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Encyclopedia > Thrash metal
Thrash metal
Stylistic origins
Cultural origins
Early 1980s United States
Typical instruments
Mainstream popularity Mostly underground in early 1980s, rise in popularity in mid-late 1980s, high in early 1990s, low popularity in mid 1990s- early 2000s. Resurgence of popularity in late 2000s.
Derivative forms Death metal
Black metal
Groove metal
Fusion genres
Crossover thrash
Regional scenes
GermanyPolandUnited States: Bay AreaNew YorkBrazil: BrazilianUK
Other topics
Extreme metalList of thrash metal bands

Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. Thrash metal songs typically use fast, percussive and low-register guitar riffs, overlaid with shredding-style lead work.[1] Thrash song lyrics sometimes express nihilistic[citation needed]. views, while a large part of the genre prefers to attempt an objective critique of society. Thrash metal lyrics also often deal with social issues using visceral and blunt language, an approach which partially overlaps with the hardcore genre. The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (frequently abbreviated as NWOBHM or N.W.O.B.H.M.) emerged in the late 1970s and reached mainstream attention in the late 1970s, in the United Kingdom, as a reaction in part to the decline of early heavy metal bands such as... Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbell, wood block, chimes or tambourines, arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Groove metal, often associated with half-thrash/neo-thrash/nu-thrash/post-thrash and power groove, is a term sometimes used to describe a derivative of thrash metal which took its current form during the early 1990s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bay Area thrash metal, or Bay Area Thrash, referred to a steady following of heavy metal bands in the 1980s who formed and gained international status in the San Francisco Bay Area, California [1]. Along with Tampa, Florida, the scene was widely attributed as a starting point of American thrash... This article is about the state. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... This is an alphabetized list of thrash metal bands, i. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... Riff is also an alternate spelling of Rif, a region of Morocco. ... Shred guitar is a style of electric guitar playing in which rapid passages are performed using sweep-picking, hammer-ons, pull-offs, and other techniques. ... This article is about the philosophical position. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ...


The origins of thrash metal are generally traced to the late 1970s and early 1980s, when a number of bands began incorporating the sound of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal,[2] creating a new genre and developing into a separate movement from punk rock and hardcore. This genre is much more aggressive compared to its relative, speed metal. There is often significant crossover from one metal category to another, and some bands use musical influences from non-metal genres, including classical music and jazz[citation needed]. . The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (frequently abbreviated as NWOBHM or N.W.O.B.H.M.) emerged in the late 1970s and reached mainstream attention in the late 1970s, in the United Kingdom, as a reaction in part to the decline of early heavy metal bands such as... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Musical traits

Thrash metal features a number of fast and rapid tempos, low-register, quick, complex guitar riffs, and high-register guitar solos. Thrash rhythm guitar playing is characterized by palm muting and staccato used with a heavily distorted tone and tightly controlled riffs to create a "chugging" sound. This article is about tempo in music. ... Riff is also an alternate spelling of Rif, a region of Morocco. ... Guitar solos are a melodic passage, section, or entire piece of music written for an electric guitar or an acoustic guitar. ... The palm mute, also known as palm muting, is a playing technique for the guitar. ... In musical notation, the Italian word staccato (literally detached, plural staccatos or staccati) indicates that notes are sounded in a detached and distinctly separate manner, with silence making up the latter part of the time allocated to each note. ...


Thrash guitar solos are almost exclusively played at high speed, as they are usually characterized by shredding, and use techniques such as sweep picking, legato phrasing, alternate picking, string skipping, and two-hand tapping. Thrash lead guitarists are rooted in the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement. Shred guitar is a style of electric guitar playing in which rapid passages are performed using sweep-picking, hammer-ons, pull-offs, and other techniques. ... Sweep picking is a technique used on the guitar in which a sweeping motion of the pick is combined with a matching fret hand technique in order to produce a specific series of notes which are fast and fluid in sound. ... In musical notation legato indicates that musical notes are played smoothly. ... Alternate-picking is a technique that employs downward and upward picking strokes in a continuous run. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Tapping is a playing technique generally associated with the electric guitar, although the technique may be performed on almost any string instrument. ... Lead guitar refers to a role within a band, that provides melody or melodic material, as opposed to the rhythm of the rhythm guitar, bass, and drums. ... The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (frequently abbreviated as NWOBHM or N.W.O.B.H.M.) emerged in the late 1970s and reached mainstream attention in the late 1970s, in the United Kingdom, as a reaction in part to the decline of early heavy metal bands such as...


The speed and pacing of the songs is what defines thrash metal. The music tends to have a visceral, propellant feel to it due to its drumming style, most commonly utilizing the snare drum on the 1/2 beat, or the 2nd and 4th beats of the measure[citation needed]. Frantic bass drum use is also common. Thrash drummers often use two bass drums. Some thrash drummers are revered as some of the "best drummers in rock music". [3]


Due to the genre's high speed, many thrash bassists use a pick to keep up with the other instruments. However, some prominent bassists within thrash used their fingers, including Frank Bello, Greg Christian and the late Cliff Burton. [4] Several bassists use an overdriven or distorted bass tone, an approach popularized by Burton and Lemmy. A plectrum is a device for plucking or strumming a stringed instrument. ... Frank Bello replaced Dan Lilker on bass guitar in Anthrax, a thrash metal band, on the Spreading the Disease album. ... Greg Christian is the bassist for the American thrash metal band Testament. ... Clifford Lee Burton (February 10, 1962 – September 27, 1986) was a bass guitarist best known for his work with the thrash/heavy metal band Metallica from 1982 - 1986. ... Lemmy (born Ian Fraser Kilmister on December 24, 1945, also known as Ian Willis, Lemmy Kilmister, and Lemmy von Motörhead), is an English singer and bass guitarist, most famous for being the founding member of the heavy metal band Motörhead. ...


