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Encyclopedia > To Catch a Predator
"To Catch A Predator" title card
"To Catch A Predator" title card

"To Catch a Predator" is a series of hidden camera investigations by the television newsmagazine Dateline NBC devoted to the subject of identifying and detaining potential child sexual abusers who contact minors (or individuals whom they believe to be minors) over the Internet for sexual liaisons. The investigations, which have all been reported by Dateline correspondent Chris Hansen and producer Lynn Keller, are conducted as an undercover sting operation with the help of online watchdog group Perverted-Justice. Since the third installment, law enforcement and other officials have also been involved in the operation, leading to the arrests of most individuals caught in the sting. In an interview with NPR's Neal Conan on Talk of the Nation, Chris Hansen emphasizes that the subjects of his program be labeled as sexual predators: "We don't label these guys as pedophiles. Pedophiles have a very specific definition, people who are interested in prepubescent sex. What we're talking about here are potential predators".[1] Image File history File links ToCatchAPredatorNew. ... Image File history File links ToCatchAPredatorNew. ... A hidden camera is a still or video camera used to film people without their knowledge. ... Dateline NBC, or Dateline, is a U.S. weekly television newsmagazine broadcast by NBC similar to ABCs 20/20 or CBSs 60 Minutes. ... Child sexual abuse is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. ... Christopher Edward Hansen (born March 26, 1959) is a renowned American television journalist best known for his work on the Dateline NBC television segment To Catch a Predator. ... Look up Undercover in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A watchdog originally referred to a dogs job, but now has been used in additional contexts with the same implication of watching or safeguarding: For the dogs job, see guard dog. ... Screenshot of the Perverted Justice website [1] Perverted-Justice. ... For the band, see The Police. ... NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... Neal Conan (born 1949 in Beirut, Lebanon) is an American radio journalist. ... Talk of the Nation is a talk radio program based in the United States, produced by National Public Radio, and is broadcasted nationally on weekday afternoons (Eastern Standard Time). ... A sexual predator is a person who obtains sex in a predatory manner. ...


Several other NBC affiliates, such as WTMJ in Milwaukee (which was the first news media to conduct a sting operation in cooperation with Perverted-Justice) and Kansas City's KSHB have also done local versions of "To Catch a Predator", as well as Scranton/Wilkes-Barre NBC affiliate WBRE. A spin-off called "To Catch a Con Man" was developed in early 2007 using similar methods in order to catch con men performing advance fee fraud scams. Further spin-offs have included "To Catch an ID Thief", "To Catch a Car Thief", and "To Catch an i-Jacker" (featuring iPod thieves). "To Catch a Car Thief" and "To Catch a Baby Broker" are the only spinoffs that do not include Chris Hansen, but Victoria Corderi instead. WTMJ-TV, Todays TMJ4 is a television station located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... For other places with the same name, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... KSHB 41 is the NBC affiliate for the Kansas City television market. ... Scranton is the name of several places in the United States of America: Scranton, Arkansas Scranton, Pennsylvania Scranton, South Carolina Scranton, North Dakota See Also: William Scranton, former Pennsylvania governor and presidential candidate This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Wilkes-Barre (pronounced wilkes-berry or wilkes-bear, and most often by non-natives as wilkes-bar) is a city located in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. ... WBRE-TV is a NBC affiliate station broadcasting on channel 28 to most of northeastern and central Pennsylvania. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... To Catch a Con Man is a series of hidden camera investigations by the television newsmagazine Dateline NBC devoted to the subject of identifying and detaining con men who attempt to extract money from victims in advance fee fraud scams. ... A confidence trick, confidence game, or con for short, (also known as a scam) is an attempt to intentionally mislead a person or persons (known as the mark) usually with the goal of financial or other gain. ... An advance fee fraud is a confidence trick in which the target is persuaded to advance relatively small sums of money in the hope of realizing a much larger gain. ... Identity theft is a term used to refer to fraud that involves stealing money or getting other benefits by pretending to be someone else. ... Motor vehicle theft is a crime of theft. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... Christopher Edward Hansen (born March 26, 1959) is a renowned American television journalist best known for his work on the Dateline NBC television segment To Catch a Predator. ...

Contents

Method

Hansen (left) in a typical encounter with a suspect.
Hansen (left) in a typical encounter with a suspect.

The method used to catch would-be predators is derived from that normally used by Perverted-Justice. Perverted-Justice volunteers build profiles of clearly underage individuals on social networking websites, and enter chatrooms as decoys. They wait for an adult to message or email the decoy and begin a dialogue. If the conversation turns sexual in nature, the decoy will not discourage this. This also can help the Perverted-Justice team in collecting incriminating evidence against the alleged offender. Such evidence could include engaging in sexual conversations, sending the decoy pornography or child pornography, and committing other acts. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Screenshot of the Perverted Justice website [1] Perverted-Justice. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... A social network service focuses on the building and verifying of online social networks for communities of people who share interests and activities, or who are interested in exploring the interests and activities of others, and which necessitates the use of software. ... A chat room is an online forum where people can chat online (talk by broadcasting messages to people on the same forum in real time). ... For other uses, see Decoy (disambiguation). ...


