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Encyclopedia > Tokusatsu
Icons of tokusatsu in the late 1970s: Spider-Man, Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider V3, Battle Fever J, Ultraman Jonias, as well as the manga and anime icon Doraemon
Icons of tokusatsu in the late 1970s: Spider-Man, Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider V3, Battle Fever J, Ultraman Jonias, as well as the manga and anime icon Doraemon

Tokusatsu (特撮?) is a Japanese word that literally means "special effects." It is primarily used to refer to live-action Japanese film and television dramas that make use of special effects which usually takes the form of superhero serials. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 492 pixelsFull resolution (850 × 523 pixel, file size: 176 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A promotional photograph depicting several individuals from Japanese pop culture in the late 1970s (primarily Tokusatsu): Doraemon, Supaidā-Man (Spider-Man), Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 492 pixelsFull resolution (850 × 523 pixel, file size: 176 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A promotional photograph depicting several individuals from Japanese pop culture in the late 1970s (primarily Tokusatsu): Doraemon, Supaidā-Man (Spider-Man), Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider... The Japanese tokusatsu version of Spider-Man ) was a television series produced by Toei Company in 1978, based on Marvels superhero of the same name. ... Kamen Rider Stronger , Masked Rider Stronger in English) is a Japanese tokusatsu television series. ... Kamen Rider V3 ), Masked Rider V3 in English, is a Japanese tokusatsu television series. ... Battle Fever J (バトルフィーバーJ Batoru FÄ«bā Jei) is a Japanese TV series, being the 3rd entry of the Super Sentai series franchise. ... The Ultraman (ザ☆ウルトラマン - Za Urutoraman) is an anime superhero series, and the first-ever animated version of the famous superhero Ultraman. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Original run {{{first_aired}}} – March 25, 2005 No. ... Groundbreaking special effects were used in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to realize scenes that cannot be achieved by live action or normal means. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by human actors, as opposed to animation. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Japanese dramas (Japanese: ドラマ dorama; J-dramas; from English drama) are a staple of Japanese television and are broadcast daily. ... For the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode, see Super Hero (Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode). ...


The term "tokusatsu" is a contraction of the Japanese phrase "tokushu satsuei" (特殊撮影?), meaning "special photography". In production, the special effects director is given the title of "tokushu gijutsu" (特殊技術?), Japanese for "special techniques" or "tokusatsu kantoku" (特撮監督?), which is Japanese for "special effects director", the title usually used by English language productions.


Tokusatsu entertainment is often science fiction, fantasy, or horror, but movies and TV shows in other genres can sometimes be classified as tokusatsu as well. The most popular types of tokusatsu are kaiju monster movies (the Godzilla and Gamera film series), superhero TV serials (the Kamen Rider and Metal Heroes series), and mecha dramas (Giant Robo). Some tokusatsu television programs combine several of these subgenres (the Ultraman and Super Sentai series). Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... Horror Movie redirects here. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Kaijū (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ... Godzilla is a series of giant monster films starring Godzilla, a Japanese creation usually portrayed by a man in a rubber suit. ... Gamera ) is a giant, flying terrapin-like creature from a popular series of daikaiju eiga monster movies produced by Daiei Motion Picture Company in Japan. ... For the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode, see Super Hero (Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode). ... A statue of Kamen Rider 1 outside of Bandai Corporate Headquarters, Tokyo, Japan The Kamen Rider Series , translated as Masked Rider Series) is the overall name of a franchise of Japanese tokusatsu. ... The Metal Heroes, Space Sherrif Gavan to Ironbark Detective Robotack The Metal Heroes Series ) is a genre of tokusatsu superhero TV series produced by Toei for Japanese television. ... For the fictional robot, see Mecha. ... Giant Robo ), is a manga and tokusatsu series created by Mitsuteru Yokoyama. ... The Ultra Series is the collective name for all the shows featuring Ultraman and his many brethren (although few of these shows, like the first Ultra Series, Ultra Q, do not have any Ultramen in them). ... The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger The Super Sentai Series ) is the name given to the long running Japanese superhero team genre of shows produced by Toei Company Ltd. ...


Tokusatsu is one of the most popular forms of Japanese entertainment, but most tokusatsu movies and television programs are not widely known outside Asia.

Contents

History

Tokusatsu has its most distant origins in early Japanese theater, specifically kabuki, with its action and fight scenes, and bunraku, which utilized some of the earliest forms of special effects, specifically puppetry. Modern tokusatsu, however, did not begin to take shape until the early 1950s, with the conceptual and creative birth of Godzilla, one of the most famous kaiju (giant monsters) of all time. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The oldest Kabuki theatre in Japan: the Minamiza in Kyoto The Kabukiza in Ginza is one of Tokyos leading kabuki theaters. ... Bunraku (Japanese: 文楽), also known as Ningyō jōruri (人形浄瑠璃), is a form of traditional Japanese puppet theater, founded in Osaka in 1684. ... A puppeteer is a person who manipulates a puppet or marionette, either by the use of strings, wires or their hands, for a stage production or film. ... For other uses, see Godzilla (disambiguation). ... Kaijū (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ...


The driving forces behind 1954's Godzilla were special effects artist Eiji Tsuburaya and director Ishiro Honda. Tsuburaya, inspired by the American film King Kong, formulated many of the techniques that would become staples of the genre, such as so-called suitmation — the use of a human actor in a costume to play a giant monster — combined with the use of miniatures and scaled-down city sets. Godzilla forever changed the landscape of Japanese science fiction & fantasy, and cinema, by creating a uniquely Japanese vision in a genre typically dominated by American cinema.[1] Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the film. ... Eiji Tsuburaya (円谷 英二 Tsuburaya Eiji) (July 7, 1901 – January 25, 1970) was responsible for the special effects on many Japanese movies, including the Godzilla series (1954–??). Born in Sukagawa, Fukushima prefecture, He worked as a cinematographer in Kyoto from 1919, joining Shochiku Kyoto Studios in... Ishirō Honda (本多 猪四郎 Honda Ishirō, May 7, 1911 in Yamagata Prefecture - February 28, 1993) was a Japanese film director. ... The original 1933 King Kong model. ... Suitmation (スーツメーション) is a term used in Japan for a Tokusatsu (special effects) technique to portray a daikaiju (giant monster) using an actor in a monster suit. ... 15mm British Camel Corps and Heliograph Team from Peter Pig A miniature figure -- also known as a miniature or just a mini -- is a small figurine commonly used in role playing games (RPGs) such as Dungeons & Dragons. ... The word set, which is among the words with the most numerous definitions in the English language (at 464 definitions according to the Oxford English Dictionary), may have one of the following meanings. ... Categories: American cinema | Cinema by country ...


