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Encyclopedia > Tobolsk
View of Tobolsk in the 1910s
View of Tobolsk in the 1910s

Tobolsk (Russian: Тобо́льск; Tatar: Tubıl) is a historic capital of Siberia, now an ordinary town in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. It is located at the confluence of rivers Tobol and Irtysh. Population: 92,880 (2002 Census); 95,000 (2001 est.). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (704x617, 110 KB) Early color photograph from Russia, created by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii as part of his work to document the Russian Empire from 1909 to 1915. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (704x617, 110 KB) Early color photograph from Russia, created by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii as part of his work to document the Russian Empire from 1909 to 1915. ... The Tatar language (Tatar tele, Tatarça, Татар теле, Татарча) is a Turkic language spoken by the Tatars. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... Tyumen Oblast Coat of Arms Tyumen Oblast flag Tyumen Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) in Urals Federal District. ... Tobol (Тобол in Russian) is a river in Kazakhstan and Kurgan and Tyumen Oblasts in Russia, left tributary of Irtysh. ... Irtysh (Russian:  ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: Ä°rteÅŸ / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Siberia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ...


History

Tobolsk was founded by Yermak's Cossacks in 1585–1586 during the first Russian advance into Siberia near the ruins of Siberia Khanate's capital Qashliq. It became the seat of the Viceroy of Siberia and prospered on the trade with China and Bukhara. It was there that the first school, theatre, and newspaper in Siberia were established. In The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Daniel Defoe made his Robinson Crusoe character stay in Tobolsk from September 1703 to June 1704. Yermak Yermak Timofeyevich (Russian: Ерма́к Тимофе́евич, also Ermak) (born between 1532 and 1542 – August 5 or 6, 1585), Cossack leader and explorer of Siberia. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Siberia Khanate is an anachronistic rendering of its actual name Khanate of Sibir, a Tatar khanate in the later Russian Siberia. ... Qashliq (Tatar language: QaÅŸlıq, Ä°skär, Sibir) was a medieval (14th-16th century) Siberian Tatar city near the right bank of Irtysh river (ruins are situated near the modern Tobolsk). ... Bukhara (Tajik: Бухоро; Persian: , Buxârâ; Uzbek: ; Russian: ), from the Soghdian βuxārak (lucky place), is the fifth-largest city in Uzbekistan, and capital of the Bukhara Province (viloyat). ... The title-page of the less known Part II of Robinson Crusoes further adventures shows this text: THE FARTHER ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE; Being the Second and Last Part OF HIS LIFE, And of the Strange Surprizing Accounts of his Travels Round three Parts of the Globe. ... Daniel Defoe (1659/1661 [?] â€“ April 24 [?], 1731)[1] was a British writer, journalist, and spy, who gained enduring fame for his novel Robinson Crusoe. ... For other uses, see Robinson Crusoe (disambiguation). ...


With administrative divisions of the territory, Tobolsk remained the seat of the Governor-General of Western Siberia until it was moved to Omsk in 1820s–1830s. Bowing to the city's authority, many Siberian towns had their original arms display the Tobolsk insignia. This included Omsk, Tyumen, and Tomsk; Omsk honors the legacy to this day. Omsk (Russian: ) is a city in southwest Siberia in Russia, the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. ... Tymen in the 1680s Tyumen (Тюме́нь) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Tyumen Oblast in the Urals Federal District . ... Flag Seal Location Tomsk and Oblast on the map of Russia Coordinates , Government Oblast Tomsk Mayor Aleksandr Makarov Geographical characteristics Area     City 294,6 km²     Land   294,6 km²     Water   0 km² Population     City (end of 2005) 509,568     Density   1,730/km² Elevation +100 m Website: Municipality website Main...


Until the Russian Revolution of 1917, the city served as the capital of the Tobolsk guberniya. Dmitri Mendeleev and Vasily Perov are the most famous natives of the city. Some of the Decembrists were exiled and lived there too. The city's importance declined when the Trans-Siberian Railway bypassed it in the 1890s. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... Guberniya (Russian: ) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province. ... Portrait of Dmitri Mendeleev by Ilya Repin (Russian: , Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev  ) (8 February [O.S. 27 January] 1834 in Tobolsk – 2 February [O.S. 20 January] 1907 in Saint Petersburg), was a Russian chemist and inventor. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky, 1872. ... This article is about the failed Russian revolt. ... For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ...

