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Encyclopedia > Timaru
Timaru
Urban Area
Population: 27,200
Extent: Former Timaru City Council
Territorial Authority
Name: Timaru District Council
Population: 42,000
Extent: Rangitata River to Pareora River, Pacific Ocean to Mackenzie District, including Rangitata Gorge
Regional council
Name: Canterbury Regional Council

Timaru is a major port city in the southern Canterbury region of New Zealand, located 160 kilometres south of Christchurch and about 200 kilometres north of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island. The territorial authority district of about 42,000 people in and around the former Timaru City (27,200) includes a prosperous agricultural hinterland with links to smaller rural communities such as Pleasant Point (1,200), Temuka (4,000), and Geraldine (2,200). The town of Waimate is about 40 kilometres to the south on the road to Oamaru and Dunedin. Image File history File links Location map of Timaru, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest of the Earths oceanic divisions. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... Pleasant Point is a small country town in southern Canterbury, New Zealand, some 19km inland from Timaru. ... Temuka and the Opihi River. ... Geraldine is a town in the Canterbury region on the South Island of New Zealand. ... Panorama of the view from the white horse overlooking Waimate township Waimate is a town and district in the South Island of New Zealand. ...   Shibboleth: The southern (Kāi Tahu) dialect of Māori ignores the first A in the name (AUH-muh-ROO). ...


Caroline Bay beach is a popular recreational area located close to Timaru's city centre, just to the north of the substantial port facilities. Beyond Caroline Bay, the industrial suburb of Washdyke is at a major junction with State Highway 8, the main route into the Mackenzie Country. This provides a road link to Fairlie, Lake Tekapo, Aoraki/Mount Cook and Queenstown. The Mackenzie Basin, popularly and traditionally known as the Mackenzie Country, is a roughly elliptical and elevated area (700m/3000 ft above sea level) near the centre of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Fairlie is a town in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Lake Tekapo on a summer day, with the Church of the Good Shepherd visible on the peninsula on the right. ... Mt Cook is the highest mountain in New Zealand. ... Queenstown is the name of several places in the world including: Queenstown, Ireland is the former name of Cobh, Ireland. ...


Timaru has been constructed on rolling hills created from the lava flows of the extinct Mt Horrible volcano, which last erupted many thousands of years ago. The result is that most of the main streets are undulating, a clear contrast with the flat landscape of the Canterbury Plain to the north. This volcanic rock is used for the construction of local "bluestone" buildings. Bluestone is the name given to a form of dolerite which appears blue when wet or freshly broken. ...

Contents

Local history

Early settlement

The origin of the name 'Timaru' is disputed . Some believe that it derives from Māori Te Maru, which can mean a 'place of shelter'. However, other authorities allege that Timaru originates from a literal translation of the combination of ti, a cabbage tree and maru, meaning 'shady'. Māori or Te Reo Māori, commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) is an official language of New Zealand. ... Binomial name Cordyline australis (Forst. ...


Māori canoes seem to have employed the site of Timaru as a place to rest on long journeys up and down the eastern coastline for many years before the arrival of the first Europeans in the 19th century. The area includes over 500 sites with traces of Māori rock art, particularly in the rock overhangs and caves of the Opuha and Opihi river valleys, to the west of modern day Timaru. Archaeologists have suggested that Māori tribes were permanently settled in the district before 1400 AD. During the 17th or 18th century the resident Ngāti Mamoe were driven southwards into Fiordland by an invasion of the Ngāi Tahu, who came from the North Island. Kāi Mamoe, or Ngāti Mamoe, is a Māori iwi. ... Fiordland is a region of New Zealand that is situated on the south-western corner of the South Island. ... Image:Ngai tahu. ...

