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Encyclopedia > Thuringia
Freistaat Thüringen
Free State of Thuringia
Coat of arms of Thuringia


Civil flag Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Thuringia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thuringia. ...



State flag Image File history File links Flag_of_Thuringia_(state). ...

Time zone: CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Capital: Erfurt
Prime Minister: Dieter Althaus (CDU)
Governing party: CDU
Votes in Bundesrat: 4 (from 69)
Basic Statistics
Area: 16,171 km² (6,244 sq.mi.)
Population: 2,319,000 (31. Aug. 2006)
 - Density: 143 /km² (371 /sq.mi.)
Further Information
GDP: € 44.8 billion (2005)
   - 2 % of German GDP
DEG
DE-TH
Website: thueringen.de
Location within Germany

The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germany's sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2.33 million inhabitants. The capital is Erfurt. A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Mariendom and the Severikirche. ... A minister-president (Ministerpräsident) is the head of government of a German federal state; the office corresponds to the governorship of a state in the United States. ... Dieter Althaus (born in Heiligenstadt, Thuringia, on June 29, 1958) is a German politician (CDU). ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... // Political scientists have developed concepts of different ideal types of political parties in order to better compare them with each other. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... Image File history File links Deutschland_Lage_von_Thüringen. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Mariendom and the Severikirche. ...

Contents

Geography

Thuringia borders on (from the north and clockwise) the German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Bavaria and Hesse. With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ...


The most conspicuous geographical feature of Thuringia is the Thuringian Forest (Thüringer Wald), a mountain chain in the southwest. The Werra river ("Werratal") separates this mountain chain from the Rhön Mountains, which are partially in Thuringia. In the northwest Thuringia includes a small part of the Harz mountains. The eastern part of Thuringia is generally a plain. The Saale river runs through these lowlands from south to north. View from the Ruppberg near Zella-Mehlis Ausblick auf einen Ortsteil von Stützerbach The Thuringian Forest (Thüringer Wald in German language) running northwest to southeast, forms a continuous stretch of rounded hills in the German state of Thuringia. ... The Werra is a river in central Germany. ... Landscape of central Rhön Wasserkuppe, highest point of Rhön and Hesse. ... The Harz is a mountain range in northern Germany. ... Length 413 km Elevation of the source 728  m Average discharge  ?  m³/s Area watershed  ?  km² Origin  Germany Mouth  Elbe Basin countries Germany Saale is the name of two rivers in Germany: the Saxonian Saale (German: Sächsische Saale) and the Franconian Saale (German: Fränkische Saale). ...


See also List of places in Thuringia. This is a list of geographical features in the state of Thuringia, Germany. ...


Thuringia is divided into 17 districts (Landkreise):


Map of Thuringia showing the boundaries of the districts Image File history File links Thuringia_map. ...

  1. Altenburger Land
  2. Eichsfeld
  3. Gotha
  4. Greiz
  5. Hildburghausen
  6. Ilm-Kreis
  1. Kyffhäuserkreis
  2. Nordhausen
  3. Saale-Holzland
  4. Saale-Orla
  5. Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
  6. Schmalkalden-Meiningen
  1. Sömmerda
  2. Sonneberg
  3. Unstrut-Hainich
  4. Wartburgkreis
  5. Weimarer Land

Furthermore there are six urban districts: Altenburger Land is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... Eichsfeld is a district in Thuringia, Germany, and part of the historical region of Eichsfeld. ... Gotha is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Thuringia, Germany. ... Greiz is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Hildburghausen is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... Ilm-Kreis is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... The Kyffhäuserkreis is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Nordhausen is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Saale-Holzland is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Saale-Orla is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Saalfeld-Rudolstadt is a Kreis (district) in the south of Thuringia, Germany. ... Schmalkalden-Meiningen is a Kreis (district) in the west of Thuringia, Germany. ... Sömmerda is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Sonneberg is a Kreis (district) in the south of Thuringia, Germany. ... Unstrut-Hainich is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Wartburgkreis is a Kreis (district) in the west of Thuringia, Germany. ... Weimarer Land is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ...

  1. Erfurt
  2. Eisenach
  3. Gera
  4. Jena
  5. Suhl
  6. Weimar

Mariendom and the Severikirche. ... Eisenach is a city in Thuringia, Germany. ... Gera is the largest Town in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... The Market Square in Jena. ... Suhl is a city in Thuringia, Germany. ... The city hall Goethe and Schiller in front of the Deutsche Nationaltheater Weimar is a city in Germany. ...

