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Encyclopedia > Tierra del Fuego Province (Argentina)
Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica,
and South Atlantic Islands


Coat of Arms Image File history File links Flag_of_Tierra_del_Fuego_province_in_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Escudo_COA_Tierra_del_Fuego_province_argentina. ...

Capital Ushuaia
Area 21,263 / 1,002,4451 km²
Population 101,079 (2001)
Density 4.75 / 0.11/km²
Governor Hugo Cóccaro
Demonym Fueguino
ISO 3166-2 AR-V

1:Without claims on Antarctica,
the Falkland Islands, and other
islands of the South Atlantic Ocean.


Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands (Spanish: Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) is a province entirely separated by the Strait of Magellan from mainland Argentina on the Isla Grande of Tierra del Fuego, which it shares with Chile to the west. In addition to the Argentine part of Tierra del Fuego, the province also encompasses Argentine claims to Antarctica, and to the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom (Argentines call the Falklands the Malvinas). The province is usually called just "Tierra del Fuego" partly because it's mostly comprised of that island's eastern half and partly because it's just shorter. The city of Ushuaia in early spring. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Hugo Cóccaro is an Argentine Justicialist Party (PJ) politician, current governor of Tierra del Fuego Province (formally Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands). ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (520x1004, 13 KB) Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, Argentina A map highlighting Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands, Argentina. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... The Strait of Magellan is a navigable route immediately south of mainland Chile, South America. ... Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for Land of Fire) (English pronunciation ; Spanish ) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. ... Motto: Leo Terram Propriam Protegat (Latin: Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land) Official language English Capital Grytviken Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  - Total  - % water not ranked 3,903 km² - Population  - Total (2006 E)  - Density not ranked ~20 n/a; Currency GBP Time...

Contents

History

The youngest of the Argentine provinces was first inhabited around 12,000 years ago. When the first Europeans arrived, they encountered a population of about 10,000 indigenous people belonging to four different tribes: Yamana, Alakaluf, Selk'nam and Manek'enk (Haush). Within fifty years after discovery, only about 350 natives remained after diseases and exploitation ravaged their tribes. The provincial capital city is Ushuaia, from a native word meaning "bay towards the end". Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... The Yaghan or Yamana were an indigenous people of Tierra del Fuego. ... Kawésqar (also Qawasqar, Alacaluf, Halakwulup, Kaweskar, Alakaluf, Kawaskar, Kawesqar, Qawashqar, Halakwalip, Hekaine, Kaueskar, Aksanás) is a language isolate spoken in southern Chile. ... The Selknam, also known as the Ona, a now-extinct people, lived in the Tierra del Fuego islands, in southern Chile and Argentina. ... The city of Ushuaia in early spring. ...


The territory was discovered in 1520 by the expedition of Ferdinand Magellan, who named the place first Land of Smokes and later Land of Fire, as he saw what were probably the fires produced by the local aborigines for heat.


Juan de Alderete in 1555 and later Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa intended to found settlements in the area, but the inclemency of the weather and the constant attacks of British pirates, who took Sarmiento de Gamboa prisoner, frustrated their ambitions. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Spanish, Dutch, British and French explorers ventured on Tierra del Fuego island and the nearby seas. Gabriel de Castilla passed through before discovering the Antarctica, while Fitz Roy, and Charles Darwin explored this land and other parts of Patagonia. Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for Land of Fire) (English pronunciation ; Spanish ) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. ... Cerro Chaltén, also known as Cerro Fitz Roy, is a mountain located in the Los Glaciares National Park of Patagonia. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ...


In 1820 Argentina established a penal colony at Puerto Soledad on the Falkland Islands, but the British 1833 invasion of the Falkland Islands forced governor Luis Vernet and the inhabitants of Puerto Soledad off the island. The United Kingdom mounted an invasion of the Falkland Islands on January 2, 1833, after the destruction of the Argentine Puerto Soledad settlement by the American corvette Lexington (December 28, 1831). ... Louis Vernet Luis Vernet was the 4th and last Argentine Governor of Puerto Soledad, and Argentine colony in the Falkland Islands from 1829 until 1831. ...


