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Encyclopedia > Toll bridge
Paying toll on passing a bridge.--From a painted window in the Cathedral of Tournay (15th century).
Paying toll on passing a bridge.--From a painted window in the Cathedral of Tournay (15th century).

A toll bridge is a bridge over which traffic may pass upon payment of a fee, or 'toll'. Some major facilities may be in combination with a tunnel and are called a bridge-tunnel complex. Download high resolution version (1357x1448, 132 KB)Paying Toll on passing a Bridge. ... Download high resolution version (1357x1448, 132 KB)Paying Toll on passing a Bridge. ... A log bridge A bridge is a structure built to span a gorge, valley, road, railroad track, river, body of water, or any other physical obstacle. ... The word toll has several meanings. ...


See main article toll road for more general information. A high-speed toll booth on SR 417 near Orlando, Florida A toll gate on the Sayama bypass (Saitama prefectural road 397) in Japan A toll gate on the Dom Pedro I Highway near the city of Itatiba, Brazil A toll road, tollway, turnpike or tollpike is a road on...

Contents


History, ownership

Toll booth at Mississippi River Bridge at St. Louis, Missouri U.S. Library of Congress
Toll booth at Mississippi River Bridge at St. Louis, Missouri U.S. Library of Congress

The practice of collecting tolls on bridges probably harks back to the days of ferry crossings where people paid a fee to be ferried across stretches of water. As boats became impractical to carry large loads, ferry operators looked for new sources of revenue. Having built a bridge, they hoped to recoup their investment by charging tolls for people, animals, vehicles and goods to cross it. Toll Bridge across Mississippi River at St. ... Toll Bridge across Mississippi River at St. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... Nickname: Gateway City, Gateway to the West, or Mound City Official website: http://stlouis. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ...


Many of London's bridges across the River Thames started out as toll bridges but were taken over by the Metropolitan Board of Works during the 19th century. However, the practice of building bridges for private (or local authority) gain continues. For other uses, see London (disambiguation) and Defining London (below). ... Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in 1889. ...


In the United States, private ownership of toll bridges peaked in the mid 19th century, and by the turn of the twentieth century most toll bridges were taken over by state highway departments. In some instances, a quasi-governmental authority was formed, and toll revenue bonds were issued to raise funds for construction and/or operation of the facility. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... A toll revenue bond is a financial promissory note usually issued to generate funds for the construction and/or operation of a public accommodation such as an expressway, bridge, or tunnel. ...


Removal/continuation of tolls

In some instances, tolls have been removed after retirement of the toll revenue bonds issued to raise funds for construction and/or operation of the facility. Examples include the Robert E. Lee Memorial Bridge in Richmond, Virginia which carries U.S. Route 1 across the James River, and the 4.5-mile long James River Bridge 80 miles downstream which carries U.S. Highway 17 across the river of the same name near its mouth at Hampton Roads. In other cases, especially major facilities such as the Chesapeake Bay Bridge near Annapolis, Maryland, and the George Washington Bridge over Hudson River between New York City and New Jersey, the continued collection of tolls provides a dedicated source of funds for ongoing maintenance and improvements. A toll revenue bond is a financial promissory note usually issued to generate funds for the construction and/or operation of a public accommodation such as an expressway, bridge, or tunnel. ... The Robert E. Lee Memorial Bridge in Richmond, Virginia carries U.S. Highway 1 and U.S. Highway 301 across the James River at the fall line. ... Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Official website: http://www. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS {{{browse}}} United States Highway 1 is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... The James River at Cartersville The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... James River Bridge, near Hampton Roads in Virginia. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION POSTMILE {{{junction}}} Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS {{{browse}}} United States Highway 17 is a north-south United States highway. ... Hampton Roads, from state map of pre-civil war Virginia circa 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ... Chesapeake Bay Bridge The Chesapeake Bay Bridge, known locally as the Bay Bridge and officially the William Preston Lane, Jr. ... Motto: Vixi Liber Et Moriar (I have lived, and I shall die, free) Nickname: Americas Sailing Capital , Naptown, San Diego East, Dogtown Map Political Statistics Founded 1649 Incorporated 1708 Anne Arundel County Mayor Ellen O. Moyer (Dem) Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 19. ... George Washington Bridge, Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections. ... View of the Hudson in the 1880s showing Jersey City The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ...

