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Encyclopedia > Thriller (album)
Thriller
Thriller cover
Studio album by Michael Jackson
Released November 30, 1982
Recorded April 14November 8, 1982, Westlake Recording Studios, Los Angeles, California
Genre Pop, R&B, Funk, Soul
Length 42:19
Label Epic
EK-38112
Producer Michael Jackson,
Quincy Jones[1]
Professional reviews
Michael Jackson chronology
One Day in Your Life
(1981)
Thriller
(1982)
Farewell My Summer Love
(1984)
Singles from Thriller
  1. "The Girl Is Mine"
    Released: October 18, 1982
  2. "Billie Jean"
    Released: January 3, 1983
  3. "Beat It"
    Released: February 14, 1983
  4. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"
    Released: May 8, 1983
  5. "Human Nature"
    Released: July 3, 1983
  6. "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)"
    Released: September 19, 1983
  7. "Thriller"
    Released: January 23, 1984

Thriller is the sixth studio album by American pop singer Michael Jackson. It was released on November 30, 1982 by Epic Records, quickly becoming the best selling album of all time, selling between 45 and 100 million copies worldwide. Seven of the nine songs on the album went on to be top 10 singles. This article is about the Thriller song. ... Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ... Look up Thriller in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A studio album is a collection of studio-recorded tracks by a recording artist. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... R&B redirects here. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... Robert Christgau (born April 18, 1942), is an American essayist, music journalist, and the self-declared Dean of American Rock Critics.[1] In print, his name is sometimes abbreviated as Xgau. ... Since its inception in 2001, Slant Magazine has grown exponentially in content, exposure, and readership. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Image File history File links 4_stars. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... One Day in Your Life, though not an official solo release, was issued as a lost solo album by Michael Jackson upon its release on Motown Records in 1981. ... Farewell My Summer Love, like One Day in Your Life before it, was a compilation of archived Michael Jackson recordings released by Motown in 1984 as a lost Michael Jackson solo album that was meant to be released in 74 but was later held off because of the Jacksons... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... The Girl Is Mine was a hit duet for singers Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney in 1982. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the Michael Jackson song. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... Beat it redirects here. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... Thriller track listing Wanna Be Startin Somethin (1) Baby Be Mine (2) HIStory track listing Dont Stop Til You Get Enough (13) Wanna Be Startin Somethin (14) Heal the World (15) Wanna Be Startin Somethin is a 1983 single released from Michael Jacksons multi-platinum selling 1982 album... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... Thriller track listing Billie Jean (6) Human Nature (7) P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing) (8) Human Nature is a single released by Michael Jackson from his 1982 hit album, Thriller. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... This article is about the 1983 single by Michael Jackson. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... This article is about the Thriller song. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... A studio album is a collection of studio-recorded tracks by a recording artist. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... This is a list of the worlds best-selling albums, as determined by sources that have a history as being trustworthy and reliable. ...


Thriller cemented Jackson as the predominant pop star of the late 20th century, enabling him to break down racial barriers by appearing on MTV and visiting the President at the White House. The album was the first to use music videos as successful promotional tools, with the videos for "Thriller", "Billie Jean" and "Beat It" all receiving regular rotation on MTV. For other uses, see Race. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Scale model of a Wheaties cereal box at a pep rally Promotion is one of the four key aspects of the marketing mix. ... Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ... This article is about the Michael Jackson song. ... Beat it redirects here. ...


The album itself also received overwhelmingly positive reviews, with All Music Guide giving it a perfect score. Thriller won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year as well as six others, and was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2008. As a sign of the album's longevity, in 2003 Thriller was ranked #20 on the Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Albums of All time list. Thriller is preserved by the Library of Congress to the National Recording Registry as "culturally significant". The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... The Grammy Award for Album of the Year is the most prestigious award category. ... See also: Grammy Grammy Hall of Fame Award List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients A-D List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients E-I List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients J-P Alphabetical Listing by Title: Categories: Grammy Awards | Lists ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... The National Recording Registry is a list of sound recordings which are culturally, historically or aesthetically important, and/or inform or reflect life in the United States. ...


In 2001, the album was reissued as Thriller: Special Edition, which contained additional audio interviews, a demo recording and the song "Someone In the Dark", featured on the Grammy-winning E.T.: The Extra Terrestrial storybook, a record that won Jackson a Grammy for "Best Album for Children".[2] In 2008, the album was reissued again as Thriller 25, which contained remixes featuring contemporary artists, a previously unreleased song and a DVD. See also: 2001 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 2001 Record labels established in 2001 // January 1 Comeback of Guns N Roses in House of Blues Hum disbands. ... The year 2008 in music is full of events, albums released by major artists and bands, and hit singles. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...

