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Encyclopedia > Thought
Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey
Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey

Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. Words referring to similar concepts and processes include cognition, sentience, consciousness, idea, and imagination. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 540 KB) Ephesus July 2005 photo by Radomil talk 21:22, 30 November 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Thought Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 540 KB) Ephesus July 2005 photo by Radomil talk 21:22, 30 November 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Thought Metadata This file contains... Phillipp Veitts Germania (1877) a personification of Germany. ... Ruins of Celsus Library Celsus library is a monumental tomb for Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, built by his son Galius Julius Aquila in 135 in Ephesus. ... Ephesus was one one of the great cities of the Ionian Greeks in Asia Minor, located in Lydia where the Cayster river flows into the Aegean Sea (in modern day Turkey). ... Mental redirects here. ... An abstract model (or conceptual model) is a theoretical construct that represents physical, biological or social processes, with a set of variables and a set of logical and quantitative relationships between them. ... Look up desire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Cognition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sentience is a capacity for basic consciousness—the ability to feel or perceive, not necessarily including the faculty of self-awareness. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... An idea (Greek: ιδέα) is a specific thought which arises in the mind. ... Imagination is, in general, the power or process of producing mental images and ideas. ...


Thinking involves manipulation of information, as when we form concepts, engage in problem solving, reason and make decisions. Thinking is a higher cognitive function and the analysis of thinking processes is part of cognitive psychology. Information is the result of processing, manipulating and organizing data in a way that adds to the knowledge of the person receiving it. ... A concept is an abstract, universal psychical entity that serves to designate a category or class of entities, events or relations. ... Problem solving forms part of thinking. ... Reason is a term used in philosophy and other human sciences to refer to the faculty of the human mind that creates and operates with abstract concepts. ... Choice consists of that mental process of thinking involved with the process of judging the merits of multiple options and selecting one for action. ... Cognitive The scientific study of how people obtain, retrieve, store and manipulate information. ... Cognitive Psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. ...

Contents

Basic process

The basic mechanics of the human mind reflect a process of pattern matching or rather recognition. In a "moment of reflection", new situations and new experiences are judged against recalled ones and judgements are made. In order to make these judgements, the intellect maintains present experience and sorts relevant past experience. It does this while keeping present and past experience distinct and separate. The intellect can mix, match, merge, sift, and sort concepts, perceptions, and experience. This process is called reasoning. Logic is the science of reasoning. The awareness of this process of reasoning is access consciousness (see philosopher Ned Block). Thinking is bad for you and if you are a middle school student it can make you dizy. Mental redirects here. ... Pattern matching is the act of checking for the presence of the constituents of a given pattern. ... Pattern recognition is a field within the area of machine learning. ... The Thinker by Auguste Rodin: An artists impression of Homo sapiens Human self-reflection is the basis of philosophy and is present from the earliest historical records. ... Look up Experience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary This article discusses the general concept of experience. ... The term recall has a number of meanings: Product recall A recall election Recall to employment after a layoff Recall from memory. ... Judgment or judgement implies a balanced weighing up of evidence preparatory to making a decision. ... Intelligence is a general mental capability that involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas and language, and learn. ... Look up Experience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary This article discusses the general concept of experience. ... A concept is an abstract idea or a mental symbol, typically associated with a corresponding representation in language or symbology, that denotes all of the objects in a given category or class of entities, interactions, phenomena, or relationships between them. ... Reasoning is the act of using reason to derive a conclusion from certain premises. ... Logic, from Classical Greek λόγος logos (the word), is the study of patterns found in reasoning. ... Reasoning is the act of using reason to derive a conclusion from certain premises. ... Ned Block (born 1942) is a philosopher of mind who has made important contributions to matters of consciousness and cognitive science. ...


Conceptualisation

Thinking can be modeled by a field (like a mathematical representation of an electro-magnetic field, but with each point in the field a point of consciousness). Patterns are formed and judgements are made within the field. Some philosophers (panpsychists/panexperientialists - see wikibook on consciousness) believe the entire field is conscious in and of itself, a consciousness field. They say consciousness creates thinking, thinking and other brain processes do not create consciousness. Other scientists (for example Bernard Baars) think of it as a workspace. Some philosophers (for example Thomas Nagel) have said they do not have a clue as to how we are aware of our thinking. Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... A pattern is a form, template, or model (or, more abstractly, a set of rules) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing, especially if the things that are generated have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be inferred or discerned... The science of pattern formation deals with the visible, (statistically) orderly outcomes of self-organisation and the common principles behind similar patterns. ... Panpsychism, in philosophy, is either the view that all parts of matter involve mind, or the more holistic view that the whole universe is an organism that possesses a mind. ... Bernard J. Baars is a senior fellow of the Neurosciences Institute in La Jolla, CA. He is best known for his book, A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness (1988) in which he outlines his view of Global Workspace Theory as a model for consciousness. ... Thomas Nagel (born July 4, 1937, in Belgrade, Serbia) is University Professor of Philosophy and Law at New York University and member of the Board of Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. ... In biological psychology, awareness describes a human or animals perception and cognitive reaction to a condition or event. ...