The visitors are led to believe that the supposed minor is home alone, and, upon coming inside the house, are soon confronted by Hansen.


Hansen attempts to interview each one at length about their intentions. Some exit the home immediately upon seeing Hansen, because they recognize that he is clearly not a teenager, or they have seen him in previous Dateline investigations. Hansen, without initially identifying himself, interviews the predators about their intentions, and also reads aloud some of the graphic portions of the chat. Those who have not seen Hansen's Dateline investigations before often assume that he is either the child's father or a member of a law enforcement agency. After a few minutes of questioning, Hansen identifies himself as a Dateline NBC correspondent and informs the visitor that the entire interview has been recorded on hidden camera as part of the Dateline NBC story. Then, Dateline crew members with large cameras and microphones reveal themselves, and the predator is offered a chance to make a final statement before being asked to leave.


The first two investigations did not include law enforcement officers on site, and individuals caught in the sting were allowed to leave voluntarily, though Dateline would provide all video and transcripts to law enforcement and suspects would eventually be arrested. Arrests are sometimes made in a dramatic fashion by multiple officers who, with guns drawn, ambush the suspect and command him to lie face-down on the ground before being handcuffed. Tasers are sometimes shown being used to subdue fleeing[2] or unresponsive[3] individuals. An electroshock weapon is an incapacitant weapon used for subduing a person by administering electric shock aimed at disrupting superficial muscle functions. ...


During interviews, suspects often claim to not have any idea how old the supposed minor is, even when confronted by Hansen with chat logs showing the decoy clearly identifying him or herself as a minor. In many jurisdictions, online solicitation with the belief that the other person is a minor is a crime, regardless of whether or not the other person actually is a minor.


Criticism

The series has been accused of making news rather than reporting news, blurring the line between being a news organization vs. an agency of law enforcement[4], and having its host impersonating a police officer [5].


Among the more prominent critics of the series has been Brian Montopoli of the CBS News Public Eye blog and formerly of the Columbia Journalism Review. Montopoli argues that although Dateline NBC leaves legal punishment up to police and prosecutors, broadcasting the suspects on national television, in the context of exposing criminal behavior, is already a form of punishment which the media has no right to inflict. Montopoli also suggests that NBC News is more concerned about ratings than actually bringing online predators to justice:[6] CBS News logo, used from Sept. ... The Columbia Journalism Review (CJR) is an American magazine for professional journalists published bimonthly by the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism since 1961. ... NBC News endcap, used from 2002 to present. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled List of television rating systems, TV Parental Guidelines, Media content rating in country and Television content rating in country. ... An online predator is an Internet user who exploits vulnerable people, usually for sexual or financial purposes. ...

But NBC is first and foremost a business, and the producers' motives are not simply altruistic. Perhaps I'm being cynical, but I find it telling that this program has been remade and rerun so often. You could argue that NBC is just making sure as many people as possible are aware predators are out there, but is it too much to think that a little thing called "ratings" might play a part as well?

In May 2007, a former executive producer for Dateline named Marsha Bartel filed a lawsuit against NBC and made assertions about To Catch a Predator that contradicted what the show purports to be about. She commented on the relationship the show has with the different police organizations and the group Perverted-Justice.[7] The lawsuit was dismissed by the New York Supreme Court in October of 2007, citing that NBC has the right to legally dismiss employees without notification. NBC commented on the dismissal: "We believed from the beginning that this case was without merit and we are pleased with the judge's decision."[8]


Entrapment claims

Montopoli also suggests that To Catch a Predator may not be as immune from the defense of entrapment as the show claims. Although Perverted-Justice volunteers wait for the suspect to initiate contact, former Dateline anchor Stone Phillips concedes that "... in many cases, the decoy is the first to bring up the subject of sex." (Phillips defends this, saying that "... once the hook is baited, the fish jump and run with it like you wouldn't believe.")[9] Montopoli contends that this alone may render Predator-related cases vulnerable to the defense of entrapment. This situation, however, may fail the "reasonable person" test of entrapment, as there is no persuasion or coercion involved, but simply an opportunity is offered.[10] The March 2007 issue of Law Enforcement magazine, a publication of Officer.com, addressed the entrapment issue from a law enforcement perspective. "Though defendants raised the entrapment issue in Riverside, a judge's ruling later threw it out. The judge ruled it differs from a police officer presenting a handful of drugs to a subject and asking if he wants to buy some. In this scenario, the person's being invited to make a snap decision. In contrast, driving to a meeting location afforded these Internet offenders plenty of time to change their minds."[11] The article continued: For the film, see Entrapment (film). ... Stone Stockton Phillips (born December 2, 1954) was the co-anchor of Dateline NBC, a newsmagazine TV show, from the shows start until June 2007, when NBC did not renew his contract. ...