Toll plaza at the Rainbow Bridge, Niagara County, New York U.S. Library of Congress
Toll plaza at the Rainbow Bridge, Niagara County, New York U.S. Library of Congress

In Scotland, the Scottish Parliament purchased the Skye Bridge from its owners in late 2004, ending the requirement to pay an unpopular expensive toll to cross to Skye from the mainland. Download high resolution version (514x640, 30 KB)Rainbow Bridge Toll Plaza near Niagara, New York. ... Download high resolution version (514x640, 30 KB)Rainbow Bridge Toll Plaza near Niagara, New York. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1808 Seat Lockport Area  - Total  - Water 2,952 km² (1,140 mi²) 1,598 km² (617 mi²) 54. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Skye Bridge The Skye Bridge is a road bridge over Loch Alsh, connecting the mainland of Scotland with the Isle of Skye. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in...


Toll collection

It has become increasingly common for a toll bridge to only charge a fee in one direction. This helps reduce the traffic congestion in the other direction, and generally does not significantly reduce revenue, especially when those traveling the one direction are forced to come back over the same or a different toll bridge. Traffic jams are common in heavily populated areas. ...


Toll avoidance: shunpiking

A practice known as shunpiking evolved which entails finding another route for the specific purpose of avoiding payment of tolls. The term shunpiking comes from the word shun, meaning to avoid, and pike, a term referring to turnpikes, which were roads which required payment of a toll to travel on them. ...


In some situations where the tolls were increased or felt to be unreasonably high, informal shunpiking by individuals escalated into a form of boycott by regular users, with the goal of applying the financial stress of lost toll revenue to the authority determining the levy. A boycott is an action undertaken to abstain from using, buying, or dealing with someone or some organisation as an expression of protest or as a means of coercion. ...

Toll rates at Connecticut River Bridge between New Hampshire and Vermont U.S. Library of Congress
Toll rates at Connecticut River Bridge between New Hampshire and Vermont U.S. Library of Congress

One such example of shunpiking as a form of boycott occurred at the James River Bridge in eastern Virginia. After years of lower than anticipated revenues on the narrow privately-funded structure built in 1928, the state of Virginia finally purchased the facility in 1949 and increased the tolls in 1955 without visibly improving the roadway, with the notable exception of a new toll plaza. Toll Bridge Rates at Connecticut River between Vermont and New Hampshire. ... Toll Bridge Rates at Connecticut River between Vermont and New Hampshire. ... The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 46th 24,239 km² 110 km 305 km 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 24,923 km² 130 km 260 km 3. ... James River Bridge, near Hampton Roads in Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ...


The increased toll rates incensed the public and business users alike. In a well-publicized example of shunpiking, Joseph W. Luter Jr., head of Smithfield Packing Company, the producer of world-famous Smithfield Hams, ordered his truck drivers to take a different route and cross a smaller and cheaper bridge. Tolls continued for 20 more years, and were finally removed from the old bridge in 1975 when construction began on a toll-free replacement structure. The term shunpiking comes from the word shun, meaning to avoid, and pike, a term referring to turnpikes, which were roads which required payment of a toll to travel on them. ... Smithfield Packing Company was founded in 1936 by Joseph W. Luter and his son Joseph W. Luter, Jr. ... Smithfield ham is a variety of cured ham from the United States, associated with Smithfield, Virginia. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...


Historic examples of toll bridges

North America

The Ambassador Bridge is a privately-owned suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan, in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario, in Canada. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Collins Bridge across Biscayne Bay between Miami and Miami Beach, Florida opened in 1913 as the longest wooden bridge in the world. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Biscayne Bay separates Miami on the mainland from Miami Beach on the barrier islands of the Atlantic Ocean coast of Florida. ... The Magic City, The American Riviera, The Sixth Borough Location of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... In geography, a bar is a linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. ... Location of Miami Beach in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... James River Bridge, near Hampton Roads in Virginia. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The James River at Cartersville The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... Warwick County (shaded in orange on this 1895 map) was originally one of the eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1634 Seat Isle of Wight Area  - Total  - Water 940 km² (363 mi²) 121 km² (47 mi²) 12. ... Hampton Roads, from state map of pre-civil war Virginia circa 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ... The Matecumbe Keys toll booth on June 21, 1938. ... Florida City is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Key West monument marking the Southernmost point in the continental United States is located in Key West, Florida, at the end of U.S. Highway 1. ... The Florida East Coast Railway (AAR reporting mark FEC) is a Class II railroad operating in the US state of Florida; in the past, it has been a Class I railroad. ... The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Key Vaca (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. ...