Luis Piedrabuena installed a base in San Juan de Salvamento on Isla de los Estados island. After accepting Argentine sovereignty, the Briton Thomas Bridges founded an Anglican mission in Ushuaia in 1870, and shortly thereafter Salesians missioneraries founded Río Grande. Isla de los Estados (Staten Island) is an island that lies on the Le Maire Strait off the eastern extremity of the Argentine portion of Tierra del Fuego. ... The city of Ushuaia in early spring. ... St. ... Rio Grande in Tierra del Fuego Río Grande is a town in Argentina, on the northern part of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. ...


In 1884 the Government of Tierra del Fuego was created, which already included an section of Antarctica, and the Islands of the Southern Atlantic. During this time, the meridian 68 36'38 was defined as the boundary between the Chilean and the Argentine sides of the island. Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West Argentine Antarctica (in Spanish, Antártida Argentina) is a sector of Antarctica which Argentina considers part of its National Territory. ...


The southern part of the Beagle Channel was an issue of conflict between both states, specially regarding three small islands: Picton, Lennox and Nueva, which were given to Chile by decision of the mediating British Crown and revised by Pope John Paul II. Sea lions on La Isla de Los Lobos in the Beagle Channel Glacier on the north shore of the Beagle Channel Beagle Channel is a strait separating islands of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, in extreme southern South America. ... Map of Picton, Lennox and Nueva Picton, Lennox and Nueva is a group of three uninhabited islands (and their islets) located on the extreme south of South America, in the Chilean region Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena, near Navarino island and the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen_in_Parliament) legislative power. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), born   (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from October...


When the crews of sailing-ships told of the notoriously dangerous voyage round the tip of South America, Tierra del Fuego became a byword in Europe for an inhospitable land, where life would be impossibly harsh for settlers. In reality however, it is by no means the most sparsely populated province of Argentina, as Europeans often assume. Its population density of 4.75/ km² is in fact higher than five other provinces, due to various waves of immigration. Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ...


Gold fever started in Tierra del Fuego around 1883. Many Croatians from the Dalmatian coast arrived to these lands in search of gold. The rush for gold brought with it some progress such as the telegraph in addition to a wave of immigrants. Although by 1910 the gold fever had died along with the exhaustion of the precious metal's sources, most of the pioneers stayed. Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, Italian: Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ...


With the creation of the Gobernación Marítima de Tierra del Fuego in 1943, construction of naval bases began in Ushuaia and Río Grande, as well as an airport and other infrastructure. This brought a significant number of immigrants from Argentina and other countries.


It was not before 1990 that the Territorio Nacional de la Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur was declared a province, and receiving its first governor two years later.


Geography and climate

The province can be geographically divided into 3 distinct areas: the Tierra del Fuego islands, the Argentine Antarctica, and the Islands of the South Atlantic. Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for Land of Fire) (English pronunciation ; Spanish ) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. ... Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West Argentine Antarctica (in Spanish, Antártida Argentina) is a sector of Antarctica which Argentina considers part of its National Territory. ...


Tierra del Fuego Island

See also Tierra del Fuego

There are low mountains and sandy beaches at the north of the island, ascending to the south. The north is somewhat similar to the steppe of the Santa Cruz Province. In the middle of the island, the end of the Andes mountain system runs horizontally, and its highest peak, Mount Cornú, rises only 1,490 meters. There are a number of short rivers (Grande, Moneta, Ona, Lasifashaj, etc.), and due to the low temperature, there are many small glaciers that descend towards the sea. The annual average temperature of the island is 5.3 ºC, with precipitation of 300 mm in the north and 550 mm in the south. Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for Land of Fire) (English pronunciation ; Spanish ) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. ... Map of Argentina highlighting the province Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the south of the country. ... The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... The Ona, also called Selknam, a now-extinct people, inhabited the far south of Patagonia, in Chile and Argentina, and especially Tierra del Fuego. ... The degree Celsius (symbol: °C) is an SI derived unit of temperature. ...