Even so, Perverted Justice plunks precautions in place to thwart the entrapment issue. Volunteers never initiate contact with the person; all communication begins with the offender. Later, contributors never instigate lewd conversations or talks of sexual meetings.

Charges dropped

In June 2007, Perverted-Justice was criticized following a sting operation in Collin County, Texas, that resulted in the charges against 23 suspected online sex predators being dropped. Collin County Assistant District Attorney Greg Davis said the cases were dropped after Perverted-Justice failed to provide enough usable evidence.[12]


Conflict of interest

Beginning with the fourth investigation, Dateline began paying Perverted-Justice a consultant's fee to do its regular work; the fee was reported to have been over $100,000 for that operation.[13] It was suggested that this payment created a potential conflict of interest for Perverted-Justice, an organization run largely on the efforts of volunteers, and furthermore, that for Dateline to pay this fee would be tantamount to paying news sources, widely frowned upon in the journalism industry.[14] In their FAQ, Perverted-Justice defends this consulting fee, citing, among other things, the costs of keeping its website running and the fact that "... everyone except [themselves] and the predators are being compensated for this massive amount of effort." For other uses, see FAQ (disambiguation). ...


This claim was also addressed by the March 2007 issue of Law Enforcement Technology magazine. A judge also dismissed motions to throw out indictments against seven of the 18 men arrested in the Ohio sex sting. To date, 16 pled guilty and two were convicted at trial. Defense attorneys contended the sting violated state law because of Dateline's involvement with Perverted-Justice and petitioned to have related videos, statements and photos suppressed. A judge ruled against the potential conflict of interest, noting department officials that had partnered with Perverted-Justice were unaware NBC had paid the organization for consultation services.


The department kept itself separate from Dateline staff during the sting as well, to avoid legal hassles later on, says Burns. Officials were positioned in a location near but not inside the house where offenders arrived for meetings. Communications and video equipment permitted authorities to keep tabs on what transpired, and all chats were transmitted directly to officials as they took place. "We didn't want to blur the line of ethics between law enforcement and the media," Burns explains. "We didn't even speak to Dateline officials during the operations."[11]


The potential for conflict of interest was one of several concerns that lead to the non-prosecution of 23 cases in Collin County, Texas. District Attorney John Roach questioned circumstances of the May 2007 sting,

What is exactly the deal between the City of Murphy and NBC ? What is the deal between NBC and Perverted Justice? Who's getting paid what? Who has an axe to grind?"[15]

Investigative journalist Byron Harris explains, "John Roach knew the money issue would come up in court as part of the required disclosure of benefits received by possible witnesses."[16]

Investigation by 20/20

On September 7, 2007, the ABC newsmagazine 20/20 aired an investigative report into the To Catch a Predator series by ABC News investigative reporter Brian Ross. The report critiqued certain aspects of the specials, and also investigated the controversy over the suicide of prosecutor Louis Conradt, Jr. is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events. ... This article is about the television show. ... ABC News logo ABC News Special Report ident, circa 2006 ABC News is a division of American television and radio network ABC, owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... Brian Ross is the chief investigative correspondent of ABC News. ... Louis William Bill Conradt, Jr. ...


In the report, two former police detectives with the Murphy, Texas Police Department, Sam Love and Walter Weiss, claimed that the decision to arrest Conradt at his home was made by Chris Hansen, a charge NBC has denied. Both Love and Weiss claimed that the NBC News crew had every intention to confront Conradt, and the attorney for Conradt's family charged that Dateline chose to stop at nothing to get Conradt. Love and Weiss claimed that Conradt's death was shrugged off by many in Murphy's police force, and the two of them left the department in disgust.[17] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Neither NBC News nor Perverted Justice cooperated with Ross' report. NBC News accused ABC News of using the 20/20 report as a hit-piece on the rival newsmagazine Dateline NBC. "I chalk this up to the usual network silly competitiveness, in a territory of a much more serious handling," NBC News president Steve Capus told USA Today. "The competitive wars [for ratings] right now are at a very high level...That's fueling this." The allegations were denied by Ross, who is a former reporter of NBC News.[18] NBC News endcap, used from 2002 to present. ... Front page of the Perverted-Justice website, 2007, with new logo and log of successful convictions Front page of the Perverted-Justice website in 2005 Perverted-Justice (also known as PeeJ) is an anti-pedophile activist organization based in Portland, Oregon, dedicated to identifying adults willing to have chat room... ABC News logo ABC News Special Report ident, circa 2006 ABC News is a division of American television and radio network ABC, owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... Steve Capus President of NBC News Steve Capus is the current president of NBC News. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ...


