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Encyclopedia > Tikrit
Looking north along the Tigris towards Saddam's Presidential palace in April 2003

Tikrit (تكريت, Tikrīt also transliterated as Takrit or Tekrit) is a town in Iraq, located 140 km northwest of Baghdad on the Tigris river (at 34.61°N, 43.68°E). The town, with an estimated population in 2002 of about 28,900, is the administrative center of the province of Salah ad Din. Image File history File linksMetadata Tikrit9. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tikrit9. ... To help compare orders of magnitude; this page lists lengths between 100 and 1,000 km (105 and 106 m). ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... The Tigris (Old Persian: Tigr, Syriac Aramaic: Deqlath, Arabic: دجلة, Dijla, Turkish: Dicle; biblical Hiddekil) is the eastern member of the pair of great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from the mountains of Anatolia through Iraq. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Categories: Stub | Provinces of Iraq ...

Contents

History

The town is first mentioned in the "Fall of Assyria Chronicle", as being a refuge for the Babylonian king Nabopolassar during his attack on the city of Assur in 615 BCE. In the Middle Bronze Age Assyria was a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur (Akkadian: ; Hebrew: , Aramaic: ). Later, as a nation and empire that came to control all of the Fertile Crescent, Egypt and much of Anatolia, the term Assyria... Nabopolassar (Akkadian:Nabû-apal-usur) was the first king (626-605 BC) of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. ... Assur (Assyrian: ܐܫܘܪ) also spelled Ashur, from Assyrian Aššur, was the capital of ancient Assyria. ... 619 BC — Alyattes becomes king of Lydia. ...


Tikrit is usually identified with the Mesopotamian Birtha.[1] As Tagrit, it was the seat of the Maphrian of the Monophysites. Birtha (Greek: Βίρθα, Ptol. ... Syriac (mafriano, one who bears fruit, i. ... Monophysitism (from the Greek monos meaning one and physis meaning nature) is the christological position that Christ has only one nature, as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human. ...


Over a thousand years ago, it possessed a fortress and a large Christian monastery. It was renowned as a centre for the production of woolen textiles. The Arab Uqaylid Dynasty took hold of Tikrit in 1036. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a person who... The Uqaylids (or Uqaylids) were a Muslim dynasty in what today is Iraq and Syria. ...


Around 1137, the legendary Kurdish leader Saladin was born there; his many achievements include defending Egypt against the Christian Crusaders and recapturing Jerusalem in 1187. The modern province of which Tikrit is the capital is named after him. // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi (Arabic: , Kurdish: , Persian: , Turkish: ) known also as Saladin or Salah al-Din Yusuf (c. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ...


The town, and much of Iraq with it, was devastated in the 14th century by the Mongol invasion under Hulagu. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Hulagu Khan (also known as Hülegü, and Hulegu) (1217–8 February 1265) was a Mongol ruler who conquered much of Southwest Asia. ...


In September 1917, British forces captured the town during a major advance against the Ottoman Empire during World War I. 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


The town is now perhaps best known for being the birthplace, in 1937, of Saddam Hussein, who frequently liked to compare himself with Saladin. Many senior members of the Iraqi government during his rule were drawn from Saddam's own Tikriti tribe, the Al Bu Nasir, as were members of his Iraqi Republican Guard, chiefly because Saddam apparently felt that he was most able to rely on relatives and allies of his family. The Tikriti domination of the Iraqi government became something of an embarrassment to Hussein and, in 1977, he abolished the use of surnames in Iraq to conceal the fact that so many of his key supporters bore the same surname, al-Tikriti (as did Saddam himself). Saddam Hussein was buried near Tikrit in his hometown of Owja following his hanging on December 30, 2006. Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi (Arabic: , Kurdish: , Persian: , Turkish: ) known also as Saladin or Salah al-Din Yusuf (c. ... Iraqi President Saddam Hussein talks with elite Republican Guard officers in Baghdad on March 1, 2003. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


2003

In the opening weeks of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, many observers speculated that Saddam would return to Tikrit as his "last stronghold". The town was subjected to intense aerial bombardment meant to throw Saddam's Republican Guard out of the city. On April 13, 2003 several thousand US Marines and other coalition members aboard 300 armored vehicles converged on the town, meeting little or no resistance. With the fall of Tikrit, U.S. Major General Stanley McChrystal said, "I would anticipate that the major combat operations are over." The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ...


However, during the subsequent occupation Tikrit became the scene of a number of insurgent attacks against the occupation forces. It is commonly regarded as being the northern angle of the "Sunni Triangle" within which the National Resistance is at its most intense. In June 2003, Abid Hamid Mahmud, Saddam Hussein's Presidential Secretary and the Ace of Diamonds on the most wanted 'Deck of Cards,' was captured in a joint raid by special operations forces and the 1st Battalion, 22nd Infantry Regiment of 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division. This article deals with the post-invasion period in Iraq and its occupation. ... The Iraq resistance movement is the armed resistance by diverse groups to the coalition occupation of Iraq. ... Map of the Sunni Triangle The Sunni Triangle refers to a roughly triangular area of Iraq to the northwest of Baghdad. ... Lieutenant General Abid Hamid Mahmud was an Iraqi military officer under Saddam Husseins deposed regime. ... The 1st Battalion is assigned again to the 4th Infantry Division at Fort Hood, TX, and deployed in 2002 to Guantanamo, Cuba, in 2003-04 to Tikrit, Iraq, and in 2005-06 to Baghdad, Iraq. ...


