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Encyclopedia > Titan II
Titan II
Launch of a Titan II ICBM from underground silo. (USAF)
Launch of a Titan II ICBM from underground silo. (USAF)
Stages 2
1 - 1st Stage Engines LR87-AJ-5
Thrust 430,000 lbf (1,900 kN)
Burn time 156 seconds
Fuels A-50 hydrazine/N204
2 - 2nd Stage Engine LR91-AJ-5
Thrust 100,000 lbf (445 kN)
Burn time 180 seconds
Fuels A-50 hydrazine/N204
ICBM & Launch Vehicle 1st Launch April, 1962
Payload LEO 8,250 lb (3,750 kg)
Payload Escape 500 lb (227 kg)
Titan II launch vehicle launching Gemini 11 (Sept. 12, 1966)
Titan II launch vehicle launching Gemini 11 (Sept. 12, 1966)
Titan 23G launch vehicle (Sept. 5, 1988)
Titan 23G launch vehicle (Sept. 5, 1988)

Contents

Download high resolution version (559x700, 41 KB)Titan 2 missile launching from silo. ... Download high resolution version (559x700, 41 KB)Titan 2 missile launching from silo. ... In cargo transport, the payload is the valuable contents of the vehicle. ... In cargo transport, the payload is the valuable contents of the vehicle. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1165x1500, 235 KB) Titan 2 rocket launching Gemini 11 spaceship (Sept. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1165x1500, 235 KB) Titan 2 rocket launching Gemini 11 spaceship (Sept. ... Image File history File links Titan_23G_rocket. ... Image File history File links Titan_23G_rocket. ...


Mission

Titan II was originally used as an ICBM. It was later used as a medium-lift space launch vehicle used to carry payloads for the Air Force, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). These payloads include the USAF Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) and the NOAA weather satellites. The Titan II is launched from Vandenberg AFB, California. A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aviation branch of the United States armed forces. ... NASA Logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... Vandenberg Air Force Base is a base with a spaceport, located in Santa Barbara County, California. ...


Features

The Titan II space launch vehicle is a two-stage liquid fueled booster, designed to provide a small-to-medium weight class capability. It is able to lift approximately 4,200 pounds (1,900 kg) into a polar low-Earth circular orbit. The first stage consists of a ground ignited LR87 liquid propellant rocket, while the second stage consists of a LR91 liquid propellant rocket.


Background

The Titan rocket family was established in October 1955, when the Air Force awarded Lockheed Martin (formerly the Martin Company) a contract to build an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). It became known as the Titan I, the nation’s first two-stage ICBM and first underground silo-based ICBM. More than 140 Titan II ICBMs, once the vanguard of America’s strategic deterrent force, were built. Titan IIs also were flown in NASA’s Gemini manned space program in the mid-1960s. Titan is a family of U.S. expendable rockets. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... The Titan I was the United States first true multistage ICBM. It was the first in a series of Titan rockets, but was unique among them in that it used LOX and RP-1 as its fuels, while the later versions all used storable fuels instead. ... Project Gemini insignia Project Gemini was the second human spaceflight program in which the United States of America sent humans into space, between Projects Mercury and Apollo, during the years 1963-1966. ...


The Titan II space-launch vehicles are decommissioned ICBMs that have been refurbished and equipped with hardware required for use as space launch vehicles. The Martin Marietta Astronautics Group was awarded a contract in January 1986 to refurbish, integrate, and launch fourteen Titan II ICBMs for government space launch requirements. The Air Force successfully launched the first Titan II space launch vehicle from Vandenberg AFB September 5, 1988. NASA’s Clementine spacecraft, which was launched aboard a Titan II in January 1994, discovered water on the moon in November 1996. September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Clementine was a joint space project between the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO, previously the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization, or SDIO) and NASA. The objective of the mission was to test sensors and spacecraft components under extended exposure to the space environment and to make scientific observations of the Moon...

  • Tasks involved in converting the Titan II ICBMs into space launch vehicles include:
    • Modifying the forward structure of the second stage to accommodate payload
    • Manufacturing a new 10 foot (3 m) diameter payload fairing with variable lengths plus payload adapters
    • Refurbishing the Titan’s liquid rocket engines; upgrading the inertial guidance system; developing command, destruct and telemetry systems
    • Modifying Vandenberg AFB, Calif., Space Launch Complex-4 West to conduct the launches
    • Performing payload integration

Titan II Intercontintental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

Deactivation of the Titan II ICBM system began in July 1982 and was completed in June 1987. The deactivated missiles are now in storage at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona. The Titan II ICBM was the most powerful on-standby nuclear missile in the U.S. military arsenal. The Titan II contained one W-53 nuclear warhead that had a yield of 9 megatons. Davis-Monthan Air Force Base (D-M) is a key US Air Combat Command installation, located within the city limits of Tucson, Arizona at 32 09N 110 52W. 355th Wing emblem The 355th Wing is the host unit providing medical, logistical, and operational support to all D-M... A warhead is an explosive device used in military conflicts, used to destroy enemy vehicles or buildings. ... The explosive yield of a nuclear weapon is the amount of energy discharged when the weapon explodes, expressed in the equivalent mass of trinitrotoluene (TNT), either in kilotons (thousands of tons of TNT) or megatons (million of tons of TNT). ... A megaton or megatonne is a unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 metric tons, i. ...


