest at Portland State University over the Kent State shootings had ended with charges of excessive police violence. The American Legion had scheduled a convention in Portland later that summer; local antiwar groups were organizing a series of demonstrations at the same time under the name of the "People's Army Jamboree", and expected to draw 50,000 protesters. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Portland State University Portland State University (or PSU) is a public state urban university located in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... John Filos Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of Mary Ann Vecchio, a fourteen year-old runaway, kneeling over the dead or dying body of Jeffrey Miller, shot in the mouth by an unknown Ohio National Guardsman. ... The American Legion is an organization of veterans of the United States armed forces who served in wartime. ...


After vain attempts to convince the People's Army Jamboree to either not carry out their plans or to move the date, McCall decided to hold a rock festival at Milo McIver State Park near Estacada, Oregon called "Vortex I: A Biodegradable Festival of Life", in imitation of the famous Woodstock Festival held the previous year. A rock festival, or rock fest, is a large-scale outdoor rock music concert, featuring multiple acts, often spread out over several days. ... Sculpture in front of City Hall in downtown Estacada Estacada is a city located in Clackamas County, Oregon, roughly 30 miles southeast of Portland. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


"I think I just committed political suicide," McCall is reported to have remarked immediately after approving the event. Vortex was the first and so-far only state-sponsored rock festival in US history.


The festival was a success, attracting between 50,000 and 100,000 people. Gold, The Portland Zoo, Osceola, Fox, and Chrome Cyrcus were among the bands that played. The media was announcing that Santana, Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead were on the way but none of them appeared. The feared violent clash between the antiwar groups and the conservative American Legion was avoided, and the city of Portland passed the summer relatively uneventfully. And in the general election that November, McCall was returned to office with 56% of the vote. Carlos Augusto Alves Santana (born July 20, 1947), known simply as Carlos Santana or Santana, is a Grammy Award-winning Mexican-born American Latin rock musician and guitarist. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the LSD-influenced psychedelic rock movement. ... The Grateful Dead were an American psychedelia-influenced rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco. ... The American Legion is an organization of veterans of the United States armed forces who served in wartime. ...


Back to journalism

Although his popularity was at its peak, Oregon's constitution prevented McCall from seeking a third consecutive term as governor in 1974. He returned to journalism, writing a newspaper column and serving as commentator for Portland television station KATU. He made an unsuccessful bid to return to the governorship in 1978, losing in the Republican primary to State Senator Victor G. Atiyeh, who went on to defeat incumbent Robert W. Straub. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... KATU is a television station in Portland, Oregon, USA. An ABC affiliate, it broadcasts its analog signal on VHF channel 2 and its digital signal on UHF channel 43. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... religion= Victor George Atiyeh (born February 20, 1923 in Portland, Oregon) was elected Governor of Oregon in 1978 after unsuccessfully running against Robert W. Straub four years earlier. ... Robert Bob Straub (May 6, 1920 - November 27, 2002), was a Democratic politician who served as Governor of Oregon from 1975 to 1979. ...


After McCall's final attempt at the governorship a group launched an initiative to repeal McCall's most lasting legacy, the state's land use planning system, which included the creation of urban growth boundaries. Measure 6 went on the ballot for the 1982 election and McCall vowed to fight it to the end. McCall was dying of cancer and used the final months of his life making sure that Measure 6 did not pass. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


End of life

During his campaign against Measure 6, McCall said "You all know I have terminal cancer-and I have a lot of it. But what you may not know is that stress induces its spread and induces its activity. Stress may even bring it on. Yet stress is the fuel of the activist. This activist loves Oregon more than he loves life. I know I can't have both very long. The trade-offs are all right with me. But if the legacy we helped give Oregon and which made it twinkle from afar-if it goes, then I guess I wouldn't want to live in Oregon anyhow."


