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Encyclopedia > Tipping point

The phrase tipping point or angle of repose is a sociology term that refers to that dramatic moment when something unique becomes common. For the engineering term, see Angle of repose. ... Social interactions of people and their consequences are the subject of sociology studies. ...


The phrase was coined by Morton Grodzins, who studied integrating neighborhoods in the early 1960s. He discovered that most of the white families would remain in the neighborhood so long as the comparative number of black families remained very small. But, at a certain point, when "one too many" black families arrived, the remaining white families would move out en masse in a process known as white flight. He called that moment the "tipping point." The idea was expanded and built upon by Nobel Prize-winner Thomas Schelling in 1972. A similar idea underlies Mark Granovetter's threshold model of collective behavior. The 1960s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... White flight is a colloquial term for the demographic trend of white people, generally but not always upper and middle class, moving from increasingly and predominantly non-white areas, often from urban cores to nearby suburbs or even to new locales entirely, e. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... Thomas Schelling Thomas Crombie Schelling (born 14 April 1921) is an American economist and professor of foreign affairs, national security, nuclear strategy, and arms control at the University of Maryland, College Park School of Public Policy. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Mark Granovetter is a sociologist who gave some of the most influential theories in modern sociology, since the 1970s. ...


Technology

The term subsequently became applied to the popular acceptance of new technologies. It served as a good explanation of the success of VHS over Betamax, for instance. The concept has been applied in many fields from economics to epidemiology. It can also be compared to phase transition in physics or the propagation of memes or populations in an unbalanced ecosystem. Top view VHS cassette with U.S. Quarter for scale Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed The Video Home System, first released in 1976, better known by its acronym VHS, is a recording and playing standard for video cassette recorders (VCRs), developed by JVC (with some of... Sonys Betamax is the 12. ... U.S. Economic Calendar Economics at the Open Directory Project Economics textbooks on Wikibooks The Economists Economics A-Z Daily analysis of economics in the news (UK focus) Institutions and organizations Bureau of Labor Statistics - from the American Labor Department Center for Economic and Policy Research (USA) National Bureau... Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in human populations (Rothman and Greenland), and the application of this study to control health problems (Last 2001). ... In physics, a phase transition is the transformation of a thermodynamic system from one phase to another. ... Since antiquity, people have tried to understand the behavior of matter: why unsupported objects drop to the ground, why different materials have different properties, and so forth. ... Meme, (rhymes with cream and comes from Greek root with the meaning of memory and its derivative mimeme), is the term given to a unit of information that replicates from brains and inanimate stores of information, such as books and computers, to other brains or stores of information. ... In ecology, an ecosystem is a naturally occurring assemblage of organisms (plant, animal and other living organisms—also referred to as a biotic community or biocoenosis) living together with their environment (or biotope), functioning as a loose unit. ...


Hitting the Mainstream

The term was popularised and applied to daily life by Malcolm Gladwell's 2000 bestselling book The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. Since the publication of Gladwell's book, "tipping point" has become a common cliche, with uses often far removed from its theoretical underpinnings. The concept has been applied to any process in which beyond a certain point, the rate at which the process (chemical, sociological, etc.) proceeds increases dramatically. Mathematically, the angle of repose may be seen as an inflection point. In control theory, the concept of positive feedback describes the same phenomenon, with the problem of balancing an inverted pendulum being the classic embodiment. Malcolm Gladwell (born September 3, 1963) is an Canadian journalist now based in New York City who has been a staff writer for The New Yorker since 1996. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Tipping Point (ISBN 0316316962) is a book by Malcolm Gladwell, first published by Little Brown in 2000. ... Clich (from French, imitative) refers to: an overused phrase or expression, or the idea expressed by it; a situation, theme or characterization which has become common; a thing (as a style of clothing) that has become overly familiar or commonplace. ... // Introduction The fundamental component of chemistry is that it involves matter in some way (this explains its broad reach). ... Social interactions of people and their consequences are the subject of sociology studies. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Mathematics Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Mathematics Look up Mathematics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mathematics Inter. ... Plot of y = x3 with inflection point of (0,0). ... In engineering and mathematics, control theory deals with the behavior of dynamical systems over time. ... Positive feedback is a type of feedback. ... Also called cart and pole, an inverted pendulum is a pole attached to a moving cart. ...


See also:

Catastrophe theory is a branch of mathematics that deals with dynamical systems and was originated with the work of the French mathematician René Thom in the 1960s. ... The network effect causes a good or service to have a value to a potential customer dependent on the number of customers already owning that good or using that service. ... The domino effect is the idea that some change, small in itself, will cause a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence, by analogy to a falling row of dominoes standing on end. ... A termite cathedral mound produced by a termite colony. ... Fixing Broken Windows: Restoring Order and Reducing Crime in Our Communities by George L. Kelling and Catherine Coles is a sociology book about petty urban crime and strategies to contain it. ... Criticality could mean critical mass in nuclear reactors; self-organized criticality; criticality matrix; Criticality accident This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Tipping Point (book) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (571 words)
The Tipping Point (ISBN 0316316962) is a book by Malcolm Gladwell, first published by Little Brown in 2000.
Tipping point is a sociological term that refers to the moment when something unique becomes common.
Tipping Point, Net Version - A brief summary of The Tipping Point's main concepts.
Tipping point - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (329 words)
The phrase tipping point or angle of repose is a sociology term that refers to that dramatic moment when something unique becomes common.
He called that moment the "tipping point." The idea was expanded and built upon by Nobel Prize-winner Thomas Schelling in 1972.
Since the publication of Gladwell's book, "tipping point" has become a common cliche, with uses often far removed from its theoretical underpinnings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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