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Encyclopedia > Tiburtine Sibyl
Engraving of the Tiburtine Sibyl by Philip Galle, after a design by Antonius Bloclandt, Antwerp, 1575

To the classical sibyls of the Greeks, the Romans added a tenth, the Tiburtine Sibyl, whose seat was the ancient Etruscan town of Tibur (modern Tivoli). Download high resolution version (541x736, 122 KB) Engraving by Philip Galle (1537, Haarlem – 1612, Antwerp) after a design by Antonius Bloclandt (1533/4, Montfoort – 1583, Utrecht) From a series of copperplate engravings of sibyls, published at Antwerp, 1575 Cf. ... Download high resolution version (541x736, 122 KB) Engraving by Philip Galle (1537, Haarlem – 1612, Antwerp) after a design by Antonius Bloclandt (1533/4, Montfoort – 1583, Utrecht) From a series of copperplate engravings of sibyls, published at Antwerp, 1575 Cf. ... The word Sibyl comes (via Latin) from the ancient Greek word sibylla, meaning prophetess. ... See: Etruscan civilization Etruscan language Etruscan alphabet Etruscan mythology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tivoli (population 55,000), the classical Tibur, is an ancient Italian town some 20 km from Rome (Latium), at the falls of the Aniene, where it issues from the Sabine hills. ... Tivoli (population 55,000), the classical Tibur, is an ancient Italian town some 20 km from Rome (Latium), at the falls of the Aniene, where it issues from the Sabine hills. ...


The mythic meeting of Caesar Augustus with the Sibyl, of whom he inquired whether he should be worshiped as a god, was a favored motif of Christian artists. Whether the sibyl in question was the Etruscan Sibyl of Tibur or the Greek Sibyl of Cumae is not always clear. The Christian author Lactantius had no hesitation in identifying the sibyl in question as the Tiburtine sibyl, nevertheless. He gave a circumstantial account of the pagan sibyls that is useful mostly as a guide to their identifications, as seen by 4th century Christians: Bust of Augustus Caesar Imperator Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius. ... The Etruscan Sibyl was the priestess presiding over the Apollonian oracle. ... Michelangelos rendering of the Cumaean Sibyl The Cumaean Sibyl was the priestess presiding over the Apollonian oracle at Cumae, a Greek colony located near Naples,Italy. ... Cumae (Cuma, in Italian) is an ancient Greek settlement lying to the northwest of Naples in the Italian region of Campania. ... Lucius Caelius (or Caecilius?) Firmianus Lactantius was an early Christian author who wrote in Latin (around A.D. 240 - around 320). ...

"The Tiburtine Sibyl, by name Albunea, is worshiped at Tibur as a goddess, near the banks of the Anio, in which stream her image is said to have been found, holding a book in her hand. Her oracular responses the Senate transferred into the capitol." (Divine Institutes I.vi)

An apocalyptic pseudo-prophecy exists, attributed to the Tiburtine Sibyl , written ca 380, but with revisions and interpolations added at later dates [1] (http://www.carleton.ca/~jopp/3850/1-1.htm). It purports to prophesy, after the fact (see vaticinium ex eventu), the arrival of the Christian emperor, Constantine, beginning: The Aniene River (in Latin: Anio, formerly called the Teverone) is a 98 km river in Lazio, Italy. ... An Oracle is a person or agency considered to be a source of wise counsel or prophetic opinion; an infallible authority, usually spiritual in nature. ... Vaticinium ex eventu (Prophecy from the event) is a technical theological or historiographical term referring to a prophecy written after the author already had information about the events he was foretelling. The text is written so as to appear that the prophecy had taken place before the event. ...

Then will arise a king of the Greeks whose name is Constans. He will be king of the Romans and the Greeks. He will be tall of stature, of handsome appearance with shining face, and well put together in all parts of his body...

Millenialists and anti-Semites have relished the document's suggestion that the Antichrist will be a Jew: Millennialism (or chiliasm), from millennium, which literally means thousand years. Primarily a belief in some Christian denominations, literature and folk religion, that at some point in the future there will be a Golden Age, a Paradise on earth when universal peace will reign, when all people will dwell in prosperity... Anti-Semitism (alternatively spelled antisemitism) is hostility towards Jews (not: Semites - see the Misnomer section further on). ...

At that time the Prince of Iniquity who will be called Antichrist will arise from the tribe of Dan.

Ippolito d'Este rebuilt the Villa d'Este at Tibur, the modern Tivoli, from 1550 onward, and commissioned elaborate fresco murals in the Villa that celebrate the Tiburtine Sibyl, as prophesying the birth of Christ to the classical world. The Tribe of Dan (דָּן Judge, Standard Hebrew Dan, Tiberian Hebrew Dān) is one of the Hebrew tribes, which the bible claims was founded by Dan, son of Jacob and Bilhah, Rachels maidservant (Genesis 30:4). ... The gardens at the Villa dEste The Villa dEste is a masterpiece of Italian architecture and garden design. ... Tivoli, Italy, the ancient Tibur a favored site for Roman villas that was taken up again by the aristocrats of the Renaissance, has given its name to an American village, Tivoli, New York, and of several amusement parks in Europe: Tivoli amusement parks Jardin de Tivoli, Paris Tivoli Gardens, Copenhagen...


External links

  • The Pseudo-Tiburtine prophecy (http://www.carleton.ca/~jopp/3850/1-1.htm), dated ca 380, with additions (e-text)

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Sibyl (806 words)
The Sibyl sat on the Sibylline Rock, breathing in vapors from the ground and eating laurel leaves, gaining her often puzzling predictions from that.
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Christians were especially impressed with the Cumaean Sibyl too, for in Vergil's Fourth Eclogue she foretells the coming of a savior, a flattering reference to the poet's patron, whom Christians identified as Jesus.
Sibyl - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1872 words)
The Persian Sibyl was said to be prophetic priestess presiding over the Apollonian Oracle; though her location remained vague enough so that she might be called the "Babylonian Sibyl", the Persian Sibyl is said to have foretold the exploits of Alexander the Great according to Nicanor's life of Alexander.
Pausanias claimed that the Sibyl was "born between man and goddess, daughter of sea monsters and an immortal nymph".
The Hellespontian Sibyl was born in the village of Marpessus near the small town of Gergitha, during the lifetimes of Solon and Cyrus the Great.
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