Lyrical themes worked in thrash include gore, life and death, and society. For it working with warfare, brutal feelings supposedly hidden into human unconsciousness and visions of a possible future collapse of civilization (which partially overlaps with punk ideas, as this movement began a decade before). In contrast to many extreme metal genres to follow, thrash metal often focused on positive social issues, for instance environmentalism as was in the case of the band Nuclear Assault. Unconsciousness is the absence of consciousness. ... Risks to civilization, humans and planet Earth are existential risks that would imperil humankind as a whole and/or have major adverse consequences for the course of human civilization, human extinction or even the end of planet Earth. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... Nuclear Assault is a thrash metal band formed in 1984. ...


History

Origins

1981 is seen as a critical year for the development of thrash metal, but work prior to 1981 helped shape the genre. Queen's 1974 song "Stone Cold Crazy" is cited as an early precursor of the thrash metal sound.[5]; Metallica would win a Grammy Award in 1991 for their recording of the song. This article is becoming very long. ... Stone Cold Crazy is a song by English rock band Queen from their successful 1974 album Sheer Heart Attack. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Soon after "The Beast Within" was released, a Southern California band named Leather Charm would write the song "Hit the Lights". Leather Charm was a short-lived band that would soon break up. The primary songwriter for Leather Charm, James Hetfield, formed Metallica, which would go on to feature this song. Leather Charm was a heavy metal band formed in Brea, California. ... James Alan Hetfield (born 3 August 1963, Downey, California[1]) is the main songwriter (with drummer Lars Ulrich and sometimes guitarist Kirk Hammett), co-founder, vocalist and rhythm guitarist of the American thrash/heavy metal band Metallica. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ...


The European thrash scene that began in early 82 was almost exclusively influenced by the most aggressive music both Germany and England were producing at that time. NWOBHM Bands such as Tank, Raven and Venom, along with homegrown metal exports Accept, motivated musicians from eastern Europe to start bands of their own and produced German teutonic thrash exports such as Sodom, Kreator and Destruction. The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (NWOBHM) emerged in the late 70s, in part a reaction to the contemporary decline of traditional heavy metal bands such as Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath, all three of which had been submerged by a mixture of personal problems, tiredness and... Raven is a band associated with the New Wave Of British Heavy Metal, that formed in 1975. ... Venom are a heavy metal band, formed in late 1979 in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. ... Accept was a German heavy metal band from the town of Solingen, originally assembled in the early 1970s by Udo Dirkschneider. ...


Metallica released the No Life 'Til Leather demo in July 1982, and was the second band to release a studio LP, after Venom. It was titled Kill 'Em All and released in July 1983. Shortly following the release of Kill 'Em All, Slayer released their debut full length album entitled Show No Mercy, in December 1983. Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... No Life Til Leather is Metallicas widely circulated demo tape featuring Dave Mustaine on vocals. ... Kill Em All is American thrash metal band Metallicas debut album, released on July 25, 1983 on Megaforce Records. ... For other uses, see Slayer (disambiguation). ... Show No Mercy is the debut album by the thrash metal band Slayer, which was released in December 1983 through Metal Blade Records. ...


Mid-1980s

The popularity of thrash metal increased in 1984 with the release of Metallica's Ride the Lightning, Anthrax's Fistful of Metal, Overkill's self-titled EP and Slayer's Haunting the Chapel. This led to a heavier sounding form of thrash, which was reflected in Exodus's Bonded by Blood and Slayer's Hell Awaits. In 1985, the German band Kreator released their debut album Endless Pain and the Brazilian band Sepultura released their EP Bestial Devastation. Megadeth, which was formed by former Metallica guitarist Dave Mustaine, released their debut album Killing Is My Business... And Business Is Good! in 1985. For the album by Marshmallow Coast, see Ride the Lightning (Marshmallow Coast album). ... Fistful of Metal is the name of the debut album by the band Anthrax. ... Overkill was the first studio recording by the thrash metal band Overkill released in 1984 on Azra/Metal Storm records. ... Haunting The Chapel is an EP by the thrash metal band Slayer. ... Bonded by Blood is a influential Thrash Metal album by the California band Exodus. ... Hell Awaits (1985) was the second full-length album by Slayer, released through Metal Blade Records. ... Kreator is a thrash metal band from Essen, Germany. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Sepultura is a Brazilian thrash metal band, formed in 1984. ... // Extended play (EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs which contain more than one single but are too short to qualify as albums. ... Bestial Devastation is the EP released by Sepultura in 1985 through Cogumelo Records. ... Megadeth is an American heavy metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... Dave Mustaine (born David Scott Mustaine, September 13, 1961 in La Mesa, California, United States) is the lead/rhythm guitarist, songwriter, and singer for the speed/thrash metal band Megadeth of Irish, French and English heritage. ... Killing Is My Business. ...


