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Encyclopedia > Timeline of psychology

This is a timeline of psychology.


See history of psychology for a description of the development of the subject, and psychology for a general description of the subject. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of the human brain and behavior. ...


Also see timeline of psychotherapy. This is a timeline of psychotherapy. ...

Contents

Early history

  • ca 1550 BC - the Ebers papyrus briefly mentioned clinical depression.
  • ca 100 BC - the Dead Sea Scrolls noted the division of human nature into two temperaments.
  • 1590 - Scholastic philosopher Rudolph Goclenius used the term psychology. Though often regarded as the "origin" of the term, there is conclusive evidence that it was used at least six decades ealier by Marko Marulić.
  • 1672 - in Thomas Willis' anatomical treatise "De Anima Brutorum", psychology was described in terms of brain function.

(Redirected from 1550 BC) Centuries: 17th century BC - 16th century BC - 15th century BC Decades: 1600s BC 1590s BC 1580s BC 1570s BC 1560s BC - 1550s BC - 1540s BC 1530s BC 1520s BC 1510s BC 1500s BC Events and Trends The city of Mycenae, located in the northeast Peloponnesus, came... The Ebers Papyrus of about 1550 BCE is among the most important ancient Egyptian medical papyri. ... Clinical depression (also called severe depressive disorder, major depressive disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC - 100s BC - 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC Years: 105 BC 104 BC 103 BC 102 BC 101 BC - 100 BC - 99 BC 98 BC 97 BC 96 BC 95... The current version of the article or section reads like an essay. ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... Rudolph Goclenius Rudolph Göckel or Rudolf Goclenius [the Older] (1 March 1547 - 8 June 1628) was a German scholastic philosopher, credited with the inventions of the terms psychology (1590), and ontology (1613). ... Marko Marulić (Split, August 18, 1450 - Split, January 5, 1524), Croatian poet, apologist and Christian humanist is generally considered the father of vernacular Croatian literature. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Thomas Willis Thomas Willis (1621-1673) was an English physician who played an important part in the history of the science of anatomy and was a co-founder of the Royal Society (1662). ...

Nineteenth century

1860s

// Events and trends Technology The First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States is built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Gustav Theodor Fechner (April 19, 1801 - November 28, 1887), was a German experimental psychologist. ... Psychophysics is the branch of cognitive psychology dealing with the relationship between physical stimuli and their perception. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Paul Pierre Broca (June 28, 1824 - July 9, 1880) was a French physician, anatomist and anthropologist. ... The human brain as viewed from above, showing the cerebral hemispheres. ... Brocas area is the section of the human brain (in the opercular and triangular sections of the inferior frontal gyrus of the frontal lobe of the cortex) that is involved in language processing, speech production and comprehension. ... Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relate to specific psychological processes. ...

1870s

  • 1874 - Wilhelm Wundt published his Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie (Principles of Psychiological Psychology), the first textbook of experimental psychology.
  • ca. 1875 - William James opened the first experimental psychology laboratory in the United States, though it was intended for classroom demonstration rather than original research.
  • 1878 - G. Stanley Hall was awarded the first PhD on a psychological topic from Harvard (in philosophy).
  • 1879 - Wilhelm Wundt opened the first experimental psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany.

// Events and Trends Technology The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie (Principles of Physiological Psychology) was a landmark textbook of experimental psychology, authored by Wilhelm Wundt and published in 1874, while he was a professor at Zurich. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1844, Ashfield, Massachusetts - April 24, 1924) was a psychologist and educationalist who pioneered American psychology. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (August 16, 1832–August 31, 1920) was a German physiologist and psychologist. ... The University of Leipzig (Universität Leipzig), located in Leipzig in the Free State and former Kingdom of Saxony, is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ...