Contents

Recording

Thriller was recorded between April and November 1982, at a production budget of $750,000, with several members of the band Toto.[3] It was the second Jackson album produced with Quincy Jones,[4] and the pair worked together on 300 songs for the album, of which nine were eventually used.[5] Jackson wrote four of Thriller's songs: "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'", "The Girl Is Mine" (with Paul McCartney), "Beat It", and "Billie Jean".[6] Unlike many artists, Jackson did not write his songs on paper, instead dictating them into a sound recorder and when recording, singing from memory rather than written words off paper.[7] The relationship between Jackson and Quincy Jones became strained during recording, with Jackson spending much of his time rehearsing dance steps alone.[7] When the album's nine songs were completed, Jackson was unhappy with the result and remixed every song. When he was satisfied with a song he would call it "Smelly Jelly" and never cursed, instead he would call something "smelly".[7] Jones believed that "Billie Jean" was not strong enough to be included on the record, but Jackson disagreed and kept it. Jones told Jackson that Thriller was unlikely to sell successfully like his previous solo album, Off the Wall, because the market had since weakened. In response, Jackson threatened to cancel the album's release.[8] USD redirects here. ... Toto (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Grammy Award winning American rock band founded in 1976[1] by some of the most popular and experienced session musicians of the era. ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... Thriller track listing Wanna Be Startin Somethin (1) Baby Be Mine (2) HIStory track listing Dont Stop Til You Get Enough (13) Wanna Be Startin Somethin (14) Heal the World (15) Wanna Be Startin Somethin is a 1983 single released from Michael Jacksons multi-platinum selling 1982 album... The Girl Is Mine was a hit duet for singers Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney in 1982. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ...


Jackson himself rarely commented on the work's recording, only giving a few interviews a decade. However he said that he was inspired to create an album where "every song was a killer" and focused the basis of Thriller as to ask "Why can't every one be like a hit song?".[9] Jones and Rod Temperton, however, gave detailed accounts of what occurred for the 2001 reissue of the album. Jones discussed "Billie Jean" and why it was so personal to Jackson, who struggled to deal with a number of obsessed fans. Jones wanted the long introduction on the song to be shortened, however Jackson insisted it remain because it made him want to dance.[6] Jones and Jackson were determined to make a rock song that would appeal to all tastes, spending weeks looking for a suitable guitarist for the song "Beat It", a song for which Jackson wrote and played drums. Eventually they found Eddie Van Halen, who had never informed his band mates about the collaboration until the album was released.[6][7] Rod Temperton is a British musician and songwriter. ... Beat it redirects here. ... Edward Lodewijk Eddie Van Halen (born January 26, 1955)[1], is a Dutch-American guitarist, keyboardist, songwriter and producer most famous for being the lead guitarist and co-founder of the rock band Van Halen. ...


When Rod Temperton wrote the song "Thriller", he originally wanted to call it "Starlight" or "Midnight Man" but settled on "Thriller" because he felt the name had merchandising potential.[7] Always wanting a notable person to speak the ending lyrics, Temperton brought in Vincent Price, who completed his part in just two takes. Temperton wrote the spoken portion in a taxi, on the way to the recording studio. Jones and Temperton said that some recordings were left off the final cut because they did not have the edginess of other album tracks.[6] Vincent Leonard Price Jr. ...


Themes and genres

Jackson's earlier albums, Off the Wall and Thriller, both focused almost exclusively on producing melodies and rhythms characteristics of pop songs, both having a similar sounds. Despite the light pop flavor of these two records, Thriller, more so than Off the Wall, displayed foreshadowings of the contradictory thematic elements that would come to characterize his later work. For example, the melodious and comfortable sounds of "Lady in My Life" contradict "Billie Jean" and "Beat It", where a women accused Jackson of fathering their children and the outside world seemed strange and hostile.[10]


The first track from the album, "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'", was written a few years prior to 1982, having a similar sound to the material of Off The Wall. The song showed his feelings on tabloid gossip and unwanted pregnancies, and is accompanied by a strong bass and percussion background. The song's centerpiece, a climaxing Swahili chant, gave the song an international flavor. "The Girl Is Mine", a pop balled duet with McCartney, gave the album its only suburban, calm take. In this song, two friends fight over a woman, with the pair arguing over who loves her more. "The Girl Is Mine" strongly contrasts with the rambunctious "Beat It", a charged Jackson composition that augments a crossover rhythm-and-blues style with a harder-edged rock-and-roll sound. In "Beat It", Jackson protests against gang crime and drug addiction; he later said concerning the song, "the point is no one has to be the tough guy, you can walk away from a fight and still be a man. You don't have to die to prove you're a man".


"Human Nature" remains the most moody and introspective song on the record, with the lyrics, "Looking out, across the morning, the City's heart begins to beat, reaching out, I touch her shoulder, I'm dreaming of the street". Introspective songs would continue as a strong theme on later albums by Jackson. "PYT", credited to James Ingram and Jones, and "Lady in My Life" by Rod Temperton, both gave the album a stronger R&B direction; the latter song was described as, "the closest Jackson has come to crooning a sexy, soulful ballad after his Motown years". Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City, hence mo(tor)town), from where it achieved widespread international success. ...


The title track, "Thriller", is a song about Jacksons life-long fascination with the supernatural and the lurid. It is a typical Temperton song, being melodic, having a strong bass line and memorable hook; the song ends with a rap by Vincent Price.


Release

Thriller was released on November 30, 1982 to high sales. It reached number one in the United States and the United Kingdom simultaneously, becoming the first album to do so. During its peak, it sold 500,000 copies a week. Thriller was followed by the release of a large number of singles, including "The Girl is Mine". A pop duet between Jackson and Paul McCartney, the song led some to believe that the album would be a disappointment. Others suggested that Jackson was attempting to attract a white audience.[11] "The Girl is Mine" was followed by the hit single "Billie Jean", which made Thriller a chart-topper.[12][13] Success continued with the single "Beat It", which featured guitarists Eddie Van Halen and Steve Lukather.[14] The title track "Thriller" was released as a single, also becoming a huge hit internationally.[15] is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Steve Luke Lukather (born Steven Lee Lukather on October 21, 1957 in San Fernando Valley, California, USA) is an American Grammy Award winning singer, songwriter, arranger, producer and guitar player, best known for his work with the rock band Toto. ... This article is about the Thriller song. ...