Towns

Towns in Thuringia
position town inhabitants district
31 December 1970 31 December 2000 30 June 2005
1. Erfurt 192.679 200.564 202.590 independent city
2. Gera 106.841 112.835 104.737 independent city
3. Jena 85.169 99.893 102.201 independent city
4. Weimar 63.985 62.425 64.361 independent city
5. Gotha 57.256 48.376 47.045 Gotha
6. Eisenach 50.059 44.442 43.858 independent city
7. Nordhausen 42.018 45.633 43.781 Nordhausen
8. Suhl 28.177 48.025 43.202 independent city
9. Altenburg 47.497 41.290 38.203 Altenburger Land
10. Mühlhausen 46.135 38.695 37.480 Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis
11. Saalfeld 31.048 29.511 28.148 Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
12. Ilmenau 19.634 27.176 26.713 Ilm-Kreis
13. Arnstadt 27.368 27.220 25.828 Ilm-Kreis
14. Rudolstadt 30.087 27.528 25.584 Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
15. Apolda 29.754 25.899 24.684 Weimarer Land
16. Greiz 39.424 26.177 24.007 Greiz
17. Sonneberg 29.811 24.837 23.928 Sonneberg
18. Sondershausen 22.195 23.088 21.718 Kyffhäuserkreis
19. Meiningen 24.876 22.240 21.642 Schmalkalden-Meiningen
20. Sömmerda 15.959 21.977 20.885 Sömmerda
21. Leinefelde-Worbis
(formed on 16 March 2004)
4.315 (LF)
3.401 (WO)
15.056 (LF)
5.497 (WO)
20.816 Eichsfeld
22. Bad Langensalza 16.813 19.917 18.760 Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis
23. Schmalkalden 14.527 18.551 17.893 Schmalkalden-Meiningen
24. Zeulenroda-Triebes
(formed on 1 March 2006)
13.549 (ZR)
4.790 (TR)
14.600 (ZR)
4.230 (TR)
17.702 Greiz
25. Heiligenstadt 12.464 17.291 17.175 Eichsfeld
26. Bad Salzungen 11.466 17.086 16.551 Wartburgkreis
27. Pößneck 19.547 14.341 13.592 Saale-Orla-Kreis
28. Schmölln 13.968 13.193 12.693 Altenburger Land
29. Zella-Mehlis
(formed on 1 April 1919)
17.136 13.036 12.355 Schmalkalden-Meiningen
30. Hildburghausen 10.652 12.466 12.351 Hildburghausen
31. Eisenberg 13.859 11.764 11.489 Saale-Holzland-Kreis
32. Waltershausen 14.219 11.725 11.307 Gotha

