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Encyclopedia > Timeline of New Zealand's links with Antarctica

This is a timeline of the History of New Zealand's involvement with Antarctica. This article gives an outline of the history of New Zealand. ...

Contents

18th and 19th centuries

1770s
  • Captain James Cook and the crews of his expedition's ships, Resolution and Adventure, become the first explorers to cross the Antarctic Circle
1770s - 1830s
  • Sealers and Whalers arrive in New Zealand
1839
1841
1895
  • New Zealander Alexander von Tunzelmann becomes the first person to set foot on Antarctica, at Cape Adare
1899
  • British expedition led by Carstens Borchgrevink, including several New Zealanders, establishes first base in antarctica, at Cape Adare

(17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events and Trends United States Declaration of Independence ratified by the Continental Congress (July 3, 1776). ... British explorer James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance, c. ... Events and Trends United States Declaration of Independence ratified by the Continental Congress (July 3, 1776). ... Events and Trends Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Balleny Islands form a chain of uninhabited, mainly volcanic, islands in the Southern Ocean streching from 66°15 to 67°35S and 162°30 to 165°00E. The group contains three main islands: Young, Buckle and Sturge; and several smaller ones (Row, Borradaile, Sabrina, and Monolith Islands). ... Whales are the largest species of exclusively aquatic placental mammals, members of the order Cetacea, which also includes dolphins and porpoises. ... John Balleny was an English captain who discovered the Balleny Islands in early 1839 while on a whaling and sealing voyage for the English whaling firm Enderby Brothers to the antarctic. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Map of Antarctica (click to enlarge) Ice in the Ross Sea, Antarctica The Ross Sea is a deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica between Victoria Land and Marie Byrd Land. ... Mount Erebus in Antarctica is the southernmost active volcano. ... Sir James Clark Ross (April 15, 1800 – April 3, 1862), was a British naval officer and explorer. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Carstens Egeberg Borchgrevink (December 1, 1864 in Kristiana, Norway-1934 in Slimdal,Antarctica, ever. ...

1900s

1902
  • Scott Island (formerly Markham Island) was discovered and landed upon by Captain William Colbeck

Events and Trends Technology Lawrence Hargrave makes the first stable wing design for a heavier-than-air aircraft Orville and Wilbur Wright make the first documented flight in a powered heavier-than-air aircraft Mass production of automobile Wide popularity of home phonograph Panama Canal is built by the United... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Scott Island (67º24´S 179º55´W) is a small uninhabited island of volcanic origin in the Southern Ocean, 505 km northeastward of Cape Adare, the northeastern extremity of Victoria Land. ...

1910s

1910

Events and trends Technology Gideon Sundback patents the first modern zipper Harry Brearley invents stainless steel Charles P. Strite invents first pop-up bread toaster Science Einsteins theory of general relativity Max von Laue discovers the diffraction of x-rays by crystals Alfred Wegener puts forward his theory of... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Captain Sir Robert Falcon Scott (June 6, 1868 - March 29, 1912) was a British Naval officer and Antarctic explorer. ... Port Chalmers is a town of 3,000 people located within the boundaries of the city of Dunedin, New Zealand. ...

1920s

1923
1928
  • US Navy Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd leaves Dunedin for the first sea-air exploration expedition to the Antarctic. Byrd overflew the South Pole with pilot Bernt Balchen on November 28 and 29, 1929, to match his overflight of the North Pole in 1926. Establishes base at Little America
1929

Sometimes referred to as the Roaring Twenties or the Jazz Age. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Political status Dependency of New Zealand Governor Dame Silvia Cartwright, ex officio as Governor-General of New Zealand Area  – Total  450 000 km² (174 000 mi²) Population Scott Base: 10-80 seasonally McMurdo Station: 200-1000 seasonally Currency New Zealand dollar The Ross Dependency comprises an area of Antarctica (and... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, USN (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) was an pioneering polar explorer and famous aviator. ... Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Little America is an Antarctic exploration base, located on the Ross Shelf Ice, south of the Bay of Whales. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sir Douglas Mawson (May 5, 1882-1958) was Australian Antarctic explorer. ...