A thought can be said to be whatever arises in the dualistic mind. A dualistic mind is one in which the one from which the thought arises considers himself to be separate from other forms. A thought may be an idea, an image, a sound or even an emotional feeling that arises from the brain.


Aids to thinking

  1. Use of models, symbols, diagrams and pictures.
  2. Use of abstraction to simplify the effort of thinking.
  3. Use of metasyntactic variables to simplify the effort of naming.
  4. Use of iteration and recursion to converge on a concept.
  5. Limitation of attention to aid concentration and focus on a concept. Use of peace and quiet to aid concentration.
  6. Goal setting and goal revision. Simply letting the concept percolate in the subconscious, and waiting for the concept to re-surface.
  7. Talking with like-minded people. Resorting to communication with others, if this is allowed.
  8. Working backward from the goal.
  9. Desire for learning.
  10. Necessity to learn panoramical thinking.

An abstract model (or conceptual model) is a theoretical construct that represents physical, biological or social processes, with a set of variables and a set of logical and quantitative relationships between them. ... Sample flowchart diagram A diagram is a simplified and structured visual representation of concepts, ideas, constructions, relations, statistical data, anatomy etc used in all aspects of human activities to visualize and clarify the topic. ... For images in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Images. ... Abstraction is the process of reducing the information content of a concept, typically in order to retain only information which is relevant for a particular purpose. ... A metasyntactic variable is either a placeholder name (a kind of alias term, commonly used to denote the subject matter under discussion), or a random member of a class of things under discussion. ... The word iteration is sometimes used in everyday English with a meaning virtually identical to repetition. ... A Sierpinski triangle —a confined recursion of triangles to form a geometric lattice. ... A concept is an abstract idea or a mental symbol, typically associated with a corresponding representation in language or symbology, that denotes all of the objects in a given category or class of entities, interactions, phenomena, or relationships between them. ... Look up Attention in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In chemistry, concentration is the measure of how much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance. ... Look up Communication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Working backward from the goal is an application of the backward chaining strategy in artificial intelligence. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Pitfalls

  1. Fads.
  2. Self-delusions: inability to confront relevant issues (roadblocks).

In biochemistry, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is the precursor molecule to FADH2. ... A delusion is commonly defined as a fixed false belief and is used in everyday language to describe a belief that is either false, fanciful or derived from deception. ... A roadblock is a temporary installation set up to control or block traffic along a road. ...

See also

Thinking Portal
Look up Thought, Think in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • List of basic thinking-related topics
  • Lists of thinking-related topics

Image File history File links The human brain. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Basic topics in thinking include: // Main article: Thought Main articles: Cognitive processes and Thought process Main article: History of thought Main article: Lists of thinking-related topics and Thinking Portal: Topics ... Below is a list of lists of mental processes, methods of thinking (thinking skills), thinking styles, types of thought, and related topics which augment or exemplify these. ...

References

  • Eric Baum (2004). What is Thought, Chapter Two: The Mind is a Computer Program. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-02548-5

  Results from FactBites:
 
Theosophy : Thought Power - It's Control and Culture by Annie Besant : AnandGholap.net (14899 words)
Thoughts, Desires, and Actions, the active manifestations in matter of Knowledge, Will, and Energy, are all of the same nature, that is, are all made up of vibrations, but differ in their phenomena, because of the different character of the vibrations.
The thought is a reproduction within the mind of the Knower of that which is not the Knower, is not the Self; it is a picture, caused by a combination of wave-motions, an image, quite literally.
When such a thought causes the mental body to vibrate, particles of the coarser matter are shaken out of the body, and their place is taken by particles of the finer grades, and thus better materials are built into the mental body.
Thought - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (473 words)
Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires.
A dualistic mind is one in which the one from which the thought arises considers himself to be separate from other forms.
A thought may be an idea, an image, a sound or even an emotional feeling that arises from the brain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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