December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mariendom and the Severikirche. ... Gera is the largest Town in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... The Market Square in Jena. ... The city hall Goethe and Schiller in front of the Deutsche Nationaltheater Weimar is a city in Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Gotha Gotha is a town in the Land of Bundesland of Thuringia, in Germany. ... Gotha is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Thuringia, Germany. ... Eisenach is a city in Thuringia, Germany. ... Roland statue in Nordhausen Twinning The city is twinned with Bet Shemesh in Israel Charleville-Mézières in France Bochum Ostrów Wielkopolski in Poland Nordhausen is a city of about 45,000 people at the southern border of the Harz mountains, in the state of Thuringia, Germany. ... Nordhausen is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Suhl is a city in Thuringia, Germany. ... Altenburg is a town in the German Bundesland of Thuringia. ... Altenburger Land is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... Mühlhausen is a city in the federal state Thuringia, Germany. ... Unstrut-Hainich is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Saalfeld can refer to: The Battle of Saalfeld in 1806. ... Saalfeld-Rudolstadt is a Kreis (district) in the south of Thuringia, Germany. ... Ilmenau is a town located in the district of Ilm-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany. ... Ilm-Kreis is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... Arnstadt is a town in Ilm-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany. ... Ilm-Kreis is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... Rudolstadt is a city in Germany. ... Saalfeld-Rudolstadt is a Kreis (district) in the south of Thuringia, Germany. ... Apolda is a town in Saxe-Weimar with extensive hosiery manufactures; has mineral springs. ... Weimarer Land is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Greiz is a town in Thuringia, the capital of the district Greiz. ... Greiz is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Sonneberg is a town in Thuringia, capital of the district Sonneberg. ... Sonneberg is a Kreis (district) in the south of Thuringia, Germany. ... Sondershausen, a town of Germany, capital of the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, situated in a plain 37 miles by rail North of Erfurt. ... The Kyffhäuserkreis is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Meiningen is a town in Germany - located in the Southern part of the state Thuringia in the district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen. ... Schmalkalden-Meiningen is a Kreis (district) in the west of Thuringia, Germany. ... Sömmerda is a small town near Erfurt in Thuringia, Germany on the Unstrut river. ... Sömmerda is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Leinefelde-Worbis is a town in the district of Eichsfeld, in northwestern Thuringia, Germany. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eichsfeld is a district in Thuringia, Germany, and part of the historical region of Eichsfeld. ... Bad Langensalza (until 1956: Langensalza) is a city in the County of Unstrut-Hainich, Thuringia, Germany, with a population of 19,000 (2003). ... Unstrut-Hainich is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. ... Schmalkalden is a town in the Kreis (district) of Schmalkalden-Meiningen in the southwestern portion of the German state of Thuringia. ... Schmalkalden-Meiningen is a Kreis (district) in the west of Thuringia, Germany. ... Townhall of Zeulenroda-Triebes Zeulenroda-Triebes is a German town in the district of Greiz (Thuringia). ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greiz is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... This article is about the German city. ... Eichsfeld is a district in Thuringia, Germany, and part of the historical region of Eichsfeld. ... The middle building of the Gradierwerk in Bad Salzungen Bad Salzungen is a town in Thuringia, Germany. ... Wartburgkreis is a Kreis (district) in the west of Thuringia, Germany. ... Pößneck is a town in the Saale-Orla-Kreis district, in Thuringia, Germany. ... Saale-Orla is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Schmölln is a town in the Thuringian landkreis of Altenburger Land, and which lies on the Sprotte. ... Altenburger Land is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... Zella-Mehlis is a town in the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district, in Thuringia, Germany. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Schmalkalden-Meiningen is a Kreis (district) in the west of Thuringia, Germany. ... Hildburghausen is a town in Thuringia, capital of the district Hildburghausen. ... Hildburghausen is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... Eisenberg is a town in Thuringia, Germany with a population of circa 11,500 inhabitants. ... Saale-Holzland (official German name Saale-Holzland-Kreis) is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Waltershausen is a town in Thuringia, Gotha, Germany. ... Gotha is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Thuringia, Germany. ...

History

Named after the Thuringian people who occupied it around 300 AD, Thuringia came under Frankish domination in the 6th century, forming a part (from 1130 a landgravate) of the subsequent Holy Roman Empire. The Thuringii were a tribe which appeared later than most in the highlands of central Germany, a region which still bears their name to this day -- Thuringia. ... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... The double-headed eagle A portrait of Charlemagne wearing the crown of the Holy Roman Empire (15th century painting by Albrecht Dürer) The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ...


After the extinction of the reigning Ludowingian line of counts in 1247 and the War of the Thuringian Succession (1247-64), the western half became independent under the name of Hesse, never to become a part of Thuringia again. Most of the remaining Thuringia came under the rule of the Wettin dynasty of the nearby Margravate of Meißen, the nucleus of the later duchy and kingdom of Saxony. With the division of the house of Wettin in 1485, Thuringia went to the senior Ernestine branch of the family, which subsequently subdivided the area into a number of smaller states, according to the Saxon tradition of dividing inheritance amongst male heirs. These were the Saxon Duchies. They consisted, among others, of the states of Saxe-Weimar, Saxe-Eisenach, Saxe-Jena, Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg, and Saxe-Gotha. 'Thuringia' became merely a geographical concept. Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... Meißen, with the Albrechtsburg and the Cathedral of Sts. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is a federal state of Germany. ... This article is about a fictional character. ... Coat of arms of the Ernestines on a boundary stone The Ernestine duchies, also called the Saxon duchies (although also the Albertine appanage duchies of Weissenfels, Merseburg and Zeitz were Saxon duchies and located adjacent to several Ernestine ones), were a changing number of small states in the present German... Saxe-Weimar (German Sachsen-Weimar) was a Duchy in Thuringia. ... Saxe-Eisenach (German Sachsen-Eisenach) was the name of three different duchies that existed at different times in Thuringia. ... The Duchy of Saxe-Jena was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Thuringia generally accepted the Reformation. The Catholic faith was abolished as early as 1520; priests that remained loyal were driven away and churches and monasteries were largely destroyed, especially during the Peasants' War of 1525. In Mulhausen and elsewhere, the Anabaptists found many adherents. Thomas Munzer, the founder of this sect, was active in this city. Within the borders of Thuringia the Catholic faith was maintained only in the district called Eichsfeld, which was ruled by the Archbishop of Mainz, and to a small degree in the city and vicinity of Erfurt. The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... The Peasants War (in German, der Deutsche Bauernkrieg) was a popular revolt in the Holy Roman Empire in the years 1524/1525. ... Mulhausen can refer to: Mülhausen, the German name of Mulhouse, a commune of the Haut-Rhin département in France Mulhausen, Bas-Rhin, a commune of the Bas-Rhin département in France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Anabaptists (re-baptizers, from Greek ana and baptizo; in German: Wiedertäufer) are Christians of the so-called radical wing of the Protestant Reformation. ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... Mariendom and the Severikirche. ...


