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Encyclopedia > Tiruvalluvar

Thiruvalluvar (Tamil: திருவள்ளுவர்) is a celebrated Tamil poet who wrote the Thirukkural, a well known ethical work in Tamil literature. He is claimed by both Hindus and Jains as their own.[1] Nevertheless, some consider him as a Jain showing internal texual evidence from Thirukural.[2] Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Tiruvalluvar statue at Kanyakumari Tirukkural (திருக்குறள் in Tamil) is an important work of Tamil literature by Tiruvalluvar written in the form of couplets expounding various aspects of life. ... Tamil literature is literature in the Tamil language which most prominently includes the contributions of the Tamil country (or Tamizhagam) history, a large part of which constitutes the modern state of Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as some parts of Karnataka and Andra pradesh. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahinsa, meaning non-injury and nonviolence. ...

The statue of Tiruvalluar at Kanyakumari

While some scholars place Thiruvalluvar's period, based on the text of Thirukural anywhere from the second century BC to the eighth century AD. [3] However, a comparison of the Thirukkural with other writings of the sangam period indicates that Thiruvalluvar might have lived about 30 BCE. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (610x800, 193 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (610x800, 193 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... For other uses, see Kanyakumari (disambiguation). ... Tiruvalluvar statue at Kanyakumari Tirukkural (திருக்குறள் in Tamil) is an important work of Tamil literature by Tiruvalluvar written in the form of couplets expounding various aspects of life. ... now. ...


There are little or no clues available to trace Thiruvalluvar's background. However, on the basis of a legend, Thiruvalluvar was a textile weaver by the name Valluvan, and his wife's name was Vasuki. The name Valluvan might have been a common name representing his caste/occupation rather than his proper name. Even today, the people who earn a living by textile weaving trace their ancestry to the caste of Thiruvalluvar. However, the question of whether the author of Thirukkural (Valluvan) is named after his community or vice versa remains unanswered. Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, occupation, economic status, race, ethnicity, etc. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn made of fiber called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ...


The name Thiruvalluvar (ThiruValluvar) consists of Thiru (a respectful title in Tamil) and Valluvar (a polite name for Valluvan, according to Tamil tradition).


There are a few legends abound about the birthplace of Thiruvalluvar. According to one he was born and lived in Mylapore, an ancient part of present day Chennai city and travelled to Madurai to submit his work, Thirukural for the approval of the Pandian king and his college of poets.[4] Another legend associates him to Madurai, the ancient capital of the Pandya rulers who vigorously promoted Tamil literature. Madurai might have been his place of birth because it was under Pandia rulers that many Tamil poets flourished and one of them being Thiruvalluvar. There are, also, traditional stories citing the Tamil Sangam of Madurai (the assembly/conference of eminent scholars and researchers conducted on a regular basis) as the authority through which Thirukkural was introduced to the world. There are also recent claim by Kanyakumari Historical and Cultural Research Centre (KHCRC) that Valluvar was a king who ruled Valluvanadu in the hilly tracts of Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu. [5] , Mylapore is one of the oldest areas within Chennai (formerly Madras), the capital of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... {{Infobox Indian Jurisdiction | native_name = Madurai | type = city | latd = 9. ... The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. ... {{Infobox Indian Jurisdiction | native_name = Madurai | type = city | latd = 9. ... The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. ... Tamil literature is literature in the Tamil language which most prominently includes the contributions of the Tamil country (or Tamizhagam) history, a large part of which constitutes the modern state of Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as some parts of Karnataka and Andra pradesh. ... {{Infobox Indian Jurisdiction | native_name = Madurai | type = city | latd = 9. ... In Greek mythology, the Goddess Pandia (all bright) was the personification of brightness and a daughter of Zeus and Selene. ... now. ... For other uses, see Kanyakumari (disambiguation). ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ...


Both Thiruvalluvar's faith and identity are disputed. His disputed identity includes as a low-caste Hindu, Jain, Buddhist, crypto-Christian, high-caste Hindu, Brahmin and half-Brahmin. [6] In any case, Tamils consider Tiruvalluvar to be a pragmatist and thought provoker and his work is often referred to as poyyamozhi பொய்யா மொழி (words of wisdom). Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, occupation, economic status, race, ethnicity, etc. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a person who... A Brahmin (anglicised from the Sanskrit adjective belonging to Brahma) also known as Brahman belonging to ; Vipra, Dvija twice-born, is considered to be the Priest class (varna) in the ancient universal Varna System and a caste found all over the world, especially India and Nepal in Indian caste system... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ...

