FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Timeline of Republic of Turkey
A graphical timeline is available here:
History of the Republic of Turkey
History of the Republic of Turkey
v  d  e
War of Independence | Single Party Period | Multi-Party Period
Timeline of Independence | Timeline of Republic
Economic History | Constitutional History | Military History

Contents

Image File history File links Timeline_icon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... History of Turkey redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Atatürk, modern Turkeys founder and first President The history of modern Turkey begins with the foundation of the republic on October 29, 1923 (the Republic was declared on January 20, 1921), with Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) as its first president. ... This page summarizes the history after the Multi-party period. ... Chronology of the Turkish War of Independence is a timeline of events for the Turkish War of Independence (including the background starting with the end of the First World War). ... At the time of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire (see Economy of the Ottoman Empire) during World War I, the Turkish economy was underdeveloped: agriculture depended on outmoded techniques and poor-quality livestock, and the few factories producing basic products such as sugar and flour were under foreign control. ... // Overview Over the centuries, Turkey has had many constitutions and can be caracterized by the steady establishment of a nation-state, democratization and internationalisation. ...

Single Party Period

  • The wearing of the turban and the fez, a traditional Ottoman hat, is outlawed. 1925
  • All people are required to adopt family names. Mustafa Kemal himself is given the name Atatürk (Father Turk) and all others are banned from using this name.
  • Imams are now appointed by the government. 1924
  • Sufi-Orders were banned. 1925
  • Call to prayer had to be held in Turkish instead of Arabic. 1932
  • On 29 October 1923, the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed.
  • On 29 October 1923, Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) was elected as the first President of the Republic of Turkey with secret vote and unanimously.
  • On October 30, First cabinet of the Republic of Turkey was formed o by Ismet Inönü.
  • On 3 March 1924, Ottoman caliphate was abolished by Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • On 3 March 1924, Union of Education (Tevhid-i Tedrisat) Law was passed,
  • On 3 March 1924, Ministry of Religious Affairs and all religious schools were abolished.
  • On April 8, religious courts were abolished and replaced with Civil Courts.
  • On April 20, new Turkish constitution was accepted.
  • On 26 August 1924, Türkiye Is Bankasi was established.
  • On November 17 1924, The second political party of Turkey, Progressive Republican Party was formed.
  • On 11-15 February 1925, Şeyh Sait rebellion started in eastern provinces.
  • On February 25, a law separating religion from politics is accepted and passed from TBMM.
  • On May 5, an Armenian called Manok Manukyan was executed in Ankara for planning an assassination to Mustafa Kemal.
  • On June 3, Progressive Republican Party was closed and abolished due to exploiting religion for political purposes.
  • On June 29, Şeyh Sait and his 46 followers were sentenced to death by Diyarbakır
  • On August 27, Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) came to Kastamonu to initiate the Hat Revolution.
  • On September 1, the first Turkish Medical Congress was assembled.
  • On September 4, Turkish women entered a beauty contest for the first time.
  • On October 1, Atatürk opened Bursa textile factory.
  • On November 5, Ankara Law School (then Ankara University Faculty of Law) was opened.
  • On November 25, "Hat Law" was issued, and all religious dressings were abolished.
  • On December 26, the law for the usage of international calendar was passed, abolishing the lunar calendar.
  • On 17 February 1926, Turkish Civil Code based on the Swiss Civil Code was accepted. Civil rights to women, prohibiting polygamy.
  • On 1 March 1926, Turkish Criminal Code based on the Italian Criminal Code.
  • On March 17 1926, the law for establishing the Iron industry (Nationalization) was passed.
  • On March 24, the law for petroleum research and operation (Nationalization) was passed.
  • On 7 March 1927, extraordinary Independence Tribunals were abolished.
  • On 15 October 1927, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk started his "Nutuk" speech and ended on October 20.
  • On 15 October 1927, The second nationwide congress of the Republican People's Party,
  • On October 28 1927, the first population census. approximately 13.5 million.
  • On December 25 1927, first Turkish woman lawyer Sureyya Agaoglu began her duty.
  • On 10 April 1928, the article "The official religion of Turkey is Islam" was removed from the constitution.
  • On May 19, the law for establishing an engineering school was accepted.
  • On 1 November 1928, new Turkish alphabet based on the Latin alphabet was accepted.
  • On 13 May 1929, Trade Law was accepted by TBMM.
  • On 1 September 1929, Arabic and Persian courses were abolished replaced by Turkish-only language courses.
  • On April 3, new municipal law enabling women to enter municipal elections both as voters and candidates was accepted.
  • On April 29, first Turkish woman judges were appointed.

