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Encyclopedia > Tianjin University
Tianjin University
Tianjin University Seal
Motto Seeking Truth from Facts
实事求是
Established October 2, 1895
Type Public
President Gong Ke (龚克)
Faculty 4,700
Undergraduates 15,000
Postgraduates 5,000
Location Tianjin, PRC
Website http://www.tju.edu.cn/ (中文)
http://202.113.13.91/en/ (English)

Tianjin University (Chinese: 天津大学; pinyin: Tiānjīn Dàxúe) is a national university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China. It is the first university in modern Chinese education history. It was founded as Peiyang University (Beiyang University) (Chinese: 北洋大学; pinyin: Běiyáng Dàxúe) in 1895. In 1951, after restructuring, Peiyang University was renamed Tianjin University, and became one of the largest multidisciplinary engineering universities in China. The University was one of the first 16 universities accredited by the State in 1959. It is also among the first group of institutions of higher learning in the national “211-Project” to which priority is given in construction. In order to carry out the “21st Century Education Revitalizing Action Plan”, in late 2000 the Ministry of Education and Tianjin Municipality signed an agreement which aims to build Tianjin University into a world famous university in the 21st Century. Image File history File links TianjinUniv-logo. ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State school. ... University President is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Chancellor or rector. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Degree ceremony at Cambridge. ... (Chinese: ; pinyin: TiānjÄ«n; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of the Peoples Republic of China. ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Website - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Project 211 is a constructive project of nearly 100 universities and disciplines in the 21st century conducted by the government of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Contents

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History

Peiyang University Seal

Peiyang University was founded on October 2, 1895. The university modeled itself on the famous European and American institutions of higher learning and aimed to rejuvenate China by training qualified personnel with new scientific and technological knowledge. In 1951, after restructuring, Peiyang University was renamed Tianjin University. Image File history File links PeiyangUniv-logo. ...


--- Timeline ---

  • 1895 Peiyang University founded
  • 1899 The first Diploma in China granted
  • 1907 Developed into a comprehensive university integrating Engineering with Liberal Arts, Law and Education.
  • 1935 The first group of graduate students enrolled
  • 1937 The first Master’s Degree conferred
  • 1951 Merged with Hebei Technical College, renamed as Tianjin University
  • 1958 The first Library (floor area of 14423m²) established
  • 1959 Became one of the first 16 National Key Universities
  • 1981 The first group of PhD students enrolled
  • 1984 The Graduate School founded
  • 1985 The first Doctor’s Degree conferred
  • 1995 100th Anniversary
  • 1999 National University Science Park built to facilitate knowledge transfer
  • 2000 Priority support Obtained from the Ministry of Education of China and Municipal Government of Tianjin for further development
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Organization

  • School of Mechanical Engineering: Machinery Designing & Manufacturing and Their Automation, Industrial Design, Engineering Mechanics, Thermal Engineering (studying the internal combustion engine)
  • School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronic Engineering: Measuring and Control Technology and Instruments, Electronic Science and Technology (for photo electronic technology), Biomedical Engineering, Information Engineering (for photo electronic information engineering)
  • School of Electrical Engineering and Energy: Thermal Energy and Dynamic Engineering(for thermo-energy engineering), Electrical Appliance Engineering and its Automation, Automation
  • School of Electronic and Informational Engineering: Electronic Information Engineering, Telecommunication Engineering, Computer Science and Technology, Electronic Science and Technology (for solid electronics and micro-electronics)
  • School of Architecture: Architecture, Urban Planning, Art and Design
  • School of Civil Engineering: Civil Engineering, Constructional Environment and Equipment Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Oceanic and Naval Engineering, Hydraulic and Hydroelectric Engineering, Harbor and Coastal Engineering
  • School of Chemical Engineering and Technology: Processing Equipment and Control Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Technology, Biological Engineering, Pharmaceutical Engineering
  • School of Material Science and Engineering: Metal Material Engineering, Inorganic Non-metal Materials, Polymer Materials and Engineering, Material Forming and Control Engineering, Material Chemistry
  • School of Management: Financial Management, Information Management and Information System, Industrial Engineering, Project Management, Business Administration, Electronic Bussiness
  • School of Natural Sciences: Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, Applied Physics, Applied Chemistry
  • School of Social Sciences and Foreign Languages: Law, Chinese Language and Literature, English (for use in science and technology)
  • School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology: Pharmacy
  • School of Vocational and Technical Education: Computer Science and Technology (for training teachers of vocational education)
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General information