Timaru overlooking Caroline Bay

Download high resolution version (1500x840, 148 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1500x840, 148 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

19th century European settlement

European settlement began with the construction of a whaling station in 1839 by the Weller brothers of Otago at Patiti Point, close to the present town centre. A supply ship, The Caroline, provided the name for a local bay. Later a sheep station, known as The Levels, was created on land purchased by the Rhodes brothers. Few lived in Timaru until 1859 when the ship Strathallan arrived from England, carrying a party of 120 immigrants. Persistent land disputes arose between the brothers and local government officials with the result that two townships were established in the port area, Government Town and Rhodestown. These eventually merged into a single community in 1868. Given this division, until recently none of the main north-south streets lined up. Stafford Street, which became the main thoroughfare, was formed along the early bullock wagon trail. The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ...


Following the loss of a number of vessels of the coast, work started on the redevelopment of the artificial port in 1877, which eventually caused sand washed south down the Pacific shoreline to build up against the northern mole. This was the beginning of the extensive land reclamation around the Caroline Bay district, an area which is still growing today. Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ...


20th century development

Timaru continued to expand during the 20th century, with much of the development taking the form of wooden colonial style bungalows set in individual sections of land. A bungalow is any single story house. ...


Government and politics

The mayor of Timaru is Janie Annear.


Economy

Timaru is one of the major cargo ports of the South Island, with a number of light manufacturing plants associated with the export and import trade. Many of these producers are concerned with processing, packing, and distributing meat, dairy and other agricultural produce.


Timaru is the second largest fishing port in New Zealand.


Transport

Timaru is located on State Highway One (SH1), the main road route down the eastern coast of the South Island. The New Zealand State Highway Shield. ...


There are regular coach and minibus services to Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill, Queenstown and the Mackenzie Country, leaving from outside the Visitor Information Centre, which provides booking facilities and other travel services. Christchurch (Māori: ) is the regional capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. ... Dunedin (Ōtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... Cnr of Esk and Dee Streets, looking up Esk st, one of the main shopping streets of Invercargill. ... Queenstown is the name of several places in the world including: Queenstown, Ireland is the former name of Cobh, Ireland. ...


Domestic passenger rail services have been discontinued, but freight still uses the east coast line on a daily basis.


Richard Pearse Airport is located to the north of the city. It is equipped to handle light aircraft and short haul domestic flights, with regular services to Wellington. Richard Pearse Airport is an airport in Timaru, New Zealand (IATA: TIU, ICAO: NZTU). ... For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ...


A number of bus services connect Timaru's suburbs to the town centre.


Education

  • Pre-school
  • Primary Schools
    • Barton Rural
    • Beaconsfield
    • Bluestone
    • Gleniti
    • Grantlea Downs
    • Highfield
    • Oceanview Heights
    • Sacred Heart Primary
    • St. Josephs School
    • Timaru Christian
    • Timaru South School
    • Waimataitai


There are a number of primary schools including Timaru South School which has two campuses, one in Timaru and the other in Pareora 12 km away. Timaru also has many nurseries and Plunkett rooms. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Day care. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Timaru Boys High School (also known as T.B.H.S.), established in 1880, is a single sex state (public) secondary school located in the port city of Timaru, South Canterbury, New Zealand. ... Roncalli College is a Catholic college in Timaru, New Zealand. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... A public NZ Tertiary Education Institution. ...


Shopping

Retailing is concentrated around the Stafford Street area. In addition there are a number of local shopping malls distributed around the town, with extensive parking facilities.


Timaru has a branch of The Warehouse, a major national retailer. Ballantynes is a large department store in the city centre. The Warehouse, (NZX: WHS) founded by Stephen Tindall in 1982, is the largest department store retailer operating in New Zealand. ...


Tourist attractions

In recent years attempts have been made to promote local tourism and provide services for recreational visitors. The Visitor Information Centre, centrally located in the old Landing Services Building, next to the Railway Station, offers high quality advice and guidance about the South Canterbury district. the knowledgeable staff provide an efficient booking service for transport and visitor accommodation.