1880s

// Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1844, Ashfield, Massachusetts - April 24, 1924) was a psychologist and educationalist who pioneered American psychology. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850–1909) was a German psychologist who pioneered experimental study of memory, and discovered the forgetting curve and the learning curve. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939; IPA pronunciation: []) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 UN complex in Vienna, with the non-affiliated Austria Center Vienna in front - picture taken from Danube Tower in nearby Danube Park. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... George Trumbull Ladd (19 January 1842 – 8 August 1921) was an American philosopher and psychologist. ... Yale can refer to an educational institution: Yale University, one of the United States oldest universities. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... James McKeen Cattell (May 25, 1860-January 20, 1944), American psychologist, was the first professor of psychology in the United States. ... The University of Pennsylvania (or Penn[3][4]) is a private, nonsectarian research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... For other people named William James see William James (disambiguation) William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1844, Ashfield, Massachusetts - April 24, 1924) was a psychologist and educationalist who pioneered American psychology. ... The American Journal of Psychology was the first English-language journal devoted primarily to experimental psychology (though Mind, founded in 1876, published osme epxerimental psychology earlier). ... Robert Pearsall Smith (1827 - 1899) was a lay leader in the Holiness movement in the United States and the Higher Life movement in Great Britain. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... William Lowe Bryan (November 11, 1860-?) was the 10th president of Indiana University, serving from 1902 to 1937. ... The Indiana University system, technically founded in 1820, is an eight-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Joseph Jastrow, Ph. ... The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public university located in Madison, Wisconsin. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1844, Ashfield, Massachusetts - April 24, 1924) was a psychologist and educationalist who pioneered American psychology. ... Johns Hopkins Johns Hopkins (May 19, 1795 – December 24, 1873) was a Baltimore businessman, a Quaker, an abolitionist, and a philanthropist. ... Clark University, in Worcester, Massachusetts in the United States, is a private teaching and research institution founded in 1887 by the industrialist Jonas Clark. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... James Mark Baldwin (Columbia, South Carolina, 1861—1934) was an American philosopher, educated at Princeton and several German universities. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Edmund Clark Sanford (1859 - 1924) was a prominent early American psychologist. ... Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1844, Ashfield, Massachusetts - April 24, 1924) was a psychologist and educationalist who pioneered American psychology. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Harry Kirke Wolfe was an prominent early American psychologist. ... Seal of the University of Nebraska The University of Nebraska is one of two public university systems in the state of Nebraska, USA. The system has four universities and a technical college: University of Nebraska-Lincoln University of Nebraska at Omaha University of Nebraska at Kearney University of Nebraska Medical...

1890s

The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... For other people named William James see William James (disambiguation) William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher. ... The Principles of Psychology is a monumental text in the history of psychology, written by William James and published in 1890. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... James Hayden Tufts (1862-1942) American philosopher, professor of the then newly founded Chicago University, Tufts was also a member of the Board of Arbitration, and the chairman of a committee of the social agencies of Chicago. ... UM also has campuses in Dearborn and Flint. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... The University of Iowa is a major national research university located on a 1,900-acre campus in Iowa City, Iowa, USA, on the Iowa River in East Central Iowa. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... James McKeen Cattell (May 25, 1860-January 20, 1944), American psychologist, was the first professor of psychology in the United States. ... Columbia University is a private university whose main campus lies in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... James Mark Baldwin (Columbia, South Carolina, 1861—1934) was an American philosopher, educated at Princeton and several German universities. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Frank Angell was a prominent early American psychologist. ... Cornell redirects here. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Mary Whiton Calkins (1863‑1930), American philosopher and psychologist. ... Wellesley College is a womens liberal arts college that opened in 1875, founded by Henry Fowle Durant and his wife Pauline Fowle Durant. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Granville Stanley Hall (February 1, 1844, Ashfield, Massachusetts - April 24, 1924) was a psychologist and educationalist who pioneered American psychology. ... The American Psychological Association (APA) is a professional organization representing psychology in the US. It has around 150,000 members and an annual budget of around $70m. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Cornell redirects here. ... Frank Angell was a prominent early American psychologist. ... Stanford redirects here. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Yale redirects here. ... Charles Augustus Strong (28 November 1862, Haverhill, Massachusetts - 23 January 1940, Villa Le Balze, Fiesole, Italy) was the eldest son of the Rev. ... The University of Chicago will crush your soul. ... James Rowland Angell (1869 - 1949) was a U.S. educator and psychologist. ... Functionalism is a term with several senses: For functionalism in sociology, see Functionalism (sociology). ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... James McKeen Cattell (May 25, 1860-January 20, 1944), American psychologist, was the first professor of psychology in the United States. ... James Mark Baldwin (Columbia, South Carolina, 1861—1934) was an American philosopher, educated at Princeton and several German universities. ... Psychological Review is a highly-acclaimed scientific journal that publishes review articles in the field of psychology. ... Granville Stanley Hall (1 February 1844 - 24 April 1924) was a psychologist and educationalist who pioneered American psychology. ... The American Journal of Psychology was the first English-language journal devoted primarily to experimental psychology (though Mind, founded in 1876, published osme epxerimental psychology earlier). ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Pennsylvania (or Penn[3][4]) is a private, nonsectarian research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Lightner Witmer Lightner Witmer (1867-1956) is regarded as the inventor of the term Clinical Psychology and the co-founder of the worlds first Psychological Clinic in 1896 at the University of Pennsylvania. ... Clinical psychology is the application of psychology to troublesome mental distress in a health and social care context. ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Edward Bradford Titchener (1876-1927) was an Englishman and a student of Wilhelm Wundt before becoming a professor of psychology and founding the first psychology laboratory in the United States at Cornell University. ... Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (August 16, 1832–August 31, 1920) was a German physiologist and psychologist. ... Structuralism is best known as school in humanities, but it is actually an approach in academic disciplines in general, that explores the relationships between some principal elements, seen to be fundamental for language, literature, etc, upon which some higher mental, linguistic, social, cultural etc. ... Functionalism is a term with several senses: For functionalism in sociology, see Functionalism (sociology). ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Edward Lee Thorndike (August 31, 1874 - August 9, 1949) was an American psychologist who spent nearly his entire career at Teachers College, Columbia University. ... The law of effect is a principle of psychology described by Edward Thorndike in 1898. ...

