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Encyclopedia > Thunderbirds (TV series)
ITC Entertainment Distributions
Thunderbirds


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Format Supermarionation
Science Fiction
Adventure
Run time 50 minutes
Creator(s) Gerry and Sylvia Anderson
Starring Peter Dyneley
Shane Rimmer
Sylvia Anderson
Country Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Network ATV
Original run September 30, 1965December 25, 1966
No. of episodes 32 (64 in 30 min. "cliffhanger" format) (List of episodes)
Production Company AP Films

Thunderbirds is a British mid-1960s television show devised by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and made by AP Films using a form of puppetry dubbed "Supermarionation". The series followed the adventures of International Rescue, an organisation created to help those in grave danger using technically advanced equipment and machinery. The series focused on the head of the organisation, ex-astronaut Jeff Tracy, and his five sons who piloted the "Thunderbird" machines. A popular show, the series is still shown today and has inspired a number of subsequent television programmes and films. Supermarionation (standing for super marionette animation) is a puppetry technique devised by the British production company AP Films and used extensively in its numerous action-adventure series, the most famous of which is undoubtedly Thunderbirds. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Look up adventure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... AP Films logo AP Films or APF, later becoming Century 21 Productions, was a British independent film production company of the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s. ... Peter Dyneley (13 April 1921 - 19 August 1977)was born in Hastings, East Sussex, England. ... Shane Rimmer (born 28th May 1936) is a Canadian actor and voice actor. ... Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The ATV colour logo, used from the start of the colour standard in 1969 until the companys demise in 1981. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... This is an episode guide for the Gerry Anderson television series Thunderbirds made between 1965 and 1966 (although production began in 1964, as indicated by the shows copyright date) for the British production company ITC Entertainment, and first broadcast on ATV. Episodes are listed in broadcast order. ... AP Films (APF) was a British independent film production company of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Gerry Anderson (MBE), born 14 April 1929, is a British producer, director and writer, famous for his futuristic television programmes, particularly those involving specially modified marionettes, a process called Supermarionation. His first television production was the 1957 Roberta Leigh childrens series The Adventures of Twizzle. ... Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ... AP Films (APF) was a British independent film production company of the 1950s and 1960s. ... A puppeteer is a person who manipulates a puppet or marionette, either by the use of strings, wires or their hands, for a stage production or film. ... Supermarionation (standing for super marionette animation) is a puppetry technique devised by the British production company AP Films and used extensively in its numerous action-adventure series, the most famous of which is undoubtedly Thunderbirds. ... Jeff Tracy, the instigator and financier behind International Rescue (the focus of the Thunderbirds television series created by Gerry Anderson), is a fictional character created for the series. ...

Contents

Origins

Thunderbirds was the fifth Supermarionation children's series made by Gerry Anderson's AP Films (later Century 21 Productions). The logo of Supermarionation had previously been seen in the shows Supercar, Fireball XL5, and Stingray. Gerry Anderson came up with the concept for the series after hearing about a German mine disaster in 1963. The heavy equipment needed to rescue the miners was located far away - transportation time was a major hindrance in ensuring the survival of the miners. The "race against time" element is one of the recurring themes in Thunderbirds. The show's title derived from a letter written to his family by Anderson's older brother, while he was serving in the United States during World War II. In the letter, he referred to an American Air Force base called "Thunderbird Field". AP Films (APF) was a British independent film production company of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Century 21 Productions was a British film and television production company of the 1960s and 1970s, best known for the hit TV series Thunderbirds. ... Supercar was a childrens TV show produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films for ATV and ITC Entertainment. ... Fireball XL5 was a science fiction-themed childrens television show produced in Britain in 1962 by the husband and wife team of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson through their company APF in association with ATV for ITC Entertainment. ... Stingray (1964 – 1965) is a childrens marionette television show, made by Sylvia and Gerry Anderson and produced by AP Films for ATV and ITC Entertainment. ... Gerry Anderson (MBE), born 14 April 1929, is a British producer, director and writer, famous for his futuristic television programmes, particularly those involving specially modified marionettes, a process called Supermarionation. His first television production was the 1957 Roberta Leigh childrens series The Adventures of Twizzle. ... Rescue refers to operations that usually involve the saving of life, or prevention of injury. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... An Air Force Base (AFB) is a term used to designate a military base of a number of air forces, including the United States Air Force (USAF) and the South African Air Force (SAAF). ...


Many of the crew came directly from APF's previous production Stingray, but for Thunderbirds the crew was expanded, and was shot at A.P. Films' ever growing studio at Stirling Road, Slough, Berkshire. It was APF's first one-hour series. Thunderbirds had been in production for several months when ITC Entertainment boss Lew Grade was shown the completed pilot episode, "Trapped in the Sky", and he was reportedly so excited with the result that he immediately instructed Anderson and his team to expand all the episodes from 25 minutes to 50 minutes. This initially proved to be a headache as nine episodes had already been completed. Cover from Stingray DVD box set (2001). ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Lew Grade, Baron Grade (birth name Louis Winogradsky) (December 25, 1906 - December 13, 1998) was an influential showbusiness impresario and television company executive in the United Kingdom. ... Trapped In The Sky is the first episode in the Thunderbirds series by Gerry Anderson. ...


Production commenced in 1964 and the show premiered on British television on 30th September 1965 in the ATV Midlands region. Other ITV regions followed, including London on 25 December 1965. Two series were produced, comprising thirty-two episodes in total. is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


Plot

Thunderbirds TV series
(Australian DVD cover) Jeff Tracy's sons (left to right) Gordon, Alan, Scott, Virgil, John (Aquanaut, Astronauts & Pilots)

