FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Tlaxcala" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Tlaxcala
Tlaxcala

Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Country Flag of Mexico Mexico
Capital Tlaxcala
Municipalities 60
Government
 - Governor Héctor Ortiz Ortiz (PAN/PT)
 - Federal Deputies PAN: 2
PRD: 1
 - Federal Senators Alfonso Sánchez Anaya (PRD)
Minerva Hernández (PRD)
Rosalía Peredo (PAN)
Area
Ranked 31st
 - State 4,016 km²  (1,550.6 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - State 1,068,207 (Ranked 27th)
HDI (2004) 0.7641 - medium
Ranked 24th
ISO 3166-2 MX-TLA
Postal abbr. Tlax.
Website: Official State Site

Tlaxcala (IPA: [tlaksˈkala]) is a state in Mexico, located to the east of Mexico City. Tlaxcala is the name of different historical, political and geographical entities in Mexico, all of which are derived from the Nahuatl word tlaxcallān meaning place of maize tortillas. The name now applies to the modern Mexican state, the capital city of this state, as well as the historical pre... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Mexico_map,_MX-TLA.svg‎ my edits licensed under File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... The city of Tlaxcala is the capital and chief center of population of the Mexican state of the same name. ... Municipal Palace of Veracruz Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the estado, or state). ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... Héctor Israel Ortiz Ortiz (b. ... The Labour Party (Partido del Trabajo, abbreviated to PT) is a Mexican political party. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Party of the Democratic Revolution (in Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) is one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... Minerva Hernández Ramos (b. ... Rosalía Peredo Aguilar is a Mexican politician who currenlty serves in the upper house of the Mexican Congress. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... The United Mexican States are a federation made up by thirty-one free and sovereign states. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The United Mexican States are a federation made up by thirty-one free and sovereign states. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... States of Mexico colored by HDI The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2004. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or Mexico) comprises 31 states (estados) and one federal district (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ...

Contents

Geography and features

Tlaxcala is bordered to the west by the state of México, to the northwest by Hidalgo, and to the north, east, and south by Puebla. The state consists of 60 municipalities. The State of México (often abbreviated to Edomex from Estado de México in Spanish) is a state in the center of the nation of Mexico. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ...


It covers an area of 1,037 square kilometers (400.4 sq mi) and is thus the smallest of Mexico's states. According to the 2005 census, Tlaxcala had a population of 1,068,207 (51.56% female, 48.44% male). Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The state's main exports are textiles, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The current governor is Héctor Ortiz Ortiz, representing a PAN/PT alliance. For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... Héctor Israel Ortiz Ortiz (b. ...


Cities

The state capital is the city of Tlaxcala, a small provincial center that reported a population of 15,777 in the 2005 census. The surrounding municipality of Tlaxcala reported a population of 83,748. The city was founded in 1520 by Hernán Cortés on the site of a pre-existing Native American settlement. It is located at 19.31° N, 98.24° W. The city of Tlaxcala is the capital and chief center of population of the Mexican state of the same name. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1520 (MDXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Hernán(do) Cortés Pizarro, 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485–December 2, 1547) was the conquistador who became famous for leading the military expedition that initiated the Spanish Conquest of Mexico. ... Native Americans redirects here. ...


Also in the state of Tlaxcala are the cities of Apizaco, Calpulapán, Chiautempán, Huamantla, and the pre-Columbian ruins of Cacaxtla and Xochitécatl. Apizaco is a city in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala, located approximately 25 minutes away from the city of Tlaxcala. ... Huamantla is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala. ... The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the Americas continent. ... The Gran Basamento, protected by its sheet-metal roof View over the top of the Gran Basamento Cacaxtla is an archaeological site located near the southern border of the Mexican state of Tlaxcala. ...


History

Tlaxcala was an independent nation in pre-Columbian times, never conquered by the Aztecs. The assistance of the Tlaxcalans was of instrumental importance to Cortés in his conquest of Mexico in the early 16th century. The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the Americas continent. ... The Aztecs is a term used for certain Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican peoples of Mexico. ... Tlaxcaltec leader speaking to conquistador as depicted in History of Tlaxcala by Diego Muñoz Camargo, published in 1590 The Tlaxcaltecs or Tlacullos were an indigenous group of the Nahuatl culture that inhabited the area in Meso-America that approximates the territory currently known as the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...

