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Encyclopedia > Tollywood
South Asian cinema
Bengali cinema
Assamese cinema
Bengali cinema
Bollywood
Karnataka cinema
Tamil cinema
Marathi cinema
Malayalam cinema
Tollywood


Telugu Cinema refers to the Telugu film industry. The Telugu cinema industry is referred by some as Tollywood; the origins of that name are disputed, but it is generally considered a portmanteau of "Telugu" and "Hollywood". Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... Telugu Cinema refers to the Telugu film industry. ... South Asian cinema refers to the cinema of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives. ... This article addresses Persian and Pashto cinemas of Afghanistan. ... The Bangladeshi film industry is based in Dhaka As of 2004, it produced approximately 100 movies a year. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the ticket sales and the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... Assamese cinema was born in 1935 when Jyoti Prasad Agarwala released his movie Joymoti. ... Bengali cinema, or the Bengali film industry, is one of the earliest film industries in India. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... The Cinema of Karnataka encompasses movies made in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Kollywood is a name often applied to Tamil Cinema, based in Chennai (formerly Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu in south India. ... Marathi cinema (मराठी चित्रपट) is one of the oldest in regional Indian films industry. ... Malayalam cinema refers to films made in the Indian state of Kerala in the Malayalam language. ... The Himalayan country of Nepal does not have a very long film history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of Nepal. ... Lollywood (Urdu: لالیوڈ) refers to the Pakistani film industry, based in the city of Lahore. ... Sri Lankan cinema is highly acclaimed abroad - its films have won dozens of awards at international festivals. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... ...

Contents

Industry

(1 crore = 10,000,000 rupees, approximately US$252,972.43 on Oct 24, 2007.)

The Telugu movie industry is based in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... “INR” redirects here. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Andhra redirects here. ...


About 240 Telugu movies are released every year (approximately 3 every week). The Telugu film industry is the largest producer of movies in India followed by Tamil behind Hindi film industries[citation needed]. In 2005, the annual turnover reached Rs. 2.3 billion (US$57 million, as of July 17, 2007) with 700 million ticket sales. Popular movies tend to open during the three festive/holiday seasons of the region: Sankranthi, Summer, and Dussera. In 2004, total revenue for the Sankranthi season was around Rs. 1.5 billion (US$37 million, as of July 17, 2007). There are more than eight TV channels ( Gemini TV[1], Eenadu TV[2], Eenadu TV 2, MAA TV[3], GCV, Doordharshan, Teja TV [4] etc.,Teja news,TV9,Ntv,Bhakti TV,ZEE telugu,Sanskuruthi,) dedicated exclusively to feature programs related to Telugu movies. is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Sankranthi, or Sankranti, is a festival that signifies the beginning of the harvest season for the farmers of India. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... TV redirects here. ... ETV2 is one of three 24-hour Telugu news channels in Andhra Pradesh. ...


Box Office Collections

Year Collections (in millions of Indian Rupees)
1980 819
1985 1,526
1990 3,333
1995 7,985
2000 14,011
2005 23,044

The Telugu film industry accounts for 1% of the gross domestic product of Andhra Pradesh.[5] Telugu films enjoy significant patronage in the neighboring southern States like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka. Andhra redirects here. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Karnataka (Kannada: , IPA:  ) is a state in the southern part of India. ...


There is a fair amount of dispersion amongst the Indian film industries. Many successful Telugu films have been remade by the Hindi and Tamil film industries. For instance, Pokiri which was a Telugu film starring Mahesh Babu, was remade into Tamil and now being remade in Hindi with Salman Khan as the lead actor. Tollywood has also remade a fair number of Hindi, Tamil, Malayalam, and other language films. Pokiri can refer to either: Pokiri (Telugu film), a 2006 film directed by Puri Jagannadh starring Mahesh Babu and Ileana. ... Salman Khan (Hindi: सलमान ख़ान, Urdu: سلمان خان. Pronunciation: / /), born Abdul Rashid Salim Salman Khan on December 27, 1965 is a popular Indian film actor who appears in Bollywood movies. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...