Some of the most influential thrash albums were released in 1986. Slayer, regarded as one of the most sinister thrash metal bands from the early 1980s[6] released Reign in Blood, considered by many a highly influential album (according to All Music Guide, this record has inspired the entire death metal genre[7]). Kreator released Pleasure to Kill, which would later be an influence on the death metal genre. [8][9][10] For other uses, see Slayer (disambiguation). ... Reign in Blood is the third studio album and major label debut by the American thrash metal band Slayer. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Pleasure to Kill, released in 1986, is the second album from the band Kreator. ... This article is about the musical genre. ...


Metallica's 1986 album Master of Puppets, was one of the first thrash metal albums to receive critical acclaim and commercial success. In November of the same year, Megadeth released Peace Sells... But Who's Buying?, which proved to be the band's commercial and critical breakthrough[11]. Considered to be a landmark thrash metal album, All Music Guide cited Peace Sells... But Who's Buying? as "One of the most influential metal albums of its decade, and certainly one of the few truly definitive thrash albums".[12] For the title track of the album, see Master of Puppets (song). ... Peace Sells. ...


Thrash metal developed into many sub-genres in the mid 1980s. The genre influenced many bands like Death and Possessed (guitarist Larry LaLonde later joined popular alternative rock group Primus). Some bands combined speed and thrash metal. Megadeth, Helstar, Testament, and Heathen were known for flashy lead guitar work. Watchtower's 1985 release Energetic Disassembly showcased much more progressive work, using very odd time signatures and jazz influenced song structures. Death was an influential American death metal band founded in 1983 by guitarist and vocalist Chuck Schuldiner, and dissolved in 1999. ... Possessed is a death metal band that formed in 1983 in El Sobrante, California. ... Ler circa 1995 Larry Ler Lalonde (born Lawrence LaLonde on September 12, 1968 in El Sobrante, California) is a guitarist who currently plays in Primus along with Les Claypool and Tim Alexander. ... For other uses, see Primus. ... Helstar is a Heavy Metal band from Houston, Texas. ... Photo of the band Heathen. ... Watchtower is a progressive technical thrash band based in Austin, Texas that was mostly active in the 1980s. ... 1985 release by Watchtower. ...


Late-1980s

The late 1980s showed thrash metal experiencing a radical change. Little by little, thrash metal became more musical as opposed to lyrically oriented[citation needed]. Though the genre was already known for being technical, it would be pushed to a whole new extreme that would result in many more bands forming[citation needed].


In 1987, Anthrax released their album Among the Living, which bore similarities to their two previous releases: Fistful of Metal and Spreading the Disease, with fast and heavy guitars and pounding drums. Anthrax's songs can be considered slightly more "melodic" when compared to other thrash metal bands of the era, due to their upbeat and catchy riffs[citation needed]. Among the Living is the name of the third album by the band Anthrax. ... Fistful of Metal is the name of the debut album by the band Anthrax. ... Spreading the Disease is the second album by the band Anthrax and the first with vocalist Joey Belladonna and bassist Frank Bello. ... Riff is also an alternate spelling of Rif, a region of Morocco. ...


Testament would release their debut album, The Legacy, that same year. The musical tone of Testament generally emphasized the more progressive elements of thrash metal[citation needed]. The lyrics on this album especially were about the occult and Satanic topics that would influence the lyrics of death metal. Death Angel took a similar pro-thrash approach with their 1987 debut, The Ultra-Violence, which featured more operatic lyrics influenced by classic rock acts like Queen and NWOBHM bands such as Iron Maiden[citation needed]. The Legacy is the debut album of the band Testament. ... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... Peter H. Gilmore, High Priest of the Church of Satan. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Death Angel is an Filipino-American thrash metal band from Concord, California. ... The Ultra-Violence is the first album by the band Death Angel, released in 1986. ... For the magazine, see Classic Rock (magazine). ... Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from Leyton in the East End of London. ...


In 1988, Suicidal Tendencies, who had previously been a straightforward punk band, released their major label debut How Will I Laugh Tomorrow When I Can't Even Smile Today. This album had very thrashy guitar riffs and an overall very metal oriented sound, with much more complicated song structures than on their previous albums, but the band still stayed true to their roots as a band in that the songs were very melodic and had catchy choruses[citation needed]. Suicidal Tendencies is an American hardcore punk / crossover thrash band formed in 1981 in Venice, California. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Singles from How Will I Laugh Tomorrow When I Cant Even Smile Today Released: 1988 Released: 1989 How Will I Laugh Tomorrow When I Cant Even Smile Today is the third album by rock band Suicidal Tendencies, released on Epic Records on September 13, 1988. ...


By 1988 or so, the genre was quite saturated with new bands[citation needed], but classic albums would still be recorded and released. Sepultura's third album, Beneath the Remains (1989) earned them some mainstream appeal as it appeared on Roadrunner records. Testament continued through the late 1980s with The New Order (1988) and Practice What You Preach (1989), both albums showing the band was continuing to grow musically and almost gaining Testament the same level of popularity as the "Big Four"[13][14][15][16] of thrash: Metallica, Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Vio-lence, a relative latecomer to the Bay Area thrash metal scene put out an acclaimed debut in Eternal Nightmare (1988), combining relentless riffage with a punk vocal delivery, resulting in one of the fastest, heaviest thrash albums of all time. Canadian thrashers Annihilator would release their highly technical debut album Alice in Hell (1989) which received much praise due to its fast riffs and virtuostic guitar solos. Sadus was another band influenced by the Thrash Metal genre, featuring a very strong sound which was primarily caused by the fretless bass of Steve DiGiorgio. Meanwhile in Germany, Sodom released "Agent Orange" and Kreator would release "Extreme Agression". Both albums hit the scene in 1989 and are highly regarded as thrash metal classics by fans all around the world. Beneath the Remains is a music album released in 1989 by Sepultura through Roadrunner Records. ... Roadrunner Records is a major record label that concentrates on metal bands. ... The New Order is the second album by the thrash metal group Testament, released on May 10, 1988 (see 1988 in music). ... Practice What You Preach is the album released in 1989 (see 1989 in music) by Testament. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Eternal Nightmare is record album by the San Francisco Bay Area thrash band Vio-lence. ... Annihilator is a thrash metal band which debuted with the critically-acclaimed album, Alice in Hell. ... Alice in Hell is the first album by the band Annihilator, released in 1989. ... Sadus is a highly technical thrash metal trio from the United States. ...