Set in the 21st century (the actual year remains a hot topic amongst fans, due to contradictory dates seen on newspapers and calendars in different episodes, though Gerry Anderson stated in a Sci-Fi interview that it was set in 2065) the show depicts the adventures of the Tracy family, which consists of millionaire former astronaut Jeff Tracy and his five sons: Scott (pilot of Thunderbird 1 and principal rescue co-ordinator), Virgil (pilot of Thunderbird 2), Alan (astronaut in Thunderbird 3), Gordon (aquanaut in Thunderbird 4) and John (principal duty astronaut on the space station Thunderbird 5) - each named after a Mercury astronaut - Scott Carpenter,[1] Virgil Grissom,[2] Alan Shepard,[3] Gordon Cooper[4] and John Glenn,[5] respectively. Together with Jeff's elderly mother called Grandma Tracy, the scientific genius and engineer "Brains", the family's manservant Kyrano and his daughter Tin-Tin, the Tracy family live on a remote, uncharted Pacific island. They are, in secret, the members of International Rescue, a private and highly-advanced emergency response organisation, which covers the globe and even reaches into space, rescuing people with their futuristic vehicles, the Thunderbirds. Image File history File links Thunderbirds-marionettes. ... Image File history File links Thunderbirds-marionettes. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit outside the U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. ... Jeff Tracy, the instigator and financier behind International Rescue (the focus of the Thunderbirds television series created by Gerry Anderson), is a fictional character created for the series. ... Scott Tracy is a fictional character from television show Thunderbirds. ... Virgil Tracy is a fictional character from Gerry Andersons Supermarionation television show Thunderbirds and the subsequent films Thunderbirds Are GO and Thunderbird 6. ... Alan Tracy is a fictional character from television show Thunderbirds. ... Gordon Tracy is a fictional character from television show Thunderbirds. ... John Tracy is a fictional character from television show Thunderbirds. ... Original seven Astronauts portrait (L-R: Schirra, Shepard, Slayton, Grissom, Glenn, Cooper, Carpenter) The Mercury Seven was the group of seven Mercury astronauts picked in April 1959. ... Astronaut M. Scott Carpenter inspects the heat shield of his Aurora 7 space capsule Malcolm Scott Carpenter (born May 1, 1925) was one of the original seven astronauts selected in 1959 for Project Mercury. ... Gus Grissom in his Mercury spacesuit Virgil Ivan Gus Grissom (April 3, 1926–January 27, 1967) was a U.S. Air Force pilot who became one of the first American astronauts. ... Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. ... Leroy Gordon Gordo Cooper, Jr. ... For other persons named John Glenn, see John Glenn (disambiguation). ... Brains Brains is a fictional character in the television series Thunderbirds, the feature films Thunderbirds Are GO and Thunderbird 6 and the 2004 live action film Thunderbirds. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... This page describes the fictional machines featured in Gerry and Sylvia Andersons 1966 Supermarionation TV series Thunderbirds and the subsequent feature films Thunderbirds Are Go and Thunderbird 6. ...


Some of the disasters attended by International Rescue are often the result of accident or misadventure, but on occasion involve deliberate sabotage. A recurring villain, "The Hood" (actually never named in the series, but given this name in the comics, tie-in books and other spin-off media), frequently causes major accidents in order to lure International Rescue's vehicles to the scene and spy on or steal them. Another complication is that The Hood's half brother, Kyrano, is the Tracy's servant, and because The Hood has some degree of psychic power over Kyrano, he is able to compel him to sabotage Thunderbird 1's security systems. Kyrano's daughter Tin-Tin is romantically linked with Alan Tracy, as well as participating in many IR missions.


International Rescue's London agent, international socialite Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward, and her Cockney butler/chauffeur Aloysius "Nosey" Parker, are often seen chasing The Hood and other villains in the pink, amphibious Rolls-Royce FAB1, which is equipped with James Bond-style gadgets. (Rolls-Royce actually provided an authentic radiator grille to the production company for closeups of FAB-1, such as when the retractable machine gun was fired) Lady Penelope's yacht was called FAB-2. Although credited as "London-based Agent", Lady Penelope lives in a mansion in Kent, which is actually a miniature copy of real life Stourhead House in Wiltshire. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward is International Rescues London Agent from Gerry Andersons Thunderbirds (TV series). ... St Mary-le-Bow The term cockney is often used to refer to working-class people of London, particularly east London, and the slang used by these people. ... Aloysius Nosey Parker is a fictional character in the television series Thunderbirds, the feature films Thunderbirds Are GO and Thunderbird 6 and the 2004 live action film Thunderbirds. ... Rolls-Royce car may refer to vehicles produced by: Rolls-Royce Limited (1906-1973) Rolls-Royce Motors (1973-2003) Rolls-Royce Motor Cars (2003-present) // Rolls-Royce cars Rolls-Royce Limited vehicles 1904-1906 10 hp 1905-1905 15 hp 1905-1908 20 hp 1905-1906 30 hp 1905-1906... FAB1 is the name given to the pink six-wheeled car in the Thunderbirds franchise. ... 007 redirects here. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... The Temple of Apollo high on a hill overlooking the gardens. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ...


The characters use the radio sign-off "F.A.B." rather than "Roger" or "Over and out". Anderson was often asked what F.A.B. stood for, but stated it in fact simply stood for "fab" (short for "fabulous"), a 1960s catchphrase. During radio broadcasts it also stood for Fully Acknowledged Broadcast.[citation needed]


Uniform

All the Thunderbird pilots wear a common mid blue uniform consisting of a polo-neck tunic, trousers, boots, and a simplified glengarry cap. Each uniform is accented by a baldric uniquely coloured specific to the wearer and bearing the International Rescue insignia, which carries a sidearm and two pouches, and similarly coloured cuffs to the boots:[6] An example of a classic polo neck. ... Clan MacDonell of Glengarry is a branch of Clan Macdonald, taking its name from Glen Garry where the river Garry runs eastwards through Loch Garry to join the Great Glen about 16 miles (25 km) north of Fort William. ... A baldric is a wide, usually ornamental belt worn around the waist and over one shoulder that is typically used to carry weapons (such as swords). ...

  • Scott - pale blue
  • Virgil - pale yellow
  • Alan - white
  • Gordon - orange
  • John - lilac

Occasionally other members of the organisation are depicted in similar uniforms:

  • Brains - brown leather (as seen in Thunderbird 6)
  • Jeff - metallic gold (only seen in publicity photographs in books[7] and the DVD boxset)
  • Tin-Tin sometimes wears a similar blue uniform with a pale blue belt but no bandolier.

Thunderbird 6 was a British science fiction-adventure motion picture released in 1968. ...

Machines

Main article: Thunderbirds Machines

Each episode featured fantastic vehicles and machines primarily designed by special effects director Derek Meddings. In particular, the five Thunderbird craft used by International Rescue, were arguably the series' real stars. This page describes the fictional machines featured in Gerry and Sylvia Andersons 1966 Supermarionation TV series Thunderbirds and the subsequent feature films Thunderbirds Are Go and Thunderbird 6. ... Derek Meddings (15 January 1931–10 September 1995) was a British television and cinema special effects expert, initially noted for his work on the Supermarionation television puppet series produced by Gerry Anderson. ...

  • Thunderbird 1 - Hypersonic variable geometry rocket plane used for fast response, rescue zone reconnaissance, and as a mobile control base.
  • Thunderbird 2 - Heavy supersonic vertical take-off and landing carrier lifting body aircraft used for the transport of major rescue equipment and vehicles.
  • Thunderbird 3 - Reusable, vertically launched SSTO (Single Stage To Orbit) spaceship used for space rescue and maintenance of Thunderbird 5.
  • Thunderbird 4 - Small utility submarine for underwater rescue.
  • Thunderbird 5 - Earth-orbiting space station which monitors all broadcasts around the globe for calls for help and also manages communications within International Rescue.

