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Encyclopedia > Three links

The Three Links or Three Linkages (Chinese: 三通; pinyin: sān tōng) are direct postal (通郵 tōng yóu), transportation (especially airline) (通航 tōng háng), and trade (通商 tōng shāng) links between Mainland China and Taiwan. Since the end of major combat operations of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, all such contact had been routed through intermediate destinations, mainly via Hong Kong or Macau. Pinyin (拼音, pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... A British pillar box The postal system is a system by which written documents typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages containing other matter, are delivered to destinations around the world. ... A Boeing 747-400 of Virgin Atlantic Airways, one of the UKs largest airlines. ... Look up Trade in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Trade centers on the exchange of goods and/or services. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... The Chinese Civil War was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (the Nationalist Party; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ...

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Three mini-links

The Little Three Links or Mini Three Links (小三通; xiǎo sān tōng) are postal, transportation, and trade links between the People's Republic of China's Fujian province and the islands of Quemoy and Matsu, which are administered by the Republic of China. Activity via the "Mini Links" has grown rapidly since they were created in 2001, but it remains a small part of overall trade. Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... Quemoy, Kinmen, or Chinmen (金門, pinyin: Jīnmén, POJ: Kim-mn̂g) (pop. ... The Matsu Islands (馬祖列島 or less frequently, 馬祖群島 Pinyin: Mǎzǔ) are a minor archipelago of 19 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait administered as Lienchiang County (連江 Pinyin: Liánjiāng), Fujian Province of the Republic of China (ROC, based on Taiwan). ... The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Taiwanese POJ: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok) is a multiparty democratic state that is effectively composed of the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cross-strait flights

In early 2003, the Republic of China government permitted its air carriers to ferry Chinese New Year passengers back and forth across the Strait by way of "indirect charter flights" that touched down briefly in Hong Kong or Macau. The ROC and People's Republic of China did not repeat the charter flights during the 2004 Chinese New Year, in part because the two sides could not agree on the terms for meetings to discuss how PRC carriers might also participate. The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Taiwanese POJ: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok) is a multiparty democratic state that is effectively composed of the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy... A banner of the celebration of Chinese New Year. ...

On January 29, 2005, China Airlines flight CAL581 landed in Beijing.
On January 29, 2005, China Airlines flight CAL581 landed in Beijing.

The two sides agree to permit cross-strait flights for the Chinese New Year of Rooster in 2005. Unlike the 2003 flights, the 2005 flights will not have to touch down in Hong Kong or Macau, but still must enter its airspace. The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei on January 29, 2005. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing. Airports on both sides saw ceremonial displays on the arrival of the first passengers, with dancing lions and dragons, and officials making speeches. For the three week holiday period, 48 flights are scheduled. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x800, 402 KB) Flight CAL581, first direct fly TPE-PEK, also first direct flt between mainland and Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x800, 402 KB) Flight CAL581, first direct fly TPE-PEK, also first direct flt between mainland and Taiwan. ... China Airlines (CAL, Chinese: 中華航空, commonly abbreviated 華航) is the state-owned airline of the Republic of China and is based in Taipei, Taiwan (not to be confused with Air China, which is owned by the Peoples Republic of China). ... Beijing  listen? (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Peking) is the capital city of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... Location within China CITIC Plaza Guangzhou fireworks display at night Guangzhou (Simplified Chinese: 广州; Traditional Chinese: 廣州; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-chou; Jyutping: Gwong2zau1; Yale: GwóngjaÅ«) is the capital of the Guangdong Province in southern China. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... China Airlines (CAL, Chinese: 中華航空, commonly abbreviated 華航) is the state-owned airline of the Republic of China and is based in Taipei, Taiwan (not to be confused with Air China, which is owned by the Peoples Republic of China). ... Beijing  listen? (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Peking) is the capital city of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...


Disputes over the Three Links

While the PRC and ROC agree in principle on opening the Three Links, the current administration led by President Chen Shui-bian has expressed reservations. According to the Mainland Affairs Council of the ROC, the current major obstacle resides in PRC's one-China position which does not recognize the sovereignty of the ROC. In an statement from MAC, it states that the Three links would only be considered when the PRC stops its animosity against ROC sovereignty and improved the cross-strait relationships.[1] Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC; Chinese: 大陸委員會) is a cabinet-level administrative agency under the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China. ...


The PRC government considers the cross strait flights as domestic flight, according to the One China Policy. However, the ROC government in Taiwan regard this position the same as recognising Taiwan (ROC) as a part of the PRC and thus would compromise the ROC sovereignty. During the period of the direct charter flights, the PRC state media stressed that they were domestic flights, whereas the ROC government stressed that they were international flights. The One-China policy (Chinese: 一個中國) is the principle that there is one China and both mainland China and Taiwan are part of that China. ...


The Pan-Green Coalition in Taiwan also pointed out the potential compromise on the national security in the case of three links, suggesting the PRC could disguise troop carriers as commercial aircraft to invade Taiwan. This has been met by criticism from both the PRC and Pan-Blue Coalition. The Pan-Green Coalition, or Pan-Green Force (Chinese: 泛綠軍; pinyin: f nlǜjūn), is an informal political alliance in early 21st century Taiwan, consisting of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU), and the Taiwan Independence Party (TAIP). ... The Pan-Blue Coalition, or Pan-Blue Force (Chinese: 泛藍軍; pinyin: fàn lán jūn), is a political coalition in early 21st century Taiwan, consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), and the smaller New Party (CNP). ...


In 2004, Beijing declared an cross-strait expressway project linking Beijing to Taipei connecting the two sides of the Taiwan Straits together. However, due to the potential unrealistic technical difficulties, Taipei considers this move as a political propaganda. Beijing  listen? (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Peking) is the capital city of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... Categories: China geography stubs ...


The Three Links are mentioned in the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China. The Anti-Secession Law (Chinese: 反分裂国家法; pinyin: ; literally Against-Splitting-the-State Law) is a law passed by the third conference of the 10th National Peoples Congress of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


See also

Taiwan Strait Area The political status of Taiwan is controversial over questions about whether Taiwan should remain the Republic of China, become part of the Peoples Republic of China, or become an independent Republic of Taiwan. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands and several of the smaller islands. ...

References and external links

  • List of articles related to the Three Links at Taiwan Headlines
  • "Direct China-Taiwan flights start" at BBC News, referenced 29 January 2005
  • Wikinews: Taiwan-China flights begin

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