The state of Andhra Pradesh has more than 2700 theaters, of which 150 are in the city of Hyderabad alone. , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ...

A Cineplex at Guntur.
A Cineplex at Guntur.

The Tollywood film distribution is divided into 12 areas:- Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 979 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A movie plex in Guntur City of India. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 979 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A movie plex in Guntur City of India. ... This article is about a city in India. ...


I) Nizam

  1. Hyderabad
  2. Rangareddy
  3. Medak
  4. Nalgonda
  5. Nizamabad (Induru)
  6. Warangal
  7. Adilabad
  8. Khammam
  9. Mahabubnagar (Palamuru)
  10. Karimnagar (Srirampuru)
  11. Raichur (Karnataka)

II) Ceded , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Map showing rangareddi district Rangareddi District is a district in the Andhra Pradesh State of India. ... Medak is a city and a municipality in Medak District in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Nalgonda   is a town and a municipality in Nalgonda district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... See for the district information in Nizamabad district. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... Adilabad is a town and a municipality in Adilabad district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Khammam is a town in the Khammam District of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ... Map showing mahbubnagar district Image:Mahabubnagar. ... , Karimnagar is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Karimnagar district is in the northern Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh state of India. ... , Raichur is a town and a city municipal council in Raichur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ...

  1. Kurnool
  2. Cuddapah
  3. Anantapur
  4. Chittoor
  5. Bellary(Karnataka)

III) Nellore , Map showing kurnool district Kurnool   is a city in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ... Map showing cuddapah district Cuddapah, or Kadapa, as it is known now, is one of the districts of Rayalaseema in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Anantapuram   (Anantapuram in vernacular) is a city (population: 466,359) and a municipal corporation in Anantapur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , For the district information, see Chittoor district. ... , Bellary (Kannada: pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is a city in Bellary District in Karnataka state, India. ...


IV) Guntur

  1. Guntur
  2. Prakasam

V) Krishna


VI) East Godavari


VII)West Godavari


VIII) Vizag

  1. Vishakapatnam
  2. Vijayanagaram
  3. Srikakulam

IX) Tamilnadu


X) Karnataka


XI) Orissa , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ...


XII) Overseas Overseas, meaning literally a place over an ocean, the term is for some countries synonymous with the word international. ...


History

Early development: 1921-1930

The Telugu film industry originated with the silent film in 1921, with the production of Bhisma Pratighna. The film was directed by Raghupati Venkaiah and his son R.S. Prakash[6]. The two would go on to produce and direct dozens of films throughout the decade, casting theater actors in major roles[7]. They established a long-lasting precedent of focusing exclusively on religious themes; Nandanar[8], Gajendra Moksham, and Matsyavatar, three of their most famous productions, centered on religious figures, parables, and morals[9].


Rise of the Talkie: 1931-1947

In 1931, the first Telugu film with audible dialogue, Bhakta Prahlad, was produced by H.M. Reddy[10]. Popularly known as 'talkies', films with sound quickly grew in number and fanbase. In 1934, the industry saw its first major commercial success with Lavakusa. Directed by C. Pullaiah and starring Parupalli Subbarao and Sriranjani in lead roles, the film attracted unprecedented numbers of viewers to theaters and thrust the young film industry into mainstream culture[11]. A sound film (or talkie) is a motion picture with synchronized sound, as opposed to a silent movie. ...


By 1936, the mass appeal of film allowed directors to move away from religious and mythological themes[12]. That year, under the direction of Krithiventi Nageswara Rao, Prema Vijayam, a film focusing on social issues, was released. Its success prompted the production of dozens of other immensely successful 'social films', notably 1939's Vandemataram and Malli Pelli. Touching on societal problems like the status of Untouchables and the practice of giving dowry, Telugu films increasingly focused on contemporary living: twenty-nine of the ninety-six films released between 1937 and 1947 had social themes[13]. Typical depiction of Bharat Mata by Abanindranath Tagore Vande Mataram (Sanskrit: वन्दे मातरम् Vande Mātaram, Bengali: বন্দে মাতরম Bônde Matorom) is the national song of India, distinct from the national anthem of India Jana Gana Mana. The song was composed by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay in a mixture of Bengali and Sanskrit. ... Untouchable may mean: Dalit (outcaste), formerly or derogatively, populations of India and Nepal outside the caste system Untouchable, a novel of Mulk Raj Anand The Untouchables, the Treasury agent team led by Eliot Ness featured in the self-named book, television series, and motion picture. ... A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given by the family of the bride to the family of the groom at the time of their marriage. ...