Measure 6 failed to pass in the '82 election. McCall was admitted to Good Samaritan Hospital in Portland just over a month after the election. McCall said about the hospital, "You're terminal from the minute you arrive. You've been going to go ever since you got here. Still it is unacceptable when the calendar hints that the prospect has lost its open-endedness. Despair strikes you and what was vaguely inevitable is barely down the road anymore." McCall died of prostate cancer on January 8, 1983. Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tributes

His term as governor was honored after his death by the dedication of Tom McCall Waterfront Park, a 37-acre (150,000 m²) park which runs along the Willamette River for the length of downtown Portland. It was built in 1974 by removing Harbor Drive, a freeway which previously ran alongside the river. The annual Tom McCall Forum, which pairs prominent speakers with opposing political viewpoints, is presented by Pacific University. Tom McCall Waterfront Park seen from the north Governor Tom McCall Waterfront Park is a park located on the west bank of the Willamette River in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This article refers to the street named Harbor Drive in Portland, Oregon Harbor Drive is the name of a street in Portland, Oregon which was formerly a freeway, albeit crude, carrying U.S. Highway 99W along the western shore of the Willamette River in the downtown area. ... Pacific University is a private university located in Forest Grove, Oregon, USA about 40 minutes west of Portland. ...


The Nature Conservancy named a nature preserve in Wasco County, Oregon after him. The Nature Conservancy is an environmental organization, founded in 1951. ... A nature reserve is an area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. ... Wasco County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ...


Oregon schools that have been named for him include: Tom McCall East Upper Elementary School in Forest Grove andTom McCall Elementary Schoolin Redmond.


In 1998 he was inducted into the Hall of Achievement at University of Oregon's School of Journalism.[3] 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The University of Oregon is a public university located in Eugene, Oregon. ...


On October 10, 2006, the Associated Press released a story originating from the Salem Statesman Journal and announcing plans by a "committee of citizens" to fund and place a life-size bronze statue of the late governor in Salem's Riverfront Park. October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Statesman Journal is the largest daily newspaper of Oregons state capital of Salem. ...

Preceded by
Mark Hatfield
Governor of Oregon
1967-1975
Succeeded by
Robert W. Straub
Preceded by
Howell Appling
Secretary of State of Oregon
1965-1967
Succeeded by
Clay Myers

Mark Odom Hatfield (born July 12, 1922) is an American politician from Oregon. ... The Governor of Oregon is the top executive of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Robert Bob Straub (May 6, 1920 - November 27, 2002), was a Democratic politician who served as Governor of Oregon from 1975 to 1979. ... The Secretary of State of Oregon, an elected constitutional officer within the executive branch of government, is second in line of succession to the Governor. ... Henry Clay Myers, Jr. ...

References

  1. ^ Walth, Brent (November 5, 2006). McCall never looked so good. But let's move on.. The Oregonian. Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  2. ^ Governor Tom McCall: Biographical Note. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  3. ^ Hall of Achievement. University of Oregon School of Journalism. Retrieved on 2006-11-15.
  • Brent Walth, Fire at Eden's Gate: Tom McCall and the Oregon Story (Corvallis, Oregon Oregon Historical Society Press, 1994) ISBN 0-87595-247-X
  • Matt Love, The Far Out Story of Vortex I (Pacific City, Oregon: Nestucca Spit Press, 2004) ISBN 0-9744364-1-0

November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 2, 2004 edition. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... The University of Oregon is a public university located in Eugene, Oregon. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... Pacific City is a census-designated place located in Tillamook County, Oregon. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tom McCall - definition of Tom McCall in Encyclopedia (208 words)
Thomas Lawson McCall (March 22, 1913 - January 8, 1983) was an American politician, a Republican, and the thirtieth governor of the state of Oregon, USA, from 1967 to 1975.
McCall is best known for a comment that he made in 1971 in a speech before the Junior Chamber of Commerce Convention, in which he said: "We want you to visit our State of Excitement often.
Tom McCall Waterfront Park, a 37 acre (150,000 m²) park which runs along the Willamette River for the length of downtown, was built in 1974 by removing a freeway which previously ran alongside the river.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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