The album won a record-breaking eight Grammy Awards in 1984, including Album of the Year.[16] That same year, Jackson also won eight American Music Awards, the Special Award of Merit, and three MTV Video Music Awards.[17] Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The American Music Awards show is one of four annual major American music awards shows (the others being the Billboard Music Awards, the Grammy Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony). ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ...


Thriller was reissued in 2001 with additional material in an album called Thriller: Special Edition. The original tracks were remastered, along with a new booklet and additional material. The bonus material included the song "Someone In the Dark", "Carousel" and Jackson's original "Billie Jean" demo, as well as audio interviews with Jones and Temperton discussing the recording of the album.[6][18]


Epic Records announced the release of the album Thriller 25 in a press release on November 30, 2007, with Jackson serving as executive producer.[19] Released on February 11, 2008, Thriller 25 appeared on CD and vinyl with seven bonus tracks, a new song called "For All Time", Vincent Price's voice-over, and five remixes featuring Fergie, will.i.am, Kanye West and Akon.[19][20][21] It also included a DVD featuring three award-winning music videos, the Emmy-nominated Motown 25 "Billie Jean" performance and a booklet with a message from Jackson.[19] The ballad "For All Time" supposedly dates from 1982, but leaks often credit it as being from Dangerous sessions.[22] Both the leaked vocals and new performances were included on this track. Two singles were released from the reissue: "The Girl Is Mine 2008" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008". Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... CD redirects here. ... A 12-inch record (left), a 7-inch record (right), and a CD (above) Two 7 singles (left), two colored 7 singles (middle), and two 7 singles with large spindle holes (right). ... Vincent Leonard Price Jr. ... A voice-over is a narration that is played on top of a video segment, usually with the audio for that segment muted or lowered. ... For other uses, see Fergie. ... William James Adams, Jr. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... Kishan Aliaune Damala Bouga Time Puru Nacka Badara Akon Thiam,[1][2] often going by the shorter Aliaune Thiam[3] (born October 14, 1981),[4] and better known by his stage name Akon, is an American R&B singer, rapper, songwriter, record producer, and record executive. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... An Emmy Award. ... For other uses, see Ballad (disambiguation). ... Dangerous was the first album Michael Jackson released in the 1990s, on November 22, 1991. ... The Girl Is Mine was a hit duet for singers Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney in 1982. ...


Reception

Critical

Thriller received overwhelmingly positive reviews. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of All Music Guide gave the album a full five stars, stating that the record had something that would interest everyone. He commented that it was an improvement on Jackson's last album, as it showcased harder funk and rock while remaining "undeniably fun." He went on to compliment "Billie Jean" and "Wanna Be Startin' Something", saying, "... The record's two best songs: 'Billie Jean,' ... and the delirious 'Wanna Be Startin' Something', the freshest funk on the album [but] the most claustrophobic, scariest track Jackson ever recorded."[23] Stephen Thomas Erlewine is a music journalist and the Senior Editor for All Music Guide. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ...


Further praise came from a four-star Rolling Stone review by Christopher Connelly, who described Thriller as "a zesty LP" with a "harrowing, dark message". It was later ranked #20 on the Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Albums of All time list, beating many five-star albums.[24] This article is about the magazine. ...


Despite the positive response, the title track came under the strongest criticism, with All Music Guide and Rolling Stone expressing similar sentiment:

... the title song, which at first sounds like a metaphoric examination of the same under-siege mentality that marks the LP's best moments, instead degenerates into silly camp, with a rap by Vincent Price. (Couldn't they get Count Floyd?).[24]

... the ridiculous, late-night house-of-horrors title track is the prime culprit, arriving in the middle of the record and sucking out its momentum.[23]

Slant magazine also gave the album a full five stars, and like the reviews by All Music Guide and Rolling Stone, it paid particular compliment to the lyrics of "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'". All three reviews questioned the meaning behind some of Jackson's lyrics to the song.[25] The lyrics, "Somebody's always tryin' to start my baby crying," and the near-bitter: "You're a vegetable, you're a vegetable/They'll eat off you, you're a vegetable." have become popular with most critics. "Billie Jean", which became Jackson's best-selling single, was described by Blender as "one of the most sonically eccentric, psychologically fraught, downright bizarre things ever to land on Top 40 radio".[26]As a sign of the album's longevity, in 2003 Thriller was ranked #20 on the Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Albums of All time list.[27] Since its inception in 2001, Slant Magazine has grown exponentially in content, exposure, and readership. ... Thriller track listing Wanna Be Startin Somethin (1) Baby Be Mine (2) HIStory track listing Dont Stop Til You Get Enough (13) Wanna Be Startin Somethin (14) Heal the World (15) Wanna Be Startin Somethin is a 1983 single released from Michael Jacksons multi-platinum selling 1982 album... Blender is an American magazine that bills itself as the ultimate guide to music and more. ...


Commercial

Thriller is one of only three albums to remain in the top ten of the Billboard 200 for a full year, spending 37 weeks at number one out of the 80 consecutive weeks it was on the chart. The album was also the first of three to have seven Billboard Hot 100 top ten singles, and was the only album to be the best-seller of two years (1983–1984) in the United States. Thriller has been certified 27x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America,[28] giving it Double Diamond Award status in the US.[19] The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... RIAA redirects here. ...