Within the Napoleonic Confederation of the Rhine organized in 1806, some reordering of territories began, confirmed at the Congress of Vienna (1814-15) with the creation of the German Confederation. The so-called Thuringian states within the German Empire were Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and the two principalities of Reuß. The Confederation of the Rhine or Rhine Confederation (Rheinbund in German; in French officially États confédérés du Rhin but in practice Confédération du Rhin) lasted from 1806 to 1813 and was formed from sixteen German states by Napoleon after he defeated Habsburgs Francis II... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) was created in 1809 by the merger of the Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, which had been in personal union since 1741, when the Saxe-Eisenach line had died out. ... Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) was once the name given to the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were in personal union between 1826 and 1918. ... Schwarzburg-Sondershausen was a small state in Germany, in the present day state of Thuringia, with capital at Sondershausen. ... Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was a small state in Germany, in the present-day state of Thuringia, with capital at Rudolstadt. ... Reuss (German: Reuß) was the name of several historical states located in present-day Thuringia, Germany. ...


In 1920, during the Weimar Republic that followed World War I, these small states merged into one state, called Thuringia; only Saxe-Coburg voted to join Bavaria instead. Weimar became the new capital of Thuringia. Anthem: Das Lied der Deutschen The Länder of Germany during the Weimar Republic, with the Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen) as the largest Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1919-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann  - 1933 Adolf Hitler... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... The city hall Goethe and Schiller in front of the Deutsche Nationaltheater Weimar is a city in Germany. ...


After July 1945, the state of Thuringia came under Soviet occupation, and was expanded to include parts of the Prussian Province of Saxony, such as the areas around Erfurt, Mühlhausen, and Nordhausen. Erfurt became the new capital of Thuringia. Motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) Translation: Workers of the world, unite!) Anthem: The Internationale (1922-1944) Hymn of the Soviet Union (1944-1991) Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages None; Russian de facto Government Socialist Republic/Federation of Soviet Republics  - Last President Mikhail Gorbachev  - Last Premier Ivan Silayev... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... The Province of Saxony (German Provinz Sachsen) was a Prussian province between the Napoleonic Wars of 1815 and 1947. ... Mariendom and the Severikirche. ... Mühlhausen is a city in the federal state Thuringia, Germany. ... Roland statue in Nordhausen Twinning The city is twinned with Bet Shemesh in Israel Charleville-Mézières in France Bochum Ostrów Wielkopolski in Poland Nordhausen is a city of about 45,000 people at the southern border of the Harz mountains, in the state of Thuringia, Germany. ...


In 1952, the German Democratic Republic dissolved its states, and created districts (Bezirke) instead. The three districts that shared the territory of Thuringia were based in Erfurt, Gera and Suhl. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Anthem: Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin, in spite of status as part of an occupied city Language(s) German Government Socialist state Head of State  - 1990 Sabine Bergmann-Pohl Head of Government  - 1990 Lothar de Maizière Historical era Cold War  - Established October 7 1949  - Final Settlement September 25... Gera is the largest Town in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Suhl is a city in Thuringia, Germany. ...


The State of Thuringia was restored with slightly altered borders during Germany's reunification in 1990. The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Politics

List of Minister-presidents of Thuringia

  1. 1920 - 1921: Arnold Paulssen (DDP)
  2. 1921 - 1923: August Frölich (SPD)
  3. 1924 - 1928: Richard Leutheußer (DVP)
  4. 1928 - 1929: Karl Riedel (DVP)
  5. 1929 : Arnold Paulssen (DDP)
  6. 1930 - 1932: Erwin Baum (Landbund)
  7. 1932 - 1933: Fritz Sauckel (NSDAP)
  8. 1933 - 1945: Willy Marschler (NSDAP)
  9. 1945: Hermann Brill (SPD)
  10. 1945 - 1947: Rudolf Paul (no party, then LDPD)
  11. 1947 - 1952: Werner Eggerath (SED)
  12. 1990 - 1992: Josef Duchac (CDU)
  13. 1992 - 2003: Bernhard Vogel (CDU)
  14. since 2003: Dieter Althaus (CDU)

Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... The German Democratic Party, or Deutsche Demokratische Partei (DDP), was founded by leaders of the former Progressive Peoples Party (Fortschrittliche Volkspartei) and the left wing of the National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei) in the early days of the Weimar Republic. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... SPD redirects here. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... This page is about the German Peoples Party which existed between 1918 and 1933. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The Landbund (Rural Federation) was an Austrian political party during the period of the First Republic (1918-1934). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Fritz Sauckel Fritz Sauckel (Ernst Friedrich Christoph Sauckel, October 27, 1894 - October 16, 1946) was a senior government official in Nazi Germany. ... The Nazi swastika symbol The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Prof. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Dr. Rudolf Paul (1893 - 1978) was a German politician. ... The Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (German: Liberal-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands (LDPD)) was a political party in East Germany. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Werner Eggerath (March 16, 1900 - 1977) was an East German author and communist politician. ... The logo of the SED The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Josef Duchac (born February 19, 1938) is a German politician (CDU). ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bernhard Vogel (born December 19, 1932 in Göttingen) is a German politician (CDU). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dieter Althaus (born in Heiligenstadt, Thuringia, on June 29, 1958) is a German politician (CDU). ...

June 13, 2004 state election

See also: Thuringia state election, 2004 The Thuringia state election, 2004, was conducted on June 13, 2004, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Thuringia. ...

Party Party List votes Vote percentage Total Seats Seat percentage
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 434,088 43.0% 45 51.1%
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 263,717 26.1% 28 31.8%
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 146,297 14.5% 15 17.0%
Alliance '90/The Greens 45,649 4.5% 0 0.0%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 36,483 3.6% 0 0.0%
Free Voters in Thuringia 26,302 2.6% 0 0.0%
The Republicans 19,797 2.0% 0 0.0%
National Democratic Party (NPD) 15,695 1.6% 0 0.0%
All Others 22,549 2.2% 0 0.0%
Totals 1,010,578 100.0% 88 100.0%
Seat results -- SPD in red, CDU in black, PDS in purple
Seat results -- SPD in red, CDU in black, PDS in purple


The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... Party of Democratic Socialism is a political party in India; see Party of Democratic Socialism (India) the former name of a German political party; see Left Party (Germany). ... SPD redirects here. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ... There is open debate on rather facism is rightwing or not. ... For the East German block party, see National Democratic Party of Germany (East Germany) Logo of the NPD The National Democratic Party of Germany (German: Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, NPD) is a political party in Germany. ... Image File history File links 2004_thuringia_landtag_result. ... Image File history File links 2004_thuringia_landtag_result. ...


See also

Thüringer sausage, or in German Thüringer Rostbratwurst, is a unique sausage from the German state of Thüringen that has protected designation of origin status under EU law. ... // Kings of Thuringia 450-500 Bisinus 500-530 Baderich 500-530 Berthachar 500-531 Herminafried conquered by the Franks Dukes of Thuringia 634-642 Radulf 642-687 Heden I 687-689 Gozbert 689-719 Heden II 849-874 Thakulf 874-880 Radulf 880-892 Poppo 892-906 Konrad 907-908... Main articles: 1632 series and The Grantville Gazettes 1632 is the initial novel in the best selling alternate history genre 1632 book series set in the Holy Roman Empire by historian, writer and editor Eric Flint. ... Thuringowa is a city in northern Queensland, Australia that covers the northern and western parts of the urban area usually referred to as Townsville. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Thuringia (801 words)
Thuringia was united with the Archdiocese of Mainz.
Thuringia was assigned to the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin.
Thuringia the Catholic Faith was maintained only in the district called Eichsfeld, which was ruled by the Archbishop of Mainz, and to a small degree in the city and vicinity of Erfurt, a result also due to the energetic measures of this archbishop.
Thuringia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (598 words)
The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) lies in central Germany and is among the smaller of the country's sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), being eleventh in size with an area of 16,200 km² and twelfth most populous with 2.45 million inhabitants.
Thuringia borders on (from the north and clockwise) the German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Bavaria and Hesse.
Most of the remaining Thuringia came under the rule of the Wettin dynasty of the nearby Margravate of Meißen, the nucleus of the later duchy and kingdom of Saxony.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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