Investigations

Outside New York City (Bethpage, Long Island)

The first in the series aired in November 2004 as a Dateline NBC segment called Dangerous Web. The operation was set up in a home in Long Island, NY, to which 18 men came over two-and-a-half days after making an appointment for sex with a minor. One of the men in the investigation was a New York City firefighter, who was later fired by the FDNY. This article is about the island in New York State. ... The Fire Department, City of New York (FDNY) has the responsibility of protecting the New York Citys five boroughs from fires and fire hazards, as well as preventing disasters like The Station nightclub fire in nearby Rhode Island, and the trampling deaths at an overcrowded building in Chicago. ...


Suburban Washington, D.C. (Herndon VA, Fairfax County)

The sequel to the first story was an hour-long special airing in November 2005. The operation was located in Fairfax County, Virginia, in the suburbs of Washington, D.C., and saw 19 men arrive over three days. Among the men caught were a Rabbi and a high school teacher; both of whom lost their jobs after taping[19] and have since been convicted and sentenced to jail. Another man (John Kennelly) going by the screen name SpecialGuy29 was interviewed by Hansen after showing up at the house naked, then encountered again the very next day at a local McDonald's, having been summoned again by the same people, in the same chatroom. He was sentenced to jail time, but the judge suspended his sentence. In 2007, Kennelly was arrested again on indecent exposure charges after being caught exposing himself in a park to a pair of teenage girls. Fairfax County is a county in Northern Virginia, in the United States. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... For university teachers, see professor. ... Nude redirects here. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... A chat room is an online forum where people can chat online (talk by broadcasting messages to people on the same forum in real time). ...

Mug shots of the fifty men charged in the Riverside, California operation

Image File history File links To_Catch_a_Predator_III.jpg‎ This image is a screenshot of a copyrighted television program or station ID. As such, the copyright for it is most likely owned by the company or corporation that produced it. ... Image File history File links To_Catch_a_Predator_III.jpg‎ This image is a screenshot of a copyrighted television program or station ID. As such, the copyright for it is most likely owned by the company or corporation that produced it. ... Al Capone. ...

Riverside County (Mira Loma), California

The third installment of the series was a two hour special aired in February 2006. The operation was located in Riverside, California, and, at the request of Perverted-Justice, was the first done in cooperation with local law enforcement officials. During this sting, 50 men were arrested over three days and charged with felonies -- so many that three arrived almost simultaneously, and law enforcement, at one point, ran out of personnel. One other person arrested was charged with a misdemeanor. The men arrested included a criminal investigator working for the Department of Homeland Security who was later fired and, for the first time, two men who claimed to have seen previous Dateline investigations of online sexual predators. Nickname: Location in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Riverside Government  - Mayor Ronald O. Loveridge Area  - Total 78. ... For the record label, see Felony Records The term felony is a term used in common law systems for very serious crimes, whereas misdemeanors are considered to be less serious offenses. ... A misdemeanor, or misdemeanour, in many common law legal systems, is a lesser criminal act. ... Gumshoe redirects here. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ...


Charles Harding, 65, one of the featured predators, died of a heart attack in police custody. Unable to post bail, he had stopped taking his prescription heart medication.


In August 2006, a Superior Court Judge dismissed charges against William Lawrence Havey, who was arrested during the Dateline Riverside operation. This segment resulted in 48 guilty pleas and convictions.


Greenville, Ohio

The fourth investigation aired in two one-hour-long parts during April and May 2006 as the first half of a month-long series of To Catch a Predator specials. The operation was based in Greenville, Ohio and resulted in the arrests of 18 men in three days. The small-town location of the undercover house meant that potential predators from the larger surrounding cities of Indianapolis, Columbus, and Cincinnati had to drive upwards of an hour and a half to reach the operation. Among the men caught were one who had been slated to start a prison sentence for a different charge of solicitation in four days and a 6th grade Catholic school teacher. Three Perverted-Justice members were temporarily deputized for the length of the operation. It was also the first Dateline investigation in which Perverted-Justice was paid a consulting fee. All arrests resulted in convictions. Greenville is a city in Darke County, Ohio, United States. ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... Cincinnati redirects here. ... Solicitation is a crime; it is an inchoate offense that consists of a person inciting, counseling, advising, urging, or commanding another to commit a crime with the specific intent that the person solicited commit the crime. ...


Fort Myers, Florida

As with the Ohio investigation, the fifth investigation was aired in two one-hour-long parts in May 2006, forming the second half of the month-long series of To Catch a Predator specials. The operation was based in Fort Myers, Florida and saw 24 men arrested in three days. Among the more notable moments in the investigation was the arrest of a man who had brought along his five-year-old son to the house, creating a challenge for arresting officers as well as Hansen who did not want to traumatize the boy. Hansen told him immediately that he was on Dateline without attempting to interview him, and police had the diffuvcult task of arresting the father and removing the child without exposing him to the arrest. Another man had asked a decoy posing as a 14-year-old if she was willing to have oral sex with a cat. She replied that she would do so on the condition that he would strip naked after entering the house. He did so and was immediately confronted by Hansen. He was the second featured predator to strip naked in the house to date. Another man arrived at almost 4am, but refused to enter the house, trying to talk the girl into getting in his car with him. After pleading with her for over 30 minutes, he gave up and walked to his car where he was arrested. Another man confessed that he was "guilty of whatever's there" (the transcript) and said that he should receive the death penalty. Another duped his sister into driving him to the sting house and waiting for him in the car while he intended to have sex with a 14-year-old girl. This segment resulted in 21 convictions. Fort Myers is the home of county seat[3] and commercial center of Lee County, Florida. ...