Tianjin University currently has working staff of over 4,600, including 342 professors, 662 associate professors, 9 academicians (5 academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 4 academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering) and more than 10 special engaged professors of “Yangtze Scholar Award Project” of the Ministry of Education. The total student population is 19,000 with 5000 doctoral students and students for Master’s degree. Over 100,000 students have graduated from Tianjin University.


The university occupies an area of 1.37 km², and has a built-up area of 800,000 m², including the two modern libraries, with a total floor space of 26,000 m² and a collection of 2 million volumes.


According to the incomplete statistics, 50 experts and scholars who once studied or taught at the university have become academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. More than 100 provincial, municipal, autonomous regional or ministerial leaders were graduated from Tianjin University since the founding of the People’s Republic of China.

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Building of Disciplines

A discipline layout, with stress on engineering, incorporating science, engineering, economics, management, humanities, education, law and art has been formed in the university. The university now has 6 national key disciplines and 17 municipal key disciplines. Some disciplines with advantages and characteristics such as power machinery and engineering, optical engineering, testing and measuring technology and instruments, chemical engineering, chemical technology, management science and engineering, mechanics, architecture, material science and engineering, are all leading disciplines in China and have international influence.


For the time being, the university has 12 first-grade disciplines and 49 second-grade disciplines that confer Doctoral degree, 87 disciplines conferring Master’s degree, 17 engineering disciplines conferring Master’s degree in engineering. The university also confers Master’s degrees in business administration (MBA) and public administration (MPA). At present there are 15 postdoctoral research programs, 4 national key laboratories, 1 national engineering research center, 2 technology research and promotion centers of national scientific and technological achievements, 7 engineering technological R&D centers and open laboratories at ministerial level.


In June 2001, the university was evaluated by the expert panel of the Ministry of Education as having successfully completed all the construction items set by “211-Project” for the ninth “Five-Year-Plan” period.

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Teaching

The university consists of 12 schools. Forty-three specialties are available for undergraduates. In addition, the university has a Graduate School, Adult Education School, Vocational and Technical Education School, Network Education School, and International Education School. The Administrators’ Training Center of Higher Engineering Education of the Ministry of Education is also located at this university.


A qualified personnel training system of “Bachelor-Master’s-Doctoral Degrees” and a teaching system of combining “full-time schooling, adult education and vocational education” have taken shape at the university. The university is among the first to establish a Graduate School and enroll doctoral students. In the undergraduate teaching evaluation organized by the Ministry of Education in 1999, the university was appraised as “Excellent”.

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Scientific and Technological Achievements

The university boasts a strong team of professional and concurrent researchers. There are five national key laboratories, one national engineering research center, two national promotion centers for scientific and technological achievements, seven engineering R&D centers and open laboratories at ministerial level. There are over 80 laboratories, 110 research institutes, 15 experiment research and engineering development centers at the university. Since the policy of reform and opening up to the outside world, hundreds of scientific and technological achievements of the university have won prizes. Among them, 70 won the National Natural Science Award, the National Invention Award, or the Award of National Science and Technology Progress, and 510 won the awards of science and technology progress of the Ministry of Education or at provincial or ministerial level. 393 have applied for patents, of which 278 have been patented. In 2001, the Science and Technology Park of Tianjin University became one of the 22 university sci-tech Parks in China. A scientific research system consisting of basic research, applied research and R&D has been formed at the university. The university’s annual amount of financial aid received from the National Natural Science Foundation always ranks top among China’s engineering institutions of higher learning. Great achievements have been made in transforming scientific and technological achievements into productive forces. The university has established extensive cooperative relations with many large and medium-sized enterprises at home. In 2000 the university’s funds for science and technology amounted to RMB 280 million.