Modern examples of toll bridges

Europe

Panoramic view of Millau Viaduct from south-east side The Millau Viaduct (French: le Viaduc de Millau) is a cable-stayed road bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. ... The Tarn River (from the Latin tarnis meaning rapid or walled in) is a 375 kilometre (235 miles) long tributary river of the Garonne, and flows through the départements of Lozère (Languedoc-Roussillon région), Aveyron, and then the eponymous Tarn and Tarn-et-Garonne départements, the... Location within France Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... The pillars seen from Malmö The Oresund Bridge (joint Danish/Swedish hybrid name: Øresundsbron) (official name is the Øresundsförbindelsen, the Oresund Connection) is a combined two-track rail and four-lane road bridge across the Oresund strait. ... The Great Belt Bridge The Great Belt Bridge (Danish: Storebæltsbroen) is a suspension bridge that is part of the fixed link across the Great Belt in Denmark. ... The Bosphorus Bridge also called the First Bosphorus Bridge (Turkish: BoÄŸaziçi Köprüsü or 1. ... Fatih Sultan Mehmed Bridge over the Bosporus seen from over Rumelihisarı This article is about the strait; Bosphorus is also a Turkish Boğaziçi or İstanbul Boğazı) is a strait that separates the European part (Rumeli) of Turkey from its Asian part (Anadolu), connecting the Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi) with... Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... Asia is the largest and most populous region or continent depending on the definition. ... Satellite image of Istanbul and the Bosphorus Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... The Asiatic side of the bridge. ... Fatih Sultan Mehmed Bridge over the Bosporus seen from over Rumelihisarı This article is about the strait; Bosphorus is also a Turkish Boğaziçi or İstanbul Boğazı) is a strait that separates the European part (Rumeli) of Turkey from its Asian part (Anadolu), connecting the Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi) with... Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... Asia is the largest and most populous region or continent depending on the definition. ... Satellite image of Istanbul and the Bosphorus Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames. ... The Thames (pronounced //) is a river flowing through southern England and connecting London with the sea. ... Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... The Forth Road Bridge is a suspension bridge in east central Scotland. ... The River Forth meanders over fertile farmlands near Stirling The River Forth, 47 km (29 miles) long, is the major river draining the eastern part of the central belt of Scotland. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... The James controls the world is the fourth-largest single-span suspension bridge in the world, near Kingston upon Hull in England. ... Humber is also the name of one of the ranges of cars manufactured by the Rootes Group Humber is also the name of a river in Newfoundland, Canada, as well as a river and a college, both in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The White Yorkshire rose. ... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the East Midlands of England. ... The Queensway Tunnel is a road tunnel under the River Mersey in Merseyside, in the north west of England, between Liverpool and Birkenhead. ... The Kingsway Tunnel is a road tunnel under the River Mersey in Merseyside, northwest England, between Liverpool and Wallasey. ... Liverpool waterfront by night, as seen from the Wirral. ... The Severn crossing is generally used to refer to two river crossings over the River Severn between England and Wales. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... The Tamar Bridge during widening and strengthening work, 1999 The Tamar Bridge is a major road bridge in southwest England carrying traffic between Devon and Cornwall. ... Plymouth is a city in the South West of England, or alternatively the Westcountry, and is situated within the traditional county of Devon. ... The inner harbour, Brixham, south Devon, at low tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordering on Cornwall to the west, Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... Location within the British Isles Saltash (Cornish: Essa) is a town in Cornwall, UK. It has a population of about 16,000. ... Motto: Onen hag oll (Cornish: One and all) Geography Status Ceremonial and (smaller) Non-metropolitan county Region South West England Population - Total (2004 est. ... Whitchurch Bridge as seen from Pangbourne Meadow Whitchurch Bridge is a road bridge over the River Thames in England. ... The Itchen Bridge is a bridge over the River Itchen in Southampton, Hampshire. ... Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ...

