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Encyclopedia > Timothy Pickering
Portrait of U.S. Secretary of State Timothy Pickering
Portrait of U.S. Secretary of State Timothy Pickering

Timothy Pickering (July 17, 1745January 29, 1829) was the third United States Secretary of State, serving in that office from 1795 to 1800 under Presidents George Washington and John Adams. Public domain portrait of U.S. Sec. ... Public domain portrait of U.S. Sec. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783, and later the first President of the United States, an office to which he was twice elected unanimously (unanimous among the Electoral College) and... John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was the first (1789–1797) Vice President of the United States, and the second President of the United States, whose term lasted from 1797 to 1801. ...


Pickering was born in Salem, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard University in 1763. He opposed the patriot cause early in the American Revolutionary War, but in 1777 he accepted General George Washington's offer to be adjutant general of the American army, and was widely praised for his work in supplying the troops during the remainder of the conflict. Seal of Salem, MA Salem is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Harvard University campus (old map) Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Patriots (also known as Partisans, or Rebels) were British North American colonists who rebelled against the Crown during the American Revolution and established the independent states that became the United States of America. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Netherlands, Spain, Native Americans Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, Native Americans Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene William Howe, Henry Clinton, Charles Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence,[1] was a conflict that... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783, and later the first President of the United States, an office to which he was twice elected unanimously (unanimous among the Electoral College) and... An adjutant general is the chief administrative officer to a military general. ...


After the first of two failed attempts to make money speculating in Pennsylvania frontier land, now-President Washington appointed Pickering commissioner to the Iroquois Indians, and Pickering represented the United States in the negotiation of the Treaty of Canandaigua with the Iroquois in 1794. Official language(s) None Capital Largest city Harrisburg Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... The Treaty of Canandaigua, a treaty establishing peace and friendship between the United States of America and the Six Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), and affirming Haudenosaunee land rights in New York State, was the first diplomatic agreement entered into by the United States of America under its current Constitution. ...


Washington also brought Pickering into his cabinet, as Postmaster General in 1791. He remained in the cabinet for nine years, serving as postmaster general until 1795, Secretary of War for a brief time in 1795, then Secretary of State from 1795 to 1800. The Postmaster General is the executive head of the United States Postal Service. ... The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. ...


After a quarrel with President John Adams over Adams's plan to make peace with France, Pickering was dismissed from office in May 1800. In 1802 Pickering and a band of Federalists, agitated at the lack of support for Federalists, attempted to gain support for the secession of New England from the Jeffersonian United States. The irony of a Federalist moving against the national government was not lost among his dissenters. He was named to the United States Senate as a senator from Massachusetts in 1803 as a member of the Federalist Party. He lost his senate seat in 1811, and was elected to the United States House of Representatives in U.S. House election, 1812, where he remained until 1817. His congressional career is best remembered for his leadership of the New England secession movement (see Essex Junto and the Hartford Convention). John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was the first (1789–1797) Vice President of the United States, and the second President of the United States, whose term lasted from 1797 to 1801. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Official language(s) English Capital Largest city Boston Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq. ... The label Federalist refers to two major groups in the history of the United States of America: (1. ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... The U.S. House election, 1812 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1812. ... The states of New England are Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. ... The Essex Junto was a group of lawyers and merchants from Essex County, Massachusetts. ... The Hartford Convention was an event in the United States during the War of 1812 in which New Englands opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed. ...


After Pickering was denied re-election in 1816, he retired to Salem, where he lived as a farmer until his death in 1829. Seal of Salem, MA Salem is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ...


Trivia

  • Pickering's ancestral home, the circa 1651 Pickering House, is the oldest house in the United States to be owned by the same family continually.

The Pickering House, 18 Broad Street, Salem, Massachusetts. ... The Liberty ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. They were cheap and quick to build, and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. ... The SS Timothy Pickering (Hull Number 246) was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War 2. ... Sicilian redirects here. ...

References

  • Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • Clarfield, Gerard. Timothy Pickering and the American Republic. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1980.
  • Garraty, John A. and Mark C. Carnes. American National Biography, vol. 17, "Pickering, Timothy". New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Wilentz, Sean "The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln" W.W. Norton. New York. 2005.
Preceded by:
Samuel Osgood
United States Postmaster General
17911795
Succeeded by:
Joseph Habersham
Preceded by:
Henry Knox
United States Secretary of War
1795
Succeeded by:
James McHenry
Preceded by:
Edmund Randolph
United States Secretary of State
December 10, 1795May 12, 1800
Succeeded by:
John Marshall
Preceded by:
Dwight Foster
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Massachusetts
March 4, 1803March 3, 1811
Served alongside: John Quincy Adams, James Lloyd
Succeeded by:
Joseph Varnum
Preceded by:
Leonard White
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 3rd congressional district

March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815
Succeeded by:
Jeremiah Nelson
Preceded by:
William Reed
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817
Succeeded by:
Nathaniel Silsbee
United States Secretaries of State Seal of the United States Department of State
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Timothy Pickering - LoveToKnow 1911 (804 words)
TIMOTHY PICKERING (1745-1829), American politician, was born at Salem, Massachusetts, on the 17th of July 1745.
Pickering was a member of the Pennsylvania convention of 1787 which ratified the federal constitution, and of the Pennsylvania constitutional convention of 1789-1790.
Timothy Pickering's grandson, Charles Pickering (1805-1878), graduated at Harvard College in 1823 and at the Harvard Medical School in 1826, practised medicine in Philadelphia, was naturalist to the Wilkes exploring expedition of 1838-1842, and in1843-1845travelled in East Africa and India.
Timothy Pickering Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography (397 words)
Timothy Pickering (1745-1829) was an American Revolutionary soldier before becoming secretary of war and then secretary of state under President Washington.
Timothy Pickering was born in Salem, Mass., on July 17, 1745, the son of Timothy and Mary Wingate Pickering.
Pickering died in Salem on Jan. 29, 1829.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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