Godzilla kickstarted the kaiju genre in Japan, which remained extremely popular for several decades, with characters such as the aforementioned Godzilla, Gamera, and King Ghidorah leading the market.[2] However, in 1957, the first film serial featuring the superhero character Super Giant was released,[3] signaling a shift in popularity that favored masked heroes over giant monsters. Along with the anime Astro Boy (Tetsuwan Atom), the Super Giant serials had a profound effect on the world of tokusatsu. The following year, in 1958, Moonlight Mask (月光仮面 Gekkō Kamen?) premiered,[4] the first of numerous televised superhero dramas that would make up one of the most popular tokusatsu subgenres.[5] KaijÅ« (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ... For other uses, see Godzilla (disambiguation). ... Gamera ) is a giant, flying terrapin-like creature from a popular series of daikaiju eiga monster movies produced by Daiei Motion Picture Company in Japan. ... For the Daniel Dumile moniker, see King Geedorah King Ghidorah ), sometimes spelled Ghidrah or Ghidora or even Ghidra, is a daikaiju featured in several of Toho Studios Godzilla films and (in derivative forms) in their Mothra Trilogy. ... // October 21 - The movie Jailhouse Rock, starring Elvis Presley, opens. ... Serial is a term, originating in literature, for a format by which a story is told in contiguous installments in sequential issues of a single periodical publication. ... For the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode, see Super Hero (Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode). ... Super Giant (スーパージャイアンツ) (Sūpā Jaiantsu - Literally translated as Super Giants) is a fictional Japanese superhero featured in a successful series of serial-like tokusatsu mini-films produced by Shintoho Company, Ltd. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... This article is about the 1960s series and manga. ... See also: 1957 in television, other events of 1958, 1959 in television and the list of years in television. // Events July 1 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada. ... Gekkō Kamen (月光仮面), known in English as Moonlight Mask, is a fictional superhero that has appeared in Japanese tokusatsu and anime TV shows and movies since his TV debut in 1958. ...


Superheroes remained a viable and popular staple of entertainment during the 1960s, but were largely staid, with few of the programs distinguishing themselves from the rest of the lineup. This changed in 1966, with Ambassador Magma (マグマ大使 Maguma Taishi?, aired in the US as The Space Giants)[6] and Ultraman[7] creating the Kyodai Hero genre, wherein a regular sized protagonist grows to larger proportions to fight equally large monsters.[8] The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The year 1966 in television involved some significant events. ... Ambassador Magma ) is the title and protagonist of a manga and tokusatsu TV series created by famous mangaka Osamu Tezuka. ... Ultraman ) is a fictional character and main superhero, or henshin character, featured in tokusatsu, or special effects television programs. ... Kyodai Heroes (巨大ヒーロー) is the subgenre of Japanese tokusatsu superhero TV shows that feature giant-sized superheroes similar in many ways to Ultraman. ...

Techniques

Suitmation technology

Main article: Suitmation

Suitmation (スーツメーション Sūtsumēshon?) is the term used in Japan to describe the process in tokusatsu movies & television programs used to portray a monster using suit acting. It is not known exactly where the term originated from; the term may have been used to differentiate the suit work from Ray Harryhausen's celebrated dynamation (stop-motion) technique. At the least, it was used to promote the Godzilla suit from The Return of Godzilla. Suitmation (スーツメーション) is a term used in Japan for a Tokusatsu (special effects) technique to portray a daikaiju (giant monster) using an actor in a monster suit. ... Ray Harryhausen, with creations from Clash of the Titans. ... Dynamation is the name of the technique concieved by Ray Harryhausen used to combine stop-motion footage with live action by means of split-screen and rear-projection. ... Wallace & Gromit is an example of cartoons made with stop-motion animation. ... The Return of Godzilla, released as Godzilla ) in Japan and released as Godzilla 1985 in America, is a 1984 daikaiju eiga (Japanese giant-monster movie). ...


Franchises and productions

The many productions of tokusatsu series have general themes that are common throughout groups.


Kaiju

Main article: Kaiju

Kaiju (怪獣 kaijū?, literally "mysterious beast") productions primarily feature monsters, or giant monsters (大怪獣 daikaijū?). Such series include Ultra Q the Godzilla film series, the Gamera series, the Daimajin series, and films such as Frankenstein Conquers the World, War of the Gargantuas, and The X from Outer Space (宇宙大怪獣ギララ Uchu Daikaijū Girara?). KaijÅ« (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Godzilla is a series of giant monster films starring Godzilla, a Japanese creation usually portrayed by a man in a rubber suit. ... Gamera ) is a giant, flying terrapin-like creature from a popular series of daikaiju eiga monster movies produced by Daiei Motion Picture Company in Japan. ... The Daimajin (大魔神) (or Majin) is a fictional character that appears in a trilogy of tokusatsu movies produced by the Daiei Motion Picture Company. ... Frankenstein Conquers the World, released in Japan as Frankenstein tai Chitei KaijÅ« lit. ... War of the Gargantuas, released in Japan as Frankenstein no KaijÅ«: Sanda tai Gaira , lit. ... The X from Outer Space (1967) is a Japanese science fiction film, released by the studio, Shochiku Kinema Kenkyu-jo, in response to the popularity of the Toho Studios Godzilla franchise. ...