Contents

Thirukkural

Main article: Thirukkural

Thirukkural is one of the oldest and most revered works in the Tamil [7] . It consists of 133 athikarams or chapters. Each athikaram consists of 10 kurals (rhyming Tamil couplets) thus making 1330 kurals in total. Each couplet consists of four seers in the first line and three seers in the second. A seer is a single or a combination of more than one Tamil word. The first Kural is Ahara Muthala Ezhuthellam Aathi; Pahavan Muthatrey Ulahu. Tiruvalluvar statue at Kanyakumari Tirukkural (திருக்குறள் in Tamil) is an important work of Tamil literature by Tiruvalluvar written in the form of couplets expounding various aspects of life. ... Tiruvalluvar statue at Kanyakumari Tirukkural (திருக்குறள் in Tamil) is an important work of Tamil literature by Tiruvalluvar written in the form of couplets expounding various aspects of life. ...


Thirukkural has been broadly divided into three sections, of which the first deals with Aram doing things, with conscience and honor, for the good of the less fortunate, the second discusses Porul realities or facts of life, and the third dwell on Inbam the pleasures that by a man and woman experience in the course of their relationship. There are 38 chapters in the first section, 70 chapters in the second and 25 chapters in the third section. In the third section, Thiruvalluvar plays the role of creative artist. But in the first two, we find Thiruvalluvar as a moral philosopher, political scientist, and a thought provoker. Only in the third section, Thiruvalluvar portrays the fascinating aspects of lovers, the Akam tradition which he has inherited from his ancestors. He is said to have been the most influential of all Tamil poets and the most revered. Tiruvalluvar statue at Kanyakumari Tirukkural (திருக்குறள் in Tamil) is an important work of Tamil literature by Tiruvalluvar written in the form of couplets expounding various aspects of life. ...


There is a huge (133 feet tall) statue of Thiruvalluvar showing three fingers carved out of rock on the southern tip of India in Kanyakumari at the confluence of three seas -- the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean. The 133 ft denotes Thirukkural's 133 athikarams and the show of 3 fingers, perhaps, Aram, Porul, and Inbam. For other uses, see Kanyakumari (disambiguation). ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tiruvalluvar statue at Kanyakumari Tirukkural (திருக்குறள் in Tamil) is an important work of Tamil literature by Tiruvalluvar written in the form of couplets expounding various aspects of life. ...


See also

Statue of Thiruvalluvar at Kanyakumari The Tamil saint watches upon the bay Revealed in the 2000 at the dawn of the new millenium, this stone statue represents the Tamil saint and poet Tiruvalluvar author of the Thirukkural and is located atop a little island where the the three mighty oceans...

References

  1. ^ Pillai, MS. [1]. Asian Education Service. ISBN ISBN 8120609557. 
  2. ^ Cutler, Norman (1992). "Interpreting Tirukkural: the role of commentary in the creation of a text.". The Journal of the American Oriental Society 122. Retrieved on 20/08/2007. 
  3. ^ Nagarajan, KV (2005). "Thiruvalluvar's vission: Polity and Economy in Thirukural". History of Political Economy 37 (1): 123-132. Retrieved on 20/08/2007. 
  4. ^ Kanakasabhai, V. The Tamils Eighteen Hundred Years Ago. Asian Education Service, 138. ISBN ISBN 8120601505. 
  5. ^ "Valluvar lived in Kanyakumari district", Yahoo! News, 26th April 2007. Retrieved on 22nd August 2007. (English) 
  6. ^ Blackburn, Stuart (2000). "Corruption and Redemption: The Legend of Valluvar and Tamil Literary History". Modern Asian Studies 34 (2): 449-482. Retrieved on 22nd August 2007. 
  7. ^ Tamil Nadu seeks national status for 'Thirukkural'

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Tiruvalluvar

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tiruvalluvar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (739 words)
Tiruvalluvar was one of the greatest Tamil poets.
In any case, Tamils consider Tiruvalluvar to be a holy saint and his work is often referred to as 'poyyamozhi' (பொய்யா மொழி) or the 'book that never lies'.
Indeed, many say that Tiruvalluvar was unconcerned about whether he was a follower of the Vedas or of Mahavira, and like his book, ignored the artificial boundaries between religions.
Tirukural - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (854 words)
In any case, Tamil people consider Tiruvalluvar to be a holy saint; and his work is called poy-ā—mozhi (false-never—speech or language).
Many say that Tiruvalluvar was not concerned whether he followed Mahavira, and that he ignored the artificial boundaries between religions.
Tiruvalluvar's seminal moral scripture is revered by Tamils of all creeds including Hindus, Jains, and Christians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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