Boeing X-43 at Mach 7 In aerodynamics, hypersonic speeds are speeds that are highly supersonic. ... A swing-wing is a type of pivoted wing planform that takes advantage of the aerodynamics of a swept wing at high speeds while avoiding the drawbacks of such a design at lower speeds. ... A rocket plane is an aircraft that uses a rocket for propulsion, sometimes in addition to jet engines. ... The Hawker Harrier, one of the famous examples of a plane with VTOL capability. ... The lifting body is an aircraft configuration where the body itself produces lift. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... A single-stage to orbit (or SSTO) launcher describes an as-yet theoretical class of spacecraft designed to place a load into orbit as a self-contained vehicle without the use of multiple stages. ... The Space Shuttle Discovery as seen from the International Space Station. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... The International Space Station in 2007 A space station is an artificial structure designed for humans to live in outer space. ...

Production

Voice cast

Brains

The voice cast were all experienced character actors and several were already (or became) regular Anderson performers. David Holliday (the original voice of Virgil in Series I) was the only American cast in any voice role in the series; all the others were British, Australian or Canadian. Image File history File links BrainsThunderbirds. ... Image File history File links BrainsThunderbirds. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Versatile Australian actor Ray Barrett provided the voices of John Tracy and The Hood, as well as many other one-off characters. He had worked for Anderson before, voicing both Commander Shore and Titan in his previous series, Stingray. Thanks to his extensive experience in live radio back in Australia, he was adept at rapid changes from one voice to another and he could also perform both English and American accents convincingly. By the time Thunderbirds began, Barrett was already a minor star on British TV, and since his return to Australia in the Seventies he has become one of the nation's senior film and TV actors. Although Sylvia Anderson or Christine Finn usually took responsibility for female guest characters, Barrett made an exception when he voiced the elderly Duchess of Royston in "The Duchess Assignment", to the hilarity of the other cast and crew. Ray Barrett (born 2 May 1927in Brisbane, Queensland) is an Australian actor. ... Cover from Stingray DVD box set (2001). ... Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ... Christine Finn as Barbara Judd in Quatermass and the Pit, BBC television, 1958–59. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


Veteran Canadian actor Shane Rimmer (Scott) went on to appear in — and occasionally write scripts for — many subsequent Anderson productions. Rimmer has an extensive list of prominent TV and movie credits, but he is probably best known for his appearances in several James Bond films, and for his role as Capt. G.A. 'Ace' Owens in Stanley Kubrick's Dr Strangelove. Rimmer has appeared in many action, thriller and science fiction films, including Star Wars: A New Hope and Superman II, and is often cast in military or political roles. Shane Rimmer (born 28th May 1936) is a Canadian actor and voice actor. ... 007 redirects here. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... For the hit 1987 single by Depeche Mode, see the album Music for the Masses Film poster for Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb is a 1964 satirical film directed by Stanley Kubrick. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ...


David Graham, one of Anderson's longest serving voice actors, had previously worked on Four Feather Falls, Supercar, Fireball XL5 and Stingray and was also one of the original voices of the Daleks in Doctor Who in 1963. Graham supplied no less than four of the main characters' voices - Parker, Gordon Tracy, Brains, and Kyrano. David Graham is a British character actor and voice artist, whose work may be more familiar than his name. ... Four Feather Falls was the third puppet TV show produced by Sylvia and Gerry Anderson, from an idea by Barry Gray. ... Supercar was a childrens TV show produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films for ATV and ITC Entertainment. ... Fireball XL5 was a science fiction-themed childrens television show produced in Britain in 1962 by the husband and wife team of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson through their company APF in association with ATV for ITC Entertainment. ... For other uses, see Dalek (disambiguation). ... This article is about the television series. ...


Voice cast

(Paul Maxwell, Charles Tingwell and John Tate were not credited on-screen in either series, though Maxwell and Tingwell received credits in the two movies. The first film, Thunderbirds Are GO (1966), also featured two early voice-only appearances by popular entertainer Bob Monkhouse.) Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ... Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward is International Rescues London Agent from Gerry Andersons Thunderbirds (TV series). ... Ray Barrett (born 2 May 1927in Brisbane, Queensland) is an Australian actor. ... Peter Dyneley (13 April 1921 - 19 August 1977)was born in Hastings, East Sussex, England. ... Christine Finn as Barbara Judd in Quatermass and the Pit, BBC television, 1958–59. ... David Graham is a British character actor and voice artist, whose work may be more familiar than his name. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Shane Rimmer (born 28th May 1936) is a Canadian actor and voice actor. ... Jeremy Wilkin is a British actor, possibly best known for his contributions to the television productions of Gerry Anderson. ... ... Charles Bud Tingwell (born January 3, 1923 in Sydney, New South Wales) is an Australian film and theatre actor. ... Paul Maxwell (b. ... Thunderbirds Are GO (DVD cover) Thunderbirds Are GO! was the first feature film to be made from the highly successful Supermarionation series Thunderbirds. ... Bob Monkhouse presenting Celebrity Squares (Image copyright British Film Institute) Robert Allen Monkhouse OBE (June 1, 1928 – December 29, 2003) was an English entertainer in the traditional sense, though primarily known as a comedian and game show host. ...


Special effects

The programme was notable for the high quality of its miniature special effects. The effects supervisor on all of Anderson's shows from Supercar to UFO was Derek Meddings, who went on to produce special effects for the James Bond and Superman movies (Meddings won an Oscar for the first Superman film). Supercar was a childrens TV show produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films for ATV and ITC Entertainment. ... UFO is a British television science fiction series created by Gerry Anderson and Sylvia Anderson and produced by the Andersons and Lew Grades Century 21 Productions for Grades ITC Entertainment company. ... Derek Meddings (15 January 1931–10 September 1995) was a British television and cinema special effects expert, initially noted for his work on the Supermarionation television puppet series produced by Gerry Anderson. ... 007 redirects here. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ...


One of Meddings' most famous and ingenious creations was the so-called "rolling road" and "rolling sky" system. The Thunderbirds storylines called for a large number of scenes showing the Thunderbirds and other aircraft flying through the air, landing or taking off along runways, or motor vehicles travelling along roads. Meddings' team quickly discovered that the old method — pulling or pushing models across a static base or against a static background — produced very unconvincing results. Meddings came up with a novel solution to the problem, which he first used in the premiere episode, "Trapped in the Sky". For the famous crash-landing sequence (which so impressed Lew Grade), the Thunderbirds' remotely operated "elevator cars" had to be shown being maneuvered into position on the runway beneath the stricken Fireflash aircraft as it came in to land, so that the aircraft could touch down without extending its landing gear, which would have triggered a bomb hidden there by IR's nemesis, The Hood. Trapped In The Sky is the first episode in the Thunderbirds series by Gerry Anderson. ...