Kaijin

Kaijin (怪人? literally "mysterious person") productions primarily feature Supervillains as the central character. This includes films such as Secret of the Telegian, The Human Vapor, The H-Man, Half Human, and Tomei Ningen. Secret of the Telegian (電送人間 - Densô Ningen, literally The Telegraphed Man) is a 1960 tokusatsu sci-fi/horror/mystery film. ... The Human Vapor, known in Japan as The First Gas Human (ガス人間第一号 - Gasu ningen dai ichigo), is a tokusatsu film produced and released by Toho Studios in 1960. ... The H-Man ), is a tokusatsu film produced and released by Toho Studios in 1958. ... ), is a tokusatsu film produced and released by Toho Film Productions Ltd. ... Tomei Ningen ) is a Japanese action / horror film, originally released in 1954. ...


Yōkai

Main article: Yōkai

Productions that feature yōkai (妖怪?) feature central characters that can be called "apparitions", "spirits", or "demons" the Yokai Monsters series of films were a popular series of yōkai series. ukiyo-e print of yōkai, by Aotoshi Matsui Yōkai apparitions, spirits, or demons, also romanized youkai, yokai, or yookai) are a class of obake, creatures in Japanese folklore (many with Chinese origins) ranging from the evil oni to the mischievous kitsune or snow woman Yuki-onna. ... Generally, an apparition is act or instance of appearing. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... “Fiend” redirects here. ... Yokai Monsters is a series of Japanese childrens movies created in the 1960s. ...


Popular franchises

Over the past half-century, there have been long running television series that are often a combination of several other themes. Tsuburaya Productions has had the Ultra Series starting with Ultra Q and Ultraman in 1966. P Productions began their foray into tokusatasu in 1966 with the series Ambassador Magma. They have also been behind the Lion-Maru trilogy which concluded recently. The Toei Company also has several series that fall under their Toei Superheroes category of programming, starting in 1961 with the single series, Moonlight Mask. Then, they produced several other longrunning series, starting with the Kamen Rider Series in 1971, the Super Sentai Series in 1975, the Metal Heroes Series in 1982, and several Mysterious Comedy series (不思議コメディーシリーズ Fushigi Comedī Shīrizu?). Toho, the creators of Godzilla, also had their hands in creating the Chouseishin Series of programs from 2003 to 2006. Tsuburaya Productions (円谷プロダクション) is the production company founded by the late special effects wizard Eiji Tsuburaya and is now run by his family. ... The Ultra Series is the collective name for all the shows featuring Ultraman and his many brethren (although few of these shows, like the first Ultra Series, Ultra Q, do not have any Ultramen in them). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Ultraman ) is a fictional character and main superhero, or henshin character, featured in tokusatsu, or special effects television programs. ... P Productions is a japanese anime production company. ... Ambassador Magma ) is the title and protagonist of a manga and tokusatsu TV series created by famous mangaka Osamu Tezuka. ... Lion-Maru ) is a Japanese tokusatsu television franchise that began in 1972 by P Productions as Kaiketsu Lion-Maru. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Toei Animation. ... Toei Superheroes are superhero shows produced by Toei Company Ltd. ... Gekkō Kamen (月光仮面), known in English as Moonlight Mask, is a fictional superhero that has appeared in Japanese tokusatsu and anime TV shows and movies since his TV debut in 1958. ... A statue of Kamen Rider 1 outside of Bandai Corporate Headquarters, Tokyo, Japan The Kamen Rider Series , translated as Masked Rider Series) is the overall name of a franchise of Japanese tokusatsu. ... The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger The Super Sentai Series ) is the name given to the long running Japanese superhero team genre of shows produced by Toei Company Ltd. ... The Metal Heroes, Space Sherrif Gavan to Ironbark Detective Robotack The Metal Heroes Series ) is a genre of tokusatsu superhero TV series produced by Toei for Japanese television. ... The English-language version of Tohos famous logo, used from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. ... The Chouseishin Series (超星神シリーズ - Chôseishin Shirîzu; Super Star Gods Series) is the name of a tokusatsu superhero TV franchise which debuted in Japan in 2003. ...


Tokusatsu movies

There are also various movies that are classified as tokusatsu but are generalized science fiction films. These include Warning from Space (宇宙人東京に現わる Uchūjin Tokyo ni arawaru?, Spacemen Appear in Tokyo), Invasion of the Neptune Men (宇宙快速船 Uchū Kaisokusen?, Space Hypership), The Green Slime (ガンマー第3号 宇宙大作戦 Ganmā daisan gō: uchū daisakusen?), The Birth of Japan (日本誕生 Nippon Tanjō?), The Last War (世界大戦争 Sekai daisenso?), Japan Sinks (日本沈没 Nihon Chinbotsu?), Virus (復活の日 Fukkatsu no hi?), Sayonara Jupiter (さよならジュピター Sayonara Jupitā?), The War in Space (惑星大戦争 Wakusei daisenso?), and Sengoku Jieitai 1549 (戦国自衛隊1549?). Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Warning from Space or Mysterious Satellite , Spacemen Appear in Tokyo) is a 1956 science fiction tokusatsu film produced by Daiei, and the first Japanese science-fiction film produced in color. ... Invasion of the Neptune Men , Space Hypership) is a tokusatsu SF/superhero film produced by Toei Company Ltd. ... For other uses, see Green slime (disambiguation). ... The Birth of Japan (日本誕生 - Nippon Tanjô), also called The Three Treasures, is a 1959 tokusatsu fantasy epic film. ... The Last War, known in Japan as The Great World War (世界大戦争 - Sekai daisenso), is a tokusatsu film produced and released by Toho Studios in 1961. ... Japan Sinks (Sinking of Japan, Nihon Chinbotsu )‎) (2006) is a Tokusatsu film directed by Shinji Higuchi, one of the top special effects masterminds in Japan, best known for his work on the Heisei Gamera trilogy. ... Virus ) is a 1980 post-apocalyptic sci-fi movie directed by Kinji Fukasaku and starring George Kennedy, Robert Vaughn, Chuck Connors, Olivia Hussey, Edward James Olmos, Ken Ogata, Sonny Chiba and Glenn Ford. ... Sayonara Jupiter ) or Bye Bye Jupiter is a 1984 Japanese science fiction film directed by Koji Hashimoto and produced by Toho. ... The War in Space ), is a tokusatsu science fiction film produced and released by Toho Studios in (1977). ... Sengoku Jieitai 1549 (戦国自衛隊1549) or Warring States Period Self Defence Force 1549 is the sequel to a Japanese made feature length film and comic book series focusing on the adventures of a modern day (as of 2005) Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) element that accidentally manages to travel to... Sengoku Jieitai 1549 (戦国自衛隊1549) or Warring States Period Self Defence Force 1549 is the sequel to a Japanese made feature length film and comic book series focusing on the adventures of a modern day (as of 2005) Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) element that accidentally manages to travel to...