1930s

1933
  • New Zealand Antarctic Society founded
1934
  • Byrd becomes first person to winter over on the continent

Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented First atom was split with a particle accelerator Golden Age of radio begins in U.S. Disney adopts a three-color Technicolor process for cartoons First Kit Kat in UK The photocopier is invented by Carlson Air mail service across the Atlantic Science... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

1940s

1949
  • First publication of New Zealand Antarctic Society quarterly journal, Antarctic

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s Years: 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Events and trends Technology First nuclear bomb First cruise missile, the V1 flying bomb and the first ballistic missile, the... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...

1950s

1956
1957
1958
1959
  • New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research established an Antarctic Division
  • Antarctic Treaty signed with other countries involved in scientific exploration in Antarctica

Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A scene at McMurdo Station McMurdo Station, located at 77° 51 South latitude, 166° 40 East longitude, sits on the southern tip of Ross Island in Antarctica, 2,200 miles (3,500 km) due south of New Zealand, and serves as the logistics hub for half the continent. ... Scott Base is a base in Antarctica, owned by New Zealand. ... The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station is an American research station at Earths South Pole in Antarctica. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Geophysical Year or IGY was an international scientific effort that lasted from July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958. ... Scott Base is a base in Antarctica, owned by New Zealand. ... Political status Dependency of New Zealand Governor Dame Silvia Cartwright, ex officio as Governor-General of New Zealand Area  – Total  450 000 km² (174 000 mi²) Population Scott Base: 10-80 seasonally McMurdo Station: 200-1000 seasonally Currency New Zealand dollar The Ross Dependency comprises an area of Antarctica (and... Edmund Hillary on the New Zealand 5 dollar note Sir Edmund Percival Hillary, KG, ONZ, KBE (born July 20, 1919) is a New Zealander mountaineer and explorer, most famous for the first successful climb of Mount Everest. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Operation Deep Freeze I was the codename for a series of scientific expeditions to Antarctica in 1955–56. ... Christchurch is a city on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the Antarctic Treaty from the Gundam anime, see Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ...

1960s

1965
  • The first flight from New Zealand to Antarctica made by a Royal New Zealand Air Force C130 (Hercules) aircraft
1968
  • Marie Derby becomes first New Zealand woman to work in the Antarctic.
1969
  • Vanda Station manned for the first time
  • South Pole visited for the first time by women - four Americans, an Australian, and New Zealander Pamela Young

Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Vanda Station was a summer-only antarctic research base in the western highlands (Victoria Land) of the Ross Dependency, specifically on the shore of Lake Vanda, which is in the Wright Valley. ...

1970s

1970
  • Antarctic Amendment Act comes into force
1974
  • Joint NZ-France expedition makes first ascent, and descent into crater, of Mount Erebus
1977
  • New Zealand proclaims Exclusive Economic Zone of 200 nautical miles, which provides for the zone to also include Ross Dependency's waters
1979

Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Mount Erebus in Antarctica is the southernmost active volcano. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... In international maritime law, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a seazone extending from a states coast over which the state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Air New Zealand Flight TE901 was a non-scheduled passenger flight from Auckland International Airport in New Zealand to Antarctica and return. ... Air New Zealand is a major scheduled passenger airline based in New Zealand. ...

1980s

1982
1987
  • Closure of Scott Base Post Office (reopened in 1994)

Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British Prime... Sir Robert David (Rob) Muldoon KCMG CH (25 September 1921–5 August 1992) served as Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984. ... The Prime Minister of New Zealand is most senior officer in the Government of New Zealand. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...

1990s

1995

Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but keeping the same mind-set. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vanda Station was a summer-only antarctic research base in the western highlands (Victoria Land) of the Ross Dependency, specifically on the shore of Lake Vanda, which is in the Wright Valley. ...

2000s


 
 

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