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Encyclopedia > Timurid Empire
History of Iran
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 Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c.1375
Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c.1375

The Timurid Empire (13701506) was founded by Timur (ruled 1370–1405), who conquered much of central and southwest Asia, and it was built up by his descendents (see Timurid dynasty). It stretched from Georgia to India at the time of Timur's death in February 1405. It split up around 1506. Before Timur's death, he had appointed his grandson, Pir Muhammad, to succeed him, but Pir Muhammad died shortly after his grandfather, in 1406. The empire was taken over by his son Miran Shah, but he passed away in 1407. The youngest and only surviving son of Timur, Shah Rukh, seized power and ruled until his death in 1447. When Shah Rukh seized power, he made Herat his capital. His eldest son, Ulugh Beg, was appointed governor of Samarkand, while his second son, Baysunghur, served as his wazir in the capital. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Iran is one of the worlds oldest continuous major civilizations. ... The following is a comprehensive list of all Persian Empires and their rulers: // Early realms in Iran Elamite Kingdom, 3000-660 BC of the Persian/Median empire that later appeared. ... The Jiroft Kingdom or Jiroft Civilization (تمدن جيرفت) is a relatively recent and ongoing multinational archeological project that aims to uncover an unknown civilization in a series of newly discovered sites in Irans Kerman Province, located at 28° 48 N latitude and 57° 46 E Longitude, known as Jiroft or Halilrud... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... Elam (Persian: ایلام) is one of the most ancient civilizations on record. ... The Mannaeans (or Mannai, Mannae, Biblical Minni) were an ancient people of unknown origin, who lived in the territory of present-day Iranian Azerbaijan around the 10th to 7th century BC. At that time they were neighbours of the empires of Assyria and Urartu, as well as other small buffer... The Medes(ancient Kurdistan) were an Iranian people, who lived in the north, western, and northwestern portions of present-day Iran, and roughly the areas of present day Tehran, Hamedan, Azarbaijan, north of Esfahan, Zanjan, and Kurdistan. ... Achaemenid empire at its greatest extent The Achaemenid Dynasty (Hakamanishiya in the Old Persian (Avestan ??) language - transliterated Hakamanshee in Modern Persian) - was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ... The Seleucid Empire was one of several political states founded after the death of Alexander the Great, whose generals squabbled over the division of Alexanders empire. ... Parthia, or known in their native Iranian language as Ashkâniân [2] (also called the Arsacid Empire) was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. It was the second dynasty of... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Empire (Persian: Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia (Iran) during the era of the third Persian Empire from 226 until 651. ... The Islamic conquest of Iran (637-651 CE) destroyed the Sassanid Empire and led to the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. ... The Tahirid dynasty ruled the northeastern Persian region of Khorasan between AD 821-873. ... The Saffarid dynasty of Persia ruled a short-lived empire centred on Seistan, a border district between modern-day Afghanistan and Iran, between 861-1003. ... The Sāmānid dynasty (875-999) was a Persian dynasty in Central Asia, named after its founder Saman Khoda. ... Tomb of Ghaboos ebne Voshmgir, built in 1007AD, rises 160 ft from its base. ... The Buwayhids or Buyyids or Ä€l-i Buyeh, were a Yazdani tribal confederation from Daylam, a region on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 963 to 1187. ... The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq;in Turkish Selçuklu, in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān ; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa;) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turkics and a dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th... The Khwarezmid Empire (also known as the Khwarezmian Empire) was a Iranian state in the 11th century in Khwarezmia that lasted until the Mongol invasion in 1220. ... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ... The Muzaffarids were a Sunni Arab family that came to power in Iran following the breakup of the Ilkhanate in the 14th century. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... Tomb of Nader Shah Afshar, a popular tourist attraction in Mashad. ... Vakeel mosque, Shiraz. ... Mullahs in the royal presence. ... The Pahlavi dynasty began with the crowning of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925 and ended with the Iranian Revolution of 1979, and the subsequent collapse of the ancient tradition of Iranian monarchy. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Image File history File links Timurid. ... Image File history File links Timurid. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Timur (Chagatai Turkish: تیمور) (also known as Temur, Taimur, Timur Lenk, Timur i Leng, Tamerlane, Tamburlaine, or Taimur-e-Lang, which translates to Timur the Lame, as he was lame after sustaining an injury in battle) (1336–February 1405) was a great 14th century Turkic-Mongol conqueror, ruler of the Timurid... Events May 29 - Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland, meets Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Earl of Norfolk Thomas Mowbray in Shipton Moor, tricks them to send their rebellious army home and then imprisons them June 8 - Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in... Timurids Map The Timurids were a mixed Turkic-Mongol and Persian (Turco) dynasty of Central Asia established by Timur (Tamerlane). ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pir Muhammad (c. ... Events Construction of Forbidden City begins in Beijing. ... Miran Shah (1366-1408) was a son of Timur, and a Timurid governor during his fathers lifetime. ... Events November 20 - A solemn truce between John, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspicies of John, Duke of Berry. ... Shah Rukh Mirza (also known as Shahrukh or Shah Rokh) (August 30, 1377 - March 12, 1447), was the ruler of the eastern portion of the empire established by Timur (Tamerlane), governing most of Persia and Transoxiana between 1405 and 1447. ... Events March 6 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. ... Herāt (Persian هرات) is a city in western Afghanistan, in the valley of the Hari Rud river in the province also known as Herat, and was traditionally known for wine. ... Ulugh Beg, here depicted on a Soviet stamp, was one of Islams greatest astronomers during the Middle Ages. ... Colour photograph of Ulugh Beg Madrasa taken in Samarkand ca. ... A Vizier (وزير, sometimes also spelled Vizir, Wasir, Wazir, Wesir, Wezir - grammatical vowel changes are common in many oriental languages) is an oriental, originally Persian, term for a high-ranking political (and sometimes religious) advisor or Minister, often to a Muslim monarch such as a Caliph, Amir, Malik (king) or Sultan. ...