Independent Tlaxcala in 1519 surrounded by Aztec Empire

Cortés arrived at Tlaxcala, a confederacy of about 200 towns with a rotating central government. Their main city was Tlaxcala. After almost a century of fighting the flower wars, a great deal of hate and bitterness had developed between the Tlaxcalans and the Aztecs. The Tlaxcalans knew that eventually the Aztecs would try to conquer them. It was just a matter of time before this tension developed into a real conflict. The Aztecs had already conquered much of the territory around Tlaxcala. [1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1222x922, 432 KB) // Description This map represents the core states, the tributary states, and the allied states of the Aztec Empire as it stood shortly before the Spanish conquest of Mexico. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1222x922, 432 KB) // Description This map represents the core states, the tributary states, and the allied states of the Aztec Empire as it stood shortly before the Spanish conquest of Mexico. ... A flower war (or flowery war) was the name given by the Aztec to a planned war, where the objective was not to kill enemies or conquer territory, but rather to capture as many prisoners as possible, who would then be sacrificed in religious ceremonies and maybe eaten. ...


The Tlaxcalans initially greeted the Spanish with hostile action, as a defense of their territory, and the two sides fought a series of battles. The Tlaxcallans inflicted severe losses upon the Spaniards and could completely defeated them had they wished to. After several battles, a number of the Tlaxcalan leaders realized that they could use the Spanish as a proxy army to expand their military influence in the Valley of Mexico. An alliance was made. On September 18, 1519, Cortés arrived in Tlaxcala and was greeted with joy by the rulers, who already saw the Spanish as a tool to use against the Aztecs, and thus increase the Tlaxcallan fortunes. Due to a commercial blockade by the Aztecs, Tlaxcala was poor, lacking, among other things, both salt and cotton cloth, so they could only offer Cortés and his men food and women (as was the custom of alliances). Cortes stayed 20 days in Tlaxcala. It was there that he could appreciate for the first time the way of life of the inhabitants of Mesoamerica. Cortés seems to have won the true friendship of the old leaders of Tlaxcala, among them Maxixcatzín and Xicohténcatl the elder, although he could not win the heart of Xicohténcatl the Younger. The Valley of Mexico is a highlands plateau in central Mexico roughly coterminous with the present-day Distrito Federal and the eastern half of Estado de Mexico. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...


The Tlaxcallan rulers saw the Spaniards as a military tool to be used for their own political ambitions. For millennia in ancient Mexico, kingdoms had jockeyed for power through war and political alliances. The Tlaxcallans saw this as their opportunity to shift the center of power away from the Aztecs, and to expand their own kingdom. The Spaniards, in turn, saw the Tlaxcallans as a means to pursue their own ambitions for wealth. The Spaniards agreed to respect parts of the city, like the temples (but in the end, the Spaniards would destroy every single temple). The Spanish destruction of many religious statues caused dissent in the common Tlaxcallan population, but the rulers insisted on maintaining a military alliance.


All that time, Cortés offered to talk about the benefits of Christianity. Spanish legends say that he convinced the four leaders of Tlaxcala to become baptized. Maxixcatzín, Xicohténcatl the elder, Citalpopocatzín, and Temiloltécutl received the names of Don Lorenzo, Don Vicente, Don Bartolomé, and Don Gonzalo.


It's difficult to know if they understood the Catholic faith. In any event, they apparently had no problems in subordinating the new god "Dios" (in Spanish), the lord of the heavens, to their already complex pantheon.


An exchange of gifts was made and thus began the alliance between Cortés and Tlaxcala (Hugh Tomas, The conquest of Mexico, 1994).


