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Encyclopedia > Tim Buck

Timothy (Tim) Buck (January 6, 1891-March 11, 1973) was a long-time leader of the Communist Party of Canada (known from the 1940s until the late 1950s as the Labour Progressive Party). January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... The Communist Party of Canada is a communist political party in Canada. ... The Labour-Progressive Party was a Communist party in Canada. ...



A machinist, Buck was born in Beccles, England and emigrated to Canada in 1910 reputedly because it was cheaper to book steamship passage to Canada than to Australia. He became involved in the labour movement and radical working class politics in Toronto. In 1921, he participated in the founding convention of the Communist Party of Canada. Not initially a leading member of the party, Buck came to prominence as a supporter of Joseph Stalin, and became General Secretary in 1929 after the old party leadership had been purged for supporting Trotsky and others had been removed for supporting Bukharin. Buck remained General Secretary until 1964, and was an unquestioning supporter of the Soviet line throughout his tenure. A machinist is a tradesperson who specializes in making things out of metal or other solid material. ... Beccles is a market town in Suffolk within The Broads National Park. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... Motto: Diversity Our Strength Map of Ontario Counties, Toronto being red Area: 641 sq. ...   Joseph Stalin? (December 21, 1879 – March 5, 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from mid-1920s to his death in 1953 and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953), a position which had later become that of party leader. ... The term General Secretary (alternatively First Secretary) denotes a leader of various unions, parties or associations. ... 1915 passport photo of Trotsky Leon Davidovich Trotsky (Russian: Лев Давидович Троцкий; also transliterated Leo, Lev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij and Trotzky ) (October 26 (O.S.) = November 7 (N.S.), 1879 – August 21, 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Лев Давидович Бронштейн), was a Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist intellectual. ... Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (Russian: Николай Иванович Бухарин), (October 9 (September 27 Old Style) 1888 - March 13, 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and then a Soviet politician, and intellectual. ... The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Russian: (СССР)   listen?; tr. ...

Tim Buck (centre) during an election campaign
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Tim Buck (centre) during an election campaign

With the onset of the Great Depression, the Conservative government of R.B. Bennett became increasingly worried about left wing activity and agitation. On August 11, 1931, the Communist Party offices in Toronto were raided, and Buck and several of his colleagues were arrested and charged with sedition. Buck was tried in November, convicted of sedition and sentenced to hard labour. Tim Buck (centre) Public domain image taken from Marxists Internet Archive This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Tim Buck (centre) Public domain image taken from Marxists Internet Archive This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Great Depression was a massive global economic recession (or depression) that ran from 1929 to 1939. ... The name which emphasised a revitalised National Policy and links to Britain. ... For the British composer named Richard Bennett, see Richard Rodney Bennett. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Sedition refers to a legal designation of non-overt conduct that is deemed by a legal authority as being acts of treason, and hence deserving of legal punishment. ...


He was imprisoned from 1932 to 1934 in Kingston Penitentiary where he was the target of an apparent assassination attempt during a prison riot. While Buck was sitting in his cell listening to the melee outside, eight shots were fired into his cell via a window, narrowly missing the prisoner. In late 1933, Minister of Justice Hugh Guthrie admitted in the Canadian House of Commons that shots had been deliberately fired into Buck's cell, but "just to frighten him." A widespread civil rights campaign ultimately secured Buck's release. His extensive testimony before the Archambault Commission contributed to the reform of prisons in Canada. Kingston Penitentiary is a maximum security prison located in Kingston, Ontario between King Street West and Lake Ontario. ... Minister of Justice of Canada is the minister in the Cabinet of Canada who is responsible for the Department of Justice and is also Attorney General of Canada. ... Hugh Guthrie (1866-1939) was a Canadian politician and Cabinet minister in the governments of Sir Robert Borden, Arthur Meighen and R. B. Bennett. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Archambault Report was an influential study of the penitentiary system in Canada that was tabled in 1938. ...


Buck ran for a seat in the House of Commons on six occasions. He won 25% of the vote, placing third, when he ran in Winnipeg North in the 1935 federal election. He lost to Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) candidate A.A. Heaps. He won 26% of the vote when he ran in the Toronto riding of Trinity in the 1945 election, and 21% in the 1949 election, finishing ahead of the CCF on both occasions. In the 1953 election, he won only 8.7% of the vote and then just 3.7% of the vote when he stood one last time in the 1958 election. In the 1935 Canadian federal election, the Liberal Party of William Lyon Mackenzie King won a majority government, defeating R.B. Bennetts Conservative Party. ... The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was a Canadian political party founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, by a number of socialist, farm, co-operative and labour groups as well as the League for Social Reconstruction. ... 1930 election leaflet Abraham Albert Heaps (December 24, 1885 _ April 4, 1954) was a Canadian politician and labour leader. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1945 election The Canadian federal election of 1945 was the 20th General Election in Canadian history. ... The Canadian federal election of 1949 was the first election in Canada in almost thirty years in which the Liberals were not led by William Lyon Mackenzie King. ... National results Notes: (1) The Liberal-Labour MP sat with the Liberal caucus. ... The 24th general election was held just nine months after the 23rd and transformed Prime Minister John Diefenbakers minority into the largest ever majority government in Canadian history. ...


Buck retired as general secretary of the Communist Party of Canada in 1962, but remained in the largely ceremonial position of party chairman until his death in 1973. There was controversy within the party when a posthumous version of his memoirs was published in 1977 by NC Press based on interviews conducted for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in 1965. In Yours in the Struggle: Reminiscences of Tim Buck, the former party leader criticized Nikita Khrushchev and was somewhat defensive of Stalin. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, commonly known by the abbreviation CBC, is Canadas government-owned radio and television broadcaster. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchyov (Khrushchev) (Russian: Ники́та Серге́евич Хрущёв   listen?, April 17, 1894 â€“ September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ...


External links


Preceded by:
Jack MacDonald
General Secretaries of the Communist Party of Canada
1929-1962
Succeeded by:
Leslie Morris


Jack MacDonald (nicknamed Moscow Jack Macdonald in the 1920s) born in Falkirk, Scotland, was a founding member of the Communist Party of Canada and one if its leaders. ... The Communist Party of Canada is a communist political party in Canada. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Leslie Tom Morris (1904 - 1964) was a Canadian politician, journalist and long time member of the Communist Party of Canada and, its front group, the Labour Progressive Party. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tim Buck - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (625 words)
Timothy (Tim) Buck (January 6, 1891-March 11, 1973) was a long-time leader of the Communist Party of Canada (known from the 1940s until the late 1950s as the Labour Progressive Party).
A machinist, Buck was born in Beccles, England and emigrated to Canada in 1910 reputedly because it was cheaper to book steamship passage to Canada than to Australia.
Buck remained General Secretary until 1964, and was an unquestioning supporter of the Soviet line throughout his tenure.
Tim Buck, Canada's Little Commie (1192 words)
Tim Buck was born in 1891 in Beccles, England.
Buck and his companions were found guilty of a "crime" and sentenced to hard labour at Kingston Penitentiary.
Buck was not involved and he did not budge from his cell during the riot.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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