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Encyclopedia > Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
Cerro Sombrero Village, Chile. It was founded to serve as a petroleum campsite
A true-colour image of Tierra del Fuego captured by NASA's Terra satellite on March 28, 2003.
A true-colour image of Tierra del Fuego captured by NASA's Terra satellite on March 28, 2003.
Hoste Island, Chile
Hoste Island, Chile
Sea lions at the Beagle Channel near Ushuaia
Sea lions at the Beagle Channel near Ushuaia

Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for "Land of Fire") (English pronunciation [tiˈɛɹə dɛl ˈfwego]; Spanish [ˈtjera ð̞el ˈfweɰo]) is an archipelago, 28,476 sq mi (73,753 km²), separated from the southernmost tip of the South American mainland by the Strait of Magellan. The southern point of the archipelago forms Cape Horn. Cities of Tierra del Fuego This map was created with this online map creation tool. ... Cities of Tierra del Fuego This map was created with this online map creation tool. ... Cerro Sombrero, Tierra del Fuego, Chile File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cerro Sombrero, Tierra del Fuego, Chile File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A true colour image of Tierra del Fuego captured sunbathing by NASAs Terra satellite on March 28, 2003. ... A true colour image of Tierra del Fuego captured sunbathing by NASAs Terra satellite on March 28, 2003. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 617 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A view from the Tierra del Feugo National Park (Argentina) across the Beagle Channel to Isla Hoste (Chile) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 617 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A view from the Tierra del Feugo National Park (Argentina) across the Beagle Channel to Isla Hoste (Chile) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 616 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ushuaia, Argentina - a view of the town from Pasaje Pedro Luis Fique (separating the bay and the captured lake) File links The following... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 616 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ushuaia, Argentina - a view of the town from Pasaje Pedro Luis Fique (separating the bay and the captured lake) File links The following... Ushuaia (pronounced ) is the capital of the Argentine province of Tierra del Fuego, and the worlds southernmost city. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 630 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sea lions at Isla de los Lobos in the Beagle Channel near Ushuaia, Argentinian Tierra del Fuego. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 630 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sea lions at Isla de los Lobos in the Beagle Channel near Ushuaia, Argentinian Tierra del Fuego. ... Genera Eumetopias Zalophus Otaria Neophoca Phocarctos Hundreds of California Sea Lions sunbathing on Pier 39 in San Francisco. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... A true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite image, the entire Strait is visible A map of the Strait of Magellan The Strait of Magellan is a navigable route immediately south of mainland Chile, South America and north of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. ... Cape Horn from the South. ...

Contents

Geography

The archipelago consists of a main island (Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, often simply called Tierra del Fuego or Isla Grande) with an area of 48,100 km², and a group of smaller islands. Tierra del Fuego Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (literally, Great Island of the Land of Fire) is an island near the southern tip of South America from which it is separated by the Strait of Magellan. ...


Half of this island, and the islands west and south of it, are part of the Magallanes Region of Chile, the capital and chief town of which is Punta Arenas, situated on the mainland across the strait. The biggest Chilean towns are Porvenir, on the main island, and Puerto Williams, on Navarino Island. Puerto Toro lies a few kilometers south of Puerto Williams and is the southernmost town in the world. ... Memorial to Hernando de Magallanes in Punta Arenas. ... Founded in 1883 by immigrants from Croatia and Chiloe during a minor nineteenth century gold rush, Porvenir is the capital of the Chilean province of Tierra del Fuego. ... Puerto Williams in Tierra del Fuego Puerto Williams is a small Chilean port, located on Isla Navarino facing the Beagle Channel. ... Isla Navarino is a Chilean island located strategically between Tierra del Fuego, by the north, and the Cape Horn, to the south. ... Puerto Toro is a small Chilean town on Navarino Island. ... The southernmost settlements in the world, excluding research bases in Antarctica (there are already permanent settlements there), are: See also Northernmost settlements Extreme points of the world Category: ...


The eastern part of the archipelago belongs to Argentina, being part of the Tierra del Fuego Province; its capital is Ushuaia, the biggest city of the archipelago, and the other important city in the region is Río Grande, over the Atlantic coast. Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands (Spanish: Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) is a province entirely separated by the Strait of Magellan from mainland Argentina on the Isla Grande of Tierra del Fuego, which it shares with Chile to the... Ushuaia (pronounced ) is the capital of the Argentine province of Tierra del Fuego, and the worlds southernmost city. ... Rio Grande in Tierra del Fuego Río Grande is a town in Argentina, on the northern part of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. ...


History

Its name comes from Ferdinand Magellan, who was the first European to pass it in 1520. He believed he was seeing the many fires (fuego in Spanish) of the Amerindians, which were visible from the sea, and that the "Indians" were waiting in the forests to ambush his armada. It is, however, more likely that the fires he witnessed were from natural sources such as lightning.[1] Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... mary elline m. ... Olmec script These glyphs written in Epi-Olmec script, the earliest examples of writing in the Americas, give a calendar date of 7. ...