Original Video Productions

  • Ginga-roid Cosmo X (ja:銀河ロイドコスモX)
  • Evolver (ja:イヴォルバー -EVOLVER-)
  • Gynoids: SAD Story (ja:ガイノイド GYNOIDS-SADSTORY-)
  • Moeyo! Dragon Girls (ja:萌えよ!ドラゴンガールズ)
  • SFX Giant Legend: Line

Similar productions

Non-traditional tokusatsu productions

Non-traditional tokusatsu films and television programs may not use the conventional special effects or may not star human actors. Suitmation is characteristic of tokusatsu; however, some productions may use stop-motion instead to animate its monsters (e.g. Majin Hunter Mitsurugi (1973)). "Puppet shows" may use traditional tokusatsu techniques, but are cast with puppets or marionettes (e.g. Uchuusen Silica (1960), Ginga Shonen Tai (1963) and Kuchuu Toshi 008 (1969); Go Nagai's X Bomber (1980)). Some tokusatsu may employ animation in addition to its live-action components (e.g. Tsuburaya Productions' Dinosaur Expedition Team Bornfree (1976) and Dinosaur War Aizenborg (1977); Pro-Wrestling Star Aztekaiser (1976)). Wallace & Gromit is an example of cartoons made with stop-motion animation. ... A puppet is a representational object, usually but not always depicting a human character, used in play or a presentation. ... Phillip Huber (L) and David Alexander of the Huber Marionettes perform with marionettes hand-made by Huber for scenes for the feature film Tillamook Treasure 2005 Marionette in Prague A marionette is a type of puppet moved by strings, as in a puppet show. ... Go Nagai , born September 6, 1945) is a Japanese mangaka and an important innovator of several genres within anime and manga. ... X Bomber (Xボンバー) (Ekkusu BonbÇŽ) is a marionette tokusatsu TV series. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Tsuburaya Productions (円谷プロダクション) is the production company founded by the late special effects wizard Eiji Tsuburaya and is now run by his family. ...


Japanese fan films

As popular culture fandom in Japan grew in the 1980s, a fan-based group called Daicon Film (now called Gainax) was created by Hideaki Anno, Yoshiyuki Sadamoto, Takami Akai, and Shinji Higuchi. Besides anime sequences, they also produced a series of tokusatsu shorts parodying monster movies and superhero shows which has gained much media coverage. These productions include Patriotic Squadron Dai-Nippon (1983), Swift Hero Noutenki (1982), Return of Ultraman (1983) and The Eight-Headed Giant Serpent Strikes Back (1985). Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Hideaki Anno (庵野秀明 Anno Hideaki, born 22 May 1960 in Ube, Japan) is a Japanese animation and video director. ... Yoshiyuki Sadamoto (貞本 義行 Sadamoto Yoshiyuki) (born 29 January 1962, in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan) is one of the founding members of the Gainax anime studio. ... Self portrait of Takami Akai. ... Shinji Higuchi (樋口真嗣) was born on September 22, 1965 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Kaiketsu Noutenki (快傑のうてんき), or, more prominently spelled, Kaiketsu Nōtenki (快傑のーてんき), is a series of tokusatsu fan film parodies produced by Daicon Films (now Gainax). ... Yamata no Orochi no Gyakushû (八岐之大蛇の逆襲), translated as The Eight-Headed Giant Serpent Strikes Back, is a tokusatsu kaiju fan film shot on 16mm by Daicon Films (now Gainax). ...


In the turn of the new millennium, comedian Shinpei Hayashiya produced a number of tokusatsu fan films. These include include Godzilla Vs. Seadora and Gamera 4: Truth (2004). In 2005, he completed his upcoming first original effort, Deep Sea Beast Reigo. A fan film is a film or video inspired by a film, television program, comic book or a similar source, created by fans rather than by the sources copyright holders or creators. ... Deep Sea Beast Reigo (深海獣零号 - Shinkaijû Reigô) is a 2005 independent tokusatsu film by comedian/fan Shinpei Hayashiya. ...