The album went to number one in Australia (selling 165,000 copies), Argentina (selling 600,000 copies), Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Spain, the UK (selling nearly 4 million copies), and a number of other countries.[19][29][30][31]


Still popular today, Thriller sells an estimated 130,000 copies in the United States per year, having reached number two in the US Catalog charts in February 2003 and number 39 in the UK in March 2007.[17] The album is cited as selling between 45 and 100 million copies worldwide,[32][33] while the Guinness Book of World Records, lists Thriller as selling 65 million copies as of 2007.[34] Top Pop Catalog Albums is a weekly albums chart produced by Billboard magazine which ranks the best selling catalog titles, regardless of genre. ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ...


Thriller 25 was a commercial success, doing particularly well as a reissue. It peaked at number one in eight countries, Europe, and the United World Chart for two weeks. It peaked at number two in the United States, number three in the United Kingdom and reached the top ten in over 30 national charts. It was certified Gold in 11 countries including the UK, received a 2x Gold certification in France, and received platinum certification in Poland. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The United World Chart is a worldwide chart issued every week by Media Traffic, using both sales (digital and physical) and airplay to determine the most popular albums and singles worldwide. ...


In the United States, Thriller 25 was the second best-selling album of its release week, selling 166,000 copies, 14,000 short of reaching the number one position. It was ineligible for the Billboard 200 chart as a re-release, but stayed on the Pop Catalog Charts at number one for nine weeks, with the best sales on that chart since December 1996.[35][36][37] This was Jackson's best launch since Invincible in 2001, with 500,000 copies in the United States,[38] and 1.8 million copies sold worldwide in 12 weeks.[39] The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Top Pop Catalog Albums is a weekly albums chart produced by Billboard magazine which ranks the best selling catalog titles, regardless of genre. ...


Highly publicized events

A number of highly publicized events from 1983 to 1985 have been attributed to increasing the sales of the album. On March 25, 1983 Jackson performed "Billie Jean" live on the Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever television special, where he first performed his signature move, the moonwalk. The performance was extraordinarily popular, with over 47 million views of the first televised airing, which was often compared to Elvis Presley and the The Beatles appearing on The Ed Sullivan Show.[40] is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... A street dancer doing the moonwalk in Madrid. ... Elvis redirects here. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by former entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. ...


On January 27, 1984, Jackson began filming two Pepsi Cola commercials in front of a simulated live audience at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. As Jackson descended a podium, fireworks set his hair alight. Jackson was taken out of the building on a stretcher in front of the public and photographers. He received sympathy from the public, celebrities and even President Ronald Reagan. When video of the accident was released to the press, Thriller's sales were up 150,000 copies from the previous week.[41] is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Pepsi-Cola, most commonly called Pepsi, is a soft drink produced by PepsiCo which is sold worldwide in stores, restaurants and vending machines. ... An early postcard view of the Shrine The Shrine Auditorium is a landmark large-event venue in Los Angeles, California, USA. It is also the headquarters of the Al Malikah Temple, a division of the Shriners. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Reagan redirects here. ...


Jackson won eight awards during the 1984 Grammys. It was the highest-rated Grammy telecast in history (although it has since slipped into second place). The subsequent week saw Thriller have its second-best week sales figures ever in America.[42] Unlike later albums, Thriller did not have an official tour to promote it, but the Jacksons' "Victory Tour", which began on July 6, 1984 showcased much of Michael Jackson's new solo material to more than 2 million Americans and increased the sales of Thriller.[43] Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The cover to the Jackson 5s first LP, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, released on Motown Records in 1969. ... The Victory Tour was a music tour of the United States and Canada by The Jacksons that started July 6, 1984 and ended December 9, 1984. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


On March 7, 1985, the charity single song "We Are the World" was released worldwide to aid people in Africa and the United States. Written primarily by Jackson, with help from Lionel Richie, it became one of the best-selling singles of all time, with nearly 20 million copies sold and millions of dollars raised for charity. After the release of the single, Jackson was perceived as a humanitarian. Three months after the release of "We Are the World," sales of Thriller rose 30 percent over the sales of the three months prior to the charity release.[44] is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Not to be confused with We Are Here To Change The World, a song that was featured in Captain EO. For the album with the same title, see We Are the World (album). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. ...


Influence and legacy

Music industry

Jackson at the White House in 1984
Jackson at the White House in 1984

Blender called Jackson the "late twentieth century pre-eminent pop icon",[26] while The New York Times called Jackson a "musical phenomenon", commenting that "in the world of pop music, there is Michael Jackson and there is everybody else."[45] Time explained that "the fallout from Thriller has given the [music] business its best years since the heady days of 1978, when it had an estimated total domestic revenue of $4.1 billion."[46] Thriller retains a position in American culture, with J. Randy Taraborrelli explaining "At some point, Thriller stopped selling like a leisure item – like a magazine, a toy, tickets to a hit movie – and started selling like a household staple."[47] Image File history File links Michael_Jackson_1984. ... Image File history File links Michael_Jackson_1984. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... TIME redirects here. ... This article is about the high culture and popular culture of the United States. ... J. Randy Taraborrelli is a journalist and biographer. ...


Thriller revolutionized the music industry, breaking numerous records. Gil Friesen, President of A&M Records, said "the whole industry has a stake in this success."[46] The Making of Michael Jackson's Thriller sold over 350,000 copies in a few months of sales.[46] Thriller raised the importance of albums, but multiple hits also changed notions about the number of singles to release.[48] Time summed up Thriller's impact as a "restoration of confidence" for an industry bordering on "the ruins of punk and the chic regions of synthesizer pop".[46] A&M redirects here. ...