Meddings' solution was to construct a belt of canvas, stretched over rollers and driven by an electric motor. The miniature elevator cars were then fixed in position by fine wires on this "rolling road". The Fireflash model was suspended from wires above the elevator cars and it could be lowered onto the runway, creating a smooth and remarkably convincing descent effect. A similar roller system, painted with a sky background was built at right angles to the runway, and both roller motors were synchronised to provide a matching speed for both elements. When the lights and cameras were set up in the right position and the rollers were activated, the rolling road system created a very convincing illusion of movement. It also proved extremely helpful for the lighting and camera crews, since the miniature models did not move and were therefore much easier to light and shoot. The 'rolling sky' system proved equally effective for shots of flying aircraft. The illusion was enhanced by blowing smoke across the miniatures with a fan to simulate passing through cloud, and by joining the canvas belt at an angle to hide what would otherwise have been a visible seam. Unlike modern special effects, the model was still actually in front of the backdrop — at the time, this produced a more convincing (and far cheaper) effect than bluescreen technology. The 'rolling road' system was later used on several James Bond movies. 007 redirects here. ...


The team also quickly mastered the art of creating extremely convincing miniature explosions using materials including petroleum and fuller's earth. These were filmed at high speed, and when slowed down to normal speed they produced spectacular results. The team also became expert at creating a convincing illusion for rocket take-offs and landings. After an exhaustive search, they found a British firm that could make special thrustless solid-fuelled rocket canisters in different sizes, which burned for about ten seconds and which could be fitted inside the various miniatures to provide convincing rocket exhaust effects. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Fullers earth is any nonplastic clay or claylike material that can be used to decolorize, filter, and purify animal, mineral, and vegetable oils and greases. ...


The show was justly praised for the exceptional quality of its miniature vehicles and sets. Some of the main Thunderbird vehicles were built by a professional model-making firm, but many others were custom-made by Meddings and his team from commercial radio-controlled motorised vehicle kits. Joining Meddings' team was Michael Trim, who became Medding's assistant to help design the fantastic craft and buildings of Thunderbirds. Meddings and Trim also pioneered the technique of 'customising' models and miniature vehicles by applying pieces taken from commercial model kits, to add convincing surface detail, for example the giant air conditioning silos either side of Thunderbird 1 in the launch bay beneath the swimming pool were actually a 1960's periscope toy manufactured by Merit. Michael Trim is an artist most famous for illustrating the cover of Jeff Waynes Musical Version of The War of the Worlds, which depicts a Martian tripod striking down the heroic Thunder Child. ...


The Thunderbirds miniatures were also 'aged' with paint and dust to create the convincing illusion that they were real, well-used vehicles. These techniques became standard practice in the special effects trade and were used to great effect in the building of the miniature spaceships and other vehicles for the first three Star Wars films. This article is about the series. ...


Many of the effects team including Meddings and Brian Johnson became respected specialists in the film industry. Impressed by their work on the TV series, director Stanley Kubrick poached several of the Anderson effects team to work on his science fiction masterpiece 2001: A Space Odyssey. Brian Johnson is a specialist for television and movie special effects. ... Kubrick redirects here. ...


Music

A crucial element of the show's success was its thrilling music score, composed and conducted by Barry Gray, who provided all the music for the Anderson series up to and including Space: 1999 series one. His instantly recognisable "Thunderbirds March" is one of the best-known of all TV themes and has become a perennial favourite with brass and military bands around the world. Gray's original master recordings for the Anderson series were rediscovered in a storage facility in Chelsea, London in 1993. Barry Gray (July 18, 1908 in Lancashire, England - April 26, 1984 in Guernsey, Channel Islands) was a British musician and composer who is best known for his work for Gerry Anderson. ... Left to right: Barbara Bain, Catherine Schell and Martin Landau from Space:1999s second season. ...


Gray composed a theme song with lyrics, performed by Gary Miller, for the series that was never used. The song, Flying High, which had been intended to feature on the closing titles, was scrapped in favour of the Thunderbirds March just weeks before broadcast. However, the song was used in a slightly modified form in the closing scenes of the episode, "Ricochet". Gary Miller (born Neville Williams) was a British pop singer of the 1950s and 1960s. ... List of Thunderbirds episodes Ricochet is the 5th episode of the second series of the Supermarionation television series Thunderbirds. ...


Original broadcast

A total of 32 episodes of Thunderbirds were made between 1965 and 1966 (although production began in 1964, as indicated by the show's copyright date) for the British production company ITC Entertainment, and first broadcast on ATV. The ITC Entertainment logo The Incorporated Television Company (ITC) was founded by television mogul Lew Grade in 1954. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Thunderbirds ceased production very suddenly in the Autumn of 1966, six episodes into the second series. This was a decision made by Lew Grade after an unsuccessful trip to the U.S. to sell the programme. According to published reports of the incident, the three major television networks CBS, NBC, and ABC were all bidding on the series, and Grade felt he could play them against each other to gain a higher price. Unfortunately, when one dropped out, the others immediately followed. Although it was a genuine hit by that time, Grade still felt that the programme was too expensive to continue without the US market. The programme was instead shown in the US in television syndication with reasonable success. Lew Grade, Baron Grade (birth name Louis Winogradsky) (December 25, 1906 - December 13, 1998) was an influential showbusiness impresario and television company executive in the United Kingdom. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... This article is about the broadcast network. ... This article is about the television network. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ...


Episode list

This is an episode guide for the Gerry Anderson television series Thunderbirds made between 1965 and 1966 (although production began in 1964, as indicated by the shows copyright date) for the British production company ITC Entertainment, and first broadcast on ATV. Episodes are listed in broadcast order. ...

Thunderbirds films

The popularity of the series led to the production of two full length feature films, with financial backing by United Artists.[8] In 2004 , a live action adaptation of the series was released, almost 40 years after the original series aired. This article is about the film studio. ...


Thunderbirds Are GO

Main article: Thunderbirds Are GO

Thunderbirds Are GO (DVD cover) Thunderbirds Are GO! was the first feature film to be made from the highly successful Supermarionation series Thunderbirds. ...

Thunderbird 6

Main article: Thunderbird 6

Thunderbird 6 was a British science fiction-adventure motion picture released in 1968. ...

Thunderbirds (2004 live action film)

Main article: Thunderbirds (film)

A live action feature film, also called Thunderbirds, and directed by Jonathan Frakes premiered on July 24, 2004. All the Thunderbird craft seen in the live action film were based upon the original designs, but with modern refinements, although a modified Ford Thunderbird was used as FAB1 due to Rolls-Royce's refusal to give permission for the use of their name and grille. Thunderbirds is a 2004 science fiction-adventure film based upon the Thunderbirds television series of the 1960s, directed by Jonathan Frakes. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ... Thunderbirds is a 2004 science fiction-adventure film based upon the Thunderbirds television series of the 1960s, directed by Jonathan Frakes. ... Jonathan Frakes (born August 19, 1952) is an American actor and director best known for his portrayal of Commander William T. Riker in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation and David Xanatos on Disneys Gargoyles. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ford Thunderbird was a car manufactured in the United States by the Ford Motor Company. ... FAB1 is the name given to the pink six-wheeled car in the Thunderbirds franchise. ... Rolls-Royce car may refer to vehicles produced by: Rolls-Royce Limited (1906-1973) Rolls-Royce Motors (1973-2003) Rolls-Royce Motor Cars (2003-present) // Rolls-Royce cars Rolls-Royce Limited vehicles 1904-1906 10 hp 1905-1905 15 hp 1905-1908 20 hp 1905-1906 30 hp 1905-1906...