Tokusatsu-influenced productions outside Japan

Tokusatsu technique has been replicated outside of Japan due to the popularity of Godzilla films. In 1961, England made its own Godzilla-style film, Gorgo, which used the same suitmation technique as the Godzilla films. That same year, Saga Studios in Denmark made another Godzilla-style giant monster film, Reptilicus. This film's monster was brought to life using a marionette on a miniature set. In 1967, South Korea produced its own kaiju movie titled Taekoesu Yonggary. In 1975, Shaw Brothers produced a superhero film called The Super Inframan, based on the huge success of Ultraman and Kamen Rider there. The film starred Danny Lee in the title role. Although there were several other similar superhero productions in Hong Kong, The Super Inframan is the first. With help from Japanese SPFX artists under Sadamasa Arikawa, they also produced a Japanese-styled monster movie, The Mighty Peking Man, in 1977. In 2001, Buki X-1 Productions, a French fan-based production company, produced its own series, Jushi Sentai France Five (now called Shin Kenjushi France Five), a tribute to Toei's long running Super Sentai series. In 2004, Peter Tatara (with his company Experimental Amateur Hero Productions) produced a low-budget superhero video series called Johnny Robo, which is a tribute/deconstruction/parody of Kamen Rider and the Henshin Hero genre. The low-budget television series Kaiju Big Battel directly parodies kaiju and Kyodai Hero films and series by immersing their own costumed characters in professional wrestling matches among cardboard buildings. In 2006, the South Korean series Erexion premiered as a "children's special effects drama;" its style is reminiscent of tokusatsu techniques. In 2006, Mighty Moshin' Emo Rangers premiered on the internet as a Power Rangers spoof, but was quickly picked up by MTV UK for broadcast. In 2006, Insector Sun, a low-budget tribute to Kamen Rider was produced by Brazilian fans. In addition, a Thai Sentai-style series Sport Ranger began broadcasting on August 2006. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... Gorgo is a 1961 British science fiction variation on Godzilla (with hints of King Kong). ... Saga Studios is a film production company in Denmark. ... Reptilicus, is a fictional prehistoric reptile first featured in the Danish giant monster film, Reptilicus, produced by Saga Studios and released there on February 25, 1961. ... Phillip Huber (L) and David Alexander of the Huber Marionettes perform with marionettes hand-made by Huber for scenes for the feature film Tillamook Treasure 2005 Marionette in Prague A marionette is a type of puppet moved by strings, as in a puppet show. ... KaijÅ« (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ... Yongary dances to a surf guitar re-mix of a Korean folk song in his original movie. ... Shaw Brothers Studio The Shaw Studio (邵氏片場), owned by Shaw Brothers (HK) Ltd. ... For the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode, see Super Hero (Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode). ... The Super Inframan (中國超人) (Mandarin: Zhong Guo Chao Ren, Cantonese: Jung Gwok Chiu Yan - literally Chinese Superman) is a Hong Kong tokusatsu-style superhero movie produced by Shaw Brothers Studio in 1975. ... Ultraman ) is a fictional character and main superhero, or henshin character, featured in tokusatsu, or special effects television programs. ... Kamen Rider ), translated as Masked Rider, was a popular and seminal sci-fi story conceived by renowned Japanese comic book creator Shōtarō Ishinomori ). It debuted as a tokusatsu television series on April 3, 1971 and ran until February 10, 1973. ... Danny Lee (born August 6, 1952 in Shanghai, China) is a Chinese actor. ... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ... Hong Kong theatrical poster freaturing Evelyn Kraft The Mighty Peking Man (猩猩王) (Mandarin: Hsing Hsing Wang, Cantonese: Sing Sing Wong - literally Orangutan King) is a film produced in Hong Kong by Shaw Brothers Studio. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Jushi Sentai France Five (later known as Shin Kenjushi France Five;), is a French sentai series produced by Buki X-1 Productions. ... The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger The Super Sentai Series ) is the name given to the long running Japanese superhero team genre of shows produced by Toei Company Ltd. ... Johnny Robo is the title superhero of an American-made tokusatsu superhero video series. ... The various lead Kamen Riders from Kamen Rider 1 to Kamen Rider Den-O Kamen Rider , translated as Masked Rider) is the overall name of a franchise of Japanese tokusatsu. ... Henshin ) is the Japanese phrase for transformation. It is also a visual sequence for transformation prevalent in Japanese media, in both tokusatsu and anime. ... Kaiju Big Battel is an American performance entertainment troupe based in Boston, Massachusetts and created by Rand Borden, whose performances are parodies of both professional wrestling and the tokusatsu kaiju movies of Japan. ... KaijÅ« (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ... Kyodai Heroes (巨大ヒーロー) is the subgenre of Japanese tokusatsu superhero TV shows that feature giant-sized superheroes similar in many ways to Ultraman. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto None (Unofficial: Broadly benefit humankind also translated as Devotion to the welfare of humanity) Anthem Aegukga Patriotic Hymn Capital (and largest city) Seoul Official languages Korean Government Presidential republic  -  President Roh Moo-hyun  -  Prime Minister Han Duck-soo Establishment  -  Liberation declared March 1, 1919 (de jure)   -  Liberation August 15... SFX Drama Erexion (Korean: SFX 드라마 이레자이온, pronounced ) is a South Korean childrens special effects drama that premiered on November 24, 2006. ... Mighty Moshin Emo Rangers is a television show on MTV UK. The show is a parody of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers, and it also pokes fun at the Emo stereotype. ... The Saban-era logo for Power Rangers The Disney/Jetix-era logo for Power Rangers Power Rangers is a long-running childrens TV show adapted from the Japanese tokusatsu Super Sentai Series, but is not simply an English dub of the original. ... MTV UK and Ireland is a version of MTV Europe which serves the United Kingdom and Ireland. ... Squadron Sport Ranger (Thai: ขบวนการ สปอร์ตเรนเจอร์ - Kà-buan Gaan Sà-bpordtà Renje) is a Thai live-action superhero television show similar to the Japanese Super Sentai franchise. ... August 2006 is the eighth month of that year, and has yet to occur. ...


Tokusatsu Series Programs of TOEI Production Inc

  • First Tokusatsu Series
  • 1977 JAKQ Dengekitai (39 Episodes)

Since Starting Of The Sentai Series After The The Regular Series of Sentai, The Jacker Teams are The Henshin is Jack Ace King & Queen, They are the JAKQ Members. (Starring: Yoshitaka Tanba, Heizan Itou, Mitchi Love, Yuusuke Kazato,& Hiroshi Miyauchi) (Theme Song: JAKQ Dengekitai OP & ED Sung by: Isao Sasaki, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira)

  • 1978 Kyoryuu Sentai Koseidon (52 Episodes)

It Is The Metal Hero Series Unlike For The Sequence The Orange Attack of Called Koseidon. (Starring: Yuusuke Tsuburaya) (Theme Song: Koseidon OP & ED Sung by: Ichiro Mizuki, Was Narrated by: Yuuta Okita)

The Five Heroes The Union Members of Battle Japan Battle France Battle Cossack Battle Kenya & Miss America Are They Battle Fever J, Was Have of Single Robot. (Starring: Kouki Tanioka, Yukio Itou, Narimitsu Kurachi, Kenji Ohba, Dianne Martin, Nahomi Hagi,& Daisuke Ban) (Theme Song: Battle Fever J OP & Shutsugeki ED Was Sung by: MOJO, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira) Battle Fever J (バトルフィーバーJ Batoru Fībā Jei) is a Japanese TV series, being the 3rd entry of the Super Sentai series franchise. ...