Fortson, Georgia

In August 2006, Perverted-Justice announced that the sheriff's department in Harris County, Georgia had arrested 20 men over four-and-a-half days in another sting operation. The investigation aired on Dateline NBC in two parts on September 13 and September 22, and showed a growing awareness of the television series among potential predators; Dateline itself was referenced by name several times. Notable arrests included a military staff sergeant who on his knees pleaded with Hansen "not to ruin my life", a devout Christian man whose MySpace page claimed "Jesus Rocks" and that God was his hero, and one man who had said that he had seen the show "about three times on TV already", and in another case a man who confessed that "he has interest in younger girls, It has just been a fantasy of mine" and also that the "cleanest best pleasure" would be to have sex with a 13-year-old girl. Several months later, that man was rearrested when he exposed himself to a young girl at a public pool. Harris County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Shortly after the first half of this investigation aired, the Georgia Governor's office announced a new Child Safety Initiative which would triple the number of special agents in the Georgia Bureau of Investigation dedicated to catching Internet predators and double the number of forensic computer specialists dedicated to helping prosecute computer crimes. Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Many featured predators in this segment received some of the stiffest punishments of any jurisdiction. George Cleary received the shortest sentence of the 21 men arrested in the sting. He received two years and is scheduled to be released on July 25, 2008, and will be the first of the group to complete his sentence. Matthew Cogburn, Jacob Cason, Denis Coulson, and Marshall Girtman pled guilty and received four year prison sentences and are all scheduled for release in February 2011. Christopher Cannon, John Adam Daniels, David Hillbish, James Klein, Brian Lindsey, Joseph Myrick, Rolando Restocruz, and Peter Sciacca all pled guilty and received five year sentences and sheeduled for release in early 2012. William Rowell pled guilty and received six years. Todd West pled guilty and received 10 years. Reymendo Anguiano and Robert Gerald White were convicted in a jury trial and were each sentenced to seven years. Marvin Harrison Smith was convicted in a jury trial as well as received the longest sentence to date, 13 years, and will remain in custody until late 2020. Cody Green and Abilash Bhaskaran are the only predators whose cases are still pending. Green was rearrested in indecent exposure in the summer of 2007 and is presently in custody, and Bhaskaran has jumped bail and fled after a failed attempt to recover his passport from authorities that he was required to surrender when he was arrainged. He is the only featured predator in this operation not currently in custody.


Petaluma, California

From August 25 to August 27, Perverted-Justice and Dateline worked with law enforcement in Petaluma, California to arrest 29 men in three days. One suspect was later released due to lack of evidence. The resulting investigation aired on Dateline NBC on September 29 and October 6. The confrontations took place in the backyard, the first time they were taped outdoors. All of the previous interviews took place in a kitchen or living room. is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Aerial view of Petaluma, California. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Petaluma was the hometown of kidnap and murder victim Polly Klaas, and was also a former home of John Mark Karr, who made a false confession to the murder of JonBenét Ramsey. The last segment of the Petaluma investigation focused in part on the Mark Foley scandal, which broke just days before the investigation went to air. Several political cartoons[20][21][22] published in the wake of the scandal explicitly referenced To Catch a Predator by name. Polly Hannah Klaas Polly Hannah Klaas (January 3, 1981 - October-November 1993) was a kidnap and murder victim whose case gained national attention in the United States. ... John Mark Karr (born December 11, 1964 in Conyers, Georgia) is a man who made a confession, which eventually proved false, [1] regarding the unsolved murder of six-year-old JonBenét Ramsey. ... JonBenét Patricia Ramsey (August 6, 1990—December 25, 1996) was an American girl made famous by her mysterious Christmastime murder and subsequent media coverage. ... Mark Foley The Mark Foley scandal, which broke in late September 2006, centers on soliciting e-mails and sexually explicit instant messages sent by Mark Foley, a Republican Congressman from Florida, to teenaged boys who had formerly served as congressional pages. ...


The investigation saw several computer engineers arrested, one of whom declared to the police that he was a well-respected man in society with a Ph.D. in computer engineering. Among the more notable arrests was that of a medical doctor who was the vice-president of a major cancer research corporation and an active-duty Marine Corps sniper who, in his chat, said: "I carry a gun everywhere I go". Police intervened immediately before any confrontation with Hansen and found a shotgun in the sniper's truck. The UKs Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft A marine corps (from French corps de marine) is a branch of a nations armed forces incorporating Marines, intended to be capable of mounting amphibious assaults using infantry, armour, aircraft, and watercraft. ... For other uses, see Sniper (disambiguation). ...


