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Encyclopedia > Titipounamu
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Rifleman
Rifleman: female on left, male on right.
Rifleman: female on left, male on right.
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Acanthisittidae
Genus: Acanthisitta
Lafresnaye, 1842
Species: A. chloris
Binomial name
Acanthisitta chloris
(Sparrman, 1787)
For other uses, see Rifleman (disambiguation)

Contents

The Rifleman (Acanthisitta chloris), or Tītitipounamu in Māori is a passerine bird that is endemic to New Zealand. The bird resembles a Wren in form but is not linked to the family of true wrens, Troglodytidae. Experts believe the Acanthisittidae family, to which the Rifleman belongs, is somehow similar to Pittidae. The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to species or lower taxa which do not qualify for any other category. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Digimon, the only known animals. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... “Aves” redirects here. ... Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... Genera Acanthisitta Rifleman Xenicus Traversia (extinct) Pachyplichas (extinct) The New Zealand wrens, family Acanthisittidae, are tiny passerines restricted to New Zealand. ... Baron Nöel Frédéric Armand André de Lafresnaye (1783 - 1861) was a French ornithologist and collector. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Anders Sparrman (February 27, 1748–August 9, 1820) was a Swedish naturalist. ... Rifleman may refer to: Rifleman (rank), a private soldier in a rifle unit of infantry, see also musketeer, streltsy. ... Languages Māori, English Religions Māori religion, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Polynesian peoples, Austronesian peoples The word Māori refers to the indigenous people of New Zealand and their language. ... Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... Genera Donacobius Campylorhynchus Odontorchilus Salpinctes Catherpes Hylorchilus Cinnycerthia Thryomanes Ferminia Troglodytes Cistothorus Uropsila Thryorchilus Thryothorus Henicorhina Microcerculus Cyphorhinus Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) Stamp FR 345 of Postverk Føroya, Faroe Islands Issued: 22 February 1999 Artist: Astrid Andreasen The true wrens are members of a mainly New World passerine bird family... This article is about the bird. ... Genera Acanthisitta Rifleman Xenicus Traversia (extinct) Pachyplichas (extinct) The New Zealand wrens, family Acanthisittidae, are tiny passerines restricted to New Zealand. ... Species See text. ...


Appearance

The Rifleman is New Zealand's smallest endemic bird with fully grown adults reaching around 8 cm. The male Rifleman is bright green on the dorsal side while the female is of a more somber brownish tone and her head and back are flecked with ochre. Male birds typically weigh around 6 g, females 7 g. Both birds are white on their under surfaces and have white eyebrow stripes. They have short, rounded wings, a very short tail, and a long thin awl–like bill which is slightly upturned for insertion into cracks. The rifleman flies quickly with a wing beat producing a characteristic humming sound.


Diet

The Rifleman is insectivorous and searches for maggots and small insects on tree trunks and among leaf litter on the forest floor. The Rifleman searches for food in a similar way to the Treecreeper. The bird begins its search from the base of a tree and climbs up it progressively, spiralling up around the trunk. Upon finishing its search of a particular tree, the bird glides to the foot of a neighbouring tree and begins its search again. Any organism with a diet that consists chiefly of insects and similar small creatures is an insectivore. ... Look up maggot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Orders See taxonomy Insects (Class Insecta) are a major group of arthropods and the most diverse group of animals on the Earth, with over a million described species—more than all other animal groups combined. ... Species C. familiaris C. brachydactyla C. americana C. himalayana C. nipalensis C. discolor The treecreepers are a group of very similar small passerines found throughout the Northern hemisphere. ...


Reproduction

Acanthisittids build their nest in rock fissues, holes in tree trunks, or even in cavities in the ground. The nest entrance is often so narrow that the bird struggles to get inside. The nest most commonly has a dome shape and is finely interwoven with blades of grass, down feathers and other kinds of light material. Brooding lasts 13-15 days with the female laying 4-5 eggs. Two broods per year are common. A basket style nest A nest is place of refuge built to hold an animals eggs and/or provide a place to raise their offspring. ... Look up Brood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Habitat

The true habitat of this bird is thinly wooded forests, but other similar New Zealand species live near rocky outcrops. The Rifleman is the most widespread species of acanthisittids in the two islands of New Zealand. However the bird occurs only rarely in latitudes north of Te Aroha. The North Island subspecies, granti, occurs mainly in lowland Tawa forest, while the south island subspecies, chloris, is found in high altitude beech forest or lowland areas forested with podocarp. Habitat (from the Latin for it inhabits) is the place where a particular species lives and grows. ... Te Aroha is a rural town in the Thames Valley region of New Zealand with a population of around 3,700 (2001 census). ... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Genera Acmopyle Afrocarpus Dacrycarpus Dacrydium Falcatifolium Halocarpus Lagarostrobos Lepidothamnus Manoao Microcachrys Microstrobos Nageia Parasitaxus Phyllocladus Podocarpus Prumnopitys Retrophyllum Saxegothaea Sundacarpus A large family of mainly Southern Hemisphere conifers, with 18-19 genera and about 170-200 species of evergreen trees and shrubs. ...


References

  • BirdLife International (2004). Acanthisitta chloris. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  • Buller, W.L. Birds of New Zealand, 1888.
  • Oliver, W.R.B. New Zealand Birds, 1955.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Storytime (1871 words)
Kotare, the kingfisher had found a lovely, cosy hole near the top of an old beech tree.
"I want that hole for MY nest." "No," said Kakariki." "I want that hole for MY nest." Titipounamu the rifleman said, "It's far too small for all of you.
Morepork said quietly, "Oh, this hole is for me and my family." "I'll have this little hole, hidden in the moss," said Titipounamu the rifleman.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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