The Eletronic Attack Was Combine of Denjiman The Five Color Heroes as The Heroes. (Starring: Shinchi Yuuki, Kenji Ohba, Eichi Tsuyama, Naoya Uchida,& Akira Koizumi) (Theme Song: Denshi Sentai Denjiman OP & Denjiman Makasero ED Was Sung by: Ken Narita, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira) Denshi Sentai Denziman (Denshi Sentai Denjiman, Electronic Squadron Denjiman) is Toeis fourth entry to its Super Sentai series. ...

The 3 Heroes Power of The Pet Animal It is Called Sun Vulcan as Vul Eagle Vul Shark & Vul Panther It Is Shine! Taiyou Sentai Sun Vulcan. (Starring: Ryou Takayama, Issei Yushida, Kenji Watari,& Kenta Alba) (Theme Song: Taiyou Sentai Sun Vulcan OP Wakasa Plasma ED1 & 1 Plus 2 Plus Sun Vulcan ED2 Was Sung by: Akira Kushida, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira) Taiyou Sentai Sun Vulcan ), translated into English as Solar Squadron Sun Vulcan, is Toeis fifth entry to its Super Sentai series. ...

The Sentai Series of the Review But is the Reunion Official of Turboranger & Fiveman Special, Meanwhile The Combine Henshin Heroes is Goggle Red Goggle Black Goggle Blue Goggle Yellow & Goggle Pink It is Saying Fight! Dai Sentai Goggle Five. (Starring: Ryuji Akagi, Junichi Haruta, Shigeki Ishii, Sanpei Godai,& Megumi Ogawa) (Theme Song: Dai Sentai Goggle Five OP & Stop The Battle ED Was Sung by: MOJO & Koorogi 73, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira) Great Task Force Goggle Five was the 6th entry of Sentai series. ...

The First Metal Hero Series, of Space Sheriff Retsu Ichijouji is the Galactic Union Police, He is Want Destroyed & Fight by Makku & Don Horror. (Starring: Kenji Ohba,& Wakiko Kano) (Theme Song: Uchuu Keiji Gavan OP & Message In The Sky ED Was Sung by: Akira Kushida, Was Narrated by: Issei Masamune) This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...

In the Hero Henshin is Ryou Murasame is the Henshin Attack of Kamen Rider ZX. (Starring: Suiji Tanaka) (Theme Song: Dragon Road OP & Forget Memories ED Was Sung by: Akira Kushida Was Narrated by: Nobuo Tanaka) Rebirth! Birth of the 10th Rider! Kamen Riders Come Together! (Jugotanjo Kamen Rider Zeninshugo) is a TV special that aired on January 3, 1984. ...

Then The Sequence Henshin Power of Dyna Red Dyna Black Dyna Blue Dyna Yellow & Dyna Pink Was Used by Dr.Yumeno The Dynaman Heroes are Saying Expolde! Kagaku Sentai Dynaman. (Starring: Satoshi Okita, Junichi Haruta, Kouji Unoki, Yuu Tokita,& Sayoko Hagiwara) (Theme Song: Kagaku Sentai Dynaman OP & Dreams Come True ED Was Sung by: MOJO & Koorogi 73, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira) Kagaku Sentai Dynaman ), translated into English as Scientific Squadron Dynaman, was the 7th Super Sentai. ...

The 2nd Space Sheriff Series of Metal Hero, Den Iga is the Forest Patrolman Was Sequel to Gavan Meanwhile Retsu Ichijouji at Den Iga Are The Bestfriend of the Bird Planet, Was Fighting and Lose by Madou & King Demon Psycho, Gavan & Sharivan are Protecting To The Fight. (Starring: Hiroshi Watari,& Yumiko Furaya) (Theme Song: Uchuu Keiji Sharivan OP & Straight is Love ED Was Sung by: Akira Kushida, Was Narrated by: Issei Masamune) Uchuu Keiji Sharivan ), translated as Space Sherif Sharivan, is the second series in the Metal Heroes franchise which aired on the TV Asahi from 4 March 1983 through 24 February 1984. ...

  • 1984 Seiun Kamen Machineman (51 Episodes)

Ken Takase is the Union Energy He is Combine by Dr.Shitawi Is Called Machineman. (Starring: Osamu Sakuta,& Kyomi Tsukada) (Theme: Seiun Kamen Machineman OP & My Name is Machineman ED Was Sung by: MOJO, Was Narrated by: Nobuo Tanaka)

In the Sentai of Super Eletronic Bioman, In The Few Days The Biomen Team are Used by Peebo That Destroyed by Mechaclones & Doctorman With Villains, Later The Henshin of Five Team is Red 1 Green 2 Blue 3 Yellow 4 & Pink 5 Was Used by Bio Brain The Bioman Heroes are Saying Choudenshi Bioman. (Starring: Ryosuke Sakamoto, Naoto Ota, Akito Osuga, Yuki Yajima, Sumiko Tanaka,& Michiko Makino) (Theme Song: Choudenshi Bioman OP & BIOMIC Soldier ED Was Sung by: Miyauchi Takayuki, Was Narrated by: Yuuta Okita) Choudenshi Bioman ), translated into English as Super Electronic Bioman, was the eighth Super Sentai series. ...

