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Encyclopedia > Threave Castle

Threave Castle is situated on an island in the River Dee and was the home of the Douglas family from the 1300s to 1640. It is now in the care of Historic Scotland and can be visited by boat. The River Dee is a 50 mile (80 km) long river, which rises in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, and flowing to the Irish Sea in Kirkcudbright. ... Scottish noble house, sometimes wrongly described as a clan. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s - 1300s - 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s Years: 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 Events and Trends MARF Categories: 1300s ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Historic Scotland is the Scottish agency looking after historic monuments. ...


History

Threave Castle.
Threave Castle.

The island was probably inhabited since the 500s and the name is most likely derived from the Welsh Tref, meaning Homestead. Image File history File linksMetadata Threave_Castle_2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Threave_Castle_2. ... Centuries: 5th century - 6th century - 7th century Decades: 450s - 460s - 470s - 480s - 490s - 500s - 510s - 520s - 530s - 540s - 550s Years: 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 Events and Trends: Clovis I, king of the Franks, defeats the Visigoths at the battle of Vouille in 507...


It is possible that Fergus of Galloway built a castle on the island after 1000 but was destrroyed arround 1308 by Edward Bruce. Fergus of Galloway was King, or Lord, of Galloway from an unknown date (probably in the 1110s), until his death in 1161. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Edward Bruce (c. ...


Threave Castle, as it stands today, was created in the 1370s by Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas known as "Archibald the Grim", son of Sir James Douglas "the Good". A small collection of buildings were built around the main fortress structure, including a hall and chapel. Sir James Douglas (the Good, the Black Douglas), (1286-August 25, 1330), was a Scottish soldier and knight who fought in the Scottish Wars of Independence. ...


The services of his father to the Scottish Wars of Independence earned the Douglas family an Earldom from David II of Scotland, son of Robert the Bruce. Threave Castle became Archibald's stronghold and he died there in 1400. His son Archibald married Princess Margaret, daughter of Robert III of Scotland. The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of campaigns launched after the English invasion of Scotland in 1296. ... David II (March 5, 1324 – February 22, 1371) king of Scotland, son of King Robert the Bruce by his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh (d. ... Robert I, King of Scots, usually known as Robert the Bruce (July 11, 1274 – June 7, 1329, reigned 1306 – 1329), was, according to a modern biographer (Geoffrey Barrow), a great hero who lived in a minor country. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births December 25 - John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of... Robert III (c. ...


Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas, was appointed Regent to the infant King James II in 1437. Archibald died in 1439 and in the ensuing power struggle his 16-year-old son, William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas, was murdered at Edinburgh Castle in 1440. James II of Scotland (October 16, 1430 – August 3, 1460) was king of Scotland from 1437 to 1460. ... Events foundation of All Souls College, University of Oxford. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... Edinburgh Castle and NorLoch, around 1780 by Alexander Nasmyth Edinburgh Castle is an ancient stronghold on the Castle Rock in the centre of the city of Edinburgh, has been in use by assorted military forces since 900 BC and only transferred from Ministry of Defence administration recently. ... For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ...


William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas began a series of improvements to the Castle's fortifications in 1447 designed to withstand artillery fire. This was part funded by Henry VI of England, and caused a disagreement between King James II of Scotland and Douglas. The 8th Earl was murdered in Stirling Castle by King James II himself. Events March 6 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. ... Henry VI (December 6, 1421 – May 21/22, 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 (though with a Regent until 1437) and then from 1470 to 1471. ... Stirling Castle (southwest aspect) Stirling Castle is an historic castle in Stirling, Scotland. ...


This instigated an uprising by James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas against the Crown. The Earl was excised after a defeat at Arkinholm near Langholm and his strongholds were systematically destroyed. Threave Castle was subject to a two month siege in 1455, during which Mons Meg is reputed to have been built. The castle survived the attack and only succumbed when the garrison were bribed and promised safe conduct. James Douglas was the ninth and last Earl of Douglas and third Earl of Avondale. ... // Events February 9 - Wars of the Roses: Richard, Duke of York dismissed as Protector February 23 - Johannes Gutenberg prints the first Bible on a printing press May 22 - Wars of the Roses: First Battle of St Albans - Richard, Duke of York and his ally, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick defeat... Mons Meg is a large bombard now located at Edinburgh Castle. ...


The castle was annexed by the Crown and in 1526 it was passed to the Maxwell family of Nithsdale.


During the Bishops' Wars of 1640 Threave castle supported Charles I of England and a grassy embankment was added to the Castle's defences. The castle was besieged by the Covenanters and capitulated after 13 weeks. Threave Castle was slighted, and apart from a brief period housing French Napoleonic prisoners of war, it was never again inhabited. In 1913 the owner, Edward Gordon, passed the castle into State care. The Bishops Wars, a series of armed encounters and defiances between England and Scotland in 1639 and 1640, were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ...


External links

  • Threave Castle - site information

 
 

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