Older bands continued to record classic albums though. Megadeth released So Far, So Good... So What! in 1988, while Metallica's album ...And Justice for All of the same year spawned the band's first video, the World War I-themed song "One". The extremely complex song structure of "One" has made it a pioneering song among progressive metal bands, including Dream Theater, which has cited Metallica as a major influence.[17] So Far, So Good. ... ...And Justice for All is American heavy metal band Metallicas fourth studio album released August 25, 1988, by Elektra Records. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Alternate Single Cover Music sample One Problems? See media help. ... Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Dream Theater is an American progressive metal band comprising James LaBrie, John Petrucci, Jordan Rudess, John Myung, and Mike Portnoy. ...


1990s

Among the thrash albums released in 1990 included Megadeth's Rust in Peace, Anthrax's Persistence of Time, Slayer's Seasons in the Abyss, Suicidal Tendencies' Lights...Camera...Revolution!, Testament's Souls of Black, Annihilator's Never, Neverland and Kreator's Coma of Souls. All of those albums were commercial high points for the aforementioned artists. Most of these bands embarked on the Clash of the Titans tour that year. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Rust in Peace is the fourth album by American thrash metal band Megadeth. ... Persistence of Time is the fifth studio album by the thrash metal band Anthrax. ... Seasons in the Abyss is the fifth studio album by thrash metal band Slayer. ... Singles from Released: 1990 Released: 1990 Released: 1991 Lights. ... Souls of Black is an album released by Testament in 1990. ... Never, Neverland is the second album by heavy metal band Annihilator. ... Coma of Souls is an album by Kreator. ...


In the 1990s, as some bands explored more innovative directions, bands that played classic thrash metal were seen as throw-backs[citation needed]. The 1992 album by Iced Earth, Night of the Stormrider combined power-metal and thrash metal. Dark Angel's swansong album Time Does Not Heal was a technically challenging, progressive thrash with a number of complex riffs. Many bands, however, opted for a slower, more groove-oriented sound, including Machine Head (formed from Vio-Lence) and Pantera. Iced Earth is an American heavy metal band that combine influences from thrash metal, power metal, progressive metal, opera, speed metal and NWOBHM. In 1999 their leader and songwriter Jon Schaffer teamed up with Blind Guardian vocalist Hansi Kürsch to form a side project called Demons & Wizards. ... Night of the Stormrider is Iced Earths second full-length album and is a concept album about a man who is betrayed by religion and turns away from it in anger. ... Time Does Not Heal is the fourth and final album by Dark Angel, which was released in 1991. ... Groove metal, often associated with half-thrash/neo-thrash/nu-thrash/post-thrash and power groove, is a term sometimes used to describe a derivative of thrash metal which took its current form during the early 1990s. ... This article is about the band. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... For other uses, see Pantera (disambiguation). ...


While alternative rock was the predominant genre of the 1990s, thrash metal managed to gain influence.[citation needed] The alternative rock band Primus (who featured ex-Possessed guitarist Larry LaLonde) blended Les Claypool's funky bass lines with thrash-influenced guitar riffs and fast tempo songs. Alternative music redirects here. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... Larry Ler LaLonde (born Reid Lawrence LaLonde on September 12, 1968 in Oakland, California) is a guitarist who currently plays in Primus along with Les Claypool and Tim Alexander. ... Leslie Edward Les Claypool (born September 29, 1963 in Richmond, California, U.S.) is a singer, lyricist, bassist, multi-instrumentalist, and composer, best known for his work with the alternative rock band Primus. ...


Many veteran thrash metal bands began changing to more accessible, radio-friendly styles[18]. In 1991, Metallica released the album Metallica, which saw record album sales for the band. Later in the decade, the band released Load (1996), and ReLoad (1997), which both displayed minor blues and southern rock influences. Metallica (also known as The Black Album as a play on words to The White Album because of its largely black and nearly-featureless cover) is the self titled fifth studio album by the American heavy metal band Metallica. ... Load is the sixth album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released in June 1996. ... ReLoad is the seventh album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released in 1997. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music. ...


Megadeth and Anthrax also changed their sound during the 1990s for varying reasons. Megadeth took a more accessible route with their 1992 album Countdown To Extinction. Anthrax split with frontman Joey Belladonna and recruited Armored Saint singer John Bush whose vocals style was different from that of their previous vocalist. The first release from the new line-up was the 1993 album Sound of White Noise. Countdown to Extinction is the fifth studio album by Megadeth, released in 1992 (see 1992 in music). ... Joey Belladonna (born October 30, 1960 in Oswego, NY), was the second and best known singer for the heavy metal band Anthrax. ... Armored Saint is a Los Angeles, United States, based heavy metal band. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Sound of White Noise is the name of the sixth album by the band Anthrax, released in May of 1993 on Elektra Records. ...


