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Encyclopedia > Tom C. Clark
Tom C. Clark


In office
August 24, 1949 – June 12, 1967
Nominated by Harry Truman
Preceded by Frank Murphy
Succeeded by Thurgood Marshall

Born September 23, 1899(1899-09-23)
Dallas, Texas
Died June 13, 1977 (aged 77)
New York City, New York
Religion Presbyterian

Thomas Campbell Clark (September 23, 1899June 13, 1977) was United States Attorney General from 1945 to 1949 and an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1949-1967). Image File history File links U.S. Supreme Court photograph of Tom C. Clark File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... For the victim of Mt. ... For the Australian rules footballer, see Frank Murphy (footballer). ... Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Dallas redirects here. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Seal of the United States Department of Justice The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. Â§ 503) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the...


Clark was born in Dallas, Texas, to Virginia Maxey Falls and William Henry Clark.[1] A graduate of Dallas High[2], he served as a Texas National Guard infantryman in 1918; afterward he studied law, receiving his law degree from the University of Texas School of Law in 1922 and setting up practice in his home town of Dallas from 1922 to 1937. He resigned from private practice for a period to serve as civil district attorney for the city from 1927 to 1932. Dallas redirects here. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... The United States National Guard is a reserve forces component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... The University of Texas School of Law is an ABA-certified American law school located on The University of Texas at Austin campus. ... Dallas redirects here. ... A district attorney is, in some U.S. jurisdictions, the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of criminals. ...


Clark, a Democrat, joined the Justice Department in 1937 and served as civilian coordinator for the forced relocation of Japanese-Americans during the opening months of World War II. Later, he headed the antitrust and criminal divisions at Justice. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... Japanese internment is a term generally used to refer to one or both of the following events: Japanese American internment – the internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II. Japanese Canadian internment – the internment of Japanese Canadians in Canada during World War II. Categories: | ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ... For other uses, see Crime (disambiguation). ...


Appointed Attorney General by President Harry Truman in 1945, Clark was appointed to the court in August 1949, filling the vacancy left by the death of Frank Murphy. Truman later came to regret his choice; he remarked to a biographer many years later that "Tom Clark was my biggest mistake." But, he insisted: "It isn't so much that he's a bad man. It's just that he's such a dumb son of a bitch." In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... For the victim of Mt. ... For the Australian rules footballer, see Frank Murphy (footballer). ...


The basis for the change in Truman's attitude stemmed from Clark's vote to strike down as unconstitutional Truman's seizure of the nation's steel mills to avert a strike in 1952's Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer after having advised Truman as attorney general that he had legal authority to do so. Holding The President did not have the inherent authority to seize private property in the absence of either specifically enumerated authority under Article Two of the Constitution or statutory authority conferred on him by Congress. ...


While on the Supreme Court, Clark was generally a conservative who nonetheless proved a key vote in some Warren Court cases expanding the scope of individual rights. He is noted for writing the majority opinion in the landmark cases Mapp v. Ohio, applying the Fourth Amendment "exclusionary rule" to the states, and Abington School District v. Schempp, invalidating daily Bible readings in public schools. Clark supported the end of racial segregation, siding with the majority in Brown v. Board of Education and Sweatt v. Painter. Clark also took a decidedly anti-Communist stance during the "Red Scare." Template:SCOTUSCase dad u ruleMapp v. ... The Bill of Rights in the National Archives. ... Holding The Court decided 8-1 in favor of the respondent, Edward Schempp, and declared sanctioned organized Bible reading in public schools in the United States to be unconstitutional. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Holding Segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. ... Sweatt v. ... Ideologies Communist internationals Prominent communists Related subjects Anti-communism refers to opposition to communism. ... A 1947 comic book published by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society warning of the dangers of a Communist takeover. ...