The plot sidelined the main series characters in favour of new teenaged characters who have to rescue the adults from the evil Hood (based on the character from the original series). Coincidentally, both plots of the Supermarionation films Thunderbirds Are Go (1966) and Thunderbird 6 (1968) also focused on Alan, the youngest Tracy brother. The 2004 film was poorly received, both by critics and at the box office, with the film opening in 11th place in North America. A North American DVD was released in late 2004. Thunderbirds Are GO (DVD cover) Thunderbirds Are GO! was the first feature film to be made from the highly successful Supermarionation series Thunderbirds. ... Thunderbird 6 was a British science fiction-adventure motion picture released in 1968. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


Merchandising

Konami FAB1
Konami FAB1

Several companies, including Matchbox and Dinky were licensed to produced die-cast metal and plastic toys based on the Thunderbird vehicles. They proved hugely popular and were one of the best selling merchandising lines of the decade. Original Thunderbirds toys are now expensive and highly sought after collectors' items. Many toys were made by Matchbox in the 90s to coincide with a revival of the TV series, including a Tracy Island playset and also the new movie, though they were generally marketed outside the US and in Canada. Toy company Vivid Imaginations produced toys to coincide with the release of the 2004 live action movie in the UK. As of 2007, Japanese companies such as Konami and Takara were still producing new Thunderbirds toys based on the original series vehicles, including a very expensive Thunderbird 2 model with lights and working motorised legs which lift the fuselage, exposing the cargo pod. Also to be noted is that Blast Entertainment is releasing a Thunderbirds game for the Playstation 2, for release in Europe due for July 2007, source: ownage.nl Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1296x976, 738 KB) Summary FAB1model. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1296x976, 738 KB) Summary FAB1model. ... Matchbox Superfast window sticker A miniature Matchbox Gowings van Matchbox is a die cast toy brand currently owned by Mattel, Inc. ... Dinky Toy No. ... This article is about the manufacturing process. ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... Takara Co. ...


Original novels

A number of novels were published based upon the television series, most during 1966:

  • Thunderbirds, John Theydon (pseudonym for John W. Jennison), 1966
  • Calling Thunderbirds, Theydon, 1966
  • Ring of Fire, Theydon, 1966
  • Thunderbirds Are Go, Angus P. Allan, 1966 (film novelization)
  • Operation Asteroids, John W. Jennison, 1966
  • Lost World, Jennison, 1966

In 1992 Corgi Books published four episode novelizations for children based upon the teleplays "The Uninvited", "Brink of Disaster", "Sun Probe", and "Atlantic Inferno". A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ... As almost the only script writer employed by television listings comic Look-In in the 1970s, Angus Allan (sometimes also credited as Angus P. Allan) was responsible for original comic strip adaptations of: Timeslip, Wreckers At Dead Eye, Redgauntlet, Prize Idiots, Follyfoot, The Flaxton Boys, Please, Sir, The Fenn... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


The character of Lady Penelope was also featured in her own series of novels:

  • A Gallery of Thieves, Kevin McGarry, 1966
  • Cool for Danger, McGarry, 1966
  • The Albanian Affair, John Theydon, 1967

Thunderbirds today

The series has become a cult British institution, popular with both children and adults. Part of its appeal is that it is not particularly child centric - indeed it features no children as main characters, and was intended to be prime time entertainment for the whole family. Famously, in 1992, a re-run on the BBC led to a shortage of Tracy Island models in the run-up to Christmas, prompting children's programme Blue Peter to come to the rescue by demonstrating how to build a home-made version. A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... Prime time is the block of programming on television during the middle of the evening. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Blue Peter (disambiguation). ...


A 2001 public information film in the UK featured the Thunderbirds characters, showing FAB1 being wheel clamped and towed away because Lady Penelope had not paid the road tax. Public Information Films (known as PIFs) are a series of government commissioned short films, shown during television advertising breaks in the UK. The US equivalent is the Public Service Announcement (PSAs). ... In the United Kingdom, Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) (often known as road tax) is an annual tax on the use of motor vehicles on the public roads. ...


While not as gory as the later Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, puppet characters do die and there is massive destruction on a grand scale. In one episode, "City of Fire", the world's tallest skycraper burns and then collapses with a family trapped within the burning ruins, in another, "Terror in New York City", the Empire State Building collapses (followed by an adjacent skycraper) trapping two men in the rubble. Many themes covered in the series are still relevant today; passenger jets are sabotaged ("Trapped in the Sky"), hijacked ("Alias Mr. Hackenbacker") and one sinks to the ocean floor with the flight crew trapped aboard ("Operation Crash-Dive"), and in another episode a nuclear reactor explodes due to sabotage ("The Mighty Atom"). Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, often referred to as simply Captain Scarlet, is a science fiction television series produced by the Century 21 Productions Television company of Sylvia and Gerry Anderson and Reg Hill. ... City of Fire is the 15th episode of the first season of the Supermarionation television series Thunderbirds. ... Terror in New York City is the 4th episode of the first series of the Supermarionation television series Thunderbirds. ... Trapped In The Sky is the first episode in the Thunderbirds series by Gerry Anderson. ... Alias Mr. ... Operation Crash-Dive is the 12th episode of the first series of the Supermarionation television series Thunderbirds. ... The Mighty Atom is the 14th episode of the first season of the Supermarionation television series Thunderbirds. ...


