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Encyclopedia > Thurrock
Borough of Thurrock
Image:EnglandThurrock.png
Geography
Status: Unitary, Borough
Region: East of England
Ceremonial County: Essex
Area:
- Total
Ranked 203rd
163.38 km²
Admin. HQ: Grays
ONS code: 00KG
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2005 est.)
- Density
Ranked 113th
146,600
897 / km²
Ethnicity: 95.3% White
2.0% S.Asian
1.2% Afro-Caribbean.
Politics

Thurrock Council
http://www.thurrock.gov.uk/
Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
Executive: TBA (council NOC)
MPs: Andrew Mackinlay, Angela Smith

Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. One of the administrative counties of England File links The following pages link to this file: Thurrock Category:Thurrock Categories: GFDL images ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... This article is about the county of Essex in England. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by area. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Grays is the largest town in the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock to the east of London. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... The figures are mid-year estimates for 2005 from the Office for National Statistics [1]. See also: List of English cities by population - List of English counties by population - List of Ceremonial counties of England by Population - List of English districts by area - List of English districts by ethnic diversity... Arms of Thurrock Borough Council. ... The United Kingdom is divided into four parts, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... NOC can refer to: National Olympic Committee, a group eligible to enter athletes and teams into an Olympic Games. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Andrew Stuart MacKinlay (born 24 April 1949, Hampstead) is a British politician. ... Angela Evans Smith (born 7 January United Kingdom. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50...

Contents

The borough

It lies on the River Thames just to the east of London. With over 18 miles (29 km) of riverfront it covers an area of 64 square miles (166 km²), with more than half defined as Green Belt. With Greater London to the west and the river to the south, the county of Essex abuts the Borough to the north and east, and across the river lies Kent. The Thames (pronounced //) is a river flowing through southern England, and one of the major waterways in England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses of the word Greenbelt, see Greenbelt (disambiguation). ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... coat of Arms of Kent For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ...


Land use

Thurrock has a population of 145,689 people living in 58,485 homes. The green belt covers 60% of the borough. There are seven conservation areas and 239 listed buildings. The borough contains ten sites of special scientific interest. There is 2 km² of land available for industrial use. A Site of Special Scientific Interest or SSSI is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom. ...


Despite much of the borough being protected Green Belt land, Thurrock provides localised opportunities for further industrial and commercial development. The borough forms part of the Thames Gateway regeneration area, a corridor of opportunity that has been identified by central government as the area with greatest development and commercial potential in the country. A Thurrock Development Corporation was recently set up and took over much of the borough's planning functions in 2005. Much of the population and commercial activity is centred along the riverfront. This includes many large and important industrial sites, including two large oil refineries and manufacturing industries. Thurrock is also home to the Lakeside Shopping Centre. The Thames Gateway is an area of land stretching 40 miles eastwards from East London on both sides of the River Thames and the Thames Estuary. ... Thurrock Thames Gateway Development Corporation is an Urban Development Corporation set up by the Government of the United Kingdom covering the entire the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock in Essex. ... The Lakeside Shopping Centre is a large out-of-town shopping centre located in West Thurrock, in the borough of Thurrock, Essex just beyond the eastern boundary of Greater London. ...


Attractions

There are two multiplex cinemas attached to the Lakeside Shopping Centre, and the Thameside Theatre in Grays. Live shows are held at the Circus Tavern in Purfleet. Open space includes Langdon Hills Country Park and Grove House Wood, managed by Essex Wildlife Trust. Museums and historic buildings include Coalhouse Fort at East Tilbury, Tilbury Fort in Tilbury, Purfleet Heritage and Military Centre, Thurrock Museum and Walton Hall Farm Museum. Grays is the largest town in the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock to the east of London. ... Purfleet is a place in the Thurrock unitary authority in England. ... The Essex Wildlife Trust is a wildlife trust covering the county of Essex, England. ... Coalhouse Fort is a large casemated fort near Tilbury, Essex, 4 miles downstream from Tilbury Fort. ... East Tilbury is a village in the unitary authority of Thurrock borough, England. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ...


Next to Lakeside Shopping Centre is Arena Essex, a motor sports complex, where speedway, banger and stock car racing takes place. The Lakeside Shopping Centre is a large out-of-town shopping centre located in West Thurrock, in the borough of Thurrock, Essex just beyond the eastern boundary of Greater London. ...