The Last Space Sheriff Series of Metal Hero, Dai Sawamura is Nazca Galactic Patrolman as Space Cop Sequnce by Bird Planet, Meanwhile Want to Fight & Lose by Fuuma & Lord Kubilai, However Shaider The Battle by Space Invaders Fuuma Was Attacked by Gavan & Sharivan, But Over The 3 Brothers of Space Police are Over Against & Lose by the Battle. (Starring: Hiroshi Tsuburaya,& Naomi Morinaga) (Theme Song: Uchuu Keiji Shaider OP & Hello! Shaider ED Was Sung by: Akira Kushida, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira) Uchuu Keiji Shaider ), translated into English as Space Sheriff Shaider, is the third part of the Metal Heroes genre, the last of the Star Sheriff Shows. ...

In The Sental Official of the Series Was The Trilogy in the Last First Sentai Series, The Changemen Team Members Ws Sequence Henshin to Change Dragon Change Griphon Change Pegasus Change Phoenix & Change Mermaid Is Dengeki Sentai Changeman) (Starring: Haruki Hamada, Kazuoki Takahashi, Shirou Izumi, Hiroko Nishimoto,& Mai Oishi) (Theme Song: Dengeki Sentai Changeman OP & Never Stop Changeman ED Was Sung by: Hironobu Kageyama, Was Narrated by: Nobuo Tanaka) Dengeki Sentai Changeman , Blitzkrieg Squadron Changeman), was a Japanese TV series, being the 9th Show in the Super Sentai franchise. ...

  • 1985 Kyojuu Tokusou Jaspion (46 Episodes)

The Type of Metal Hero This is not Space Sheriff But is the Type of Style Hero is Jaspion. (Starring: Hikaru Kurosaki,& Kyomi Tsukada) (Theme Song: Ore ga! Jaspion OP & Seigi no Tame Jaspion ED Was Sung by: Al Takano, Was Narrated by: Toru Ohira)


Adaptations

Godzilla, King of the Monsters! was first dubbed into English in 1956 (the sole addition to the movie was American actor Raymond Burr) and Ultraman gained popularity when it too was dubbed for American audiences in the 1960s. Godzilla, King of the Monsters! is a 1956 American black-and-white science fiction film adapted from the 1954 Japanese film Godzilla, which had previously been shown subtitled in the United States in Japanese community theaters only, and was not known in Europe. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Raymond William Stacey Burr (May 21, 1917—September 12, 1993) was an Emmy-nominated actor and vintner, perhaps best known for his roles in the television dramas Perry Mason and Ironside. ... Ultraman ) is a fictional character and main superhero, or henshin character, featured in tokusatsu, or special effects television programs. ...


The primary influx of tokusatsu adaptations came in the 1990s, starting in 1993 with Saban Entertainment's purchase of footage from Toei's sixteenth installment of their long-running Super Sentai series, Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger to become Mighty Morphin Power Rangers and start the popular Power Rangers franchise. An adaptation of footage from Choujinki Metalder, Jikuu Senshi Spielban, and Uchuu Keiji Shaider, several series in the Metal Heroes series, became VR Troopers in 1994. This was followed by an adaptation of the ninth series in the Kamen Rider, Kamen Rider Black RX, into Saban's Masked Rider. In 1996 and 1997, Juukou B-Fighter and its sequel B-Fighter Kabuto became Big Bad Beetleborgs and its sequel Beetleborgs Metallix. DiC Entertainment, in 1994, purchased the footage for Denkou Choujin Gridman to become Superhuman Samurai Syber-Squad. Most recently, there are plans to adapt the twelfth Kamen Rider series, Kamen Rider Ryuki, into Kamen Rider Dragon Knight, which is to be broadcast in 2008. Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Saban Saturn logo from 1984 to 1988. ... The official logo of the Super Sentai Series introduced in 2000 during the run of Mirai Sentai Timeranger The Super Sentai Series ) is the name given to the long running Japanese superhero team genre of shows produced by Toei Company Ltd. ... KyōryÅ« Sentai Zyuranger ), translated into English as Dinosaur Squadron Zyuranger1 is a Japanese tokusatsu television series, the 16th entry in the long-running Super Sentai franchise of superhero programmes. ... Mighty Morphin Power Rangers (MMPR) is an American live-action television series, created for the American market based on the sixteenth installment of the Japanese Super Sentai franchise, Kyouryuu Sentai Zyuranger. ... The Saban-era logo for Power Rangers The Disney/Jetix-era logo for Power Rangers Power Rangers is a long-running childrens TV show adapted from the Japanese tokusatsu Super Sentai Series, but is not simply an English dub of the original. ... Choujinki Metalder Choujinki Metalder ), roughly translated as Super Cyborg Metalder was Toeis first robot hero TV series since Uchuu Tetsujin Kyoudain, the failed replacement show for Kamen Rider Stronger. ... Jikuu Senshi Spielban ) translated as Spacetime Warrior Spielban is a Japanese tokusatsu television series, part of the Metal Heroes franchise created by Toei Co. ... Uchuu Keiji Shaider ), translated into English as Space Sheriff Shaider, is the third part of the Metal Heroes genre, the last of the Star Sheriff Shows. ... The Metal Heroes, Space Sherrif Gavan to Ironbark Detective Robotack The Metal Heroes Series ) is a genre of tokusatsu superhero TV series produced by Toei for Japanese television. ... VR Troopers (Virtual Reality Troopers) was a syndicated live action show produced by Saban (creators of the similar Mighty Morphin Power Rangers series) from 1994 to 1996. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... The various lead Kamen Riders from Kamen Rider 1 to Kamen Rider Den-O Kamen Rider , translated as Masked Rider) is the overall name of a franchise of Japanese tokusatsu. ... Kamen Rider Black RX ), shortened by some to Kamen Rider RX is a Japanese tokusatsu superhero television series produced as part of the Kamen Rider Series. ... Kamen Rider BLACK RX Masked Rider is an American adaptation of the Japanese television show Kamen Rider Black RX, one of the many sequels of the popular Kamen Rider franchise. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Juukou B-Fighter ), is a 1995 Japanese television series. ... B-Fighter Kabuto ) is the sequel to Juukou B-Fighter taking place 10 years after the preceding B-Fighter series and aired from 1996 to 1997. ... Big Bad Beetleborgs (and later Beetleborgs Metallix, see below) was a short-lived American television series produced by Saban. ... The DiC Incredible World logo used from late 2001 to present. ... Gridman Denkou Choujin Gridman, also Denkou choujin Guriddoman, (電光超人グリッドマン; Electric Superman Gridman) is a Japanese live-action Giant Hero series by Tsuburaya Productions, the producers of Ultraman. ... Servo Superhuman Samurai Syber Squad was an American television series. ... Kamen Rider Ryuki , Masked Rider Ryuki) is a Japanese tokusatsu television series. ... Kamen Rider Dragon Knight is title of the American adaptation of Kamen Rider Ryuki, the twelfth installment in the Kamen Rider series. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Original American productions