Argentine Antarctica

See also Argentine Antarctica
Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West
Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West

The part of Antarctica claimed by Argentina is formed by a long peninsula, and a gulf of which half remains frozen all year round. The highest peak of this section of the continent is Monte Chiriguano, at 3360 meters. The weather is normally cold and windy. Antarctic portion between meridians 25º West and 74º West Argentine Antarctica (in Spanish, Antártida Argentina) is a sector of Antarctica which Argentina considers part of its National Territory. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Islands of the South Atlantic

See also Islas Malvinas

Most of the islands of the Southern Atlantic present a more humid climate, except for the Islas Malvinas. For instance, the Año Nuevo and Isla de los Estados islands have a dense vegetation of low forests of lenga and ñire. An arid steppe covers the Islas Malvinas, which receive less precipitation than other islands closer to the continent, and is constantly swept by strong winds. The South Orkney Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are also part of the South Atlantic Islands, and they are colder than the others, because of the big distances to the continent. The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic consisting of two main islands known as East Falkland and West Falkland and a number of smaller islands. ... The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic consisting of two main islands known as East Falkland and West Falkland and a number of smaller islands. ... Isla de los Estados (Staten Island) is an island that lies on the Le Maire Strait off the eastern extremity of the Argentine portion of Tierra del Fuego. ... Binomial name Nothofagus lenga (Forster) Oersted The Lenga Beech or lenga (Nothofagus pumilio) is a deciduous tree or shrub native to the centre area of the Andes range, in the temperate forests of Chile and Argentina down to Tierra del Fuego. ... The Nothofagus Antarctica is commonly called the Southern or Antarctic Beech or the nire. ... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - step, Ukrainian: - step, Kazakh: - dala), pronounced in English as step, is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being... The South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas) are a group of sub-antarctic islands situated at latitudes 60°50 to 60°83 S, and longitudes 44°25 to 46°25 W in the Southern Ocean. ... Motto: Leo Terram Propriam Protegat (Latin: Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land) Official language English Capital Grytviken Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  - Total  - % water not ranked 3,903 km² - Population  - Total (2006 E)  - Density not ranked ~20 n/a; Currency GBP Time...


Economy

The province of Tierra del Fuego benefits from certain tax benefits that support industry and immigration to less populated areas.


In addition, it is one of the most prosperous provinces in Argentina, in terms of standard of living, after the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, and the province of Santa Cruz. Coordinates: Found 1536, 1580 Mayor Jorge Telerman Area    - City 203 km²  (78. ... Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the south of the country, in the Patagonia. ...


Recently, in the city of Río Grande, many international and Argentine companies, most notably the Korean company Samsung and the Argentine company Teltron, have installed factories that produce high-definition televisions (HDTV), mass production of CD-ROM-related articles, and low-cost GSM cell phones built mainly from Argentine components. Rio Grande in Tierra del Fuego Río Grande is a town in Argentina, on the northern part of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. ... Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Not to be confused with Get Some Mates The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ...


Sheep are still the main source of wool, meat and leather throughout the province except for Argentine Antarctica, where there are no commercial enterprises. Species See text. ...


A number of factories have opened on Tierra del Fuego Island to take advantage of the tax benefits legislated in 1972, mainly of home appliances and electronics.


Hydrocarbons are extracted on Tierra del Fuego Island, and some companies have been searching extraction points, not only in the Falkland Islands but also in the waters between the islands and the American continent. In chemistry, a hydrocarbon is a cleaning solution consisting only of carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). ...