Since the 1980s, hundreds of scientific and technological achievements of the university have won prizes. During the ninth Five-Year-Plan period, 159 scientific and technological achievements of the university won prizes. Among them, six are the National Invention Award, nine the Award of National Science and Technology Progress, one the National Natural Science Foundation Award, 56 the Science and Technology Progress Prize of the Ministry of Education, 81 the Science and Technology Progress Award of Tianjin City, 22 other provincial or ministerial Science and Technology Progress prizes. 134 achievements were patented, in which 35 were inventions and 99 practical new-type patents.   (Chinese: ; pinyin: TiānjÄ«n; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


During the ninth Five-Year-Plan period, the university’s scientific research funds amount to RMB 1.055 billion, a record high in the university’s history, and come out front among universities nationwide. In October 1999, Tianjin University, in cooperation with Tianjin Economic & Development Area, established the University Sci-tech Park. The park, evaluated by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Education, has been named as a trial national university park for science and technology.


In recent years, its students have won more than 100 prizes in competitions on different subjects, of which four are international prizes, 50 are national prizes. In the International Architecture Design Competition for University Students held in 1994 and 2000, participated by over 180 colleges and universities from more than 50 countries including world famous universities like MIT, Harvard and Cambridge University, the participants from the School of Architecture of Tianjin University won twice the highest prize which indicates the university’s educational quality and level. Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...

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Hi-tech Industries

The university industries are characterized by bringing forth new ideas to technology, initiating high-tech enterprises, and transforming scientific and technological achievements into industries. Tiancai Co. Ltd. is the representative of the university’s industries, which takes advantage of the university’s superiority in science and technology. The university’s industries include computer information, packed towers, industrial crystallization, and opto-electronic integration and have made good economic as well as social benefits.

[edit]

Campus culture

Tianjin University has formed a rich campus cultural atmosphere by promoting its education in ideology, politics, science and technology, culture and art. In recent years, the university has attached great importance to quality education of its students. The Students’ Union, the Students’ Scientific Society, Peiyang Art Team, and the Youth Volunteers’ Society have played active roles in organizing cultural and art festivals, science and technology festivals, sport festivals, work-study programs, and social activities in the forms of lectures, seminars, contests, soliciting articles, training and weekend music parties. The university, as a trial unit and base of national cultural quality education for undergraduates, has made remarkable achievements in cultural quality education. In 2000, Vice Premier Li Lanqing made important comments on the art education report submitted to the Ministry of Education by Tianjin University, making Tianjin University’s art education model one of the three in China. Tianjin University was chosen as a National Advanced Unit of Art education. Li Lanqing (岚清,born May 1932) is a prominent Chinese politician. ...

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Cooperation and Exchanges

Tianjin University was one of the first universities in China to explore cooperation with external organizations, and conducts extensive international exchanges and cooperation, keeping close relations with many institutions of higher learning, educational institutions, and transnational enterprises worldwide. The University has established cooperative relations with provinces and cities such as Heibei Province, Jilin Province, Xinjiang, Tibet, and Chongqing Municipality. Its scientific and technological cooperation can be found all over the country. The university strengthens its cooperation with transnational industrial groups in the high-tech fields. Meanwhile, the university has signed cooperation agreements with more than 20 transnational companies, and with 80 institutions of higher learning from 28 countries, conducting academic exchanges, cooperative scientific research and joint training programs. Jilin (Chinese: 吉林; pinyin: Jílín; Wade-Giles: Chi-lin; Postal System Pinyin: Kirin), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Xinjiang (Uyghur: (Shinjang); Chinese: æ–°ç–†; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal Pinyin: Sinkiang), full name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى (Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni); Simplified Chinese: 新疆维吾尔自治区; Traditional Chinese: 新疆維吾爾自治區; Pinyin: XÄ«njiāng Wéiwúěr ZìzhìqÅ«), is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Chóngqìng; Postal System Pinyin: Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ...