Current broadcast

Today, the series is frequently repeated on BBC Two in the UK and RTÉ Two in Ireland (when the series was broadcast on BBC Two in 1991–92, this was actually the first nationwide screening, since British television was much more heavily regionalised in the 1960s, and ATV only operated in certain areas). Thunderbirds is also quite popular in Japan, where it was first broadcast in 1966 by NHK. For approximately three years (2000–2003) the satellite channel Boomerang UK broadcast uncut episodes daily, meaning that the complete run of 32 episodes was screened about 34 times. Thunderbirds was also syndicated on the now defunct US cable television network TechTV from August 5, 2002 through June 20, 2004. In Australia, the Channel 9 Network screened the series many times over in the 1970s and 1980s during the Saturday morning timeslot, and on weekdays during school holiday periods. The original (uncut) series was also re-broadcast several times on the Australasian Foxtel cable network in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The Australasian Foxtel cable network now plays Thunderbirds on the new Sci-Fi Network on weekdays. Channel 9 still broadcasts Thunderbirds at 6:00 a.m. (30 minute episodes over a 2 weekends) on a Saturday, 40 years after the show premiered. It is currently shown in the US in High Definition on Family Room, one of the VOOM television networks. For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ... RTÉ Two (Irish: RTÉ a Dó) (known from 1988 to 2004 as Network 2, RTÉ Network Two, RTÉ2 or N2) is Irelands second-oldest television channel, operated by Irish state broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann. ... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... Boomerang is the name of at least four television networks owned by Cartoon Network. ... TechTV is also the name of a closed-circuit television network based in Ruston, Louisiana TechTV (May 11, 1998 – May 28, 2004) was a 24-hour cable and satellite channel based in San Francisco, California featuring news and shows about computers, technology, and the Internet. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Channel 9 refers to several television stations, among them are: Nine Network, Australia Channel 9, Malaysia C9TV, Northern Ireland WCPO, Cincinnati, Ohio Channel 9, MSDN Channel 9 is also the name of a fictional television channel on the comedy sketch show series, The Fast Show This is a disambiguation page... Foxtel is a subscription television company in Australia, formed through a joint venture between Telstra and News Corporation. ... High-definition television (HDTV) is a digital television broadcasting system with greater resolution than traditional television systems (NTSC, SECAM, PAL). ... Family Room HD is an family-themed network that broadcasts exclusively in High definition. ... The VOOM logo Voom was a direct broadcast satellite television provider serving the United States. ...


Modernising attempts

Some versions screened on the Fox Network and in US syndication in the 1990s used re-recorded voices and music, much to the annoyance of long-time fans. Even more widely disliked was Turbocharged Thunderbirds, a revamped version of the show which briefly aired in syndication from late 1994 to mid-1995, which replaced the original dialogue with "ironic post-modern" jokes, and live action introductions suggesting the events of the series take place on some strange alien "Thunder world" (with the two teenaged "hosts", the so-called "Hack Masters", controlling the action from a studio set resembling the interior of Thunderbird 5 and referring to Jeff Tracy as "Mr. T"). Gerry Anderson was reportedly furious and the new version of the series quickly disappeared. The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ...


In 2000, the series was remastered with Dolby Surround sound for DVD release. Gerry Anderson, who had not received any royalties on the show since signing away the rights in the late 1960s, was employed as a "remastering consultant". A North American DVD release occurred in 2002. Sign for Dolby Surround Dolby Surround was the earliest consumer version of Dolbys multichannel analog film sound format Dolby Analog SR (Spectral Recording). ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


A new series?

In September 2005, a QuickTime video file titled Thunderbirds IR was released on several P2P networks. It opens with music by Barry Gray and a few clips of the classic Thunderbirds 1 through 4 launching, then shows several scenes from an intended new Thunderbirds series from Carlton Television. The trailer made with a combination of computer-generated imagery and puppetry depicts scenes including internal sets, external settings, and a sleekly-redesigned Thunderbird 1, Scott Tracy, The Hood, and the rescue of a falling lighthousekeeper. Scott Tracy is seen to walk, and perform a backflip (making the tongue-in-cheek remark "Look, no strings!"). QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ... Carlton Television is the United Kingdom Channel 3 (ITV) licensee for London and the surrounding areas from 9:25am every Monday to 5. ... Computer-generated imagery (commonly abbreviated as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ...


The trailer stated that a new Thunderbirds series would be coming in 2005 from Carlton Television and displays a phone number. The series was developed by Carlton with David Freedman as executive producer and David Mercer who was heading the Children's Department at Carlton at the time. Greg Johnson and Bob Forward were lead writers and Asylum did all the set builds and puppet work. Tim Field was line producer. Dave Throssel and a small team from The Mill TV Dept did the CG work. Steve Clarke directed the short. Gerry Anderson met the Carlton team in the early days of development and gave his full blessing. However, when Granada and Carlton merged, the series was shelved until further notice.[9]


Credits

  • Created by: Gerry Anderson, Sylvia Anderson
  • Music by: Barry Gray
  • Produced by: Gerry Anderson (series one), Reg Hill (series two)
  • Associate Producer: John Read (series two)
  • Written by: Gerry Anderson, Sylvia Anderson, Alan Fennell, Dennis Spooner, Tony Barwick, Donald Robertson, Martin Crump, Alan Pattillo
  • Directed by: Alan Pattillo, David Lane, Desmond Saunders, David Elliott, Brian Burgess
  • Art Director: Bob Bell
  • Special Effects: Derek Meddings
  • Script Editor: Alan Pattillo
  • Script Supervisors: Gerry Anderson, Sylvia Anderson
  • Chief Puppeteer: Christine Glanville
  • Puppet Operators: Judith Shutt, Ernest Shutt, Yvonne Hunter, Plugg Shutt, Wanda Webb
  • Director of Photography: John Read
  • Camera: Jimmy Elliott, Geoff Meldrum, Julien Lugrin, Alan Perry
  • Wardrobe: Elizabeth Coleman
  • Sound: John Taylor, Maurice Askew
  • Puppetry Supervisor: Mary Turner, Christine Glanville
  • Lighting Cameramen: Julien Lugrin, Paddy Seale, John Read
  • Dialogue Editor: Roy Lafbery
  • Sound Editor: Tony Lenny
  • Supervising Editor: Len Walter
  • Second Unit Camera: Garry Coxall
  • Sculptors: John Brown, John Blundall
  • Puppet Properties: Eddie Hunter
  • Prop Master: Arthur Cripps
  • Assistant Art Director: Grenville Nott
  • Assistant Art Director: Keith Wilson
  • Supervising Editor: John Peverill
  • Sound Editor: Brian Hickin
  • Sound System: Westrex
  • Second Unit Special Effects Directors: Brian Johncock, Ian Scoones
  • Special effects cameraman: Harry Oakes

Alan Fennell (11 December 1936-11 December 2001) was a British writer and editor best known for work on series produced by Gerry Anderson, and for having created the magazines TV Century 21 and Look-in. ... Dennis Spooner (born 1 December 1932 in Tottenham London; died 20 September 1986) was a British television scriptwriter, known for his ability to write to order if necessary, who created the classic British television series Man in a Suitcase, The Champions and The Adventurer, as well as writing for others... David Lane is a British television and film director, best known for his association with series produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films. ...