Music videos and race

It is often claimed that Jackson was the first to turn music videos into an art form with influential storytelling and choreography styles.[49] Short films like "Thriller" largely remained unique to Jackson, while the group dance sequence in "Beat It" has been frequently imitated. Also, the choreography in "Thriller" has become a part of global pop culture, replicated everywhere from Bollywood to prisons in the Philippines.[50][51] Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ... Beat it redirects here. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ...

Jackson in the revolutionary "Thriller" video
Jackson in the revolutionary "Thriller" video

Central to Jackson's success with music videos was the rock music TV channel MTV. Before the success of Thriller, Jackson had struggled to get MTV airing because he was African American.[26] In an effort to get Jackson on the air, CBS Records President Walter Yetnikoff pressured MTV, saying "I'm not going to give you any more videos, and I'm going to go public and fucking tell them about the fact you don't want to play music by a nigger."[26] This stance persuaded MTV to start showing "Billie Jean", leading to a lengthy partnership with Jackson and helping other black music artists gain recognition.[52] Image File history File linksMetadata Mjthriller. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mjthriller. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... Walter Yetnikoff is a former CBS Records executive, famed for his flamboyant business style and for his penchant for living la vida coca [sic] and generally living life to the full. ... This article is about the Michael Jackson song. ...


When the 14-minute-long "Thriller" video aired in December 1983, MTV ran it twice an hour to meet demand. The short film marked an increase in scale for music videos, and has been named the best music video ever.[48] The popularity of the video sent the album back to number one in the album chart, but Jackson's label was not in support of releasing the third music video from the album. They were already pleased with its success, so Jackson funded the project himself, recouping the loss later.[7] MTV, which was then a new music cable channel, became popular, with Jackson's videos credited as "putting MTV on the map" and MTV's focus shifted in favor of pop and R&B.[53][54]


Jackson's success was unusual for a black artist in the 1980s but his popularity saw him become one of the first to have a replica doll made in his image.[55] Thriller put black music on US radio for the first time in years, paving the way for other acts like Prince.[56] On May 14, 1984 Jackson was invited to the White House to receive an award. The event, notable because Jackson was African American and he met a Republican President, was seen as a positive move forward in social views towards race.[57] For other uses, see Prince (disambiguation). ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... GOP redirects here. ...


Contemporary artists

Audio samples:
  • Michael Jackson – "Thriller"
    Excerpt from the 1982 album
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Thriller influenced, among others, some of the biggest stars of the last decade, such as Usher,[58] Britney Spears, Justin Timberlake[59] and rap artists such as Kanye West, who praise and sample the album. Usher Raymond IV (born October 14, 1978), is an American R&B/pop singer and actor who rose to fame in the mid-late 1990s. ... Britney Jean Spears (born December 2, 1981) is a Grammy Award-winning[1] American pop singer, dancer, actress, author and songwriter. ... Justin Randall Timberlake (born January 31, 1981[1]), sometimes known as JT, is an American pop and R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... Sampling may refer to: Sampling (signal processing), converting a continuous signal into a discrete signal Sampling (music), re-using portions of sound recordings in a piece Sampling (statistics), selection of observations to acquire some knowledge of a statistical population Sampling (case studies), selection of cases for single or multiple case...


In 2001, Timberlake and Spears had a meeting with their idol Jackson. They both praised him, with Timberlake saying:

How about when you did the moonwalk on the Motown show? Man, that was fucking cool. You are the coolest, Michael. I can't believe I am standing here with Michael Fucking Jackson...How about the "Thriller" video? That was the best. You revolutionized videos, dude. You are the fucking best.[60]

The album has been sampled by various contemporary artists. In 1993, "Right Here/Human Nature" by SWV sampled "Human Nature," and three years later, LL Cool J and Boyz II Men sampled "Lady In My Life" for their Grammy-winning single, "Hey Lover".[61][62] "The Way It Is" by The Prodigy recreated the bassline from "Thriller" and in 2006, Charlotte Church and Amy Winehouse sang "Beat It" at the end of the The Charlotte Church Show's first series.[63][64] As the twenty-fifth anniversary of Thriller approached, two further tributes to the album were made: the Kanye West song "Good Life" featured keys from "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)" and Rihanna's "Don't Stop the Music" sampled "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'".[65][66] Right Here / Human Nature is the title of a number-one R&B single by group SWV, it samples Michael Jacksons hit Human Nature. ... SWV, also known as Sisters With Voices, is an American female R&B trio from New York that formed as three school friends in 1990: Cheryl Coko Gamble-Clemons (born June 13, 1973), Tamara Taj Johnson-George (born April 1973), and Leanne Lelee Lyons (born July 17, 1974). ... Thriller track listing Billie Jean (6) Human Nature (7) P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing) (8) Human Nature is a single released by Michael Jackson from his 1982 hit album, Thriller. ... James Todd Smith III (born January 14, 1968), better known as LL Cool J, is an American hip hop artist and actor. ... Boyz II Men is a four-time Grammy Award-winning American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Always Outnumbered, Never Outgunned is an album by electronica act The Prodigy. ... This article is about the English band. ... In popular music a bassline, also bass line, is an instrumental part, or line, which is in the bass or lowest range and thus lower than the other parts and part of the rhythm section. ... This article is about the Thriller song. ... Charlotte Church (born Charlotte Maria Reed on February 21, 1986) is a Welsh singer and television presenter who rose to international fame in childhood as a popular classical singer with a precociously mature dramatic operatic voice, in particular in its tonal qualities. ... Amy-Jade Winehouse (born 14 September 1983) is an English soul, jazz, R&B singer and songwriter. ... Beat it redirects here. ... The Charlotte Church Show is an entertainment television show presented by Welsh singer Charlotte Church broadcast each Friday on Channel 4 from September 1, 2006. ... Good Life[1] is the third single from rapper Kanye Wests album Graduation. ... This article is about the 1983 single by Michael Jackson. ... Not to be confused with Rhianna or Rayhana. ... Alternate cover Double A-side single Dont Stop the Music is a song by Barbadian singer Rihanna from her third studio album, Good Girl Gone Bad (2007). ... Thriller track listing Wanna Be Startin Somethin (1) Baby Be Mine (2) HIStory track listing Dont Stop Til You Get Enough (13) Wanna Be Startin Somethin (14) Heal the World (15) Wanna Be Startin Somethin is a 1983 single released from Michael Jacksons multi-platinum selling 1982 album...


