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Encyclopedia > Tobacco Protest

The Tobacco Protest occurred in Iran in 1891. It was a revolt against concessions to westerners led by the Shi'ite clergy. 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ...


In 1890 Shah Nasir al-Din granted a tobacco concession to a British company. This concession gave the company exclusive rights to produce, sell, and export all of Iran's large tobacco crop. The shah was badly in need of money and had granted many such concessions to Europeans before. Tobacco, however, was widely consumed in Iran and a thriving domestic industry was going to be destroyed by the shah's actions. Mass protests against the concession were held, many of the organized by Shi'ite ulama the most two prominent were Mirza Shirazi and Mirza hassan Ashtiani. The clerics had a strong independent power base to attack the shah's position. Theological arguments were made that the shah was violating the rules of Islam and was selling the nation to the western Christians. It was one of the first times the Iranian religious elite had used their power to influence secular decisions and it was a great success. In 1892 the shah was forced to repeal the concession. 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... Shah is an Iranian term (Persian and Kurdish) for king, and has also been adopted in many other languages. ... Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (sometimes called Nassereddin) (died 1896) was the Shah of Persia from 1848 to 1896. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family indigenous to North and South America, or to the dried and cured leaves of such plants. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Ulema is a common romanisation for the plural of Arabic ˤĀlim Scholar, namely ˤUlamā (علماء). The same word appears in Turkish as Ulema and in Persian as Olæma. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God) is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus of Nazareth, known by Christians as Jesus Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


For more information about Persian Tobacco, you can visit "Iranian Tobacco Company" website.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tobacco Protest - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (234 words)
The Tobacco Protest occurred in Iran in 1891.
Tobacco, however, was widely consumed in Iran and a thriving domestic industry was going to be destroyed by the shah's actions.
Mass protests against the concession were held, many of the organized by Shi'ite ulama the most two prominent were Mirza Shirazi and Mirza hassan Ashtiani.
The Hindu : Karnataka News : Growers seek changes in Tobacco Board (628 words)
The murmurs of protest from tobacco growers in Karnataka against the "stepmotherly treatment" from the Tobacco Board are expected to grow louder in the coming days with at least two MPs taking up cudgels on their behalf.
The tobacco growers in the State have been complaining for long against what they term harassment by the Tobacco Board, which is not only headquartered in Guntur in neighbouring Andhra Pradesh but is also accused of displaying an "unmistakable tilt" in favour of the latter.
Though the Centre conceded the demands of the tobacco farmers in Karnataka by enhancing the crop size to 74 million kg and regularising the produce of almost 30,000 unlicensed farmers, the fight by the State's growers against the Tobacco Board is expected to continue.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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