This segment resulted in 26 convictions.


Long Beach, California

In September 2006, Perverted-Justice and Dateline once again worked with law enforcement in California, this time in Long Beach, to arrest 38 men over three days. The Long Beach investigation featured a man who had previously been encountered in the Riverside operation nearly a year earlier, a post-production video editor for Nickelodeon, a software engineer who worked for the United States Department of Defense, and a man soliciting a decoy posing as an 11-year-old (Dateline's youngest fictitious age for a decoy to date). This installment also featured a man who met his decoy at a public park after refusing to meet her at the house. This man had brought the decoy an MP3 player to give her after they had sex. Some predators were ushered out through the back door when it appeared that another predator was on his way to the house, in order to avoid tipping off the next visitor. During some of the encounters in Long Beach, there appeared to be security breaches involving the decoy playing the part of the young teen: one predator was allowed to shake her hand and lean in to kiss her before Hansen walked in, and another was allowed to hug the decoy before being confronted by Hansen. Typically, the decoy is instructed not to have any physical contact with predators, and Hansen usually walks right in when they make a sudden move or request any physical contact such as a hug or a kiss. During this investigation, the presence of the Dateline sting operation in town was leaked online through a Craigslist internet posting. Nonetheless, 32 convictions resulted from this segment, which aired on 30 January and 6 February 2007. Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... This article is about the TV channel. ... The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ... Apple iPod nano (third-generation), a best-selling flash-based player An embedded hard drive-based player (Creative ZEN Vision:M) An MP3 CD player (Philips Expanium) More commonly referred to as an MP3 player, a digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics device that stores, organizes and... Craigslist is a centralized network of online communities, featuring free classified advertisements (with jobs, internships, housing, personals, for sale/barter/wanted, services, community, gigs, resume, and pets categories) and forums on various topics. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Murphy, Texas

In November 2006, Perverted-Justice announced that another To Catch a Predator sting had been conducted with law enforcement in Murphy, Texas. There were 25 men who arrived at the filming location over four days, with law enforcement investigating additional suspects. Most notably, these additional suspects, who conducted chats but did not arrive at the undercover house, included Rockwall County assistant district attorney Louis W. Conradt Jr., who shot and killed himself on 5 November 2006 at his home when police attempted to serve him with a search warrant.[23] An NBC camera crew was waiting outside the house to film the scene when the fatal shot was fired.[24] His estate, managed by his sister Patricia Conradt, is suing Dateline for US$105 million[25][26] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rockwall County, a county located in the state of Texas, is Texas smallest county in area. ... A district attorney is, in some U.S. jurisdictions, the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of criminals. ... Louis William Bill Conradt, Jr. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


This sting was also notable because it prompted protests from local residents, who were opposed to law enforcement officials purposefully attracting sexual predators to their neighborhood. Others countered that these predators were already in the area (or close by) and that this sting revealed them to be sex offenders. This investigation aired on 13 February and 20 February 2007. Facts from the aired 20 February 2007 episode of To Catch A Predator are being used as part of a $100 million lawsuit by Conradt's sister, Patricia Conradt, against NBC Universal Inc.[27] is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... NBC Universal is a media and entertainment conglomerate formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment, part of Vivendi Universal. ...


On 1 June 2007, all 23 cases brought up against those arrested on this installment of the show were declined to be prosecuted by the Collin County prosecutor's office due to insufficient evidence.[28] The cases were not expected to be considered again. This marks the first segment in which local law enforcement has declined an invitation to prosecute suspects involved in the show. is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


On September 5, 2007, Dateline aired the results of the forensic report on Conradt's computer. According to the report, Conradt's "CDs, laptop computers and cell phone all contained pornographic material -- some included child pornography." [2]

Main article: Louis Conradt

Louis William Bill Conradt, Jr. ...

Flagler Beach, Florida

In December 2006, Perverted-Justice worked with the police department in Flagler Beach, Florida to arrest 21 men over four days, and the sting was filmed again by Dateline. Aware that potential predators might be reluctant to show up at a house primarily due to repeated Dateline investigations, the crew set up a second location at the beach directly across the street from the house. This second location was also rigged with cameras and microphones and had police hiding in a bunker below the deck. Some of the men arrested included a retired truck driver who claimed that he lied during his chat log about wanting to have sex with the underage girl because he is no longer able to achieve an erection, a Taekwondo instructor who masturbated on webcam for the decoy with whom he chatted, and a sheriff's deputy from Alabama who was arrested in a vehicle containing an arsenal of weapons. In one case, two potential predators arrived within five minutes of each other, resulting in Hansen conducting the first dual interview of predators who had each made separate appointments for sex. This investigation aired on February 27 and March 6, 2007, and resulted in 21 guilty pleas. Flagler Beach is a city in Flagler County, Florida, United States. ... Taekwondo (태권도; IPA: ) is a Korean martial art and Chinese combat sport. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Ocean County, (Mantoloking,) New Jersey

From March 28 to April 1, 2007, Perverted-Justice worked with the Ocean County Prosecutor's Office in Ocean County, New Jersey to arrest 28 men who showed up at Dateline's undercover house. The arrests spanned several Northeast states, including Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. The investigation was covered by Dateline NBC for a two-show edition of To Catch a Predator that aired on July 18 and July 25, 2007. As in the Flagler Beach investigation, a second meeting location was also set up at a nearby beach for those who were reluctant to show up at the sting house. is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Ocean County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ...


