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Encyclopedia > Toasting
Music of Jamaica
Kumina Nyabinghi
Mento Ska
Rocksteady Reggae
Sound systems Lovers rock
Dub Dancehall
Dub poetry Toasting
Raggamuffin Roots reggae
US UK
Timeline and Samples
Anglophone Caribbean music
Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Bahamas - Barbados - Bermuda - Caymans - Grenada - Jamaica - Montserrat - St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Vincent and the Grenadines - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos - Virgin Islands
Other Caribbean
Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - St. Lucia

Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... Kumina is both the religion and the music practiced by the people of eastern Jamaica. ... Nyabinghi is a legendary Amazon queen, who was said to have possesed a Ugandan woman named Muhumusa in the 19th century. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced reggae music. ... Ska is a form of Jamaican music which began as early as the 1930s. ... Rocksteady is the name given to a style of music popular in Jamaica between 1966 and 1968. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica. ... In Jamaica, a Sound System is a popular type of nomadic outdoor concert/party. ... For the Sade album, Lovers Rock, see Lovers Rock Lovers Rock is Britains main contribution to reggae. ... Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which evolved out of ska and reggae in 1970s Jamaica. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dub Poetry is a form of performance poetry consisting of spoken word over reggae rhythms, that originated in Jamaica in the 1970s. ... Raggamuffin (or ragga) is a kind of reggae that includes digitized backing instrumentation. ... Roots reggae is the name given to Rastafarian reggae music from Jamaica which evolved from Ska and Rocksteady and was made famous outside the Caribbean by the legendary singer/songwriter Bob Marley. ... The vast majority of the inhabitants of the United States are immigrants or descendents of immigrants. ... 1966 in music Download sample of Alton Ellis rocksteady track Girl Youve Got a Date. Download sample of Cincinatti Kid by Prince Buster, a legendary ska artist. ... The Cayman Islands are a Caribbean island chain, currently a territory of the United Kingdom. ... The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the United Kingdom. ... Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. ... The former French colonies of Martinique and Guadeloupe are small islands in the Caribbean. ... Look up Act on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Act may refer to: in law, a written document that attests the legality of the transaction. ... Speech: (n. ... A chant is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, either on a single pitch or with a simple notes and often including a great deal of repetition or statis. ... // Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds or other events over time. ... Beating is striking more than once, in violence, beating a drum, etc. ...

Contents


Traditional African American toasting

Toasting has been part of African American urban tradition since Reconstruction as part of a verbal art tradition, dating back to the griots of Africa. African American stories usually lauds the exploits of the clever and not entirely law-abiding trickster hero (not always human) who uses his wits to defeat his opponents. Reconstruction-era military districts in the South For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... A griot (pronounced gree-oh) is a West African poet, praise singer, and wandering musician, considered a repository of oral tradition. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... The trickster figure Rénert the Fox as depicted in an 1869 childrens book by Michel Rodange. ...


Toasters continue the oral tradition by recounting the legends and myths of the community in venues ranging from street corner gatherings, bars, and community centers, to libraries and college campuses. As with oral traditions in general, and with other African American art forms as the blues, toasting uses a mixture of repetition and improvisation. Oral tradition or oral culture is a way of transmitting history, literature or law from one generation to the next in a civilization without a writing system. ... // For other senses of this word, see Legend (disambiguation). ... // The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ... Tourists sit outside a bar in Chiang Mai, Thailand A bar in Switzerland. ... Community centres are public locations where members of a community may gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes. ... A modern-style library in Chambéry In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... The Universitätscampus Wien, Austria ( details) Campus (plural: campi) is Latin for field or open space. English gets the words camp and campus from this origin. ... The blues is blal vaökdgohdtzkhchg cnlncgdl a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the full twelve note chromatic scale plus the microtonal intervals and a characteristic eight and twelve-bar chord progression. ...


There are many versions of the most well known toasts, often conflicting in detail. Historically, the toast is very male- oriented, and many toasts contain profane or sexual language, although more family-oriented versions also exist.


Well known toasts include "Shine and the Titanic", "Dolemite", "Stack O Lee", and "Signifyin' Monkey". Toasters currently performing include Christopher Wilkinson and Arthur Pfister, both of New Orleans, Louisiana. New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33...

See also: Signification

Signification is the act of signifying or being a sign or meaning. ...

Jamaican toasting

In the late 1960s and early 1970s strain of Jamaican music called DJ Toasting was developed. DJ's working for producers would play the latest hits on traveling sound systems at parties and add their "toasts" or vocals to the music. These “toasts” consisted of boastful commentaries, chants, half-sung rhymes, rhythmic chants, squeals, screams, and rhymed storytelling. [1]


Osbourne Ruddock (aka King Tubby) was a Jamaican sound recording engineer who created vocal-less rhythm backing tracks that were used by DJs doing "toasting" by creating one-off vinyl discs (also known as dub plates) of songs without the vocals and adding echo and sound effects.


Late 1960s toasting DJs included U-Roy and Dennis Alcapone, the latter known for mixing gangster talk with humor in his toasting. In the early 1970s, toasting DJs included I-Roy (his nickname is an homage to U-Roy) and Dillinger, the latter known for his humorous toasting style. In the late 1970s, Trinity became a popular toasting DJ.


The 1980s saw the first DJ Toasting duo, Michigan & Smiley, and the development of toasting outside of Jamaica. In England, Pato Banton explored his Caribbean roots humorous and political toasting [2] and Ranking Roger of the "Second Wave" or Two-Tone ska revival band The Beat from the 1980s did Jamaican toasting over music that blended ska, pop, and some punk influences. Ranking Roger (b. ... Ska is a form of Jamaican music which began as early as the 1930s. ... The Beat, known in the United States as The English Beat, was an essential Two Tone ska and pop music group. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ...


The rhythmic rhyming of vocals in Jamaican DJ toasting influenced the development of rapping in African-American hip-hop [3] and the development of the Dancehall style [4].


References

  1. ^ http://www.rhapsody.com/worldreggae/reggae/djtoasting.
  2. ^ http://www.rhapsody.com/worldreggae/reggae/djtoasting.
  3. ^ BBC Guide to Reggae http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/bluessoulreggae/guide_reggae.shtml.
  4. ^ http://www.rhapsody.com/worldreggae/reggae/djtoasting.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Toasting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (535 words)
Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat.
Toasting has been part of African American urban tradition since Reconstruction as part of a verbal art tradition, dating back to the griots of Africa.
In the early 1970s, toasting DJs included I-Roy (his nickname is an homage to U-Roy) and Dillinger, the latter known for his humorous toasting style.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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