North America

USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening into the San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (, ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans the San Francisco Bay and links the Californian cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States. ... Eastern causeway portion of San Mateo-Hayward Bay Bridge (view from Hayward looking west toward San Mateo) Overview The San Mateo-Hayward Bridge is a bridge crossing the San Francisco Bay, in the US, linking the San Francisco Peninsula with the East Bay. ... The Dumbarton Bridge seen from the western terminus. ... The Richmond-San Rafael Bridge The Richmond-San Rafael Bridge is the northernmost of the east-west crossings of the San Francisco Bay, connecting Richmond on the east to San Rafael on the west end. ... The Benicia-Martinez Bridge from the Martinez side The Benicia-Martinez Bridge, also known as the George Miller Jr. ... The Carquinez Bridge comprises three parallel bridges: (from left to right) a 2003 suspension bridge, a 1927 cantilever bridge, and a 1958 cantilever bridge The Carquinez Bridge, also known as the Al Zampa Bridge, refers to parallel bridges which cross the Carquinez Strait linking Vallejo, California to the north, with... The Antioch Bridge crosses the San Joaquin River linking Antioch, California with Sacramento County, California. ... The Mackinac Bridge (pronounced MACK-in-aw, and affectionately known as the Mighty Mac or Big Mac), is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the non-contiguous upper and lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Official language(s) English de-facto Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 11th 250,494 km² 385 km 790 km 41. ... Bostons North End and the Tobin Bridge The Maurice J. Tobin Memorial Bridge, operated by the Massachusetts Port Authority, carries U.S. Highway 1 over the Mystic River in Massachusetts between Charlestown and Chelsea. ... A quiet afternoon on the Mystic River, as seen from very close to Grandfathers House, Medford, Massachusetts. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... George Washington Bridge, Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections. ... View of the Hudson in the 1880s showing Jersey City The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... The Verrazano Narrows Bridge (properly written as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge) is a suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay with the larger lower bay. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Staten Island (disambiguation) Staten Island, shown in an enhanced satellite image Staten Island is one of the five boroughs of New York City, located on an island of the same name on the west side of the Narrows at the entrance of New York Harbor. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... The Delaware Memorial Bridge, commonly abbreviated as Del Mem Br on highway guide signs, is a set of twin suspension bridges crossing the Delaware River. ... Motto: A Place To Be Somebody Nickname: Map Political Statistics Founded 1638 Incorporated 1832 New Castle County Mayor James M. Baker (Dem) Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 44. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... Chesapeake Bay Bridge The Chesapeake Bay Bridge, known locally as the Bay Bridge and officially the William Preston Lane, Jr. ... Motto: Vixi Liber Et Moriar (I have lived, and I shall die, free) Nickname: Americas Sailing Capital , Naptown, San Diego East, Dogtown Map Political Statistics Founded 1649 Incorporated 1708 Anne Arundel County Mayor Ellen O. Moyer (Dem) Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 19. ... The Francis Scott Key Bridge, also known as the Outer Harbor Bridge, is a toll bridge spanning the Patapsco River in Maryland. ... A view of the Baltimore skyline from the water taxi. ... Aerial view of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel looking south from Cape Charles, Virginia. ... Delmarva Peninsula map The Delmarva Peninsula is a large peninsula on the East Coast of the United States, occupied by portions of three U.S. states: Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. ... Official website: http://www. ... The Confederation Bridge (, ; French: Pont de la Confédération) is a bridge spanning the Abegweit Passage of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick, Canada. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1 458 km... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages None Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 13th 5,660 km...

Australia

The Sydney Harbour Bridge is one of the major landmarks of Sydney, Australia, connecting the Sydney central business district (CBD) with the North Shore commercial and residential areas, both of which are located on Sydney Harbour. ...

Most Travelled Toll Bridges in the United States

  1. George Washington Bridge (New Jersey and New York)
  2. San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (San Francisco, California)
  3. Driscoll Bridge (South Amboy, New Jersey)
  4. Verrazano Bridge (New York City, New York)
  5. Crescent City Connection (New Orleans, Louisiana)

George Washington Bridge, Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) collections. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (, ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans the San Francisco Bay and links the Californian cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay Official website: http://www. ... The Driscoll Bridge is a bridge on the Garden State Parkway in the U.S. state of New Jersey spanning the Raritan River near its mouth in Raritan Bay. ... South Amboy is a city located in Middlesex County, New Jersey. ... The Verrazano Narrows Bridge and Staten Island, New York at dawn The Verrazano Narrows Bridge (often written as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge) is a suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay... New York, New York redirects here. ... The Crescent City Connection refers to twin cantilever bridges, one opened in 1958 and the other opened in 1988, that carry a business loop of U.S. Highway 90 over the Mississippi River in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City That Care Forgot Official website: http://www. ...

See also

Gateway Bridge Brisbane Queensland: Road Bridge A high-speed toll booth on SR 417 near Orlando, Florida A toll gate on the Sayama bypass (Saitama prefectural road 397) in Japan A toll gate on the Dom Pedro I Highway near the city of Itatiba, Brazil A toll road, tollway, turnpike or tollpike is a road on...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Toll bridge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1019 words)
In the United States, private ownership of toll bridges peaked in the mid 19th century, and by the turn of the twentieth century most toll bridges were taken over by state highway departments.
In some situations where the tolls were increased or felt to be unreasonably high, informal shunpiking by individuals escalated into a form of boycott by regular users, with the goal of applying the financial stress of lost toll revenue to the authority determining the levy.
Tolls continued for 20 more years, and were finally removed from the old bridge in 1975 when construction began on a toll-free replacement structure.
Bosphorus Bridge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (900 words)
Boğaziçi Köprüsü) is a bridge in Istanbul, Turkey spanning the Bosphorus strait (Turkish: Boğaziçi).
It is a gravity anchored suspension bridge with steel pylons and inclined hangers.
It is a toll bridge, and a toll plaza with 13 toll booths is situated after the bridge on the Asian side.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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