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Encyclopedia > Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan

Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan Malayalam തുഞ്ചത്തു് എഴുത്തച്ഛന്‍ (commonly known as Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan) is considered as the Father of the Malayalam language. He was born in the 17th century in Malappuram district of Kerala, south India. His real name is not known; of the many names attributed to him, Ramanujan is the most popular. Malayalam ( ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ...



Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan was born in the 16th century into a Chakkala Nair family, held low in the caste system of Kerala and among the Nair caste. Some apocryphal legends have that Ramanujan's father was a Namboodiri Brahmin . [1]. This article is about a Hindu caste. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... This article is about a Hindu caste. ... The Namboothiris are the Brahmins of Kerala. ...

Father of Malayalam language

There may have been many keerthanas, namam or japam, but is was impossible to find a single house in Kerala without a copy of his Adhyathmaramayanam during the dark times of war, disease and famine. There is no doubt about his contribution to the literary level of the common man. The great teacher taught the people to respect and worship the language and the alphabet, a level of culture which is difficult to find even in the modern era. He refined the Malayalam language style and wrote his works for ordinary people, incorporating whatever is good with a strong sense of righteousness and worship. His contribution to the language through the Adhyatmaramayanam and Mahabharatham is unparalleled, and his contribution in the cultural level is immense. His chief works include [2]: Adhyathmaramayanam is the Malayalam version of Ramayana written by Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan in the early 17th Century. ... <nowiki>Insert non-formatted text hereBold text</nowiki>A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ... For other uses, see Alphabet (disambiguation). ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), is one of the three major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the others being the Ramayana and the Bhagavatam. ...

  • Keralolpathi
  • Ganapatistavam
  • Harinamakirtanam
  • Devi Mahatmayam
  • Kerala Natakam

The Keralolpathy or the Kerala Ulpathy (literally creation of Kerala) is a Malayalam work by Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan [1], a native of Malabar, Kerala who lived in the 17th century AD and deals with the origin of the land of Kerala including the ancestry of the Namboodiri Brahmins and other...

Ezhuthachan as A Social Reformer

It is believed that during the time of Ezhuthachan, a state of political anarchy was prevalent in Kerala and Ezhuthachan, through his works conveyed the message of peace and unity to the people of that time through his works.

Ezhuthachan and alphabet system in Kerala

Till Ezhuthachan’s time, the following was the situation in Kerala: [citation needed]

1. The 30 letter Vattezhuthu[3] was taught as the Malayalam alphabet by the various Kalaries or schools to the common people. An example of the Vatteluttu script from an inscription by Rajaraja Chola I at the Brihadisvara temple in Thanjavur. ...

2. Alphabets which are equivalent to those in Sanskrit (Grandhakshara) must have been used by scholars to write their works in Sanskrit. The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...

3. Sanskrit alphabets were used by Namboothiri priests and a few great scholars only. The Namboothiris (Malayalam :നമ്പൂതിരി) are the Brahmins of Kerala, thought to be the most orthodox brahmins in India. ... Roman Catholic priest A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ...

4. As the influence of Sanskrit in Malayalam increased, Vattezhuthu was used commonly to write Sanskrit words and other derivations, though distorted. The names of parts of Vedas like Samhita, Ashtakam, Varggam, Anuvakom were written as changatha, attam, vakkom, anam respectively, in Vattezhuthu. What was written, was not exactly what was read. Works were also written in this way. Veda redirects here. ... The Samhita (Sanskrit: joined or collected) is the basic text of each of the Vedas, comprising collections of hymns and ritual texts. ...

5.Vattezhuthu was used with interposition of letters of the Grandhakshara to denote essential Sanskrit phonetics. (Eg. - In important Decrees or Shasanas.)

6. Various combinations of Vattezhuthu and Grandhakshara may have been tried by some schools, with the result of more confusion and less unanimity.

We can visualize the glaring inadequacies which were prevalent.

What Ezhuthachan did

To establish an alphabet system for all people, which is equivalent to Sanskrit and which encompasses all these alphabets in all schools, instead of the 30 letter alphabet set for Malayalam (Vattezhuthu), the first step would be to take the best from the existing systems, and form common derivations etc. It was not sufficient to form just an alphabet set, as it will not be accepted in all places easily. Most probably there were different views at that time. The most practical way out was to establish the set by a Keerthanam, so that it will be standardized everywhere. Ezhuthachan must have thought it auspicious and total for the alphabet set to have 51 characters. (See Harinamakeerthanam) “Hari Sree Ganapathaye Namah” is also 51 according to the system of counting with alphabets. This method of initiating children to the alphabets was also begun by Ezhuthachan according to Prof. K. P. Narayana Pisharody[citation needed]. Ra and zha were used as parishishtam after the 51 alphabets. (Malayalam does not have words which begin with these characters, but these alphabets are essential in the language.)

(However Vattezhuthu continued to be taught in various places as the Malayalam alphabet till the British regulations relating to registration of bonds and deeds eventually led to its disappearance.)

Thunjan Parambu

It was in Thunjan Parambu that Ezhuthachan modified the Malayalam alphabets and wrote the Harinamakeerthanam to popularize them.[citation needed] Even after centuries people from various parts of the state come to take sand from Thunjan Parambu to initiate their children to the alphabet. Every year, hundreds of people bring their children to write their first alphabets during the Vijayadasami festival, to Thunjan Parambu. Tunchan Parambu is a place in Tirur a small town in Malappuram district of Kerala, South India. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

"Anpathoraksharavum oronnithenmozhiyil

Anpodu cherkka Hari Narayanaya Nama"

- Harinamakeerthanam 14th stanza

There is no controversy that the great teacher was the strongest sponsor of the 51 letter alphabet for Malayalam instead of the 30 letter Vattezhuthu. [citation needed]


  1. ^ Travancore State Manual by V.Nagam Aiya, Volume II, page 430-431
  2. ^ Travancore State Manual by V.Nagam Aiya, Volume II, page 432
  3. ^ Kerala-Gov
  • http://www.authenticbooksindia.com/harinamakeerthanam.html

  Results from FactBites:
BIGpedia - Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (125 words)
Thunjath Ezhuthachan is known as the "Father of the Malayalam language." He was born around 450 years ago in Malappuram district.
His real name was Ramanujan and signs of brilliance were evident in his childhood.
Ezhuthachan tried to propagate the universal nature of the language.
  More results at FactBites »



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