St. Sofia Cathedral
St. Sofia Cathedral

In August 1917, after the February Revolution, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family were brought here to live in relative luxury in the former house of the Governor-General. In April 1918, after the White Army approached the city, the entire royal family was shot in Yekaterinburg, thus ending the imperial Romanov dynasty. St. ... St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nicholas II redirects here. ... White Army redirects here. ... Snow-covered statue of Sverdlov in Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburgs Church on the Blood built on the spot where the Tsar and his family were executed. ... The House of Romanov (Рома́нов, pronounced ) was the second and last imperial dynasty of Russia, which ruled the country for five generations from 1613 to 1761. ...


Economy of modern Tobolsk centers on a major oil refinery. Some traditional crafts, such as bone-carving, are also preserved.


Monuments

Tobolsk is the only town in Siberia and one of the few in Russia which has a standing stone kremlin, or elaborate city-fortress, built at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. Its white walls and towers with an ensemble of churches and palatial buildings spectacularly sited on a high river bank were proclaimed a national historical and architectural treasure in 1870. This article is about Russian citadels. ...


The principal monuments in the kremlin are the Cathedral of St. Sophia (1683–1686), a merchant courtyard (1703–1705), an episcopal palace (1773–1775) (now it is the museum of local lore), and the so-called Swedish Chamber, with six baroque halls (1713–1716). The city contains some remarkable baroque and Neoclassical churches from the 18th and 19th centuries. Also noteworthy is a granite monument to Yermak, constructed to a design by Alexander Brullov in 1839. The name Yermak (Ермак) may refer to Yermak Timofeyevich, a Don Cossack ataman, subjugator of Siberia to Russia Icebreaker Yermak, Russia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Alexander Pavlovich Brullov (November 29, 1798 - January 9, 1877) was a Russian artist associated with the latest phase of the Russian Neoclassicism. ...


The city's neighbourhood is rich in ancient kurgans and pagan shrines. Some of these date back to the 10th century BCE. Sarmatian Kurgan 4th c. ... (Redirected from 10th century BCE) (11th century BC - 10th century BC - 9th century BC - other centuries) (1000s BC - 990s BC - 980s BC - 970s BC - 960s BC - 950s BC - 940s BC - 930s BC - 920s BC - 910s BC - 900s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events...

The Tobolsk Kremlin panoramic view File links The following pages link to this file: Tobolsk ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Тобольск

Coordinates: 58°12′18″N, 68°15′34″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Tyumen Oblast Coat of Arms Tyumen Oblast flag Tyumen Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) in Urals Federal District. ... Tymen in the 1680s Tyumen (Тюме́нь) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Tyumen Oblast in the Urals Federal District . ... The Ishim River (Ишим, another name is Esil River) is a river running through Kazakhstan and Russia. ... Yalutorovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Tyumen Oblast, Russia, located on the Tobol River some 75 km southeast of Tyumen. ... Coat of arms of Zavodoukovsk Zavodoukovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Tyumen Oblast, Russia, located on the Bolshoy Uk River (an arm of the Tobol) some 96 km southeast of Tyumen. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tobolsk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (461 words)
Tobolsk was founded by Yermak's Cossacks in 1585-86 during the first Russian advance into Siberia near the ruins of Siberia Khanate's capital Qashliq.
With administrative divisions of the territory, Tobolsk remained the seat of the Governor-General of Western Siberia until it was moved to Omsk in 1820-30s.
Tobolsk is the only town in Siberia and one of the few in Russia which has a standing stone kremlin, or elaborate city-fortress, built at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries.
Hotels in Tobolsk, Russia. (115 words)
Tobolsk, city from 1590, is located in the centre of Western Siberia.
Tobolsk was one of the largest cities of Russian Empire in 17-18th centuries.
Tobolsk is a port on the Irtysh river.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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