Four native Fuegians, including "Jemmy Button" (Orundellico), were brought from Tierra del Fuego by Robert Fitzroy on his first voyage with the Beagle in 1830. They were taken to meet the King and Queen in London and were to an extent celebrities. The surviving three returned to Tierra del Fuego with the Beagle with Charles Darwin, who made extensive notes about his visit to the islands. The Fuegians are the indigenous inhabitants of the island of Tierra del Fuego, located south of the southern tip of South America. ... HMS Beagle (centre), watercolour by Owen Stanley (1841) Orundellico, known as Jemmy Button, (c. ... Vice-Admiral Robert FitzRoy (5 July 1805 – 30 April 1865) achieved lasting fame as the captain of HMS Beagle and as a pioneering meteorologist who made accurate weather forecasting a reality, also proving an able surveyor and hydrographer as well as Governor-General of New Zealand. ... HMS Beagle was a Cherokee class 10-gun brig of the Royal Navy, named after the beagle, a breed of dog. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ...


In 1881 it was divided between Argentina and Chile; previously it was claimed by both countries in its entirety. Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Climate

The climate is very inhospitable in this region and is a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfc) with short, cool summers and long, wet, moderate winters: the northeast is characterized by its strong winds and little precipitation, in the south and west it is very windy, foggy, wet most of the year and there are very few days without rain, slush, hail or snow. Permanent snow-line begins at 700 m above sea level. Rainfalls are very heavy in the west (3000 mm a year). Temperatures are steady throughout the year, they hardly surpass 9 ºC in summers and average 1 or 0 ºC in winters in the city of Ushuaia (the southernmost city in the world). The cold and wet summers contribute to preserve the ancient glaciers. Snowfalls in summer can happen. Regions in the world with similar climates to the south of Tierra del Fuego are: Aleutian islands, Iceland, Alaska Peninsula and Faroe Islands. World map showing the oceanic climate zones. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... The snow line is the point above which, or poleward of which, snow and ice cover the ground throughout the year. ... Ushuaia (pronounced ) is the capital of the Argentine province of Tierra del Fuego, and the worlds southernmost city. ... Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Aleutians seen from space The Aleutian Islands (possibly from Chukchi aliat, island) are a chain of more than 300 small volcanic islands forming an island arc in the Northern Pacific Ocean, occupying an area of 6,821 sq mi (17,666 km²) and extending about 1,200 mi (1,900... Volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula The Alaska Peninsula is a peninsula extending about 800 km (500 miles) to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands. ...


Flora

Only 30% of the islands have forests which are classified as Magellanic subpolar; the northeast is made up by steppe and cool semidesert. This article is about forests as a massing of trees. ... The Magellanic subpolar forests are a terrestrial ecoregion of southernmost South America, covering parts of southern Chile and Argentina, and is part of the Neotropic ecozone. ...


There are six species of trees found in Tierra del Fuego: Canelo or Winter's Bark (Drimys winteri), Maytenus magellanica, the southernmost conifer in the world (Pilgerodendron uviferum), and three kinds of Southern Beech; Nothofagus antarctica, Nothofagus pumilio and the evergreen Nothofagus betuloides. Very delicious fruits grow in open spaces in these forests, this is the case of beach strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis var. chiloensis forma chiloensis) and calafate (berberis buxifolia), which were and are collected respectively by indians and countrymen.These forests are unique in the world for having developed in a climate with such cold summers (around 9º C). Tree covers spread very close the southernmost tip of South America. Tree vegetation extends as south as: Isla de los Estados, Navarino Island and north of Hoste Island. Over 500 m height, dwarf nothofagus communities are found. Further south; Wollaston Islands and south of Hoste Island are covered by subantarctic tundra. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tree (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Drimys winteri J.R. Forst. ... Binomial name Maytenus magellanica (Lam. ... Binomial name Pilgerodendron uviferum (D.Don) Florin Pilgerodendron is a genus of conifer belonging to the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... Species Nothofagus alpina - Rauli Beech Nothofagus antarctica - Antarctic Beech Nothofagus betuloides - Magellanes Beech Nothofagus cunninghamii - Myrtle Beech Nothofagus dombeyi - Coigüe Beech Nothofagus fusca - Red Beech Nothofagus gunnii - Tanglefoot Beech Nothofagus menziesii - Silver Beech Nothofagus moorei - Negrohead Beech Nothofagus obliqua - Roble Beech Nothofagus pumilio - Lenga Beech Nothofagus solanderi - Black Beech... The Nothofagus Antarctica is commonly called the Southern or Antarctic Beech or the nire. ... Binomial name Nothofagus lenga (Forster) Oerst. ... Nothofagus betuloides (Magellanes beech). ... Binomial name Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne The Beach Strawberry, Chilean Strawberry, Sand Strawberry, or Coastal Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis) is one of two species of strawberry that were hybridized to create the modern Garden Strawberry. ... Binomial name Berberis buxifolia Lam. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Isla de los Estados (Staten Island) is an island that lies on the Le Maire Strait off the eastern extremity of the Argentine portion of Tierra del Fuego. ... A view from the Tierra del Fuego National Park (Argentina) accross the Beagle Channel towards Isla Hoste. ... Wollaston Islands is a group of islands in the extreme south of Chile near Cape Horn. ...