After the fall of Baghdad, Saddam Hussein was also sheltered in and around Tikrit by relatives, supporters and allies for a period of about six months. During his final period in hiding, he lived just outside the town of ad-Dawr, fifteen kilometres south of Tikrit on the eastern bank of the Tigris, a few kilometers southeast of his hometown of Owja. He was captured by Coalition forces, primarily the U.S. 4th Infantry Division, on December 13, 2003. Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Ad-Dawr is a small agricultural town near the Iraqi town of Tikrit, Saddam Husseins birthplace. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Multinational Force Iraq. ... It has been suggested that U.S. 1st Brigade 4th Infantry Division be merged into this article or section. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During the 2003 invasion of Iraq, AFN Iraq ("Freedom Radio") broadcast propaganda and entertainment within Tikrit, among other locations. AFN Iraq is the American Forces Network of radio stations within Iraq. ...


2005

On November 22, 2005, HHC 42nd Infantry Division New York Army National Guard , handed over control of Saddam Hussein's primary palace complex in Tikrit to the governor of Salah ah Din Province, who represented the Iraqi government. The palace complex had served as a headquarters for U.S. 4th Infantry Division, U.S. 1st Infantry Division, and 42nd Infantry Division. The palace complex now serves several purposes for the Iraqi police and army, including headquarters and jails. The U.S. Military has subsequently moved their operations to al Sahra Airfield, now COB Speicher, northwest of Tikrit. is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that U.S. 1st Brigade 4th Infantry Division be merged into this article or section. ... The 1st Infantry Division of the United States Army —nicknamed “The Big Red One” after its shoulder patch—is the oldest continuously serving division in the United States Army. ... The 42d Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II, and is the division of the New York National Guard. ...


2006

May 2006. An Iraqi mother comforts her children as soldiers from 2nd Squadron, 9th Cav Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team search their home near Tikrit, Iraq.


The 402nd Civil Affairs Detachment of the US Army, and the government of Salah Ah Din province, began plans to improve local economic conditions. One of the many projects they are working on is building an industrial vocational school in the Tikrit area. The school will teach local people skills in different fields of technology, which will help to build and improve Iraq’s economic stability. [1] The curriculum will educate men and women in multiple occupational fields such as the production of high-tech products, plastic production technology, masonry, carpentry, petroleum equipment maintenance and repair, farm machinery and automotive repair. This self-supporting educational institution owns a textile mill where many of the graduates will work producing uniforms. The mill is scheduled to begin producing and selling products within the year, with the profits from the mill going to fund the school. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (1439 × 953 pixel, file size: 283 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // The Touch Russell l. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (1439 × 953 pixel, file size: 283 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // The Touch Russell l. ...


The vocational school’s operation, support and funding are modeled after a system South Korea used in another part of Iraq. [2]


In popular culture

"The Birthday Palace", as it was called by U.S. troops, is the place of the famous film clips of Saddam firing a rifle into the air from a balcony overlooking his troops. It's now known as Mahmood Palace, named for an Iraqi intelligence officer who was killed when a suicide bomber disguised as an Iraqi Army officer infiltrated the compound. It is a smaller palace used by Saddam and his regime for parades and troop reviews. It is located in the northwest of Tikrit on Saddam Boulevard.


In the hit TV series Lost, Sayid Jarrah, a former soldier in the Republican Guard, was born in Tikrit. Lost is an Emmy Award and Golden Globe-winning American serial drama television series that follows the lives of plane crash survivors on a mysterious tropical island, after a passenger jet flying between Australia and the United States crashes somewhere in the South Pacific. ... Sayid Jarrah (Arabic: سعيد جراح) is a fictional character on the ABC television series Lost, played by Naveen Andrews. ...


See also

This is a list of places in Iraq. ...

References

Sir William Smith (1813 - 1893), English lexicographer, was born at Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. ... The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, published in 1854, was the last a series of classical dictionaries edited by the english scholar William Smith (1813–1893), which included as sister works the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. ...

Sources and External links

Coordinates: 34°36′N, 43°41′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tikrit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (702 words)
Tikrit (تكريت, also transliterated as Takrit or Tekrit) is a town in Iraq, located 140 km northwest of Baghdad on the Tigris river (at 34.61°N, 43.68°E).
However, during the subsequent occupation Tikrit became the scene of a number of insurgent attacks against the occupation forces.
In the hit TV series Lost, Sayid Jarrah, a former soldier in the Republican Guard, was born in Tikrit.
Forces Make New Foray Into Tikrit (836 words)
TIKRIT, Iraq - U.S. Marines battled with the scattered defenders of Saddam Hussein's hometown early Monday as U.S. artillery and warplanes tried to wear down any attempt at a last stand at the Iraqi leader's power base.
Tikrit, 90 miles north of Baghdad, is the last major city with substantial resistance by Iraqi forces.
On the road connecting Tikrit and Tuz Khurmatu in the east, there were many abandoned checkpoints, bunkers and foxholes, as well as an abandoned artillery position.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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