1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Look up imam in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... (Turkish: Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası) Progressive Republican Party (Turkish: Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası) is a non-existing Islamic Turkish political party banned by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. ... Shaikh Said Piran, (in Kurdish: Şêx Seîdê Pîran) was leader of the Kurdish Islamic and Nationalist movement in Turkey in 1925. ... A civil code is a systematic compilation of laws designed to comprehensively deal with the core areas of private law. ... A civil code is a systematic compilation of laws designed to comprehensively deal with the core areas of private law. ... The term polygamy (many marriages in late Greek) is used in related ways in social anthropology and sociobiology and sociology. ... A Criminal Code is a compilation of government laws that outline a nations criminal offenses, and the maximum and minimum punishments that courts can impose upon offenders when such crimes are committed. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... English barrister 16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. ... Süreyya Ağaoğlu pictured on a Turkish coin Süreyya Ağaoğlu (1903, Baku—29 December 1989, Istanbul) was a Turkish writer and jurist, and the first female lawyer in Turkish history. ...

Great Depression

  • On 11 June 1930, Turkish Republic Central Bank law was accepted.
  • On August 12, Free Republican Party, the third party of the republic was established.
  • 17 November 1930 Radical religious groups captured the party, and the party leader Fethi Okyar decided to close
  • On October 27 1930, Greek prime minister Venizelos visited Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Ankara.
  • On December 30 1930, radical religious fascists rebelled against the Republic, and the modern republican teacher Kubilay was killed by the rebels.
  • On 16 March 1931, the first Turkish woman surgeon Dr. Suat received her specialty, after passing her tests.
  • On March 26, the Measurements Law was accepted, abolishing the former Arabic length and weight measurement units and replacing them with the metric system (kilogram, meter instead of okka, endaze, etc.)
  • On 20 April 1931, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk stated his historical saying "Peace at home, peace in the world!"
  • On July 25, new Press Law was accepted.
  • On 18 July 1932, Turkey became a member of the League of Nations.
  • On 31 July 1932, Turkish woman Keriman Halis became the World Beauty Queen in the contest in Belgium.
  • On November 13, Dr. Müfide Kazim became the first Turkish woman government physician;
  • on December 12, Adile Ayda became the first Turkish woman civil servant in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • On 7 February 1933, the first Turkish prayers in mosques began in Istanbul
  • On 31 May 1933, the 480-year-old Darülfünun was abolished, and converted into Istanbul University.
  • On June 1933, Sümerbank and Halkbank were established.
  • On October 26, Turkish women were granted the right to vote and be elected to Village Councils.
  • On November 18, Istanbul University was opened.
  • On December 1, the first 5-year development plan was accepted;
  • On 21 June 1934, Surname Law was accepted, abolishing the former titles of Bey, Efendi, Pasha, Sultan, Hanım
  • On November 24, Mustafa Kemal Pasha take surname as Atatürk.
  • On November 26. On November 24, Hagia Sofia mosque, was converted to Ayasofya (Hagia Sofia) Museum.
  • On 5 December 1934, Turkish women were granted the right to vote and be elected in Turkish parliamentary elections; and afterwards in the first elections, 18 women were elected to the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • On 29 May 1936, Turkish flag law determining the size and ratios of the star and crescent in the Turkish flag was accepted.
  • On June 8, Labor Law was accepted; the first step towards the Turkish Social Security System.
  • On 27 January 1937, Hatay's independence was accepted by the League of Nations in its Geneva meeting.
  • On 9 June 1937, the law for establishing a Medical Faculty in Ankara was accepted.
  • On September 20 1937, Atatürk opened the first art gallery in his residence Dolmabahce Palace.
  • On October 9 1937, Atatürk opened the Nazilli Printed Cloth Fabric Factory
  • November 10, 1938 The founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk died. He is succeeded by Ismet Inönü, a former general.
  • July 7, 1939 Province of Hatay joins Turkey.

Istanbul University (Turkish İstanbul Üniversitesi ) was founded as an institution of higher education named Darülfünun in 1863. ... Bey is the Turkish word for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders of small tribal groups. ... Effendi or Efendi (from Turkish Efendi) is a Turkish title meaning a lord or master. ... Pasha (or pascha, bashaw; Turkish: paşa; originally from Persian padshah or padeshah meaning king or from Turkish bash head, chief [1]) was a high rank in the Ottoman Empire political system, typically granted to governors and generals. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... İsmet İnönü 1884-1973 Mustafa İsmet İnönü (1884 - December 25, 1973) was a Turkish soldier, statesman and the second President of Turkey. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

World War II

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Combatants United Nations: Republic of Korea  Australia  Belgium Canada  Colombia Ethiopia  France Greece  Netherlands  New Zealand  Philippines South Africa  Thailand  Turkey  United Kingdom United States Medical staff:  Denmark  Australia  Italy  Norway  Sweden Communist states: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea People’s Republic of China  Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[2] (NATO; French: ; also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance, the Western Alliance, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The Ä°ncirlik Air Base, an important regional storage center in NATOs Southern Region is located in Ä°ncirlik, 12 km east of Adana, Turkeys fourth largest city, and 56 km from the Mediterranean Sea (, ). Its ICAO airport code is LTAG. The airbase has a United States Air Force (USAF...