Twentieth century

1900s

// Events and trends Technology First flight by the Wright brothers, December 17, 1903. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939; IPA pronunciation: []) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Psychoanalysis is the revelation of unconscious relations, in a systematic way through an associative process. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878–September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism, after doing research on animal behavior. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Charles Edward Spearman (September 10, 1863 - September 7, 1945) was an English psychologist known for work in statistics, as a pioneer of factor analysis, and for Spearmans rank correlation coefficient. ... The American Journal of Psychology was the first English-language journal devoted primarily to experimental psychology (though Mind, founded in 1876, published osme epxerimental psychology earlier). ... The general intelligence factor (abbreviated g) is a widely accepted but controversial construct used in the field of psychology (see also psychometrics) to quantify what is common to the scores of all intelligence tests. ... Intelligence is the mental capacity to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas and language, and learn. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Alfred Binet Alfred Binet (July 8, 1857 – October 18, 1911), French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test, the basis of todays IQ test. ... Theodore Simon co-created the Standford-Binet test with Alfred Binet ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Abnormal psychology is the scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning. ... Morton Henry Prince (December 21, 1854 – August 31, 1929). ...

1910s

// Events and trends The 1910s represent the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th Century. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Alfred Adler (February 7, 1870 – May 28, 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor and psychologist, founder of the school of individual psychology. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Max Wertheimer (Prague, April 15, 1880 - New York, October 12, 1943) was one of the founders of Gestalt psychology. ... Gestalt psychology (also Gestalt theory of the Berlin School) is a theory of mind and brain that proposes that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Carl Jungs autobiographical work Memories , Dreams, Reflections, Fontana edition Carl Gustav Jung (July 26, 1875, Kesswil, – June 6, 1961, Küsnacht) (IPA: ) was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... Analytical psychology is part of the Jungian psychology movement started by Carl Jung and his followers. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Dr. Jacob (Jakob) Levy Moreno (18 May 1889 - 14 May 1974) was a leading psychiatrist, theorist and educator. ... Group therapy is a form of psychotherapy during which one or several therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group. ... Psychodrama is a method of psychotherapy which explores, through action, the problems of people. ... Sociometry is the science and art of measuring relationships developed by psychotherapist Jacob L. Moreno in his studies of the relationship between social configurations or structures and psychological well-being. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878–September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism, after doing research on animal behavior. ... Behaviorism is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behaviour can be studied and explained scientifically without recourse to internal mental states. ...

1920s

The 1920s was a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878–September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism, after doing research on animal behavior. ... The Little Albert experiment was an experiment showing empirical evidence of classical conditioning. ... Classical conditioning (also Pavlovian conditioning, respondent conditioning or alpha-conditioning) is a type of associative learning. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Dr. Jacob (Jakob) Levy Moreno (18 May 1889 - 14 May 1974) was a leading psychiatrist, theorist and educator. ... Psychodrama is a method of psychotherapy which explores, through action, the problems of people. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jean Piaget [] (August 9, 1896 – September 16, 1980) was a Swiss philosopher, natural scientist and developmental psychologist, well known for his work studying children and his theory of cognitive development. ...