References, parodies and imitations

References

  • In 1991, Gerry Anderson himself directed a video set to the song "Calling Elvis" by the British band Dire Straits. Clips of the Thunderbirds vehicles were used in the video, and several Thunderbirds puppets - most notably the Jeff Tracy puppet - were taken out of storage and reused.
  • In Nick Park's A Close Shave, an animated film starring Wallace and Gromit, Wallace's mounting of his motorbike is a parody of how Virgil Tracy gets into Thunderbird 2 and takes off. In Curse of the Were-Rabbit, the eyes in the portraits on the wall flash like those of the Tracy brothers.
  • In 2004, South Park creators Matt Stone and Trey Parker produced a full length feature film Team America: World Police (2004) which lampooned the original series. Team America's marionette humour drew heavily for its inspiration on the quirks and foibles of Gerry Anderson's Supermarionation techniques, whilst managing the not insignificant task of paying respect to the original. Recalling the wanton spirit of destruction from the series, they depicted the destruction of the Eiffel Tower, The Pyramids, and the Panama Canal. Although it departed from the 1960s television series in terms of the graphic sex and constant profanity. It also earned glowing reviews from many critics, as well as favorable comments from Anderson himself. [citation needed]
  • A Japanese anime production, Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water features a craft that looks much like Thunderbird 2 which takes off from a hidden launching pad on the side of a mountain, to music similar to that of Thunderbirds.
  • The TV series Stargate SG-1 200th episode (appropriately titled 200) contained a supermarionation scene similar to Thunderbirds.
  • The cover of the Honor Harrington novel Field of Dishonor features a craft that resembles Thunderbird 2.
  • The Thunderbirds theme is used as the background theme music to the game 'Slipped Disks' on Challenge's dubbed version of Japanese game show Takeshi's Castle
  • At the beginning of the Beastie Boys' performance at Live Earth in London, the famed Thunderbirds "countdown", usually heard in the intro, was manipulated and used for the band's introduction.
  • In 1989 the band Fuzzbox released their single "International Rescue" which included the lyrics "Five, four, three, two, one, Thunderbirds are go!"

Calling Elvis is a song written by Mark Knopfler and performed by Dire Straits. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nicholas Wulstan Park, CBE (b. ... A Close Shave is a 1995 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... Wallace and Gromit Wallace and Gromit are the main characters in a series of three British animated short films, a series of ten short-animated sequences, and a feature-length film by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Matthew Richard Matt Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an American animator, screenwriter, film director, voice actor and actor. ... Randolph Severn Trey Parker III (born October 19, 1969) is an Academy Award nominated American animator, screenwriter, film director, voice actor, actor and musician. ... Team America: World Police Team America: World Police is a 2004 movie by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, the creators of the Comedy Central television program South Park. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris. ... The pyramids of Egypt, some of which are among the largest man-made constructions ever conceived [1], constitute one of the most potent and enduring symbols of Ancient Egyptian civilisation. ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up Profanity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Nadia — the heroine of the series. ... Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is a science fiction television series, part of the Stargate franchise. ... Episode chronology 200 is an episode from Season 10 of the science fiction television series Stargate SG-1. ... Supermarionation (standing for super marionette animation) is a puppetry technique devised by the British production company AP Films and used extensively in its numerous action-adventure series, the most famous of which is undoubtedly Thunderbirds. ... The Planet Express Ship is a fictional spaceship in the animated series Futurama. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Olympic Carrier was a civilian passenger liner in the fleet in Battlestar Galactica. ... This article is about the 2004 television series. ... 33 is the pilot episode of the reimagined Battlestar Galactica television series. ... Honor Stephanie Harrington is a fictional character, the eponymous heroine of a series of science fiction books set in the Honorverse, written by David Weber and published by Baen Books. ... Field of Dishonor is a science fiction novel, the fourth in David Webers Honor Harrington series. ... For other uses, see Challenge (disambiguation). ... The 1986 cast of Takeshis Castle Takeshis Castle , literally Operation! Takeshi Castle) was a Japanese game show that aired from 1986 to 1989 on the Tokyo Broadcasting System. ... Beastie Boys is a hip hop musical group from New York City, consisting of Michael Mike D Diamond, Adam MCA Yauch, Adam Ad-Rock Horovitz and the official DJ for the group Michael Mix Master Mike Schwartz. ... Live Earth was a series of worldwide concerts held on 7 July 2007, that initiated a three-year campaign to combat climate change. ... The Live Earth concert in the United Kingdom was held at Wembley Stadium, London, England on 7 July 2007. ...

Parodies

  • An early Thunderbirds send-up was the sketch entitled "Superthunderstingcar", performed by British comedians Peter Cook and Dudley Moore in the mid-1960s for their BBC TV series Not Only... But Also. This sketch was closely imitated by the Australian satirical series The D-Generation in the mid-1980s.
  • In 1989, Thunderbirds FAB was a live stage production using two actors who walked as if they were puppets and wore large hats representing Thunderbirds 1 and 2.
  • In the ReBoot episode "Nullzilla", Phong says, "F.A.B." to reveal a secret room that looks nearly identical to the Tracy lounge. When the characters leave the room for their machines, one wall flips, another turns and the sofa descends, just like the lounge in Thunderbirds. Pastiche music in the style of Barry Gray's Thunderbirds music support this parody.
  • In 1998, the US cable TV network MTV aired a six-episode puppet series called Super Adventure Team. It featured marionettes, as well as hand puppets with rods. The series was created and produced by Dana Gould, who is now co-executive producer on The Simpsons, and Rob Cohen. Disputes over the budget of the series caused its cancellation by MTV after only six episodes. It has never been released on DVD nor repeated on MTV.
  • Saturday Night Live aired a series of puppet animated shorts called the "Golords" (with the tagline "Golords Go!") in 1997 and 1998.
  • "Ton Ton Der Birds" was a very scary bit on a Mexican variety show with vaseline smeared on everyone's faces, wires sticking up from them everywhere and an uncanny simulation of puppets by humans.
  • In the Sonic X anime series episode "Emergency Launch! Tornado X", one of Dr. Eggman's Badniks is a spoof of Thunderbird 2, the only variation being that the cockpit area is a robot head. Pod 4 ejects and instead of launching a Thunderbird machine, releases a series of missiles at Sonic.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dudley Stuart John Moore, CBE (April 19, 1935 – March 27, 2002), was an Academy-Award nominated British comedian, actor and musician. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Not Only. ... Nick Bufalo in the Thunderbirds Pizza sketch. ... This article is about the television program ReBoot. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... A marionette is a type of puppet with strings controlled by a puppeteer from above. ... Dana Gould (born August 24, 1966) is an American comedian and comedy writer born and raised in Hopedale, Massachusetts. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... This article is about the American television series. ...

Imitations

  • Interster (Afrikaans, "Inter-star") was a weekly science-fiction supermarionation-style television show made for children and shown by the SABC in South Africa from the late 1970s.
  • In Sonic X, X-Tornado's launch sequence resembles that of the Thunderbirds machines. In addition, E-90 is based on Thunderbird 2. Also, in the same episode, background music similar to the Thunderbirds theme played every now and then (this is only in versions retaining the original BGM). Blue Typhoon's deck has two rows of trees similar to those lining Thunderbird 2's runway. In episode 59, the spaceship piloted by the Chaotix resembles Thunderbird 3.
  • The catchphrase from D.I.C.E., GTR, has the same effect as F.A.B. in Thunderbirds.
  • Capcom's Megaman franschise includes several references to Thunderbirds. In the SNES game Megaman 7, the second Wily fortress boss, Gamerizer, is a turtle-like robot with heavy similarities to Thunderbird 2, including its signature pods (which send out smaller enemies). Also, in one episode of the anime Megaman NT Warrior, Yai flies a pink private jet that she enters in a similar fashion to Virgil Tracy and Thunderbird 2. Also, her friends enter the craft in a way similar to how Thunderbird 3 was boarded.