The South Canterbury Museum is the main museum for the region, containing exhibits relating to physical geography and the environment, fossil remains, Māori rock art, the early settlement of the district, local maritime history, scrimshaw, the E P Seally natural history collection, and information about Richard Pearse, a local inventor and his attempts at manned flight in the first years of the 20th century. Languages Māori, English Religions Māori religion, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Polynesian peoples, Austronesian peoples The word Māori refers to the indigenous Polynesian peoples of New Zealand, and to their language. ... Richard Pearse Richard William Pearse (3 December 1877 — 29 July 1953), a New Zealand farmer and inventor, performed pioneering experiments in aviation. ...


The Aigantighe (a Scots Gaelic word pronounced "egg and tie") Art Gallery in Wai-iti Road is the South Island’s third largest art museum and one of the best art galleries in the country. It holds a collection of New Zealand, Pacific, Asian and European art works from the sixteenth century to the present day and includes a sculpture garden. The gallery was founded in 1956 and is housed in a homestead built in 1908. // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ...


Timaru is graced with a number of open spaces, public gardens and parks. The Trevor Griffiths Rose Garden at Caroline Bay Park is an attractive new feature of the Timaru Piazza development. The parkland of the Bay Area contains a mini golf course, a roller skating rink, a maze and staging for musical events. It is home to the annual Summer Carnival that takes place over the Christmas and New Year holiday period. In addition, to the south of the city centre there is the extensive Timaru Botanic Gardens, first laid out in 1864, with a notable collection of roses and native tree ferns. To the west is the well maintained Centennial Park Reserve, opened in 1940, that includes a tranquil 3.5 km walkway following the wooded valley of the Otipua Creek.


The DB Mainland Brewery in Sheffield Street offers tours and tasting sessions.


Timaru has a number of high quality cafes, wine bars and restaurants, mostly located in the Bay Area and around Stafford Street.


Media

The Timaru Herald is the local daily newspaper for the district and has been published since the mid nineteenth century. Papers are printed in Ashburton and then distributed throughout the Otago and South Canterbury region. The Timaru Herald is a daily provincial newspaper serving the Timaru, South Canterbury and Otago districts of New Zealand. ... Ashburton is a town and district in the Canterbury region on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ...


The region also supports a weekly community newspaper, The Timaru Courier, which has a circulation of over 24,000 copies and is delivered free every Thursday to local households.


Timaru has 2 local FM radio stations, Classic Hits FM which was originally called Radio Caroline New Zealand and Port FM. There are also many networked FM radio stations. Classic Hits is an Adult Contemporary music radio network broadcasting in 26 markets throughout New Zealand, targeting 25 - 55 year olds. ... Radio Caroline is a New Zealand radio station owned by The Radio Network (TRN). ... Port FM is a network of radio stations based in Timaru, New Zealand. ...


Notable People From Timaru

Academics

Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ...

Politics & Business

The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. ... Wall Street, Manhattan is the location of the New York Stock Exchange and is often used as a symbol for the world of business. ... James Robert Sutton (born 7 November 1941), generally known as Jim Sutton, is a New Zealand politician. ... Honourable Sir Basil Malcolm Arthur, 5th Baronet (born September 18, 1928-1985) served as Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives from 1984 to 1985. ...

Film & Television

Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Kevin Tod Smith (March 16, 1963 - February 15, 2002) was a New Zealand actor best known for playing the God of War, Ares in the television programs Xena: Warrior Princess, Hercules: The Legendary Journeys and Young Hercules. ...

Journalism

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Thomas Allen Munro Curnow (1911-2001) was a New Zealand poet and journalist. ...

Music

// Music is an art form consisting of sound and silence expressed through time. ... Peter Dawkins is a New Zealand-born record producer and sometime musician, who has been based in Australia since the early 1970s. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... Michael Houstoun (20 October 1952 —) is a concert pianist from New Zealand. ...

