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Encyclopedia > Thule people

The Thule were the ancestors of all modern Canadian Inuit. They arrived at Alaska in around the year 500 and Nunavut, Canada in 1000. A subgroup then moved east to Greenland by the 13th century. The appellation of "Thule" originates from the location of Thule in northwest Greenland, facing Canada, where the archeological remains of these people were first found[1]. The links between the Thule and the Inuit are biological, cultural, and linguistic. Inuit woman Inuit (Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, singular Inuk or Inuq / ᐃᓄᒃ) is a general term for a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples of the Arctic who descended from the Thule. ... State nickname: The Last Frontier, The Land of the Midnight Sun Other U.S. States Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Governor Frank Murkowski (R) Official languages English Area 1,717,854 km² (1st)  - Land 1,481,347 km²  - Water 236,507 km² (13. ... Events Possible date for the Battle of Mons Badonicus: Romano-British and Celts defeat an Anglo-Saxon army that may have been led by the bretwalda Aelle of Sussex (approximate date; suggested dates range from 490 to 510) Note: This battle may have influenced the legend of King Arthur. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut, Nunavut our strength / Our land our strength) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Area 2,093,190 km² (1st)  - Land 1,936,113 km²  - Water 157,077 km² (7. ... For other uses, see number 1000. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... An appellation in its broadest sense is a name or designation. ... Map of Greenland Qaanaaq (pron. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). ... Broadly conceived, linguistics is the study of human language, and a linguist is someone who engages in this study. ...

The Thule subsisted both on marine and terrestrial animals. They replaced the Dorset culture, which, however, did not become extinct until 1902, when whalers brought disease to the last Dorset settlement on Southampton Island (the Sadlermiut). Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... The Dorset culture preceded the Inuit culture in Arctic North America. ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Islands of Canada | Canada geography stubs ...

The Thule winter settlements usually had one to four houses with around ten people. Some major settlements may have had more than a dozen, although not all were inhabited at the same time by the fifty residents. Their houses were made of whale bones from summer hunts. Other structures include kill sites, caches, and tent encampments. Whales are the largest species of exclusively aquatic placental mammals, members of the order Cetacea, which also includes dolphins and porpoises. ... Grays illustration of a human femur, a typically recognized bone. ... In computer science, a cache (pronounced kăsh) is a collection of data duplicating original values stored elsewhere or computed earlier, where the original data are expensive (usually in terms of access time) to fetch or compute relative to reading the cache. ... A tent is a temporary or semipermanent shelter, consisting of sheets of fabric or other material draped over or attached to a frame of poles. ...

Some Thule migrated southward, in the "Second Expansion" or "Second Phase". By the thirteenth or fourteenth century, the Thule had occupied an area currently inhabited by Central Eskimo. Contacts with Europeans began and the people were henceforward known as the Eskimo and, later, Inuit. World map showing location of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... Eskimo is a term used for a group of people who inhabit the circumpolar region (excluding circumpolar Scandinavia and all but the easternmost portions of Russia). ...

See also: Thule Thule is a name commonly associated with northern Europe and the Arctic, and can mean several things: The ancient land of Thule, semi-mythical but often identified with parts of Scandinavia. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Thule - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1001 words)
Thule as Tile on the Carta Marina by Olaus Magnus.
In Procopius, Thule was a large island in the north inhabited by 25 tribes.
In the Spanish comic strip Capitán Trueno, the girlfriend of the protagonist is a Viking princess born in Thule.
History Of Inuit Art (3635 words)
The Thule period was brought to light by the work of Therkel Mathiassen, a Danish archaeologist who undertook the archeological studies during his travels with Knud Rasmussen on the Fifth Thule Expedition, 1921 to 1924; in so doing he made one of the most radical and significant finds in Arctic archeology.
It is estimated that the Thule people, traveling from northern Alaska along the Arctic coast and through the high Arctic islands, reached northwest Greenland around 1100 A.D. Moving south, they came in contact with Viking settlers on the southwest coast of Greenland.
The Thule people camped in skin tents during the summer, like their Dorset ancestors, and almost certainly adapted from the Dorset people the practice of building snowhouses for temporary winter quarters, as snowhouses were not part of the Alaskan way of life.
  More results at FactBites »



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