The university invites famous scholars and celebrities to be its honorary or guest professors. To name a few, Prof. Herbert Simon, Nobel Prize winner of the Psychology Department of Carnegie Mellon University; Professor Gerald Vizenor, Emeritus professor of American literature at the University of New Mexico (Vizenor portrayed Tianjin University in his novel Griever: An American Monkey King in China); Dr. Yang Zhenning, famous physicist of the State University of New York; academician, world famous mathematician Lin Jiaqiao; Mazuopin Kalin, professor of the Electrical Machinery Department of Yale University; Li Dingyi, professor of AT&T Bell Laboratory. In recent years, the university has sponsored or undertaken more than a dozen large international academic conferences, which create more channels for the university to promote international exchanges and cooperation. Herbert Alexander Simon (June 15, 1916 – February 9, 2001) was a researcher in the fields of cognitive psychology, computer science, public administration, economics and philosophy (sometimes described as a polymath). ... Nobel Prize medal. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Gerald Vizenor (born 1934) is a Native American (Chippewa) writer. ... The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... Chen Ning Franklin YANG (楊振寧 pinyin: Yáng Zhènníng) (born September 22, 1922) is a Chinese American physicist, who worked on statistical mechanics and symmetry principles. ... The State University of New York (acronym SUNY; usually pronounced SOO-nee) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States. ... The title Academician denotes a Full Member of an art, literary, or scientific academy. ... Yale redirects here. ... The current logo Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) was the main research and development arm of the United States Bell System. ...

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Notable people

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Alumni

  • revolutionary forerunner Zhang Tailei
  • economist Ma Yinchu
  • diplomat Wang Zhengting
  • mathematician Qin Fen
  • poet Xu Zhimo
  • mining scientist Wang Chongyou
  • law scientist Wang Chonghui
[edit]

Hsu Chih-mo (徐志摩, pinyin: Xú Zhìmó) (January 15, 1897-November 19, 1931) was a twentieth-century Chinese poet. ...

Faculty

  • bridge expert Mao Yisheng
  • law scientist Zhao Tianlin
  • mechanic expert Shi Zhiren
  • chemical engineering expert Hou Debang
  • water conservation expert Zhang Hanying
[edit]

Dr. Mao Yisheng (1896-1989), born in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province. ...

External links

  • Official Website
  • Tianjin University Qiushi BBS
  • Tianjin University Tian-Wai-Tian Student Website
  • Asia University Ranking
  • China University Ranking
  • Tianjin University Alumni Assoication in North America
  • Tianjin University ACM-ICPC Online Judge System

See also: List of universities in Mainland China The following is a list of universities in Mainland China. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tianjin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2697 words)
Tianjin Municipality borders Hebei province to the north, south, and west; the municipality of Beijing in a small portion to the northwest; and Bohai Gulf to the east.
Tianjin was established as a municipality of China in 1927.
Tianjin's climate is characterized by hot, humid summers, due to the monsoon, and dry, cold winters, due to the Siberian anticyclone.
Tianjin University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2765 words)
Tianjin University (Chinese: 天津大学; pinyin: Tiānjīn Dàxúe), with its long history and fine traditions, is a national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education of China.
Tianjin University, established in 1895 with the name of “Peiyang University”, is the first educational institution of higher learning in China.
With the tradition of diligence and modesty, Tianjin University is prepared to meet challenges of the 21st century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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