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Encyclopedia > Toddler
Boy toddler
Boy toddler

Toddler is a common term for a a young child who is learning to walk or "toddle",[1] generally considered to be the second stage of development after infancy and occurring predominantly during the ages of 12 to 36 months old.[2] During this period, the child learns a great deal about social roles and develops motor skills; to toddle is to walk unsteadily. The term cruising is used for toddlers who can not toddle but must hold onto something while walking. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 3. ... “Children” redirects here. ... A human infant In basic English usage, an infant is defined as a child at the youngest stage of life, especially before they can walk or simply a child before the age of one. ... Walking is the main form of animal locomotion on land, distinguished from running and crawling. ...


The toddler developmental timeline shows what an average toddler can do at what age. Times vary greatly from child to child. It is not uncommon for some toddlers to master certain skills (such as walking) well before other skills (like talking). Even close siblings can vary greatly in the time taken to achieve each key milestone.


This is the age when they are known as "the terrible twos", because of the temper tantrums they are famous for. This stage can begin as early as nine months old depending on the child and environment. The toddler is discovering that they are a separate being from their mother or caregiver and are testing their boundaries in learning the way the world around them works. This time between the ages of two and five when they are reaching for independence repeats itself during adolescence. Thus it is very important for the caregiver to be consistent with boundaries and discipline for the child’s safety and the caregiver's sanity through puberty.


Most children are toilet trained while they are toddlers. In most Western countries, toilet training starts as early as 18 months for some while others are not ready to begin toilet training until they are three. Toilet training (or potty training) is the process of weaning a young child off diapers (or nappies in the British Isles and many Commonwealth countries) and training the child to use the toilet for urination and defecation. ...


When toddlers can walk they are still often transported in a buggy, or stroller when they are tired, or to increase speed. Stroller redirects here. ... Stroller redirects here. ...

Age Physical Mental Emotional
12–15 Months
  • Stand alone well.
  • Drink from a cup (poorly).
  • Turn pages in a book (a few at a time).
  • play ball by rolling or tossing it.
  • Uses four to six letter words such as "ball", "cracker", or "cookie"
  • Can follow a simple command with an associated gesture, such as: bringing a cup to you when you point at it and say "Please bring me the cup".
  • Object Permanence: Realizes things still exist when they are out of sight, such as a toy block placed into a closed box.
  • Use gestures or words to convey desires, such as: Pointing at a book, raising arms to be picked up, or saying "cup".
  • Mimic actions such as covering eyes while playing Peekaboo.
15–18 Months
  • Uses 10–20 words.
  • May be able to follow a command without a gesture.
  • Stack two blocks.
18–24 Months
  • Feed self with a spoon.
  • Run.
  • Climb into a small chair.
  • Walk up steps.
  • Speaks 20–50 words; understands many more
  • Stack six blocks
  • Understands non-physical relationships such as turning on lights or pushing buttons.
  • Sorting toys.
  • Searching for hidden objects.
  • Problem solving through experimentation.
24–36 Months
  • Advanced mobility and climbing skills.
  • Increased dexterity with small objects, puzzles.
  • Able to dress oneself.
  • Speaking in sentences.
  • Easily learns new words, places and people's names.
  • Anticipates routines.
  • Plays with toys in imaginative ways.
  • Attempts to sing in-time with songs.
  • Knows boys from girls.
  • Shows preferences, such as clothes and entertainment.

Contents

While not moving, a human can be in one of the following main positions. ... A lion drinking Cygnus olor (mute swan) drinking Drinking is the act of consuming a liquid through the mouth. ... A chained book in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University A book is a set or collection of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of paper, parchment, or other material, usually fastened together to hinge at one side, and within protective covers. ... Play might be described as unrestrained, amusing interaction with people, animals, or things, often in the context of learning. ... Balls are objects typically used in games. ... A teddy bear A toy is an object used in play. ... Look up desire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... // A human eye. ... Look up peekaboo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Walking is the main form of animal locomotion on land, distinguished from running and crawling. ... Wax crayons A crayon is a stick of colored wax, charcoal, chalk, or other materials used for writing and drawing. ... A scribble is a drawing composed of random and abstract lines, generally without ever lifting the drawing device off of the paper. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with mouth (human). ... An Embraer ERJ 145 of Air France on the climb The climb is the part of a flight of an aircraft, after take off, consisting of getting the aircraft to the desired cruising altitude. ... Look up furniture in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cleanliness is the absence of dirt, including dust, stains and a bad smell. ... Speech: (n. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... A common silver spoon // A spoon of modern age is also called a james rhoades The English word spoon derives from Old English spōn, meaning chip or splinter of wood or horn carved from a larger piece, shaving, from a Proto-Germanic root spūnuz (cf. ... Typical Western wooden chair A chair is a piece of furniture for sitting, consisting of a seat, a back, and sometimes arm rests, commonly for use by one person. ... For the Pet Shop Boys album of the same name see Behaviour Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) refers to the actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up doll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Mirror test is a measure of self awareness developed by Gordon G. Gallup. ... The Ouroboros, a snake which consumes itself, is a symbol for self-reference. ... Attachment theory is a psychological theory about the evolved adaptive tendency to maintain proximity to an attachment figure. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Tug of war is an easily organized, impromptu game that requires little equipment. ... In linguistics, a sentence is a unit of language, characterized in most languages by the presence of a finite verb. ... A song is a relatively short musical composition. ...