A single missile still rests in its silo (without the warhead) and is open to the public as the Titan Missile Museum at Sahuarita, Arizona. The Titan Missile Museum is run by the Pima Air & Space Museum and is located in Green Valley, AZ. It is located roughly 20 km south of Tucson and features a Titan II intercontinental ballistic missile still in its silo. ... Sahuarita is a town located in Pima County, Arizona. ...


Data

  • Primary function: Launch vehicle used to lift medium class satellites into space
  • Builder: Lockheed-Martin Astronautics
  • Launch site: Vandenberg AFB, Calif.
  • First stage: length: 70 feet (21.3 m)
  • Diameter: 10 feet (3 m)
  • Engine thrust: 474,000 lbf (2,100 kN) vacuum
  • Weight: 258,000 lb (117,020 kg) fueled
    • Empty weight: 10,500 lb (4,760 kg)
  • Second stage: length: 24 feet (7.3 m)
  • Diameter: 10 feet (3 m)
  • Engine thrust: 100,000 lbf (440 kN) vacuum
  • Weight: 64,000 lb (29,030 kg) fueled
    • Empty weight: 6,100 lb (2,760 kg)
  • Guidance: Inertial with Digital Computers
  • Subcontractor: Delco Electronics
  • Payload fairing: diameter: 10 feet (3 m)
  • Length: 20 feet (6.1 m)
  • Skin and Stringer Construction -- Tri-Sector Design
  • Subcontractor: Boeing
  • Date deployed: September 1988

The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA)(TYO: 7661 ) is the worlds leading aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities in Everett, Washington, about 30 miles north of Seattle, Washington. ... Aerojet is a major rocket and missile propulsion manufacturer based primarily in Sacramento, California with divisions in Redmond, Washington, Orange, VA, Gainesville, VA, and Camden, AK. Their products include a wide range of propulsion, from main engines used on a number of NASA vehicles and ballistic missiles, down to stationkeeping...

Related content

Related development: Titan I The Titan I was the United States first true multistage ICBM. It was the first in a series of Titan rockets, but was unique among them in that it used LOX and RP-1 as its fuels, while the later versions all used storable fuels instead. ...


Comparable missiles: Atlas missile - Titan I Mercury Atlas 9 rocket and capsule on pad The Atlas is a venerable line of space launch vehicles built by Lockheed Martin. ... The Titan I was the United States first true multistage ICBM. It was the first in a series of Titan rockets, but was unique among them in that it used LOX and RP-1 as its fuels, while the later versions all used storable fuels instead. ...


Designation sequence: AGM-22 - MIM-23 - RIM-24 - LGM-25 - AIM-26 - UGM-27 - AGM-28 SS.11 at the US Army Redstone testing ground SS.11 is the designation of the Nord Aviation MCLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile. ... The Raytheon MIM-23 HAWK is a surface-to-air missile. ... A Tartar missile on its launcher on the Cassard frigate The US-built Tartar missile is an important element of zone defence (here, launched from a US destroyer of the Perry class) The US-built Tartar SM1 is a medium-range anti-air system. ... The Hughes AIM-26 Falcon was a larger, more powerful version of the AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missile. ... The Polaris Missile was a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) carrying a nuclear warhead developed during the Cold War for the United States Navy. ... The North American AGM-28 Hound Dog was the first air-launched nuclear stand-off missile developed by the United States. ...


Designation sequence: SM-65 - B-66 - GAM-67 - XB-68/SM-68 - RB-69 - XB-70 - SR-71 Mercury Atlas 9 rocket and capsule on pad The Atlas is a venerable line of space launch vehicles built by Lockheed Martin. ... The Douglas B-66 Destroyer was a Strategic Air Command light bomber based on the United States Navys A3D Skywarrior, and intended to replace the Douglas B-26 Invader. ... The XB-68 was envisioned as a supersonic medium tactical bomber with a crew of two for the United States Air Force. ... P2V-7 Neptune of Patrol Squadron SEVEN (VP-7) over the Atlantic in 1954 The Lockheed P-2 Neptune (until 1963 the P2V Neptune) was a naval patrol bomber and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft for the United States Navy between 1947 and 1978, replacing the PV-1 Ventura and... The XB-70 in flight. ... An SR-71 in flight The Lockheed SR-71 Type A, unofficially known as the Blackbird, is a long-range, advanced, strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Lockheed YF-12A and A-12 aircraft by Lockheeds Skunk Works (also responsible for the U-2 and many other advanced aircraft). ...


See also

Titan is a family of U.S. expendable rockets. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Titan (rocket)
  • Titan Missile Museum
  • USAF Titan II Fact Sheet

  Results from FactBites:
 
Titan 2 (13635 words)
Titan II flight N-11, the eighth in a series being conducted by the Air Force to develop the weapon system, was launched from Cape Canaveral.
Titan II flight N-20, the 19th in the series of Air Force research and development flights, was launched from Cape Canaveral.
Thirty-two Titan II test flights were analyzed to determine whether any characteristic of the flight would have demanded a Gemini abort; 22 were adjudged successful from the standpoint of a Gemini mission, nine would have required Gemini to abort, and one resulted in a prelaunch shutdown.
Titan II Rocket Launches NASA's QuikScat Satellite (359 words)
"Titan II's proven eight-for-eight record of reliability is a credit to the Air Force-Lockheed Martin Titan II team," said G. Thomas Marsh, president, Lockheed Martin Astronautics.
Astronautics launched the Titan II under contract to the Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles, Calif. This was the eighth consecutive successful launch of a Titan II space launch vehicle (SLV) and the first since May 13, 1998.
Titan IIs also launched 10 manned and two unmanned missions for NASA during the Gemini program in the 1960s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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