Testament released the mainstream and melodic The Ritual in 1992 before switching to a more death metal oriented sound that would follow throughout the 1990s. Annihilator switched to a more commercial style on Set the World on Fire and King of the Kill before returning to a more thrash-oriented style. Kreator began experimenting with industrial metal and goth starting with Renewal. Some bands, such as Slayer, did not adopt a more mainstream approach. Slayer's album Divine Intervention has a classic thrash sound. The Ritual is a album released by Testament in 1992. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Set the World on Fire is an album by Annihilator, released in 1993 (see 1993 in music). ... King of the Kill was a 1994 heavy metal album by Annihilator. ... Industrial metal is a musical genre that draws elements from industrial music and heavy metal music. ... Gothic rock (sometimes called goth rock or simply goth) is a genre of alternative rock that originated during the late 1970s. ... Renewal is an album by Kreator. ... Divine Intervention is the sixth studio album by American thrash metal band Slayer. ...


Members of Sepultura, Annihilator, and many others performed on RoadRunner's United album in 2005-06. The first release of its kind combined vintage thrash talents with newer metal musicians who incorporate thrash styles[citation needed]. There has recently been older thrash metal bands that have reunited and put out new albums including Nuclear Assault who has just recently released their new album Third World Genocide. Recently the original line-up of the band Testament reunited and toured, there was also a live album and video released with the classic line-up playing called Live In London. They are currently writing material for their new album called "The Formation of Damnation" which is said to be released on April 29th, 2008. Nuclear Assault Third World Genocide (2005) Track Listing: 01. ...


Recent trends

Recently thrash (along with many genres of extreme metal previously considered dead by the mainstream media[citation needed], but well alive to the underground metal scene) has seen a certain degree of resurgence of popularity[citation needed], including (but not limited to) the younger audience of Generation Y. This is perhaps due in part to an increase in exposure to many forms of metal and classic rock, thanks to the publicity spotlighted on it by such mediums as internet radio, satellite radio, cable networks like VH1, MTV, and cover songs by newer bands of older metal classics. Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... Look up Generation Y in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the magazine, see Classic Rock (magazine). ... Internet radio (aka e-Radio) is an audio broadcasting service transmitted via the Internet. ... // A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


Older thrash bands have continued to put out material, such as Sodom's self-titled album (2006), Megadeth's United Abominations (2007), Slayer's Christ Illusion (2006), Kreator's Enemy of God (2005), Exodus' The Atrocity Exhibition...Exhibit A (2007), Overkill's Immortalis (2007), Onslaught's Killing Peace (2007) and Testament's The Formation of Damnation (2008). Sodom is a German thrash metal band formed in 1982. ... Sodom is the self-titled album by German thrash metal band Sodom released on 21 April 2006. ... Megadeth is an American heavy metal band led by founder, frontman, guitarist, and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... United Abominations is the 11th studio album of the American thrash metal band, Megadeth. ... For other uses, see Slayer (disambiguation). ... Christ Illusion is the tenth studio album by Slayer, which was released on August 8, 2006 on American Recordings. ... Kreator is a thrash metal band from Essen, Germany. ... Enemy of God is an album by the German thrash metal band Kreator. ... Exodus is an American thrash metal band formed in 1980 in San Francisco, California by singer/drummer Tom Hunting, guitarists Tim Agnello and Kirk Hammett, and bassist Carlton Melson. ... The Atrocity Exhibition. ... Overkill is one of the first Thrash Metal bands, formed in the early 1980s in New Jersey (but often attributed to New York City), and very active ever since. ... Immortalis is the latest album by New Jersey thrash metal band Overkill. ... Onslaught is a British thrash metal band, formed in 1983 by guitarist Nige Rockett and drummer Steve Grice. ... Killing Peace is the fourth studio album by British thrash metal band Onslaught, the first since their reform in 2005. ... Testament are an American thrash metal band from California. ... The Formation of Damnation is the confirmed title for Testaments long-awaited ninth proper studio album, which will be released in March 2008. ...


Many note that thrash metal is making a comeback due to the popularity of metalcore bands, many of which claim to be thrash metal bands but have many elements that thrash metal bands do not typically (if ever) include in their songs. This is very similar to the 1980s, when the genre was created to combat the rising movement of glam metal bands, many of which were thrown of major labels to be replaced by thrash metal bands, then their popularity faded and were ignored by labels all together[citation needed]. The same cycle (as some claim) is starting to repeat itself, with newer bands like Evile and Warbringer getting signed to larger labels such as Century Media records and Earache records. Bands such as Merciless Death, Avenger of Blood, Fueled By Fire, Bonded By Blood, and Insinnerator are also releasing demos and albums that represent the style of old-school Thrash Metal, either releasing them themselves (Insinnerator, Devastator), or are being signed to more independent labels such as Heavy Artillery (Merciless Death, Avenger of Blood). Fueled By Fire, along with fellow thrashers Hatchet, have been signed to Metal Blade Records. Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... Evile are an English thrash metal group from Huddersfield, England. ...