In 2008, 25 years after its release, Thriller was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.[67] On May 14, 2008, Thriller was among 25 recordings preserved by the Library of Congress to the National Recording Registry as "culturally significant".[68] The year 2008 in music is full of events, albums released by major artists and bands, and hit singles. ... See also: Grammy Grammy Hall of Fame Award List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients A-D List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients E-I List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients J-P Alphabetical Listing by Title: Categories: Grammy Awards | Lists ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... The National Recording Registry is a list of sound recordings which are culturally, historically or aesthetically important, and/or inform or reflect life in the United States. ...


Track listings

Track list (original album)
  1. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" (Jackson) – 6:02
  2. "Baby Be Mine" (Temperton) – 4:20
  3. "The Girl Is Mine (with Paul McCartney)" (Jackson) – 3:42
  4. "Thriller" (Temperton) – 5:57
  5. "Beat It" (Jackson) – 4:17
  6. "Billie Jean" (Jackson) – 4:57
  7. "Human Nature" (Bettis/Porcaro) – 4:05
  8. "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)" (Ingram/Jones) – 3:58
  9. "The Lady in My Life" (Temperton) – 4:12
Thriller Special Edition bonus tracks
  1. Interview with Quincy Jones #1 – 2:18
  2. "Someone in the Dark" (Bergman/Bergman/Temperton) – 4:48
  3. Interview with Quincy Jones #2 – 2:04
  4. "Billie Jean" (Home Demo from 1981) (Jackson) – 2:20
  5. Interview with Quincy Jones #3 – 3:10
  6. Interview with Rod Temperton #1 – 4:02
  7. Interview with Quincy Jones #4 – 1:32
  8. "Voice-Over Session from "Thriller"" (Temperton) – 2:52
  9. Interview with Rod Temperton #2 – 1:56
  10. Interview with Quincy Jones #5 – 2:01
  11. "Carousel" (Sembello/Freeman) – 1:49
  12. Interview with Quincy Jones #6 – 1:17
Thriller 25 bonus content
  1. "Voice-Over Session from "Thriller" Vincent Price (Temperton) – 0:24
  2. "The Girl Is Mine 2008" with will.i.am (Jackson/will.i.am/Harris) – 3:11
  3. "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing) 2008" with will.i.am (Jackson/will.i.am/Harris) – 4:17
  4. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008" with Akon (Jackson/Akon/Tuinfort) – 4:11
  5. "Beat It 2008" with Fergie (Jackson) – 4:10
  6. "Billie Jean 2008" Kanye West Remix" (Jackson) – 4:34
  7. "For All Time" (Sherwood/Paich/Porcaro) – 4:08
  8. "Got the Hots" (Jackson/Jones) – 4:27 (Japan)
DVD
  1. "Thriller"
  2. "Beat It"
  3. "Billie Jean"
  4. "Billie Jean" (live, Motown 25)[69]

Thriller track listing Wanna Be Startin Somethin (1) Baby Be Mine (2) HIStory track listing Dont Stop Til You Get Enough (13) Wanna Be Startin Somethin (14) Heal the World (15) Wanna Be Startin Somethin is a 1983 single released from Michael Jacksons multi-platinum selling 1982 album... Rod Temperton is a British musician and songwriter. ... The Girl Is Mine was a hit duet for singers Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney in 1982. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ... This article is about the Thriller song. ... Beat it redirects here. ... This article is about the Michael Jackson song. ... Thriller track listing Billie Jean (6) Human Nature (7) P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing) (8) Human Nature is a single released by Michael Jackson from his 1982 hit album, Thriller. ... John Bettis is a lyricist who has co-written many famous popular songs over the years. ... Steve Porcaro is a keyboardist and composer who was an original member of the rock/pop band, Toto. ... This article is about the 1983 single by Michael Jackson. ... James Ingram (born February 16, 1956 in Akron, Ohio) is an American soul musician, famous for his vocal performance. ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... Alan Bergman (born 11 September 1925) is a prolific lyricist and songwriter, particularly of music for stage and film. ... Marilyn Bergman (née Keith, born 1929) is a composer, songwriter and author. ... Michael Sembello (born April 17, 1954 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American musician. ... Vincent Leonard Price Jr. ... The Girl Is Mine was a hit duet for singers Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney in 1982. ... William James Adams, Jr. ... William James Adams, Jr. ... Thriller track listing Wanna Be Startin Somethin (1) Baby Be Mine (2) HIStory track listing Dont Stop Til You Get Enough (13) Wanna Be Startin Somethin (14) Heal the World (15) Wanna Be Startin Somethin is a 1983 single released from Michael Jacksons multi-platinum selling 1982 album... Kishan Aliaune Damala Bouga Time Puru Nacka Badara Akon Thiam,[1][2] often going by the shorter Aliaune Thiam[3] (born October 14, 1981),[4] and better known by his stage name Akon, is an American R&B singer, rapper, songwriter, record producer, and record executive. ... Beat it redirects here. ... For other uses, see Fergie. ... This article is about the Michael Jackson song. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... Michael Sherwood is a keyboardist and singer. ... David Paich during a live concert David Paich (born David Frank Paich on June 25, 1954 in Los Angeles, California) is a session musician from the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, keyboard player, vocalist and main composer of the Los Angeles based rock/pop band Toto. ... Steve Porcaro is a keyboardist and composer who was an original member of the rock/pop band, Toto. ... Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ... Beat it redirects here. ... This article is about the Michael Jackson song. ...