American production companies also had a hand in creating what are termed by fans as "American Tokusatsu." The syndicated series Tattooed Teenage Alien Fighters from Beverly Hills was a low budget attempt at competing with the Power Rangers. Saban's The Mystic Knights of Tir Na Nog was an original production by Saban to emulate their own Power Rangers series. The syndicated Big Wolf on Campus and Nickelodeon's Animorphs are also described as "American Tokusatsu" due to the techniques they employed. Tattooed Teenage Alien Fighters From Beverly Hills was an original series that aired on USA Network from 1994-1995. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Big Wolf on Campus is a TV series created by Peter Knight and Christopher Briggs. ... Nickelodeon (commonly referred to as Nick) is an American cable television network owned by Viacom International. ... Animorphs (also known under the promotional title AniTV and the working title The Changelings) is a 26-episode adaptation made by Nickelodeon of the Scholastic book series of the same name. ...


Foreign productions as tokusatsu

In Japan, several English language live action series are dubbed into Japanese and considered tokusatsu programs. English language television programs such as Thunderbirds, Doctor Who, Lost in Space, Smallville, Wonder Woman, MacGyver, Stargate SG-1, Battlestar Galactica, Red Dwarf, The Greatest American Hero, and even Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends are considered as tokusatsu for the special effects techniques and themes that they utilize.[9] Thunderbirds is a British mid-1960s television show devised by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and made by AP Films using a form of puppetry dubbed Supermarionation. The series followed the adventures of International Rescue, an organisation created to help those in grave danger using technically advanced equipment and machinery. ... Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who travels in his TARDIS (Time And Relative Dimension(s) In Space) time ship, which appears from the exterior... Lost in Space is a science fiction themed TV series produced by television producer Irwin Allen for the American television network CBS. The show ran for three seasons, with eighty-three first-run original episodes airing between September 15, 1965 and March 6, 1968, replacing the short-lived World War... Smallville is an American television series set in the fictional town of Smallville, Kansas. ... Wonder Woman is an American television series based on the DC Comics comic book character Wonder Woman (which was co-created by William Moulton Marston and Elizabeth (Sadie) Holloway Marston). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is a science fiction television series, part of the Stargate franchise. ... Battlestar Galactica. ... Red Dwarf is a British science fiction comedy franchise, the primary form of which comprises eight series of a post-watershed television sitcom that ran on BBC2 between 1988 and 1999, and which has achieved a global cult following. ... The Greatest American Hero is an American television series which aired for three seasons from 1981 to 1983 on ABC. It premiered as a two hour movie pilot on March 18, 1981. ... Thomas & Friends (formerly Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends, also known as Thomas the Tank Engine) is a British childrens television series which was first broadcast in 1984. ...


Criticism

References

  • Martinez, Dolores P. The Worlds of Japanese Popular Culture: Gender, Shifting Boundaries, and Global Cultures. ISBN 0521637295
  • Allison, Anne. Millennial Monsters: Japanese Toys and the Global Imagination. ISBN 0520245652
  • Grays, Kevin. Welcome to the Wonderful World of Japanese Fantasy (Markalite Vol. 1, Summer 1990, Kaiju Productions/Pacific Rim Publishing)
  • Yoshida, Makoto & Ikeda, Noriyoshi and Ragone, August. The Making of "Godzilla Vs. Biollante" - They Call it "Tokusatsu" (Markalite Vol. 1, Summer 1990, Kaiju Productions/Pacific Rim Publishing)
  • Godziszewski, Ed. The Making of Godzilla (G-FAN #12, November/December 1994, Daikaiju Enterprises)
  • Ryfle, Steve. Japan's Favorite Mon-Star: The Unauthorized Biography of Godzilla. ECW Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55022-348-8.
  • Craig, Timothy J. Japan Pop!: Inside the World of Japanese Popular Culture ISBN 0765605600

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Allison, Millennial Monsters, pp. 47-8.
  2. ^ Greenberger, Robert, Meet Godzilla. ISBN 1404202692
  3. ^ Sûpâ jaiantsu at the Internet Movie Database
  4. ^ Gekkô kamen at the Internet Movie Database
  5. ^ Craig, p. 262
  6. ^ Magma taishi at the Internet Movie Database
  7. ^ Urutoraman: Kûsô tokusatsu shirîzu at the Internet Movie Database
  8. ^ Porter, Hal. The Actors: an image of the new Japan, pg. 168 ISBN 0207950148
  9. ^ ja:特撮テレビ番組一覧

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Urban Dictionary: tokusatsu (255 words)
Tokusatsu in particular, refers to the sounds, special effects, costumes, and props used in creating the adventures of said heroes.
Ultraman and Masked Rider are the fathers of the tokusatsu genre.
Under Tokusatsu genre are the Kamen Rider series, the Super Sentai series, and the Metal Hero series.
Tokusatsu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4066 words)
Tokusatsu (Japanese: 特撮) is the Japanese term for special effects.
While not technically a real tokusatsu, it is nonetheless a tribute to the "Golden Age" of tokusatsu cinema, especially kaiju eiga.
The last tokusatsu series to be subtitled in English was 1979's Battle Fever J (the first "Super Sentai" series).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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