Religious Leaders

His Most Reverend Eminence Reginald John Cardinal Delargey (10 December 1914 - 29 January 1979) was the Roman Catholic Bishop of Auckland and later the Cardinal Archbishop of Wellington and Metropolitan of New Zealand. ...

Aviation

Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ... Richard Pearse Richard William Pearse (3 December 1877 — 29 July 1953), a New Zealand farmer and inventor, performed pioneering experiments in aviation. ...

Rugby Union

A rugby union scrum. ... Brendan James Laney, (born 16 November 1973 in Invercargill) is a professional rugby union player. ...

Boxing

Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left, throwing a left uppercut) versus Rafael Ortiz Boxing, also referred to as pugilism is a combat sport in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in a series of one to three-minute intervals called rounds. ... Robert James Bob Fitzsimmons (May 26, 1863 - October 22, 1917) was a Cornish native and moved to New Zealand in his childhood. ... This is a chronological list of world heavyweight boxing champions, as recognized by the following organizations: The World Boxing Association (WBA), founded in 1921 as the National Boxing Association (NBA), The World Boxing Council (WBC), founded in 1963, The International Boxing Federation (IBF), founded in 1983, and The World Boxing...

Swimming

This article concentrates on human swimming. ... Danyon Loader is a swimmer from New Zealand. ...

Field Hockey

A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ... John Ross Gillespie (born June 2, 1935 in Timaru) is a former field hockey player from New Zealand, who twice represented his native country at the Summer Olympics: in 1960 and in 1964. ...

Athletics

A womens 400m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... John Edward Jack Lovelock (January 5, 1910-December 28, 1949) was a New Zealand athlete, and a 1936 Olympic champion. ... The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ...

Cricket

Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... Norman Murray Parker (born August 28, 1948, Dannevirke, Manawatu) is a former New Zealand cricketer who played in 3 Tests and one ODI from 1976 to 1976. ... Mark Moreton Parker (2 October 1975 - 12 October 2002) was a New Zealand cricketer. ... Haidee Maree Tiffen (b. ... John Thomas Ward (born March 11, 1937, Timaru, Canterbury) is a former New Zealand cricketer who played in 8 Tests from 1964 to 1968. ... Jamie Michael How (b. ... Craig Derek Cumming (b. ...

Recreation & Leisure

Drama and performing arts

The Theatre Royal at 118 Stafford Street is home of much of Timaru's live entertainment.


Public libraries

The Timaru District Library is located in Sophia Street and has an extensive loan collection and reference materials on local history.


Sport

Sporting venues

Timaru has a comprehensive range of community sporting facilities designed to international standards for rugby, tennis, yachting, swimming, netball, cricket, golf, hockey, croquet and bowls. Aorangi Park is Timaru's major sporting venue. The Council also operates two swimming pools.


Football

Timaru's main football ground is Sir Basil Arthur Park. It has 4 senior pitches and 5 junior pitches.


Rugby

// The South Canterbury Rugby Football Union (SCRFU) was formed in 1888 when it broke away from the Canterbury Rugby Football Union. ... Alpine Energy Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Timaru, New Zealand. ...

Golf

Timaru has many Golf Clubs and well maintained Golf courses. Most have green fees of around $15 NZD. Clubs include:

  • Highfield Golf Club ($20) NZ Golf - Highfield Golf Club
  • Gleniti Golf Club ($20) NZ Golf - Gleniti Golf Club
  • Timaru Golf Club ($25-35) NZ Golf - Timaru Golf Club

and in close proximity to these (15 minute drive)

  • Pleasant Point Golf Club ($15) NZ Golf - Pleasant Point Golf Club
  • St.Andrews Golf Club ($15-$25) NZ Golf - St.Andrews Golf Club
  • Maungati Golf Club (9 holes) ($5) NZ Golf - Maungati Golf Club
  • Temuka Golf Club ($15) NZ Golf - Temuka

Surfing

Timaru has some great surfing.