Team America: World Police Team America: World Police is a 2004 movie by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, the creators of the Comedy Central television program South Park. ... Interster (Afrikaans, Inter-star)(Author Dr Johann Beukes 1949-2007) was a weekly science-fiction puppet television show made for children and shown in South Africa from the late 1970s. ... SABC is an abbreviation for either South African Broadcasting Corporation - in South Africa or Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council - in the United Kingdom ... This article is about Sonic X, an animated series. ... The Chaotix are a group of fictional characters in the Sonic the Hedgehog series of video games. ... D.I.C.E. (DNA Integrated Cybernetic Enterprises) is an American animated television series produced by Bandai Entertainment Inc. ... GTR, a TLA, can refer to: Gran Turismo Racer, Gran Tourer Racing or similar, used on sports cars such as Ultima GTR and Nissan Skyline GT-R. GTR - FIA GT Racing Game - FIA GT Racing Game, which is developed by Simbin. ... For the original NASA meaning, see capsule communicator. ... Mega Man firing his weapon while in Shadow Mans stage from Mega Man 3 (NES). ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... This computer/video game related article needs cleanup. ... Wily is a text editor created by Gary Capell for Unix computer systems. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... MegaMan NT Warrior , RockMan. ...

Other

  • Thunderbirds 2086, was an anime spin-off series produced by ITC Japan in the early 80s. The series retained many of the core concepts of the original series but updated them to depict more modern vision of the future. International Rescue was now a vast organisation employing thousands of people and 17 Thunderbird vehicles, many of which were strongly reminiscent of their original series counterparts. The series is not considered canonical with the original series due to the non-involvement of Gerry or Silvia Anderson.
  • Virgin Trains has sixteen class 57 locomotives named after characters or vehicles from the series due to their main use rescuing broken-down or stranded trains, and the fact that they are constantly ready for use. The use of the name Thunderbird for this type of train was common well before this though.
  • In 2000, Twenty65 released a CD album featuring four variations on the Thunderbirds main theme.
  • The Anarchic Australian Band TISM released a single called Thunderbirds Are Coming Out about a teenage boy who realises the answer to his problems when he sees the Thunderbirds on TV

Thunderbirds 2086 (科学救助隊テクノボイジャー) is a Japanese anime series based on the original Gerry Anderson Supermarionation series Thunderbirds which aired in 1965 and 1966. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... The ITC Entertainment logo The Incorporated Television Company (ITC) was founded by television mogul Lew Grade in 1954. ... Gerry Anderson (MBE), born 14 April 1929, is a British producer, director and writer, famous for his futuristic television programmes, particularly those involving specially modified marionettes, a process called Supermarionation. His first television production was the 1957 Roberta Leigh childrens series The Adventures of Twizzle. ... Gerry Anderson and Sylvia Anderson were the British husband and wife production team behind several futuristic childrens television shows involving specially modified marionettes, a process called supermarionation. Their most famous production is Thunderbirds, which was produced by their production company, originally known as AP Films and later renamed Century... Virgin Trains is a train operating company in the United Kingdom. ... Class 57, no. ... TISM (an acronym of This Is Serious Mum) is a seven piece anonymous alternative rock band from Melbourne, Australia. ... Thunderbirds Are Coming Out is the name of a single by TISM. It was released off www. ...

Advertisements

A television advertisement for car insurance featured Lady Penelope calling Brains on a video phone and asking who she should call for instant car insurance. Brains stutters out the company that is the subject of the advert. "Thank you Brains", says Lady Penelope calmly, her car teetering on the edge of a cliff.


A 1992 advert for Kit Kat chocolate bars saw Scott "having a break" on the Thunderbird 1 launchpad while Jeff becomes increasingly irate: "Thunderbirds are go. Thunderbirds are go. Thunderbirds GO!" A KitKat is a confection manufactured by Nestl . ...


Around the same time, there was a Pizza Hut advert which featured Virgil and Gordon flying Thunderbird 2 to the Thunderbirds Theme Song with Virgil saying "Can you turn it down a bit?" with Gordon pressing the wrong button and dropping Pod 4 responding with "What now?" to be followed by the then popular phrase "Now we...Hit the Hut". This was part of the promotion with Pizza Hut for the re-release of Thunderbird in 1992 with special edition drink cups and lids featuring Thunderbird 1, 2, 4 and FAB1. Pizza Hut Inc. ...


Translations

  • (French) : Les Sentinelles de l’air
  • (Spanish) : Rescate Internacional and Thunderbirds
  • (Finnish) : Myrskylinnut

References

  1. ^ Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). "2", Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree, 18. ISBN 1-85283-164-2. 
  2. ^ Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). "2", Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree, 20. ISBN 1-85283-164-2. 
  3. ^ Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). "2", Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree, 23. ISBN 1-85283-164-2. 
  4. ^ Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). "2", Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree, 22. ISBN 1-85283-164-2. 
  5. ^ Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). "2", Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree, 21. ISBN 1-85283-164-2. 
  6. ^ Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). "7", Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree, 81. ISBN 1-85283-164-2. 
  7. ^ Marriot, John; Anderson, Gerry (foreword) (1992). "2", Thunderbirds ARE GO!. London: Boxtree, 16. ISBN 1-85283-164-2. 
  8. ^ Company credits at IMDb, URL accessed 15th December, 2006
  9. ^ David Freedman (2005-06-19). Thunderbirds Are Still Not Go.. Blogspot. Retrieved on 2006-11-27.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Thunderbirds 2086 (科学救助隊テクノボイジャー) is a Japanese anime series based on the original Gerry Anderson Supermarionation series Thunderbirds which aired in 1965 and 1966. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... International Rescue Corps or IRC is one of the few truly independent front-line search and rescue organisations in the world. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Thunderbirds (TV series) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5905 words)
Thunderbirds had been in production for several months when ITC Entertainment boss Lew Grade was shown the completed pilot episode, "Trapped In The Sky" and he was reportedly so excited with the result that he immediately instructed Anderson and his team to expand all the episodes from 25 minutes to 50 minutes.
Thunderbird One is 35m long, with a 24m wingspan, and a max speed of Mach 12.6.
Thunderbirds Are Go.net A fansite featuring the "autobiographies" of the Tracys as seen on "The Best Of Thunderbirds" DVD and many of the captions used in the TechTV version of the series.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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