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Encyclopedia > Time shifting

Time shifting is the recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to at a time more convenient to the consumer. Typically, this refers to TV programming but can also refer to radio shows via podcasts. A pocket watch, a device used to tell time Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Consumers refers to individuals or households that purchase and use goods and services generated within the economy. ... Podcasting is a way of publishing sound files to the Internet, allowing users to subscribe to a feed and receive new audio files automatically. ...


In recent years, the advent of the digital video recorder (DVR) has made time shifting easy, by using a program guide and recording shows onto a hard disk. Some DVRs have other possibile time shifting methods, such as being able to start watching the recorded show from the beginning even if the recording is not yet complete. In the past, time shifting was done with a video cassette recorder (VCR) and its timer function, in which the VCR tunes into the appropriate station and records the show onto video tape. Foxtel IQ, a digital video recorder and a satellite cable set-top box. ... An electronic program (or programme) guide (EPG) is a program schedule, typically broadcast alongside digital television or radio signals. ... The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ...


The Sky+ service in Ireland and the UK allows one to timeshift. TiVo, DirecTV and other US cable or satellite subscription services offer PVR set top boxes, often for an additional monthly fee. Sky Plus, or Sky+ is a subscription personal video recorder (PVR) service for Sky Digital. ... TiVo (pronounced tee-voh, IPA: ) is a popular brand of digital video recorder (DVR) in the United States. ... A standard DIRECTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DIRECTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ...


In cable television broadcasting, time shifting may also refer to the availability of network affiliates from different time zones, serving a similar function of making television programs available at multiple times throughout the day. Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ...


History

The legality of time-shifting programming in the United States was proven by a landmark court case of Universal Studios versus Sony Corporation (Sony v. Universal), when Sony argued successfully that the advent of its Betamax video recorder in 1976 did not violate the copyright of the owners of shows which it recorded. Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios), a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is one of the major American film studios that has production studios and offices located at 100 Universal City Plaza Drive in Universal City, California, an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County between Los Angeles... Sony Corporation (Japanese katakana: ソニー) (TYO: 6758), (NYSE: SNE) is a global consumer electronics corporation based in Tokyo, Japan. ... Sony Corp v. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Articles with similar titles include copywrite. ...


In 1979, Universal sued Sony, claiming its timed recording capability amounted to "copyright infringement". However, a district court found that noncommercial home use recording was considered fair use and ruled in favor of Sony. In appeals, the United States Court of Appeals reversed this decision in 1981 giving the edge to Universal, but the Supreme Court of the United States reversed it yet again in 1984, and found in favor of Sony 5-4. The majority decision held that time shifting was a fair use, represented no substantial harm to the copyright holder, and would not contribute to a diminished marketplace for its product. Today, this is widely referred to as the "Betamax case" or "Betamax decision". For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ... It has been suggested that Mandate (law) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States courts of appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ...


See also

  • Home Theater PC

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Media PC. (Discuss) A home theater PC, or HTPC for short, is a personal computer connected to a television. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Time shifting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (408 words)
Time shifting is the recording of television shows to some storage medium to be viewed at a time more convenient to the consumer.
Time shifting is usually done with a video cassette recorder (VCR) and its timer function, when the VCR tunes into the appropriate station and records the show onto video tape.
The majority decision held that time shifting was a fair use, represented no substantial harm to the copyright holder, and would not contribute to a diminished marketplace for its product.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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