The female decoy playing the young teen was played by the 18-year-old daughter of the homeowner who rented out the beachfront house to Dateline. (It should be noted that this property is strictly used as a summer rental, and neither the decoy nor her father actually live in the home.) She was more interactive in speaking with the predators than in shows past, doing a pre-interview with featured predators before Hansen conducted the main interview. For the first time in the TCAP series, "Casey" gave an on-camera interview on what it is like to play a decoy.


Those arrested included a school bus driver, a court administrator, a senior web developer, a bodybuilder, a United States Air Force mechanic, a former firefighter, and a registered sex offender from Pennsylvania who once molested a young girl he had met online. As in previous episodes, most of the men denied an intent to have sex with the teen, yet brought gifts, condoms, and lubricants with them.


This installment of To Catch A Predator featured a man who became so ill while being interviewed by Chris Hansen that he passed out and crashed head-first into the bottom section of a counter. After being treated for his injuries, which were not serious, he was arrested. Another man seemed pleasantly surprised at meeting Hansen, shaking his hand before leaving, knowing that he would be arrested immediately afterward. In addition, a man caught in the sting mentioned on-air that he was a religious watcher of this show on which he would be a featured predator. He had heard Chris Hansen on the Opie and Anthony radio talk show. He went on to mention he was "really funny." Opie and Anthony commented about the incident on their show the next day. Opie (Gregg Hughes, b. ...


Ernest C. Timmons, 33, one of the featured arrestees, died in police custody on September 6, 2007, of liver failure. He was an Air Force mechanic due to be deployed to Iraq the week after being caught in the sting; however, he was unable to post $50,000 bail, and remained incarcerated until being hospitalized on August 24. He died two weeks later. He had brought a camera to take pictures of the 13-year-old girl he expected to meet. Timmons was sweating profusely while being interviewed by Chris Hansen and cried when told he was going to appear on Dateline and again as he was arrested outside the house immediately afterward. He is the third featured suspect to die before his case could be adjudicated in the courts.[29] Seal of the Air Force. ...


Bowling Green, Kentucky

On October 22, 2007, the Warren County District Attorney's Office announced that 29 men were arrested in an internet child sex sting conducted by local police in conjunction with Perverted Justice and Dateline NBC. Footage of this sting operation aired in an installment of the To Catch a Predator series on December 28, 2007. This is the twelfth investigation covered by Dateline and host Chris Hansen since the series began in 2004. Perverted Justice partnered with the Kentucky Bureau of Investigation as well as the Attorney Gereral's office in three separate sting operations in three cities in Kentucky, but Dateline NBC was only involved in the Bowling Green portion of the operation. The female decoy used by Dateline in this operation was the same decoy they had used in the New Jersey operation though her hairstyle was different in order to avoid the possibility of being recognized by a one of the predators who had watched the New Jersey investigation. Only seven men showed up to the house during Dateline's portion of the investigation, a sharp decline from previous Dateline investigations. One man arrested claimed to be a police officer in Indiana, although he was only a cadet and was fired before he graduated from the police academy. Kentucky police attempted to taser him when he ran, screaming, back into the house as police confronted him. Another arrestee was a man with cerebral palsy who walked with a cane. All men arrested face 5-10 years in prison if convicted.[30] is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term encompassing a group of non-progressive,[1] non-contagious conditions that cause physical disability in human development. ...


See also

Anti-pedophile (or anti-paedophile) activism encompasses opposition to pedophiles, pro-pedophile activism, and other phenomena that are commonly seen as related to pedophilia, such as child pornography and child sexual abuse[1]. // Some local groups have taken to marching in opposition to the locations of various child sex offenders... An Ephebe Kisses A Man Tondo from an Attic kylix, 5th c. ... An online predator is an Internet user who exploits vulnerable people, usually for sexual or financial purposes. ... Not to be confused with Ephebophilia. ... Screenshot of the Perverted Justice website [1] Perverted-Justice. ... Pro-pedophile activism or Pro-paedophile activism (Commonwealth usage) encompasses pro-pedophile organizations and activists that argue for certain changes of criminal laws and cultural response associated with pedophiles and adult-minor sexual relations. ... Sensationalism is a manner of being extremely controversial, loud, attention-grabbing, or otherwise sensationalistic. ... The term sexual predator is used pejoratively about a person who is seen as obtaining or trying to obtain sexual intercourse in a metaphorically predatory manner. ...