Tourism is gaining importance on Tierra del Fuego island, and the region offers mountains, glaciers, forests, fast rivers, waterfalls, a ski centre, and the sea, all within short distances. Both Jules Verne and Darwin were fascinated by the beauties of the island. The most visited destinations include Ushuaia, the Tierra del Fuego National Park and the Tren del Fin del Mundo, Fagnano Lake, Museum of the End of the World, the Beagle Channel,Les Eclaireurs lighthouse, the old jail, and the Isla de los Estados. Jules Verne. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... Tierra del Fuego National Park is a national park on the Argentine part of the island of Tierra del Fuego, within Tierra del Fuego Province. ... The Southern Fuegian Railway or the End of the World Train (Spanish: Ferrocarril Austral Fueguino (FCAF) or El Tren del Fin del Mundo) is a narrow gauge railway in Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina using steam locomotives. ... The Fagnano (Spanish: Lago Fagnano or Lago Cami) is a lake located on the main island of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, and shared by Argentina and Chile. ... Sea lions on La Isla de Los Lobos in the Beagle Channel Glacier on the north shore of the Beagle Channel Beagle Channel is a strait separating islands of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, in extreme southern South America. ... Isla de los Estados (Staten Island) is an island that lies on the Le Maire Strait off the eastern extremity of the Argentine portion of Tierra del Fuego. ...


The Argentine Antarctica started receiving tourists a short time ago. Tourists can see wildlife at the Argentine Marambio Base during the summer. Map of Graham Land, showing Marambio Base (B) Base Antártica Marambio is the head of the Argentine bases in Antarctica, and its located at the Seymour-Marambio Island, at , some 100 kilometres from Esperanza Base. ...


The Falkland Islands gained notoriety after the Falkland War, but very few tourists adventure to the islands. Combatants United Kingdom Argentina Casualties 258 killed [1] 777 wounded 59 taken prisoner 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas) was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich...


Political division

The province is divided in 4 departments (Spanish: departamentos), only the first two of which are under the effective control of Argentina: Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ...

  1. Ushuaia (capital Ushuaia)
  2. Río Grande (capital Río Grande)
  3. Antártida Argentina: South of the 60° S parallel of latitude and therefore claims suspended under the Antarctic Treaty, sector of Antarctica between 25°W to 74°W, uninhabited apart from staff of scientific bases) (capital Esperanza). The South Orkney Islands, which are also South of the 60° S parallel of latitude and therefore claims suspended under the Antarctic Treaty, are however considered part of the department Islas del Atlántico Sur
  4. Islas del Atlántico Sur: Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, British overseas territories claimed by Argentina, and South Orkney Islands, which South of the 60° S parallel of latitude and therefore claims suspended under the Antarctic Treaty

The city of Ushuaia in early spring. ... Rio Grande in Tierra del Fuego Río Grande is a town in Argentina, on the northern part of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. ... Argentinian Antarctica (in Spanish, Antártida Argentina) is a sector of Antarctica which Argentinians consider part of their National Territory. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... For the Antarctic Treaty from the Gundam anime, see Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... The Argentine Base Esperanza (Spanish Hope Base) is located at 63°24′ S 56°59′ W, Hope Bay, Trinity Peninsula, Antarctic Peninsula. ... The South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas) are a group of sub-antarctic islands situated at latitudes 60°50 to 60°83 S, and longitudes 44°25 to 46°25 W in the Southern Ocean. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... For the Antarctic Treaty from the Gundam anime, see Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... Motto: Leo Terram Propriam Protegat (Latin: Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land) Official language English Capital Grytviken Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  - Total  - % water not ranked 3,903 km² - Population  - Total (2006 E)  - Density not ranked ~20 n/a; Currency GBP Time... The South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas) are a group of sub-antarctic islands situated at latitudes 60°50 to 60°83 S, and longitudes 44°25 to 46°25 W in the Southern Ocean. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... For the Antarctic Treaty from the Gundam anime, see Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ...

See also

Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for Land of Fire) (English pronunciation ; Spanish ) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. ... The Chilean Tierra del Fuego Province (in Spanish Provincia de Tierra del Fuego) is located on the Chilean part of the main island of Tierra del Fuego. ... Map of Picton, Lennox and Nueva The Argentina-Chile Peace and Friendship Treaty (Spanish: Tratado de Paz y Amistad) was an agreement signed in 1984 between Argentina and Chile over the possession of the Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands and sea located south of Tierra del Fuego resolving a serious...

External links

  • Tierra del Fuego provincial government homepage (in Spanish)
  • Tierra del Fuego tourist information (English and Spanish)

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