Clark retired from the Supreme Court on June 12, 1967, to avoid a conflict of interest when his son, Ramsey Clark, was appointed Attorney General. He was succeeded in his post by Thurgood Marshall. Lyndon Johnson was said to have appointed Ramsey Clark as Attorney General precisely for the reason that it would force Tom Clark off the bench, leaving a vacancy for who LBJ really wanted on the Supreme Court, the first African-American Justice, Thurgood Marshall. After his retirement he served as a visiting judge on several U.S. Courts of Appeals, as director of the Federal Judicial Center, and as Chair of the Board of Directors for the American Judicature Society. is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... A conflict of interest is a situation in which someone in a position of trust, such as a lawyer, a politician, or an executive or director of a corporation, has competing professional or personal interests. ... William Ramsey Clark (born December 18, 1927) is a lawyer and activist. ... Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. ... Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. ...


Clark died in New York City and is buried in Restland Memorial Park, Dallas, Texas. Tom C. Clark High School of the Northside Independent School District of San Antonio, Texas is named in honor of him. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Address 5150 DeZavala Road City San Antonio , Bexar County, Texas 78249 Established 1978 Type Public Secondary Population 2,905 (2006-2007 Estimate) Maximum Capacity Unknown Superintendent Dr. John Folks Principal Stan Laing Grades 9 to 12 District Northside Independent School District Mascot Cougar Colors Black, White and Silver School website...


An extensive collection of Clark's papers, including his Supreme Court files, is housed at the University of Texas in Austin. The law school also maintains the "Tom C. Clark" fellowship, entitling selected students with a sizable tuition subsidy. The main student lounge in the school is named after Clark as well. A smaller collection, primarily relating to Clark's years as Attorney General, is located at the Harry S. Truman Library in Independence, Missouri. The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities, and six are health institutions. ... The Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum is a library and museum dedicated to preserve the papers, books, and other historical materials relating to former President Harry S. Truman. ...


Clark became an Eagle Scout in 1914 and was a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award. [3] An Eagle Scout is a Scout with the highest rank attainable in the Boy Scouting program of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). ... The Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, is a special award, awarded only to Eagle Scouts, for distinguished service in his profession or to the community for a period of at least 25 years after earning his Eagle Scout rank. ...


Clark was a member of Delta Tau Delta International Fraternity and served at the fraternity's International President from 1966-1968. Delta Tau Delta (ΔΤΔ, DTD, or Delts) is a U.S.-based international college fraternity. ...


See also

The University of Texas School of Law is an ABA-certified American law school located on The University of Texas at Austin campus. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://www.wargs.com/political/clarkr.html
  2. ^ Rumbley, Rose-Mary. A Century of Class. Austin TX: Eakin Press, 1984.
  3. ^ Presidents Park: Boy Scout Memorial. National Park Service. Retrieved on 2007-11-18.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

Preceded by
Francis Biddle
Attorney General of the United States
1945–1949
Succeeded by
J. Howard McGrath
Preceded by
Frank Murphy
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
August 24, 1949June 12, 1967
Succeeded by
Thurgood Marshall
The Vinson Court Seal of the U.S. Supreme Court
1949–1953: H. Black | S.F. Reed | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | R.H. Jackson | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | S. Minton
The Warren Court
1953–1954: H. Black | S.F. Reed | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | R.H. Jackson | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | S. Minton
1955–1956: H. Black | S.F. Reed | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | S. Minton | J.M. Harlan II
1956–1957: H. Black | S.F. Reed | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan
1957–1958: H. Black | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | H.H. Burton | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | C.E. Whittaker
1958–1962: H. Black | F. Frankfurter | Wm. O. Douglas | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | C.E. Whittaker | P. Stewart
1962–1965: H. Black | Wm. O. Douglas | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | P. Stewart | B. White | A.J. Goldberg
1965–1967: H. Black | Wm. O. Douglas | T.C. Clark | J.M. Harlan II | Wm. J. Brennan | P. Stewart | B. White | A. Fortas

 
 

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