Regional scenes

Like many musical genres, thrash had its own regionally-based scenes, each of which had a slightly different sound. The four most well known of these scenes were:


Bay Area

Main article: Bay Area thrash metal

The Bay Area Thrash Scene tends to be the most progressive and technical of the three major thrash scenes with progressive influenced song structures.[citation needed] Bay Area thrash metal, or Bay Area Thrash, referred to a steady following of heavy metal bands in the 1980s who formed and gained international status in the San Francisco Bay Area, California [1]. Along with Tampa, Florida, the scene was widely attributed as a starting point of American thrash... Bay Area thrash metal, or Bay Area Thrash, referred to a steady following of heavy metal bands in the 1980s who formed and gained international status in the San Francisco Bay Area, California [1]. Along with Tampa, Florida, the scene was widely attributed as a starting point of American thrash...


East Coast (New York/New Jersey)

The East Coast bands tended to be more punk and hardcore influenced than West Coast bands, with more emphasis on aggression and speed than technicality (though in the case of bands like Toxik this was not the case).[citation needed] Anthrax, Nuclear Assault, Overkill, Whiplash, Fantom Warior, as well as crossover acts S.O.D., M.O.D., Cro-Mags, and Agnostic Front were a few of the most prominent bands to come from the East Coast thrash scene. Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... == Toxik Toxik was formed in 1985 by Joshua Christian and Lee Erwin of Peekskill New York. ... Whiplash was an American thrash metal band. ... Stormtroopers of Death, more commonly known as S.O.D., formed in New York in 1985. ... This article is about Method of Destruction. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Agnostic Front are a New York Hardcore Punk band formed in New York City in 1982. ...


Germany

Main article: Teutonic thrash metal

The last major thrash scene was the German thrash metal scene. The most successful bands from this scene were Kreator, Destruction, and Sodom, who all come from Germany. Kreator is a thrash metal band from Essen, Germany. ... Destruction is a German thrash metal band formed in Lörrach, in southern Germany in 1982. ... Sodom is a German thrash metal band formed in 1982. ...


Brazil

Not one of the major thrash scenes, but a few famous bands have come out of Brazil like Sepultura and Sarcófago. Bands from Brazil are influenced by the likes of Slayer and have a lot of death metal riffs. // Cover of Ultimatum Split By Dorsal Atlântica and Metalmophose in 1984 While in the beggining of the 80s in the U.S., Germany and Canada was appearing bands such as Metallica, Slayer (U.S.), Destruction, Kreator (Germany) and Voivod, Exciter (Canada), in Brazil at the same time was... Sepultura is a Brazilian thrash metal band, formed in 1984. ... Sarcófago are a Deathrash band from Brazil. ...


Crossover thrash

Thrash metal with even more punk elements than standard thrash is called crossover thrash or crossover for short[citation needed]. Its overall sound is more punk-influenced than traditional thrash metal, while more metal sounding than traditional hardcore punk and thrashcore.[citation needed] Crossover is often more aggressive and faster than traditional punk due to the heavier thrash metal influence[citation needed]. Early pioneers of the style include American bands Nuclear Assault, Dirty Rotten Imbeciles, Stormtroopers of Death, Suicidal Tendencies, Body Count, Cryptic Slaughter, SSD, DYS, Cro-Mags and Septic Death. Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Thrashcore is an extremely fast subgenre of punk rock and saw its beginnings after the beginnings of hardcore punk in the early 1980s. ... Nuclear Assault is a thrash metal band formed in 1984. ... Dirty Rotten Imbeciles, or simply D.R.I., are a Thrash band that formed in 1982. ... Stormtroopers of Death, more commonly known as S.O.D., formed in New York in 1985. ... Suicidal Tendencies is an American hardcore punk / crossover thrash band formed in 1981 in Venice, California. ... This article is about the musical group. ... Cryptic Slaughter was a Santa Monica, California-based crossover band. ... SSD (Society-System Decontrol) was a Boston hardcore band. ... DYS was a straight edge hardcore punk band from Boston, Massachusetts, and part of the notorious Boston Crew along with contemporaries such as SSD and Negative FX. They released two LPs: Brotherhood, an album still held in high regard by fans of hardcore music, and DYS (i. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Septic Death is a Horror Hardcore band fronted by artist Pushead. ...


Crossover incorporated slower paced thrash riffs mixed with breakdown riffs commonly used in hardcore and helped forge two derivatives, one known as groove metal (sometimes called post-thrash), and one known as metalcore.[citation needed] The former, groove metal, has more of a darker heavy metal aesthetic, including guitar solos, classical music influence, and blues roots from traditional metal, and staying close to its thrash metal roots,[citation needed] and the latter, metalcore, having more of a hardcore punk aesthetic, usually excluding guitar solos in favor of rhythmic guitars.[citation needed]


See also

Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... Groove metal, often associated with half-thrash/neo-thrash/nu-thrash/post-thrash and power groove, is a term sometimes used to describe a derivative of thrash metal which took its current form during the early 1990s. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ...

Further reading

Malcolm Dome is an English writer/journalist on metal since (1979). ... Omnibus Press is a British publisher of books, primarily about music. ...