History

Mammoths once grazed in the Thurrock area, and archaeologists recently unearthed the remains of a jungle cat. Man has been in the area since prehistoric times, and the land has been farmed by the Romans and Anglo-Saxons. This article is about the extinct mammal. ... Prehistory (Greek words προ = before and ιστορία = history) is the period of human history prior to the advent of writing (which marks the beginning of recorded history). ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ...


The area's wealth in the 1400s is shown in the splendid wool market at Horndon. The narrowing of the river where Tilbury now stands meant it was important in the defence of London, and Henry VIII built three blockhouses, two on the Tilbury side and another on the Gravesend side of the river, following the end of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Later, in 1588 Elizabeth I addressed her troops not far from the Tilbury blockhouse as the Spanish Armada sailed up the English Channel. Between 1670 and 1682, the Tilbury blockhouse was substantially rebuilt in to a much larger fortification (Tilbury Fort) and Coalhouse Fort was built further down river, close to the second blockhouse. The importance of the forts in defending the country continued through Napoleonic times and into the two world wars. The land where Tilbury Town now stands was farmland and marsh grazing until the building of the docks in the 1890s. Thurrock includes the Bata village, built for workers of the shoe company in 1933. Eight homes and the factory are listed. Historically, the area was renowned for mineral extraction, including clay, aggregates and notably the digging of huge amounts of chalk from the West Thurrock area for use in the now defunct cement industries. When chalk extraction ceased the disused pit was redeveloped as Lakeside Shopping Centre. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 - 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland, from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Catherine of Aragon (Castilian: Infanta Catalina de Aragón y Castilla; 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was the first wife of Henry VIII of England. ... Elizabeth I redirects here. ... Combatants England Dutch Republic Spain Portugal Commanders Charles Howard Francis Drake Duke of Medina Sidonia Strength 34 warships 163 armed merchant vessels 22 galleons 108 armed merchant vessels Casualties 50–100 dead[1] ~400 wounded 600 dead, 800 wounded,[2] 397 captured, 4 merchant ships sunk or captured The Spanish... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: (IPA: ), the sleeve; Dutch: Het Kanaal) is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... East Tilbury is a village in the unitary authority of Thurrock borough, England. ...


The present-day borough of Thurrock was created in 1974 from the former area of Thurrock Urban District. The Local Government Act 1972 left the boundaries mostly untouched, although part of it, in Basildon New Town, was ceded to the Basildon district and the district gained borough status. [1] Thurrock was a local government district and civil parish in south Essex, United Kingdom from 1936 to 1974. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... Basildon (IPA, ) is a New Town located in south Essex, England at . It was designated as a New Town after World War II in 1948 to accommodate the London population overspill. ... The Basildon district is a local govenment district in Essex, England. ...


It was given administrative independence from Essex County Council on April 1, 1998 by The Essex (Boroughs of Colchester, Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock and District of Tendring) (Structural, Boundary and Electoral Changes) Order 1996. It remains part of Essex for ceremonial purposes such as Lord-Lieutenancy. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... The title Lord-Lieutenant is given to the British monarchs personal representatives around the United Kingdom. ...


In films

Thurrock has been the scene of several major films. St Clement's Church and street scenes at West Thurrock were used in the making of the film Four Weddings and a Funeral. Some dock scenes from the movies Alfie (2004), Batman Begins (2005) and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade were filmed at Coalhouse Fort in Tilbury. Some filming also took place for the film Essex Boys from Grays. The State cinema where Eddie met Roger in the classic Who Framed Roger Rabbit can be found in Grays. Thurrock can also be seen in 28 Days Later. West Thurrock is a place in the borough of Thurrock in England. ... Four Weddings and a Funeral is a 1994 British romantic comedy film directed by Mike Newell. ... Alfie is a 1966 film starring Michael Caine. ... Batman Begins is a 2005 superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Batman. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Amblin Entertainment and The Walt Disney Company (on its Touchstone Pictures banner), Using traditional animation and live action. ... 28 Days Later is a 2002 British post-apocalyptic science fiction / horror film directed by Danny Boyle and written by Alex Garland. ...