  • -Patiti Point, near Timaru city, has a left-hand reef break, which operates very consistently in any swell from the east or south.
  • Jack’s Point (3 kms south of Timaru) has both left and right-hand reef breaks at high tide, as does Lighthouse Reef, a short walk to the south. Southerly swells produce super-heavyweight monster breakers along the Timaru coast, which are only suitable for top-gun surfers.

About 1 hr and 20 minutes drive south is Kakanui, which has some very large surf. The small town of Kakanui is located on the coast of Otago, in New Zealand, ten kilometres to the south of Oamaru. ...


Trivia

  • Racehorse Phar Lap was born just to the north of Washdyke, and pioneer aviator Richard Pearse lived at Waitohi, 15 kilometres north of Timaru.
  • Bob Fitzsimmons a champion boxer lived and worked as a blacksmith in Timaru. There is a life sized statue of him in the city centre.
  • During 1978, The ocean liner, SS Australis (SS American Star, SS America) was for months laid up in storage at the port of Timaru.
  • Timaru crater on Mars is named after the city.
  • In 2004, a single was released about Timaru by Auckland band Deja Voodoo, entitled "Today, Tomorrow, Timaru". This was meant as a tribute to Jordan Luck, lead singer of The Exponents
  • The 1986 Dance Exponents song, "Caroline Skies" references Timaru.
  • 1936 Olympic 1500m gold medalist Jack Lovelock attended Timaru Boys High School, and donated the oak tree which he received as part of his prize to the school, where it remains to this day. There is a statue of him at the school, made by the same sculpter who created the Bob Fitzsimmons statue on Strathallan Corner.
  • The late New Zealand actor, Kevin Smith, star of Xena:Warrior Princess grew up in Timaru.

For the computer software, see: Phar Lap (company). ... Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ... Richard Pearse Richard William Pearse (3 December 1877 — 29 July 1953), a New Zealand farmer and inventor, performed pioneering experiments in aviation. ... Robert James Bob Fitzsimmons (May 26, 1863 - October 22, 1917) was a Cornish native and moved to New Zealand in his childhood. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The SS America was an ocean liner built in 1940 for the United States Lines. ... The SS America was an ocean liner built in 1940 for the United States Lines. ... The SS America was an ocean liner built in 1940 for the United States Lines. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... Deja Voodoo began as the fictional house band for the New Zealand show Back Of The Y Masterpiece Television. ... The Exponents are a New Zealand rock group. ... The Exponents are a New Zealand rock group. ... John Edward Jack Lovelock (January 5, 1910-December 28, 1949) was a New Zealand athlete, and a 1936 Olympic champion. ... Robert James Bob Fitzsimmons (May 26, 1863 - October 22, 1917) was a Cornish native and moved to New Zealand in his childhood. ... Kevin Tod Smith (March 16, 1963 - February 15, 2002) was a New Zealand actor best known for playing the God of War, Ares in the television programs Xena: Warrior Princess, Hercules: The Legendary Journeys and Young Hercules. ... Xena. ...

Further reading

  • James Bellich, Russell Brown, and Martin Robinson (2004) New Zealand, Lonely Planet Series
  • Darroch Donald (2003) New Zealand, 2nd Edition, Footprint Guide Series.
  • Laura Harper, Tony Mudd and Paul Whitfield (2000) The Rough Guide to New Zealand, Rough Guide Series

External links

Coordinates: 44°24′S, 171°15′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Timaru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1333 words)
Timaru is a major port city in south Canterbury, New Zealand, located 160 kilometres south of Christchurch and about 200 kilometres north of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island.
Timaru continued to expand during the 20th century, with much of the development taking the form of wooden colonial style bungalows set in individual sections of land.
Timaru is one of the major cargo ports of the South Island, with a number of light manufacturing plants associated with the export and import trade.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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