Original album credits

  • Keyboards/synthesizers: Michael Boddicker, David Foster, Bill Wolfer, Rod Temperton
  • Synthesizer programming: Anthony Marinelli
  • Horn and string arrangements: Jerry Hey
  • Backup vocals: James Ingram, Bunny Hull and Becky Lopez
  • Recording engineer/mixer: Bruce Swedien
  • Technical engineer: Matt Forger
  • Producer: Quincy Jones
  • Co-producer, lead and backup vocals: Michael Jackson

Steve Luke Lukather (born Steven Lee Lukather on October 21, 1957 in San Fernando Valley, California, USA) is an American Grammy Award winning singer, songwriter, arranger, producer and guitar player, best known for his work with the rock band Toto. ... Paul Jackson, Jr. ... The Brothers Johnsons bassist, Louis Johnson (born 13 April 1955, in Los Angeles) is regarded as one of the best bassists of the 20th century. ... Steve Luke Lukather (born Steven Lee Lukather on October 21, 1957 in San Fernando Valley, California, USA) is an American Grammy Award winning singer, songwriter, arranger, producer and guitar player, best known for his work with the rock band Toto. ... Bill Reichenbach Jr. ... Jeffrey Thomas Porcaro (April 1, 1954 – August 5, 1992) was a highly regarded session drummer and a founding member of the Grammy Award winning band Toto. ... David Paich during a live concert David Paich (born David Frank Paich on June 25, 1954 in Los Angeles, California) is a session musician from the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, keyboard player, vocalist and main composer of the Los Angeles based rock/pop band Toto. ... Greg Phillinganes in 2007 Greg Phillinganes (born Gregory Arthur Phillinganes on May 12, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an active session keyboardist in Los Angeles, California. ... For other persons named David Foster, see David Foster (disambiguation). ... James Ingram (born February 16, 1956 in Akron, Ohio) is an American soul musician, famous for his vocal performance. ...

See also

  • List of best-selling albums worldwide
  • List of best-selling albums in the United States