 Map of the Timurid Empire in 1405
Map of the Timurid Empire in 1405

Ulugh Beg, Shah Rukh's heir and only surviving son, was killed by his son 'Abd al-Latif in 1449. 'Abd al-Latif died in 1450. Abu Sa'id, a grandson of Miran Shah, ruled in Transoxiana, Afghanistan and northern Persia. Download high resolution version (1683x1129, 332 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1683x1129, 332 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Abd al-Latif (d. ... Events January 6 - Constantine XI is crowned Byzantine Emperor. ... Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... Abu Said ( Herat, 1424 - 1469), was a Timurid Empire ruler in today parts of Persia and Afghanistan and member of the Timurid dynasty. ... Map showing modern Transoxiana. ... Motto: Persian: Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« (English: Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic) Anthem: SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Capital Tehran Largest city Tehran Official language(s) Persian Government Supreme Leader President Islamic republic Ali Khamenei Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Revolution Declared Against Mohammad Reza Pahlavi...


Husayn Bayqarah (d. 1506) was the last important ruler of the Timurid dynasty. The power of dynasty in Central Asia finally came to an end with the advent of the Turkic tribe Uzbeks from the north. The Uzbek ruler Muhammad Shaybani captured Samarkand from Babur, a descendant of Timur, in 1500 and again in 1505. In 1507 he also captured Herat. In 1526, Babur founded the Mughal Dynasty and Mughal Empire in India. Husayn Bayqarah (1438 - May 4, 1506), was a Timurid ruler of Herat from 1469 to his death, with a brief interruption in 1470. ... Abu I-Fath Muhammad Shaybani Khan (c. ... Zahir-ud-din Mohammad Babur (Persian: محمد بابر) (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530), (also spelled ), Emperor and Founder of the Mughal dynasty of India. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1507 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... The following list of Indian monarchs is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Extent of Mughal empire in the late 1600s: the Mughals ruled all but the southern tip of the subcontinent. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Timurid Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (277 words)
Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c.1375
The Timurid Empire (1370–1506) was founded by Timur (ruled 1370–1405), who conquered much of central and southwest Asia, and it was built up by his descendents (see Timurid dynasty).
The empire was taken over by his son Miran Shah, but he passed away in 1407.
Search Results for "Timurid" (304 words)
The Timurid dynasties ruled until the invasion of Uzbek tribes early in the...
Thousands of artisans and religious scholars were deported to Samarkand, the Timurid capital in central Asia, leaving the urban economy of Syria in a...
With the breakup of the Timurid empire, the city passed to the khanate of Kokand.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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