Municipalities

Tlaxcala is subdivided into 60 municipalities. (municipios). See municipalities of Tlaxcala. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... The Mexican state of Tlaxcala is made up of 60 municipalities (municipios) Acuamanala de Miguel Hidalgo (Acuamanala) Altzayanca (Atlzayanca) Amaxac de Guerrero (Amaxac de Guerrero) Apetatitlán de Antonio Carvajal (Apetatitlán) Apizaco (Apizaco) Atlangatepec (Atlangatepec) Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez) Calpulalpan (Calpulalpan) Chiautempan (Santa Ana Chiautempan) Contla de...


Major communities

Apizaco is a city in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala, located approximately 25 minutes away from the city of Tlaxcala. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Huamantla is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Tlaxcala. ... The city of Tlaxcala is the capital and chief center of population of the Mexican state of the same name. ... Villa Vicente Guerrero is the largest city in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico, and is the municipal seat of the municipality of San Pablo del Monte. ...

External links

Coordinates: 19°25′44″N, 98°09′39″W The United Mexican States are a federation made up by thirty-one free and sovereign states. ... Aguascalientes IPA: is a state of Mexico, situated in the center of the country. ... Baja California (literally lower California in Spanish) is the northernmost state of Mexico. ... Baja California Sur (English: South Lower California) is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 11 Largest City San Francisco de Campeche Government  - Governor Jorge Carlos Hurtado Valdez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI:2  - Federal Senators PRI:2 PAN:1 Area Ranked 18th  - State 50,812 km²  (19,618. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez Municipalities 118 Largest City Tuxtla Gutiérrez Government  - Governor Juan José Sabines Guerrero ( PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PRD: 5  - Federal Senators PRI: 1 PRD: 1 PVEM: 1 Area Ranked 8th  - State 74,211 km²  (28,653 sq mi) Population (2005... For other uses, see Chihuahua (disambiguation). ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Colima Municipalities 10 Largest City Manzanillo Government  - Governor Jesus Silverio Cavazos Ceballos (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PAN: 2 PRI: 1 Area Ranked 29th  - State 5,191 km²  (2,004. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. ... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Guadalajara Government  - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 18 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN) Héctor Pérez (PAN) Ramiro Hernández (PRI) Area Ranked 6th  - State 79,085 km²  (30,534. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Ecatepec Government  - Governor Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PAN: 11 PRD: 20 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators Yeidckol Polevnsky (PRD) Héctor Bautista (PRD) Ulises Ramírez (PAN) Area Ranked 25th  - State 21,355 km²  (8,245. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 113 Government  - Governor Salvador Lopez Orduna (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 10 PRI:1  - Federal Senators Jesús Garibay Gonzalez (PAN) Silvano Aureoles Camacho (PRI) Marko A. Cortés (PAN) Area Ranked 16th  - State 59,928 km²  (23,138. ... Morelos is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Nayarit is one of Mexico’s 31 states and is located on the central west coast, bordering the Pacific Ocean. ... Nuevo León (Spanish for New León, after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in northeastern Mexico. ... Catedral de Santo Domingo The Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca or simply Oaxaca   is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located in the southern part of Mexico, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Querétaro (formal name: Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. ... Quintana Roo is a state of Mexico, on the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 62,848 km² (24,266 mi²). It is in the north-central part of the Mexican republic, bordered by the states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Zacatecas. ... Sinaloa is a state in northwestern Mexico. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Tabasco is a state in Mexico. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ... The state of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that comprise Mexico. ... Yucatán is the name of one of the 31 states of Mexico, located on the north of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Snapshot, Mexico: Tlaxcala (251 words)
Tlaxcala is a state in Mexico, located to the east of Mexico City.
Tlaxcala is bordered to the west by the state of México, to the northwest by Hidalgo, and to the north, east, and south by Puebla.
The state capital is the city of Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala, a small provincial center that reported a population of 73,184 in the 2000 census.
Tour By Mexico ® - Tlaxcala State --- 24 (198 words)
he State of Tlaxcala is found in the part center - south - east of Mexico, between the parallel 19º 37'' and 98º 42' of west length of the meridian of Greenwich.
The the State of Tlaxcala name originates of the nahuatl and means "Place of corn bread or of tortillas of corn".
The climate in the State of Tlaxcala is tempered, moderately wet and with summer rains, except in the summit of the volcano of The Malintzin in which is cold and rains with greater abundance.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m