1930s

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Lev Vygotsky Lev Semenovich Vygotsky (Лев Семенович Выготский) (November 17 (November 5 Old Style), 1896 – June 11, 1934) was a Soviet developmental psychologist. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Burrhus Frederic Skinner (March 20, 1904 _ August 18, 1990) was an American psychologist and author. ... Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior is interesting and worthy of scientific research. ...

1940s

  • 1942 - Carl Rogers published 'Counseling and Psychotherapy' suggesting that respect and a non-judgmental approach to therapy is the foundation for effective treatment of mental health issues.
  • 1943 - Abraham Maslow described his hierarchy of needs in the paper A Theory of Human Motivation, published in Psychological Review
  • 1945 - The Journal of Clinical Psychology was founded.
  • 1949 - Boulder Conference outlined scientist-practitioner model of clinical psychology, looking at the M.D. versus Ph.D. used by medical providers and researchers, respectively.

The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an influential American psychologist, who, along with Abraham Maslow, was the founder of the humanist approach to psychology. ... Mental health is a concept that refers to a human individuals emotional and psychological well-being. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Maslows Hierarchy of Needs is a theory in psychology that Abraham Maslow proposed in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation, which he subsequently extended. ... Psychological Review is a highly-acclaimed scientific journal that publishes review articles in the field of psychology. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... Aquatint of a Doctor in Divinity at the University of Oxford, in the scarlet and black academic robes corresponding to his position. ...

1950s

The 1950s was the decade spanning the years 1950 to 1959. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Carl Ransom Rogers (January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987) was an influential American psychologist, who, along with Abraham Maslow, was the founder of the humanist approach to psychology. ... Client-Centered Therapy or Person-Centered Therapy, now considered a founding work in the humanistic school of psychotherapies, began formally with Carl Ransom Rogers (born January 8, 1902 in Oak Park, Illinois, died February 4, 1987), broadly considered the most influenctial US psychotherapist in the short history of this field. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The Asch conformity experiments, published in 1951, were a series of studies that starkly demonstrated the power of conformity in groups. ... Solomon E. Asch (September 14, 1907 - February 20, 1996) was a world-renowned American Gestalt psychologist and pioneer in social psychology. ... Conformity is the act of consciously maintaining a certain degree of similarity (in clothing, manners, behaviors, etc. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Lee J. Cronbach (1916 - 2001) was an American educational psychologist who made significant contributions to psychological testing and measurement. ... Reliability concerns quality or consistency. ... Cronbachs α (alpha) is a quantity defined in multivariate statistics. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), published by the American Psychiatric Association, is the handbook used most often in diagnosing mental disorders in the United States. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Burrhus Frederic Skinner (March 20, 1904 _ August 18, 1990) was an American psychologist and author. ... Cognitive therapy or cognitive behavior therapy is a kind of psychotherapy used to treat depression, anxiety disorders, phobias, and other forms of mental disorder. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Humanistic psychology is a school of psychology that emerged in the 1950s in reaction to both behaviorism and psychoanalysis. ... Maslows Hierarchy of Needs is a theory in psychology that Abraham Maslow proposed in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation, which he subsequently extended. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lee J. Cronbach (1916 - 2001) was an American educational psychologist who made significant contributions to psychological testing and measurement. ... In social science and psychometrics, construct validity refers to whether a scale measures the unobservable social construct (such as fluid intelligence) that it purports to measure. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rollo May (April 21, 1909, Ada, Ohio - October 22, 1994, Tiburon, California) was the best known American existential psychologist, authoring the influential book Love and Will in 1969. ... This page has been suggested to meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leon Festinger (born May 8, 1919 - February 11, 1989) was a social psychologist from New York City who became famous for his Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. ... Cognitive dissonance is the perception of incompatibility between two cognitions, which can be defined as any element of knowledge, including attitude, emotion, belief, or behavior. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Avram Noam Chomsky, Ph. ... Burrhus Frederic Skinner (March 20, 1904 _ August 18, 1990) was an American psychologist and author. ... Verbal Behavior (1957) is a book written by B.F. Skinner in which the author presents his ideas on language. ... The cognitive revolution is a name for an intellectual movement in the 1950s that combined new thinking in psychology, anthropology and linguistics with the nascent fields of computer science and neuroscience. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lawrence Kohlberg (October 25, 1927 – January 19, 1987) was born in Bronxville, New York. ... Kohlbergs stages of moral development are planes of moral adequacy conceived by Lawrence Kohlberg to explain the development of moral reasoning. ...