Fauna

Among the most notable animals in the archipelago that are found: parrots, seagulls, guanacos, kingfishers, condors, owls, and firecrown hummingbirds. For the runtime engine for Perl 6, see Parrot virtual machine. ... Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae and subfamily Lari. ... Binomial name Lama guanicoe (Müller, 1776) The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is an elegant, fine-boned camelid animal that stands approximately 1. ... For the UK high-street retail company, see Kingfisher plc. ... Species Vultur gryphus Gymnogyps californianus Note that Condor is the NATO reporting name for the Russian/Soviet Antonov An-124 transport aircraft. ... For the Australian jangle pop band, see The Hummingbirds. ...


Economy

The main industries are oil, natural gas, sheep farming and ecotourism. On the Argentine side there are several electronic companies established. Tierra del Fuego is also home to the brewing company Cervecería Fueguina, known for its three styles of Beagle Beer. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ... “Lamb” redirects here. ... Agriculture (encompasses farming, ranching, and the tending of orchards and vineyards) is the production of food, feed, fiber, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. ... Ecotourism means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ... Beagle beer Beagle Beer is an Argentinean beer brewed in Ushuaia by Cervecería Fueguina, the pioneering brewery in Tierra del Fuego established in June, 2003. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Tierra del Fuego

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Picture of a Fuegian (possibly a Yaghan) from the voyage of FitzRoys ship, HMS Beagle. ... Yagán (variously spelled as Yahgan, Yaghan, Jagan, Iakan), also known as Yámana and Háusi Kúta, is one of the indigenous languages of Tierra del Fuego, spoken by the Yagán people. ... Mamihlapinatapai (sometimes erroneously spelled mamihlapinatapei) is a word from the Yaghan (Yámana) language of Tierra del Fuego, listed in The Guinness Book of World Records as the most succinct word. It describes a look shared by two people with each wishing that the other will initiate something that both... The 1984 Argentina and Chile Peace and Friendship Treaty (Spanish: Tratado de Paz y Amistad) was a agreement signed in 1984 between Argentina and Chile over the possession of the Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands and sea located south of Tierra del Fuego resolving a serious border conflict between the... A watercolor by the HMS Beagles draughtsman, Conrad Martens. ...

External link

  • Moribund Savages of Tierra del Fuego

References

  • Bridges, Lucas. 1948. Uttermost Part of the Earth. Reprint with Introduction by Gavin Young, Century Hutchinson, 1987. ISBN 0-7126-1493-1
  • Keynes, Richard. 2002. Fossils, Finches and Fuegians: Charles Darwin's Adventures and Discoveries on the Beagle, 1832-1836. HarperCollinsPublishers, London. Reprint: 2003.
  • Bollen, Patrick. 2000. "Tierra del Fuego" B/W Photobook. Lannoo Publishers, Tielt, Belgium. ISBN 90-209-4040-6
  1. ^ Bergreen, Laurence. 2003. Over the Edge of the World. p179. ISBN 0-06-621173-5

Coordinates: 54°00′S, 70°00′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
GORP - Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (592 words)
Tierra del Fuego is a place of extremes: the world's southernmost national park accessible from the world's southernmost city (Ushuaia).
Tierra del Fuego is Argentina's only coastal national park, and water is a prime attraction: fishing, kayaking, maritime wildlife, stunning fjords, transcendent seascapes.
The parks 240 square miles are completely contained in the Argentine portion of Tierra del Fuego island, but the eastern edge of the park is the Chilean border, and with the right papers, it's possible to cross over into Chile by either land or water.
TIERRA DEL FUEGO (350 words)
Tierra del Fuego, for those reading this name for the first time, may evoke an image of an area full of volcanoes, with relaxingly warm thermal waters, however, the fire lies only in the name of this remote and cold island, sharing sovereignty between Chile and Argentina and surrounded by the Antarctic, the "White Continent".
The reason for the name has nothing to do with the climate or the smoking, active volcanoes, but rather with the bonfires which were lit five centuries ago by the Ona and Yaghan tribes, who were the owners and masters of this island.
The gleaming bonfires were seen by the famous navigator Hernando de Magallanes (Magellan), who coined the name of Tierra del Fuego without imagining that those red tongues of flame served to give warmth to the natives who, in spite of the cold weather, walked completely naked.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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