Multiparty Period

  • September 6-September 7, 1955 The Istanbul Pogrom started the process of driving many Greeks and Christians from Turkey.
  • April 27-28, 1961 Jupiter missile crisis: Turkey hosted American Jupiter missiles (nuclear) for an undisclosed period until the Cuban Missile Crisis, when the U.S. agreed to remove her nuclear missiles from Turkey in exchange for the Soviet Union removing her missiles from Cuba.
  • On May 27, 1960, the 1960 Coup d'Etat (1. Darbe) took place due to the level of influence the Islamists had gained in the nation. This clashed with the "separation of religion and state/government" which was one of the results of the clash between İnönü's Republican People's Party and his opponents, president Celal Bayar and prime minister Adnan Menderes, both former Republican People's Party members. Prime minister Adnan Menderes was held responsible and was executed with two of his ministers.
  • In October 1965, military rule dissolved back into civilian, the political system was reestablished, and a new constitution was drafted that reaffirmed the "separation of religion and state/government".
  • On March 12, 1971, military officials intervened, instead of taking over the government, forced an advisory committee due to the increasing anarchical situation caused by the Right (fascist/capitalist) - Left (communist) clash and ineffective policies in maintaining order. Although the military were not in charge they had significant influence.
  • In 1974, Turkey invaded Cyprus in response to a Greek backed coup of the island.

September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Istanbul Pogrom, also known as the Istanbul Riots, or the Σεπτεμβριανά in Greek and the 6-7 Eylül Olayları in Turkish (both literally Events of September), was a pogrom directed primarily at Istanbul’s 100,000-strong Greek minority on 6–7 September 1955. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... USAF reconnaissance photo of one of the suspected launch sites The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States regarding the Soviet deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... Generals Mustafa Kemal and Ä°smet Ä°nönü before the Battle of Dumlupınar, August 1922 Ä°nönüs tomb Mustafa Ä°smet Ä°nönü (September 24, 1884–December 25, 1973) was a Turkish soldier, statesman and the second President of Turkey. ... The Republican Peoples Party is a name of a political party in El Salvador - Republican Peoples Party Turkey - Republican Peoples Party This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Celal Bayar Mahmut Celal Bayar (May 16, 1883 - August 22, 1986) was a Turkish politician, statesman and the third President of Turkey. ... Adnan Menderes Adnan Menderes (1899 - September 17, 1961) turkish statesman and Prime minister between 1950–1960. ... The Republican Peoples Party is a name of a political party in El Salvador - Republican Peoples Party Turkey - Republican Peoples Party This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

1979 energy crisis

September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants UN Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf Peter de la Billière Khalid bin Sultan Saleh Al-Muhaya Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 dead, 75,000 wounded The Gulf War or the Persian Gulf War... The İncirlik Air Base, an important regional storage center in NATOs Southern Region is located in İncirlik, 12 km east of Adana, Turkeys fourth largest city, and 56 km from the Mediterranean Sea (, ). Its ICAO airport code is LTAG. The airbase has a United States Air Force (USAF... No-fly zone detail The Iraqi no-fly zones (NFZs) were proclaimed by the United States, United Kingdom and France after the Gulf War of 1991 to protect Kurds in the north and Shiite Muslims in the south. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in leap years). ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[2] (NATO; French: ; also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance, the Western Alliance, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... Balkan peninsula with northwest border Isonzo-Krka-Sava The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of southeastern Europe. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Logo of ISAF. Persian writing: کمک و همکاری (Komak va Hamkari) means Help and Cooperation.. International Security Assistance Force (6) (ISAF) is an international stabilization force in Afghanistan led by NATO and consisting of about 32,000 personnel from 37 nations as of October 5, 2006. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Turkey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4037 words)
Turkey borders eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia, Armenia and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan and to the northeast; Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south.
The Republic of Turkey was established on October 29, 1923 from the remnants of the Ottoman Empire.
Turkey forms a bridge between Europe and Asia, with the division between the two running from the Black Sea to the north down along the Bosporus strait through the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles strait to the Aegean Sea and the larger Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Timeline of Republic of Turkey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (769 words)
Between 25 June 1950 and 27 July 1953, Turkey was a part of the joint UN operation against North Korea during the Korean war.
April 27-28, 1961 Jupiter missile crisis: Turkey hosted American Jupiter missiles (nuclear) for an undisclosed period until the Cuban Missile Crisis, when the U.S. agreed to remove her nuclear missiles from Turkey in exchange for the Soviet Union removing her missiles from Cuba.
Between 24 March and 10 June 1999, Turkey was a part of the joint NATO operation, 1999 Kosovo War, in the Balkans to end a civil war in the region that used to be Yugoslavia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m