References

  1. ^ What Is Thrash Metal?. heavymetal.about.com. Retrieved on 2007-12-30.
  2. ^ explore music... heavy metal. All Music. Retrieved on 2007-02-18.
  3. ^ 100 Greatest Rock Drummers
  4. ^ The Grand Classification of Rock Bassists
  5. ^ /url:http://www.networx.on.ca/~njdevil/mainpage/Heavy_Metal/History/History_of_Metal.html
  6. ^ Slayer band page @ Rockdetector
  7. ^ Huey, Steve. Reign in Blood - Slayer. Allmusicguide.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-05.
  8. ^ No Life 'til Metal
  9. ^ The History of Thrash Metal
  10. ^ Interview with Cannibal Corpse
  11. ^ Huey, Steve. "Peace Sells... But Who's Buying? Review, at AMG.com; last accessed November 16, 2006.
  12. ^ Birchmeier, Jason. "Peace Sells... But Who's Buying?" Remastered version AMG Review, at All Music Guide; last accessed November 23, 2006.
  13. ^ Stylus Magazine
  14. ^ Cleveland Scene Magazine
  15. ^ Kane County Chronicle
  16. ^ 93X Minnesota
  17. ^ allmusic
  18. ^ Thrash Metal. allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-06.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

A number of overlapping heavy metal genres have developed since the emergence of heavy metal (often shortened to metal) in the late 1960s. ... This is an alphabetized list of thrash metal bands, i. ... Bay Area thrash metal, or Bay Area Thrash, referred to a steady following of heavy metal bands in the 1980s who formed and gained international status in the San Francisco Bay Area, California [1]. Along with Tampa, Florida, the scene was widely attributed as a starting point of American thrash... // Cover of Ultimatum Split By Dorsal Atlântica and Metalmophose in 1984 While in the beggining of the 80s in the U.S., Germany and Canada was appearing bands such as Metallica, Slayer (U.S.), Destruction, Kreator (Germany) and Voivod, Exciter (Canada), in Brazil at the same time was... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Christian hardcore is a form of hardcore and metalcore music and a subgenre of punk rock played by bands where the musicians promote Christian beliefs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Crusty redirects here. ... D-beat is a drum beat, specifically a fast rock beat unique to hardcore punk, especially in its UK and European variants. ... Digital hardcore is a music genre or style that was first defined by Alec Empire. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Funkcore is a music genre or movement derived from a fusion of hardcore punk and funk. ... Grindcore, often shortened to grind, is an evolution of crust punk, most commonly associated with death metal, a very different though similarly extreme style of music. ... HateCore historically refers to hardcore punk bands in the New York City scene in the late 1980s who wanted to point out that their sound was different from the original hardcore bands a few years earlier. ... Melodic hardcore is a subgenre of hardcore punk. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... For other uses, see Oi! (disambiguation). ... Post-hardcore; this specific genre was created by others as a sourse to relaese the emotion that builds inside, making the music intimate and touching to listeners. ... Power violence is a cross breeding of the musical genres hardcore punk and grindcore. ... Queercore is a cultural and social movement that began in the mid 1980s as an offshoot of punk. ... Rapcore is a musical genre that fuses the techniques of hip hop, gangsta rap, hard rock, heavy metal, alternative rock, hardcore punk and sometimes funk. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skate punk (also known as skatepunk, skate-punk, skate-thrash, surf punk, or skate-core) was named because of its popularity among skateboarders, and the fact that many members of skate punk bands were themselves skaters. ... Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion of doom metal and Stoner metal[1], often incorporating southern rock influences. ... Taqwacore is a genre of punk music dealing with Islam and its culture, originally conceived in Michael Muhammad Knights novel, The Taqwacores. ... Thrashcore is an extremely fast subgenre of punk rock and saw its beginnings after the beginnings of hardcore punk in the early 1980s. ... Youth crew is a sub-genre of hardcore punk that was most popular from approximately 1986 to 1990, primarily in New York City and, to a lesser degree, Los Angeles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Punk (music). ... This is a list of Scandinavian (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) hardcore punk bands. ... South Wales is home to a scene containing a number of influential bands within the hardcore, post hardcore metalcore, alternative metal, punk and emo musical genres. ... Umeå is a city in northern Sweden. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Boston Hardcore is the influential hardcore punk scene of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The California punk scene is a regional punk music scene that started in the late 1970s and still exists today. ... Chicago developed a hardcore punk scene in the early 1980s that was more experimental than its counterparts in Washington, DC, L.A., and New York City. ... The Detroit Suburbs were the location of one of the first important hardcore punk scenes that swept underground America in the early 1980s. ... // The Minneapolis area has been a fertile ground for the hardcore punk scene for many years. ... New Jersey hardcore (NJHC) refers to hardcore punk and metalcore music created in New Jersey and to the subculture associated with that music. ... New York Hardcore (NYHC) refers to hardcore punk music created in New York City and to the subculture associated with that music. ... Phoenix had a sizable hardcore punk scene in the 1980s that focused mainly around two bands from the citys east side, Meat Puppets and JFA. Meat Puppets, led by the Kirkwood brothers, signed to Greg Ginns SST Records and released several albums that proved to be highly... Washington, D.C. had one of the first and one of the most influential hardcore punk scenes in the United States during the 1980s. ... The DIY ethic (do it yourself ethic) refers to the ethic of being self-reliant and doing things yourself as opposed to paying others to do it. ... This is a list of bands considered to be hardcore punk by some. ... Further information: Hardcore punk Hardcore dancing grew out of the eastern United States hardcore scene, especially the New Jersey, New York and Boston hardcore scenes. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Punk ideologies are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture. ... This is a list of bands that are considered part of the second wave of punk rock, beginning in the 1980s. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... Alternative metal is an eclectic form of music that gained popularity in the early 1990s alongside grunge. ... Avant-garde metal or experimental metal is generally regarded as a cross-genre reference to metal bands or more exactly as a stylistic adjunction with specific traits (just like Progressive-, Symphonic-, Viking-, Pagan-, Folk-, Industrial-). It is characterized by large amounts of experimentation and by non-standard sounds, instruments, and... This article is about the musical genre. ... Christian metal is a form of heavy metal music and its many subgenres with Christian lyrics and themes. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... Folk metal is a diverse collection of music, encompassing a wide variety of different styles and approaches. ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... Gothic metal is a genre of heavy metal music that originated during the mid 1990s in Europe as an outgrowth of doom-death, a fusion genre of doom metal and death metal. ... Groove metal, often associated with half-thrash/neo-thrash/nu-thrash/post-thrash and power groove, is a term sometimes used to describe a derivative of thrash metal which took its current form during the early 1990s. ... Industrial metal is a musical genre that draws elements from industrial music and heavy metal music. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... Neo-classical metal is a subgenre of the heavy metal music heavily influenced by classical music in its style of playing and composing[1]. It implies a very technical performance and the use of elements borrowed from classical music and/or by famous classical music composers. ... Nu metal (also called aggro metal, or nü metal using the traditional heavy metal umlaut) is a musical genre that has origins in the mid 1990s. ... Post-metal is a music genre, a mixture between the genres of post-rock and heavy metal, with roots in progressive rock and industrial music. ... This article is about the sub-genre of heavy metal music. ... Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Rap rock is a hybrid of rap and rock music. ... Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion of doom metal and Stoner metal[1], often incorporating southern rock influences. ... Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... Stoner rock and stoner metal are interchangeable terms describing sub-genres of rock and metal music. ... Symphonic metal is a term used to describe heavy metal music that has symphonic elements; that is, elements that sound similar to a classical symphony. ... Viking metal is a term used in reference to heavy metal music with a dramatic emphasis on Norse mythology, Norse paganism, and the life and times of Northern and Central Europeans prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia. ... The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (frequently abbreviated as NWOBHM or N.W.O.B.H.M.) emerged in the late 1970s and reached mainstream attention in the late 1970s, in the United Kingdom, as a reaction in part to the decline of early heavy metal bands such as... The early Norwegian Black Metal scene consisted of a black metal youths that met in the independent record store Helvete in Oslo. ... Scandinavian death metal concerns the death metal bands of Scandinavian origin. ... Bay Area thrash metal, or Bay Area Thrash, referred to a steady following of heavy metal bands in the 1980s who formed and gained international status in the San Francisco Bay Area, California [1]. Along with Tampa, Florida, the scene was widely attributed as a starting point of American thrash... // Cover of Ultimatum Split By Dorsal Atlântica and Metalmophose in 1984 While in the beggining of the 80s in the U.S., Germany and Canada was appearing bands such as Metallica, Slayer (U.S.), Destruction, Kreator (Germany) and Voivod, Exciter (Canada), in Brazil at the same time was... Australian heavy metal music has its roots in the both the Australian hard rock and pub rock tradition of the 1970s and the American and British heavy metal scenes. ... For the playable character in the video game Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock, see Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock. ... Judas Priest, in typical heavy metal attire, performing at the VH1 Rock Honors on May 25, 2006. ... A number of overlapping heavy metal genres have developed since the emergence of heavy metal (often shortened to metal) in the late 1960s. ... This is a list of bands that pertain to the heavy metal genre of music. ... This is a list of metal festivals ordered by country. ... The heavy metal umlaut, or rock dots, is an umlaut over letters in the name of a heavy metal band, such as Mötley Crüe or Motörhead. ... Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... For the gay mens lifestyle magazine, see Genre (magazine). ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A genre is any of the traditional divisions of art forms from a single field of activity into various kinds according to criteria particular to that form. ... ... Drone metal, also known as drone doom, is a subgenre of doom metal that takes the heaviness and slowness of its progenitor to a new extreme. ... It has been suggested that sludge metal be merged into this article or section. ... Melodic black metal is a sub-genre of black metal. ... Melodic death metal, (also referred to as Gothenburg metal, melodeath, and post-death) is a subgenre of death metal. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion of doom metal and Stoner metal[1], often incorporating southern rock influences. ... Symphonic Black Metal is a fusion genre, combining elements of black metal and symphonic metal. ... Technical death metal, or tech death for short, is a term used to describe bands in the subgenre death metal. ... Viking metal is a term used in reference to heavy metal music with a dramatic emphasis on Norse mythology, Norse paganism, and the life and times of Northern and Central Europeans prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia. ... A Fusion genre is a music genre that fuses two or more other musical genres. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Blackened death metal also called death/black metal or black/death metal (depending on which styles is dominant) is a fusion genre of extreme metal utilising elements of death metal and black metal with bands usually hailing from Europe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Death/Doom is a fusion genre, combines the slow tempos and pessimistic mood of doom metal with the guttral vocals and guitar style of death metal. ... Deathcore is an amalgamation of two musical styles: metalcore and death metal. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Grindcore, often shortened to grind, is an evolution of crust punk, most commonly associated with death metal, a very different though similarly extreme style of music. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Thrash metal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2996 words)
Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres, that is characterised by its high speed and aggression.
The origins of thrash metal are generally traced to the late 1970s and early 1980s, when a number of bands began incorporating the sound of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal[1] with elements of hardcore punk (in particular its drum tempoes), creating a new genre and developing into a separate movement from punk.
Thrash guitar solos are almost exclusively played at high speed, as they are usually characterised as shredding, and use techniques such as sweep picking, legato phrasing, alternate picking, string skipping, and two-hand tapping.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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