This is a list of the worlds best-selling albums, as determined by sources that have a history as being trustworthy and reliable. ... This is a list of best-selling albums in the United States according to the Recording Industry Association of America. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Erlewine, Stephen. Michael Jackson - Thriller. Artist Direct. Retrieved on 2006-02-03.
  2. ^ GRAMMY AWARD WINNERS. Grammy.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.
  3. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 220
  4. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 220
  5. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 220
  6. ^ a b c d e Jackson, Michael. Thriller Special Edition Audio.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Michael Jackson's Monster Smash. telegraph (2007-11-25). Retrieved on 2008-04-20.
  8. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 221
  9. ^ Ebony Magazine: Michael: 25 Years After Thriller, December 2007, pg. 97-98
  10. ^ Pareles, Jon. "Critic's Notebook; How Good Is Jackson's 'Bad'?", New York Times, September 1987. Retrieved on 2007-04-19. 
  11. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 223
  12. ^ Sold On Song Top 100. BBC. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  13. ^ Sold On Song. BBC. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  14. ^ Sessions. Steve Lukather. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  15. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 224
  16. ^ Guinness World Records (2006). Guinness World Records 2007. Guinness. ISBN 1-904994-12-1. 
  17. ^ a b Jackson, Michael. Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection booklet.
  18. ^ Jackson, Michael. Thriller Special Edition booklet.
  19. ^ a b c d e Sony announce Thriller 25. reuters (2007-11-30). Retrieved on 2008-04-17.
  20. ^ Kanye West, Will.I.Am On New Edition Of Michael Jackson's Thriller. mtv.com (2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-07.
  21. ^ Kanye, Akon Help Jackson Revisit 'Thriller'. billboard.com (2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-07.
  22. ^ Paphides, Pete (2008-02-08). Michael Jackson: Thriller 25. The Times. Retrieved on 2008-04-06.
  23. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen. Thriller overview. allmusicguide. Retrieved on 2008-04-06.
  24. ^ a b Connelly, Christopher (1983-01-29). Thriller review. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  25. ^ Henderson, Eric. Thriller review. slant magazine. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  26. ^ a b c d Michael Jackson, "Billy Jean:. blender.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  27. ^ 20) Thriller. Rollingstone (2003-11-03). Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  28. ^ Gold and Platinum. RIAA. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  29. ^ Pagina de SonyBmg - Sony sales. Sony BMG. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  30. ^ RIANZ. rianz.org. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  31. ^ Day, Elizabeth (2008-03-16). The whole world in his hands. guardian. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  32. ^ Huey, Steve (2007). Michael Jackson. Billboard. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  33. ^ Michael Jackson Opens Up. CBS (2007-11-06). Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  34. ^ Winterman, Denise. Thrills and spills and record breaks. BBC. Retrieved on 2008-04-06.
  35. ^ Caulfield, Keith. "Big Grammy Gains For Many; King of Pop Returns", Billboard magazine, 2008-02-20. Retrieved on 2008-02-20. 
  36. ^ Hasty, Katy. "Johnson Remains No. 1; Winehouse, Hancock Soar", Billboard Magazine, 2008-02-20. Retrieved on 2008-02-20. 
  37. ^ US fans shun CD. BBC. Retrieved on 2008-04-07.
  38. ^ Friedman, Roger (2008-04-10). Three million dollars not enough. fox news. Retrieved on 2008-04-10.
  39. ^ Global Album Chart: week 09 / 2008, week 10 / 2008, week 11 / 2008, week 12 / 2008, week 13 / 2008, week 14 / 2008, week 15 / 2008, week 16 / 2008,week17 / 2008, week18 / 2008, week19 / 2008, week20 / 2008. United World Chart. Retrieved on March 30, 2008.
  40. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 238–241
  41. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 279–286
  42. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 291–297
  43. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 315–319
  44. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 340–344
  45. ^ "MICHAEL JACKSON AT 25: A MUSICAL PHENOMENON", New York Times, January 1984. Retrieved on 2007-05-15. (English) 
  46. ^ a b c d Cocks, Jay. "Why He's a Thriller", Time Magazine, March 1984. Retrieved on 2007-03-17. (English) 
  47. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 226
  48. ^ a b Michael Jackson. vh1.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-22.
  49. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 245–247
  50. ^ 1500 Prisoners Perform Thriller Dance. The Wrong Advices (2007-07-21). Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  51. ^ Jacko goes bollywood. tmz.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  52. ^ Gundersen, Edna. music videos changing places. usatoday. Retrieved on 2008-04-06.
  53. ^ Why Are Michael Jackson's Fans So Devoted?. abcnews.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-06.
  54. ^ Music videos changing places. abcnews.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  55. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 191
  56. ^ Harrington, Richard. "Prince & Michael Jackson: Two Paths to the Top of Pop", Washington Post, October 1988. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. (English) 
  57. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 304–307
  58. ^ Usher, Usher, Usher: The new 'King of Pop'?. cnn.com. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  59. ^ Man in the Mirror. citypages.com. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  60. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 226
  61. ^ Kaufman, Gil (2007-02-19). Where have you been?. MTV. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  62. ^ Coker, Cheo H. (1996-02-08). Review of "Mr. Smith". Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  63. ^ McLean, Craig (2004-08-23). Prodigy and more. telegraphy. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  64. ^ Empire, Kitty (2007-02-25). good girl gone bad. Guardian. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  65. ^ West, Kanye. Graduation booklet.
  66. ^ Rihanna. Good Girl Gone Bad booklet.
  67. ^ 2008 Grammy Hall of Fame. The Recording Academy (2008). Retrieved on 2008-04-05.
  68. ^ Vineys, Kevin (2008-05-14). Jackson's 'Thriller' among cultural treasures. Associated Press. Retrieved on 2008-05-14.
  69. ^ Jackson, Michael. Thriller 25 booklet.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Steve Luke Lukather (born Steven Lee Lukather on October 21, 1957 in San Fernando Valley, California, USA) is an American Grammy Award winning singer, songwriter, arranger, producer and guitar player, best known for his work with the rock band Toto. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Billboard can refer to: Billboard magazine Billboard (advertising) Billboard antenna In 3D computer graphics, to billboard is to rotate an object so that it faces the viewer. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United World Chart is a worldwide chart issued every week by Media Traffic, using both sales (digital and physical) and airplay to determine the most popular albums and singles worldwide. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

J. Randy Taraborrelli is a journalist and biographer. ...

External links

  • Interviews with members of the Thriller production team
Preceded by
Business as Usual by Men at Work
Billboard 200 number-one album
February 26June 24, 1983
July 9July 22, 1983
September 10September 16, 1983
December 24, 1983April 20, 1984
Succeeded by
Flashdance (soundtrack) by Various artists
Preceded by
"Lies" / "Beach Culture" by Thompson Twins
Hot Dance Club Play number one single (all cuts)
January 22, 1983
Succeeded by
"Jeopardy" by Greg Kihn Band

  Results from FactBites:
 
Amazon.com: Thriller: Michael Jackson: Music (437 words)
The 1982 album was also a success from which the pop superstar never really recovered--subsequent albums seemed to have no other goal than to beat the records set by Thriller.
Both albums established a Jackson style that aimed for the dance floor with songs built on a state-of-the-art bed of percussion and keyboards.
With Thriller the album, Jackson created a different kind of monster--a hit album of such magnitude that it would have an irrevocable impact not just on the singer's art, but on his altogether kooky life.
Michael Jackson - Thriller (1939 words)
That alone would have given the album a good shot at a huge audience, but it also arrived precisely when MTV was reaching its ascendancy, and Jackson helped the network by being not just its first superstar, but first fl star as much as the network helped him.
The 1982 album was also a success from which the pop superstar never really recovered--subsequent albums seemed to have no other goal than to beat the records set by Thriller.
With Thriller the album, Jackson created a different kind of monster--a hit album of such magnitude that it would have an irrevocable impact not just on the singer's art, but on his altogether kooky life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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