The outbreak of World War II and the subsequent resource scarcity caused the British Raj to impose a limit on the use of filmstrip in 1943 to 11,000 feet[14], a sharp reduction from the 20,000 feet that was common till then[15]. As a result, the number of films produced during the War was substantially lower than in previous years. Nonetheless, prior to the ban, an important shift occurred in the industry: independent studios formed, actors and actresses were signed to contracts limiting who they could work for, and films moved from social themes to folklore legends[16]. 1942's Balanagamma typified these changes: the film featured fantasy elements of cultural lore, was produced by Gemini Studios, and its producers added a restricting clause to the lead actress' contract. By 1947, nearly all films were produced by studios with contracted actors. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Anthem God Save The King The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (until 1912), New Delhi (after 1912) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy²  - 1858... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ...


Budgets

(1 crore = 10,000,000 rupees, approximately US$230,000 or €190,000 on May 11, 2005.)
A movie poster.

The budgets for Telugu movies typically range from 7 to 15 crores per film. Pre-lease revenues for popular films can range from 12 to 20 crores per film and post-release business for these movies can be 25–40 crores depending on the success of the movie. Popular actors like Chiranjeevi Akkineni Nagarjuna, Venkatesh, Mahesh Babu,Pavan Kalyan, Prabhas,Allu Arjun and Jr.NTR are some of the highest paid actors in Tollywood. “INR” redirects here. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Akkineni Nagarjuna as Akhil in Super. ... Image File history File links Akkineni Nagarjuna as Akhil in Super. ... Chiranjeevi (Telugu: చిరంజీవి), born as Konidela Siva Sankara Vara Prasad on August 22, 1955 is an actor in Telugu cinema industry. ... Akkineni Nagarjuna Rao (Telugu: ఆక్కినేని నాగార్జున) (born August 29, 1959 in Chennai, India), often known as Nagarjuna, is a popular Telugu Cinema actor and a successful producer. ... Venkatesh is one of the most famous actors in Telugu film Industry, Tollywood. ... Ghattamaneni Mahesh Babu (Telugu: మహేష్ ‌బాబు), born August 9, 1974 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, is an actor in the Indian Telugu movie industry. ... Prabhas(born October 23) is a Tollywood actor. ... Allu Bunny Arjun (Telugu:అల్లు అర్జున్), born April 8, 1983 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, is a Telugu film actor. ... Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (born May 20, 1983) more popularly known as Jr. ...


Singers

The Telugu film industry has a reputation for producing many singers, such as Ghantasala, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Susheela, S. Janaki. S. P. Balasubrahmanyam holds the record for singing the most number of songs (approximately 39,000) Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao (1922-1974) was a singer and composer of Telugu film music. ... Sripathi Panditaradhyula Balasubrahmanyam, (Telugu:బాల సుబ్రమణ్యం) is a prolific Indian singer. ... Pulapaka Susheela (born 1935) is an Indian playback singer. ... S. Janaki (born April 23, 1938) is a major Indian singer, with her magnificent voice, captured the hearts of millions of people through various language including Telugu , Tamil, Malayalam and Kannada . ...