References

  1. ^ "Ethics of NBC's Sting Show 'To Catch a Predator'", Talk of the Nation, National Public Radio, January 16, 2007
  2. ^ When Smith tries to run from the deputies, he’s shot by a Taser and knocked to the ground. – Inside Dateline. MSNBC/MSN (2006-09- Some investigations also show booking procedures and bail hearings. Bail is usually set between $30,000-$50,000 per suspect. 22). Retrieved on 2007-03-11.
  3. ^ When he is confronted by police, they ask him put his hands up. He does not respond quickly enough, and the result is a taser shot.
    Hansen: Why was it necessary to use the taser on this guy?
    Sgt. Lee DeBrabander: He’s already demonstrated that he’s not going to listen to the orders of the police officers. A lot of these guys, they are confronted with the reality that they are about to be exposed for what they did. And a lot of them may try violence to get away. The taser was used to prevent any injury to him and also to any police officers. – Chris Hansen (2007-01-30). Scary chats and a repeat 'predator' (transcript). MSNBC/MSN. Retrieved on 2007-03-11. YouTube-hosted video also available.
  4. ^ "The Shame Game", Columbia Journalism Review, January-February 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2008
  5. ^ Perverting Justice for the Sake of Ratings" by David Anderson, Counterpunch.com, February 7, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2008.
  6. ^ Montopoli, Brian (2006-02-07). Does Dateline Go Too Far To Catch A Predator?. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  7. ^ http://www.courthousenews.com/BartelNBC.pdf
  8. ^ "'Predator' producer loses ethics lawsuit", Phil Rosenthal, Chicago Tribune, November 2, 2007
  9. ^ Phillips, Stone (2006-02-01). Why it's not entrapment. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  10. ^ Legal Definition of 'Entrapment'
  11. ^ a b "Internet Watchdogs" Officer.com
  12. ^ Collin DA fires back at 'Dateline' over sex sting | Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Breaking News for Dallas-Fort Worth | Dallas Morning News
  13. ^ Farhi, Paul (2006-04-09). Dateline Pedophile Sting: One More Point. Washington Post. Retrieved on 2006-12-23.
  14. ^ Montopoli, Brian (2006-03-28). More Criticism For To Catch a Predator. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  15. ^ "DA: Murphy sex sting cases may not reach court", Harris, Byron , WFAA News, June 22, 2007
  16. ^ "Murphy sex sting: Who benefits?", Harris, Byron, WFAA News, July 19, 2007
  17. ^ "To Catch a Predator:" A Sting Gone Bad, ABC's 20/20, September 7, 2007
  18. ^ "Dateline" Caught Up In Debate Over "Predator" Series, Johnson, Peter, USA Today, September 4, 2007
  19. ^ "Rabbi, Teacher Lose Jobs After Taping", Washington Post, 2005-11-04. Retrieved on 2006-11-13. 
  20. ^ http://www.cagle.com/news/FoleyFoibles/images2/darkow.gif
  21. ^ http://www.cagle.com/news/FoleyFoibles/images/taylor.gif
  22. ^ http://www.cagle.com/working/061002/schorr.gif
  23. ^ "Texas prosecutor kills himself after sex sting", Associated Press, 2006-11-06. Retrieved on 2006-11-07. 
  24. ^ "Prosecutor Kills Himself in Texas Raid Over Child Sex", New York Times, 2006-11-06. Retrieved on 2007-08-01. 
  25. ^ "'Dateline' sued in sex-sting suicide", New York Post, 2007-07-18. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. 
  26. ^ "NBC sued for $105 million over man's death", Reuters, 2007-07-24. Retrieved on 2007-07-24. 
  27. ^ New York Law Journal (March 3, 2008) Suit Proceeds Against NBC Over Dateline Suicide; Jury Could Find Responsible Journalism Line Crossed. Decision of Interest. Volume 239; Col. 3 (CONRADT v. NBC UNIVERSAL, INC., 07 Civ. 6623, Chin, District Judge Denny).
  28. ^ "Sex-predator arrests in Murphy rejected", Dallas Morning News, 2007-06-01. Retrieved on 2007-06-01. 
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ Kentucky.gov: - Attorney General Greg Stumbo Announces Bowling Green Child Sexual Predator Sting

Talk of the Nation is a talk radio program based in the United States, produced by National Public Radio, and is broadcasted nationally on weekday afternoons (Eastern Standard Time). ... NPR redirects here. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by the Tribune Company. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... WFAA is the ABC affiliate serving the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA with its transmitter located in the Cedar Hill. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... WFAA is the ABC affiliate serving the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA with its transmitter located in the Cedar Hill. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Post is the 13th-oldest newspaper published in the United States and the oldest to have been published continually as a daily. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Law Journal is the newspaper aimed at lawyers who practice in New York. ... The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (S.D.N.Y.) is the federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the following counties: New York (Manhattan), Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, and Sullivan. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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