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Encyclopedia > Tindouf
Map of Algeria showing Tindouf province

Tindouf, also written Tinduf, (Arabic: ''تندوف) is a city and wilaya in the west of Algeria, population 30,000. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Arabic (العربية al-arabiyyah, or less formally arabi) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Map of the provinces of Algeria in alphabetical order. ...


In the region there are four large refugee camps for people from Western Sahara (Sahrawis): El Aaiun, Awserd, Smara, and Dakhla (not to be confused with the occupied cities after which they are named), with a total population of 165,000. (There are also some smaller camps, notably the "February 27", serving as a boarding school for women.) A refugee camp is a camp built up by governments or NGOs (such as the ICRC) to receive refugees. ... Sahrawi and Saharawi are terms most commonly used for the natives of the Morocco-occupied Western Sahara. ...


Facilities are few and living conditions are harsh. Basic life cannot be sustained in this environment, and the camps are completely dependent on foreign aid even for their drinking water. However, there is education, television, and several hundreds of satellite dishes. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The camps are organized into sub-units electing their own officials to run the camps, and to represent the neighbourhoods in political decision-making. The largest unit is called a "wilaya" (like the Algerian region), and is comprised of one single camp (Wilaya El-Aaiun, for example). Then comes larger sections of the camps called "daira", meaning "circle", in their turn divided into several "hay" or quarter, sometimes labeled instead with the Spanish word "barrio". The camps are considered well-run and despite difficult circumstances, there is now functioning systems covering basic health care, food and water distribution, etc.


During the war years (1975-1991) Sahrawi women ran most of the camps' administration, with the men fighting at the front. This together with literacy- and professional education classes produced major advances in the role of women in Sahrawi society, although the return of large numbers of Sahrawi men since the cease fire has again hindered this development.


While there are several international organizations (Echo, Oxfam, UNHCR etc) working in the camps, the Polisario has insisted on using mainly local staff for construction, teaching etc, thereby trying to activate the refugee population, to avoid a sense of stagnation and hopelessness after 30 years in exile. However, jobs remain scarce and those Sahrawis educated at universities abroad can rarely if ever find opportunities to use their skills.


There has existed a UNHCR family visits exchange program with the Moroccan-occupied territories, for five-day visits for a limited number of people, but it is not clear if or when its activities will be resumed. [1] Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ...


The headquarters of Polisario, with the government in exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), are headquartered in a camp dedicated to adminstration. The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Peoples Liberation Front of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro) is an army and political movement in the Western Sahara, comprising... A government in exile is a political group that claims to be a countrys legitimate government, but for various reasons is unable to exercise its legal power, and instead resides in a foreign country. ... The Saharawi (or Sahrawi) Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is the long-form English translation of the government of Western Sahara (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الدمقرطية, Spanish: República Arabe Saharaui Democrática). ...


External links

  • Photo gallery covering life in the Tindouf refugee camps.
  • an eye witness report from ECHO, the EU:s aid project
  • Map of the region
  • http://www.usembassy.it/usunrome/files/Algeria.htm
  • Al-Jazeera editorial on the camps and the Sahara conflict



Provinces of Algeria Flag of Algeria
Adrar | Ain Defla | Ain Temouchent | Algiers | Annaba | Batna | Béchar | Béjaïa | Biskra | Blida | Bordj Bou Arreridj | Bouira | Boumerdes | Chlef | Constantine |
Djelfa | El Bayadh | El Qued | El Tarf | Ghardaia | Guelma | Illizi | Jijel | Khenchela | Laghouat | Medea | Mila | Mostaganem | M'Sila | Muaskar |
Naama | Oran | Ouargla | Oum el Bouaghi | Relizane | Saida | Setif | Sidi Bel Abbes | Skikda | Souk Ahras | Tamanghasset | Tebessa | Tiaret | Tindouf | Tipasa | Tissemsilt | Tizi Ouzou | Tlemcen

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tindouf - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (449 words)
Tindouf, also written Tinduf, (Arabic: ''تندوف) is a city and wilaya in the west of Algeria, population 30,000.
In the region there are four large refugee camps for people from Western Sahara (Sahrawis): El Aaiun, Awserd, Smara, and Dakhla (not to be confused with the occupied cities after which they are named), with a total population of 165,000.
The headquarters of Polisario, with the government in exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), are headquartered in a camp dedicated to administration.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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