Engagement in 'fantasy-land'

Girl toddler

Why do toddlers participate in behaviors such as telling “lies”, having imaginary friends, fears? Is engagement in fantasy a normal part of early childhood? Make-believe for children is a normal part of growing up, especially in the toddler years. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 649 KB) Summary I am the author of this photo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 649 KB) Summary I am the author of this photo. ...


What does “fantasy-land” behavior do?

  • Allows the child to experimentally try out different ways of doing things.
  • Helps children learn how to play creative games.
  • Stimulates creativity and imagination.
  • Acts as a way for children to safely test-out different feelings and actions.
  • Enables children to be “in charge” and in control during a time in their life when someone else is in control.
  • Helps children deal with stress—such as having an imaginary friend go through the same experience with them.
  • Allows children to explore and expand their use of imagination and creativity.
  • Make-believe play can prepare a young child for school.

Cautions about “fantasy-land” behavior:

  • It is beneficial for children to socialize with others their own age. Parents should be aware if the child has no interest in making friends or seems to not be able to make friends.
  • Parents should be aware if their child’s real world takes a back seat to their imaginary one.
  • Parents should be concerned if their child’s envisioned fears reach a concerning or phobic stage that is interfering in their daily life.

What the experts say: A phobia (from the Greek φόβος fear), is an irrational, persistent fear of certain situations, objects, activities, or persons. ...

  • American Psychological Association: Children who play in imaginative ways make significant gains in readiness skills and can be used to prepare them for school.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics: Make-believe play can be a creative way for children to try out behaviors and emotions, have conversations, and sample different activities.

The American Psychological Association (APA) is a professional organization representing psychology in the US. It has around 150,000 members and an annual budget of around $70m. ... The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is an organization of pediatricians. ...

Developmental activities

Mischievous toddler

It is empowering to a toddler when they are able to create or alter something, or when they first grasp a logical concept or witness the laws of nature in progress. Their confidence gets a huge boost when they learn that they impact and can control their surroundings. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x707, 108 KB) Summary Infant of twelve months eating. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x707, 108 KB) Summary Infant of twelve months eating. ...


A child’s enthusiasm for learning should be established early on. Present the child with activities that are appropriate for developing motor and language skills. As the toddler is able to participate in a new activity and complete simple tasks, their self-esteem is boosted. It may take several tries for the toddler to learn certain skills, give them the opportunity to try and try again. It is very important that the toddle feels capable. It is sometimes very easy for the parent to give-up on the activity when the toddler has failed once. The toddler, on the other hand, is usually quite willing to try again.


Don’t compare the toddler’s ability to the abilities of another. Understand that children develop certain skills at different times based on their preference of activity type. Some children develop strong language skills before motor skills if their interests are more in communication and relationship building rather than climbing and exploring.


Important things to remember about toddlers activities

  • Give them the freedom to fail, sometimes it is the only way to learn to succeed.
  • Help the toddler work through their frustrations when they are unable to complete a task. Give them a small bit of assistance, let them try again and explain how they sometimes need a lot of practice before they get it right.
  • Praise the child’s actions when they succeed rather than the child. (example: rather than saying "you are such a good girl", say "you did such a good job of pouring the water without spilling a drop".)
  • Be sure to demonstrate for the toddler the task that they will be performing. Mimicking is an innate part of a toddler’s learning process.
  • Social interaction is very important for a toddler’s development. Language, motor and social skills are learned as the toddler mimics the voices and actions that they repeatedly hear and see.

References

  1. ^ Microsoft® Encarta® Premium Suite 2004
  2. ^ Glossary, A place of our own

See also

Preceded by
Infancy
Stages of human development
Toddlerhood
Succeeded by
Childhood

  Results from FactBites:
 
Toddler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (400 words)
A toddler is a child between the ages of one and three years old, although some may consider a toddler to be between two and five.
It is not uncommon for some toddlers to master certain skills (such as walking) well before other skills (like talking).
Even when toddlers can walk they are often transported in a buggy, or stroller when they are tired, or to increase speed.
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Toddler development (907 words)
Toddlers should be restricted from the kitchen with a safety gate or placed in a playpen or high chair to eliminate the danger of burns from pulling hot foods off the stove or bumping into the hot oven door.
The toddler years are the time to begin instilling values, reasoning, and incentives in the child to learn accepted rules of behavior.
The toddler's favorite word may seem to be "NO!!!" It is important for parents not to follow into a pattern of negative behavior with yelling, spanking, and threatening of their own.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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