Fans

Well-known stars of Telugu film industry have devoted fan followings in the southern India. Sr N. T .R, Akkineni Nageswara Rao, S.V.Ranga Rao,Jaggayya, Gummadi, Relangi, Savithri, Bhanumati, S. Varalakshmi, Jamuna, Kantha Rao,Krishna,Chiranjeevi, Akkineni Nagarjuna, Venkatesh, Mahesh Babu, Pawan Kalyan, Prabhas, and Jr.NTR ,nithin are very popular and enjoy a significant fan following among the Telugu movie audience. NTR Nandamuri Taraka Ramarao (28 May 1923 – 18 January 1996), more commonly known as N.T. Ramarao, NTR, or Anna garu, was an Indian film actor, director, and producer. ... Akkineni Nageswara Rao (born September 20, 1924 at Venkataraghavapuram, Dist. ... Kongara Jaggayya (31 December 1928 – 5 March 2004; also transliterated as Jaggaiah) was a multi-faceted personality from Andhra Pradesh, India, more famous as a Telugu actor in films and plays. ... Gummadi Venkateswara Rao (b. ... Savitri from the film Narthansala Savitri Kommareddy (born 6 December 1937 – 26 December 1981]), known as Mahanati (Great Actress) of Telugu Cinima,was born in Chirravuru, Guntur District. ... Dr. Banumathi Ramakrishna (September 7, 1925 – December 24, 2005) was a noted Indian film actress, director, music director, singer, and songwriter. ... Jamuna may refer to: Jamuna River in Bangladesh. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Chiranjeevi (Telugu: చిరంజీవి), born as Konidela Siva Sankara Vara Prasad on August 22, 1955 is an actor in Telugu cinema industry. ... Akkineni Nagarjuna Rao (Telugu: ఆక్కినేని నాగార్జున) (born August 29, 1959 in Chennai, India), often known as Nagarjuna, is a popular Telugu Cinema actor and a successful producer. ... Venkatesh is one of the most famous actors in Telugu film Industry, Tollywood. ... Ghattamaneni Mahesh Babu (Telugu: మహేష్ ‌బాబు), born August 9, 1974 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, is an actor in the Indian Telugu movie industry. ... Pawan Kalyan (born September 2, 1971 is a popular Indian film mega star and director in Andhra Pradesh. ... Prabhas(born October 23) is a Tollywood actor. ... Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (born May 20, 1983) more popularly known as Jr. ...


Trivia

  • 80 Telugu films were made in the first five years after the release of Bhakta Prahlada.
  • A long-time Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. T. Rama Rao, was a popular actor of Telugu Cinema.

Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (Telugu:నందమూరి తారక రామా రావు)(28 May 1923 – 18 January 1996), more commonly known as N.T. Rama Rao, NTR, Pedala Pennidhi by his fans, or Anna garu, was an Indian film actor, director, producer and politician. ...

See also

Telugu is one of Indias most widely spoken languages, and Tollywood produces numerous films each year. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the ticket sales and the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... Santosham Film Awards is are one of the most popular awards given for Telugu films. ... Telugu Filmfare Awards are the oldest film awards given for Telugu films to award peronalities and stars for their contribution to Telugu Cinema. ... The Nandi Awards are the most significant awards given in Andhra Pradesh, more specifically for Telugu Cinema. ... The Filmfare Awards ceremony is one of the oldest and most prominent film events given for Hindi films in India [1] and is sometimes referred to as the Indian Oscars. ...

References

  1. ^ www.sunnetwork.org/geminitv/
  2. ^ www.eenaduinfo.com/etv.htm
  3. ^ www.maatv.com/
  4. ^ www.sunnetwork.org/tejatv/
  5. ^ http://osdir.com/ml/culture.region.india.zestmedia/2007-01/msg00117.html
  6. ^ http://www.totaltollywood.com/articles/history/index.php?id=1
  7. ^ http://www.cinegoer.com/telugucinema8.htm
  8. ^ http://www.indiafilm.com/lm.htm
  9. ^ http://www.tamilentertainment.com/Memories/98/fna/fna1.htm
  10. ^ http://www.idlebrain.com/research/anal/anal-his2.html
  11. ^ http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/fr/2007/01/19/stories/2007011901020100.htm
  12. ^ http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/fr/2007/01/19/stories/2007011901020100.htm
  13. ^ http://www.cinegoer.com/telugucinema5.htm
  14. ^ http://www.cinegoer.com/telugucinema7.htm
  15. ^ http://www.cinegoer.com/telugucinema10.htm
  16. ^ http://www.cinegoer.com/telugucinema6.htm

External links

Wikipedia
Telugu edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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