1960s

The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... The Bobo doll experiment was conducted by Albert Bandura in 1961 and studied patterns of behaviour associated with aggression. ... Albert Bandura (born December 4, 1925 in Mundare, Alberta) is a Canadian psychologist most famous for his work on social learning theory (or Social Cognitivism) and self efficacy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it easier to understand, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Stanley Milgram Stanley Milgram (August 15, 1933 – December 20, 1984) was a psychologist at Yale University, Harvard University and the City University of New York. ... The experimenter (E) orders the subject (S) to give what the subject believes are painful electric shocks to another subject (A), who is actually an actor. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Aaron T. Beck, M.D. (born 1921), The Father of Cognitive Behavior Therapy, is a professor at the Psychopathology Research Unit of the University of Pennsylvania. ... Clinical depression (also called severe depressive disorder, major depressive disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, is the handbook used most often in diagnosing mental disorders in the United States and other countries. ... The American Psychiatric Association is a professional organization of psychiatrists whose members are American and international physicians who are trained in psychiatry. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Doctor of Psychology (Psy. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... The California School of Professional Psychology (CSPP), now a school of Alliant International University, was founded in 1969 as an endeavor of the California Psychological Association. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Transpersonal psychology is a school of psychology that studies the transcendent, or spiritual dimensions of humanity. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Stanislav Grof (born 1931 in Prague, Czechoslovakia) is one of the founders of the field of transpersonal psychology and a pioneering researcher into the use of altered states of consciousness for purposes of healing, growth, and insight. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... John Bowlby (1907 - 1990) was a British developmental psychologist in the psychoanalytic tradition, notable for his pioneering work in attachment theory. ... Attachment theory is a psychological theory, or group of theories, about the evolved adaptive tendency to maintain proximity to an attachment figure. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Harry F. Harlow (October 31, 1905–1981) was an American psychologist best known for his studies on affection and development using rhesus monkeys and surrogate wire or terrycloth mothers. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Binomial name Macaca mulatta Zimmermann, 1780 The Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), often called the Rhesus monkey, is one of the best known species of Old World monkeys. ...

1970s

The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... The Stanford prison experiment was a landmark psychological study of the human response to captivity, in particular, to the real world circumstances of prison life, and the effects of imposed social roles on behavior. ... Philip G. Zimbardo (born March 23, 1933) is an American psychologist, best-known for his Stanford prison experiment and bestselling introductions to psychology. ... Stanford redirects here. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Martin Shubik (b. ... On eBay, where an auction has a starting price of $1 ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Mary Ainsworth (December 1913 - 1999) was an American developmental psychologist known for her work in early emotional attachment with The Strange Situation as well as her work in the development of Attachment Theory. ... Attachment theory is a psychological theory, or group of theories, about the evolved adaptive tendency to maintain proximity to an attachment figure. ... Attachment theory is a psychological theory, or group of theories, about the evolved adaptive tendency to maintain proximity to an attachment figure. ...

1980s

The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, is the handbook used most often in diagnosing mental disorders in the United States and other countries. ... The American Psychiatric Association is a professional organization of psychiatrists whose members are American and international physicians who are trained in psychiatry. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Howard Gardner (born in 1943 in Scranton, Pennsylvania) is a psychologist who is based at Harvard University. ... Howard Gardners theory of multiple intelligences is a psychological and educational theory espousing that eight kinds of intelligence exist in humans. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Erik Homburger Erikson (June 15, 1902 – May 12, 1994) was a German developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on social development of human beings, and for coining the phrase identity crisis. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

1990s

See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from the late 1980s and shortly after the year 2000. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, is the handbook used most often in diagnosing mental disorders in the United States and other countries. ... The American Psychiatric Association is a professional organization of psychiatrists whose members are American and international physicians who are trained in psychiatry. ...

Twenty-first century

References

  • AllPsyc Online

  Results from FactBites:
 
History of psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1544 words)
The field of psychology as a scientific endeavor is a relatively new discipline, and borders on various other fields, ranging from physiology and the neurosciences to sociology and anthropology.
Skinner, behaviourism argued that psychology should be a science of behaviour, not the mind, and rejected the idea of internal mental states such as beliefs, desires or goals, believing all behaviour and learning to be a reaction to the environment.
Behaviourism was the dominant experimental model for research in psychology for much of the early 20th century, largely due to the creation and successful application (not least of which in advertising) of conditioning theories as scientific models of human behaviour.
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