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Encyclopedia > Tom Burke
Olympic medalist
Center
Tom Burke
Medal record
Men's athletics
Gold 1896 Athens 100 metres
Gold 1896 Athens 400 metres

Thomas Edward Burke (January 15, 1875February 14, 1929) was an American athlete. He was the first Olympic champion in the 100 and 400 metres races. Image File history File links From Official Report of the 1896 Olympics. ... Athletics has been contested at every Summer Olympics since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics. ... The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece. ... The renovated Panathinaiko Stadium At the 1896 Summer Olympics, twelve athletics events were contested. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A womens 400 metre hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... (Redirected from 100 m) 100m is the classic sprint race distance. ... 400 m is a common track running event. ...


Burke, a student at Boston University, was a reputed runner in the 400 metres and 440 yards, having won the AAU title (440 yards) in 1895. He had no such reputation for the first event he entered in the inaugural modern Olympic Games in Athens, 1896. With many top sprinters absent, Burke surprisingly won the 100 metres. He was also noted for his "crouch start", which was uncommon at that time but in standard use now. His time in both the heats and the final was 12.0 seconds. For the unrelated Jesuit university in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... - The Amateur Athletic Union, widely known as the AAU, was formed in United States. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, were held in 1896 in Athens, Greece. ... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα, Athína IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Greece and the birthplace of democracy. ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

The start of the 100 m final in Athens. Burke is second from the left.
The start of the 100 m final in Athens. Burke is second from the left.

At the same Olympics, Burke also won the 400 metres, his top event. His times for that event were 58.4 seconds in the preliminary heats and 54.2 seconds in the final, in both of which Burke finished first. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Later in his career, Burke specialised in the longer distances, winning IC4A titles in the 440 and 880 yards events. In 1897, he was one of the initiators of the annually held Boston Marathon, inspired by the success of the marathon event at the 1896 Olympics. IC4A or ICAAAA (Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America) is an annual competion held at different colleges every year. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996 The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Boston, Massachusetts, on Patriots Day, the third Monday of April. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ...


Burke later became a lawyer, but was also a part-time sports journalist and athletics coach.

Olympic champions in men's 100 m
1896: Tom Burke | 1900: Frank Jarvis | 1904: Archie Hahn | 1908: Reggie Walker | 1912: Ralph Craig | 1920: Charlie Paddock | 1924: Harold Abrahams | 1928: Percy Williams | 1932: Eddie Tolan | 1936: Jesse Owens | 1948: Harrison Dillard | 1952: Lindy Remigino | 1956: Bobby Joe Morrow | 1960: Armin Hary | 1964: Bob Hayes | 1968: Jim Hines | 1972: Valeri Borzov | 1976: Hasely Crawford | 1980: Allan Wells | 1984: Carl Lewis | 1988: Carl Lewis | 1992: Linford Christie | 1996: Donovan Bailey | 2000: Maurice Greene | 2004: Justin Gatlin
Olympic champions in men's 400 m
1896: Tom Burke | 1900: Maxey Long | 1904: Harry Hillman | 1906: Paul Pilgrim | Wyndham Halswelle | 1912: Charles Reidpath | 1920: Bevil Rudd | 1924: Eric Liddell | 1928: Ray Barbuti | 1932: Bill Carr | 1936: Archie Williams | 1948: Arthur Wint | 1952: George Rhoden | 1956: Charlie Jenkins | 1960: Otis Davis | 1964: Michael Larrabee | 1968: Lee Evans | 1972: Vincent Matthews | 1976: Alberto Juantorena | 1980: Viktor Markin | 1984: Alonzo Babers | 1988: Steve Lewis | 1992: Quincy Watts | 1996: Michael Johnson | 2000: Michael Johnson | 2004: Jeremy Wariner

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tom Burke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (259 words)
Burke, a student at Boston University, was a reputed runner in the 400 metres and 440 yards, having won the AAU title (440 yards) in 1895.
In 1897, he was one of the initators of the annually held Boston Marathon, inspired by the success of the marathon event at the 1896 Olympics.
Burke later became a lawyer, but was also a part-time sports journalist and athletics coach.
biography -- Tom Burke (2738 words)
Tom’s father had a very pleasing tenor voice and almost every day when he returned from work he would sit his young son on his knee and sing Irish lullabies to him.
Tom and his friends were in hiding from where they could watch the fun before running like the wind to escape the anger of their neighbours.
Tom was very sensitive to the suffering he saw in his neighbourhood and this sensitivity was reflected in the songs he sang.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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