Transport

National Rail in Thurrock
Legend
to Southend
Stanford-le-Hope
East Tilbury
Tilbury Town
Grays
Chafford Hundred
Ockendon
West Horndon
M25 motorway
Purfleet
to London

Being both on the river and right next to London, Thurrock is served with good communication links. The M25 London Orbital Motorway, the railway line between Southend and London Fenchurch Street provides direct access to Central London and, eventually, Stratford International Station, the Port of Tilbury and the nearby London City Airport make Thurrock an important international trade centre. There is a grass airstrip south of Bulphan village. A ferry for passengers on foot connects Tilbury with Gravesend on the southern bank of the River Thames. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Stanford-le-Hope railway station is a railway station located in the town of Stanford-le-Hope in the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock in the East of England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... East Tilbury railway station is a railway station located in the village of East Tilbury in the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock in the East of England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... zxxcb nnmbbnbvbvb ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Grays Station is located in Grays. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Chafford Hundred railway station is located in Chafford Hundred in the borough of Thurrock in Essex, England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ockendon station is a railway station located in South Ockendon, United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... West Horndon station is British railway station located in West Horndon, a village near Brentwood, Essex. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The M25 motorway looking south between junctions 14 and 15, near Heathrow Airport. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Purfleet station is located in Purfleet. ... The M25 motorway looking south between junctions 14 and 15, near Heathrow Airport. ... London City Airport (IATA: LCY, ICAO: EGLC) is a single-runway airport, intended for use by STOL (Short Take Off and Landing) airliners, and principally serving the financial districts of London. ...


Rail transport in the borough is provided by c2c with stations at: For other uses, see C2C. c2c is a train operating company that provides train services, on a franchise basis, on the London, Tilbury & Southend line from Fenchurch Street in the City of London to East London and the entire length of the northern Thames Gateway area including Basildon, Chafford Hundred...

Chafford Hundred railway station is located in Chafford Hundred in the borough of Thurrock in Essex, England. ... East Tilbury railway station is a railway station located in the village of East Tilbury in the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock in the East of England. ... Grays Station is located in Grays. ... Ockendon station is a railway station located in South Ockendon, United Kingdom. ... Purfleet station is located in Purfleet. ... Stanford-le-Hope railway station is a railway station located in the town of Stanford-le-Hope in the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock in the East of England. ... zxxcb nnmbbnbvbvb ... West Horndon station is British railway station located in West Horndon, a village near Brentwood, Essex. ...

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Thurrock at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional gross value added[1] Agriculture[2] Industry[3] Services[4]
1995 1,406 8 657 741
2000 1,737 4 677 1,056
2003 1,995 5 664 1,327
  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

List of places in the borough

Aveley is a place in Thurrock, England. ... Bulphan is a village in the borough of Thurrock in the East of England. ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ645785 Administration Borough: Thurrock Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town: GRAYS Postal district: Dialling code... Chafford Hundred is a recent UK housing development (building began in 1989) just outside Greater London between Grays and Ockendon in the Borough of Thurrock. ... Corringham is a small English town within the county of Essex. ... East Tilbury is a village in the unitary authority of Thurrock borough, England. ... Fobbing is a small village in Thurrock, Essex, England. ... Grays is the largest town in the borough and unitary authority of Thurrock to the east of London. ... Langdon Hills is a town located in the Basildon district of Essex, England. ... Mucking is a hamlet and former parish adjoining the Thames estuary in southern Essex, England. ... Orsett is a place in the Thurrock borough and unitary district of Essex in the East of England, United Kingdom. ... Purfleet is a place in the Thurrock unitary authority in England. ... South Ockendon is a place in Thurrock in England. ... Stanford-le-Hope is a town situated in the county of Essex, England. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... West Thurrock is a place in the borough of Thurrock in England. ...

Historic Buildings

Coalhouse Fort is a large casemated fort near Tilbury, Essex, 4 miles downstream from Tilbury Fort. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ...

External links

  • Thurrock Borough Council
  • Thurrock Borough Council - Maps
  • Thurrock Gazette
  • Thurrock Local History Society

  Results from FactBites:
 
Essex News and Sport from the Thurrock Gazette. (388 words)
STAFF from kennels were appalled at the malnourished state of three dogs brought into them from Thurrock.
A MAN who owns four homes including one in Thurrock stands accused of making his fortune from drug dealing and now faces having his assets seized - including a king's ransom in cash and jewellery.
Cambridge City 2, Thurrock 2 FLEET let a two goal first half lead slip and had to accept a share of the Blue Square South points at Cambridge on Saturday, missing a penalty to add to their disappointment.
Thurrock(a) (1271 words)
Thurrock were keen to use their left channel with Lee Hodges showing some clever touches with the ball.
Thurrock raised their game somewhat midway through the half and a clever linking run by Cross on the right corner of the area on 65 minutes saw him find space to hit a snapshot from 18 yards which Letheran did well to parry for a corner.
Thurrock were awarded a couple of corners from some disjointed pressure and went close on 70 minutes when a corner from the right gave a chance from a free header but Letheran reacted well to palm the ball away.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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