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Encyclopedia > Thoracic outlet syndrome
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Classification & external resources
The right brachial plexus with its short branches, viewed from in front.
ICD-10 G54.0
ICD-9 353.0
DiseasesDB 13039
MedlinePlus 001434
eMedicine pmr/136 
MeSH D013901

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) consists of a group of distinct disorders that affect the nerves in the brachial plexus (nerves that pass into the arms from the neck) and various nerves and blood vessels between the base of the neck and axilla (armpit). Image File history File links Gray808. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) is a coding of diseases and signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases, as classified by the World Health Organization (WHO). ... // G00-G99 - Diseases of the nervous system (G00-G09) Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (G00) Bacterial meningitis, not elsewhere classified (G01) Meningitis in bacterial diseases classified elsewhere (G02) Meningitis in other infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere (G03) Meningitis due to other and unspecified causes (G04) Encephalitis, myelitis... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The Disease Bold textDatabase is a free website that provides information about the relationships between medical conditions, symptoms, and medications. ... MedlinePlus (medlineplus. ... eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... This article is about the medical term. ... Nerves (yellow) Nerves redirects here. ... The brachial plexus is an arrangement of nerve fibres (a plexus) running from the spine (vertebrae C5-T1), through the neck, the axilla (armpit region), and into the arm. ... Look up ARM in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A human neck. ... f you all The blood vessels are part of the circulatory system and function to transport blood throughout the body. ... The armpit (or axilla) is the area on the human body directly under the area where the arm connects to the shoulder. ... The armpit (or axilla) is the area on the human body directly under the joint where the arm connects to the shoulder. ...

Contents

Causes

For the most part, these disorders are produced by positional compression of the subclavian artery and vein, the vertebral artery, and the nerve cords of the brachial plexus. The subclavian artery is a major artery of the upper thorax that mainly supplies blood to the head and arms. ... The subclavian vein is a continuation of the axillary vein and runs from the outer border of the first rib to the medial border of anterior scalene muscle. ... The vertebral arteries are branches of the subclavian arteries. ...


TOS may also result from a cervical band, abnormalities of the scalene muscles (including hypertrophy) and trauma. The scalene muscles are a group of three pairs of muscles in the lateral neck, namely the anterior scalene, middle scalene, and posterior scalene. ... Bodybuilder Markus Rühl has marked hypertrophy of skeletal muscle. ... In medicine, a trauma patient has suffered serious and life-threatening physical injury resulting in secondary complications such as shock, respiratory failure and death. ...


Classification

The following taxonomy of TOS is used in ICD-9-CM and other sources: The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ...

The brachial plexus is an arrangement of nerve fibres (a plexus) running from the spine (vertebrae C5-T1), through the neck, the axilla (armpit region), and into the arm. ... The subclavian artery is a major artery of the upper thorax that mainly supplies blood to the head and arms. ... Adsons sign is seen during abduction and external rotation at the shoulder, where there is loss of the radial pulse in the arm. ... The brachial plexus is an arrangement of nerve fibres (a plexus) running from the spine (vertebrae C5-T1), through the neck, the axilla (armpit region), and into the arm. ... The subclavian artery is a major artery of the upper thorax that mainly supplies blood to the head and arms. ... Adsons sign is seen during abduction and external rotation at the shoulder, where there is loss of the radial pulse in the arm. ... Collarbone and collar bone redirect here. ... The human rib cage. ... The military brace is a body posture, sometimes known as scapular posterior depression or the costoclavicular maneuver. ...

Treatment

Only a few patients will require surgical decompression. In most, advice on posture and physiotherapy will suffice.


Notable patients

Major League Baseball player Hank Blalock has recently been diagnosed with Thoracic outlet syndrome. MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... Hank Joe Blalock (born November 21, 1980 in San Diego, California) is a Major League baseball third baseman who currently plays for the Texas Rangers. ...


References

  1. ^ ORT63 at FPnotebook

The Family Practice Notebook is a medical database focused on family practice. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (0 words)
he Thoracic Outlet is a space between the rib cage (thorax), and the collar bone (clavicle) through which the main blood vessels and nerves pass from the neck and thorax into the arm.
horacic outlet syndrome is a combination of pain, numbness, tingling, weakness, or coldness in the upper extremity caused by pressure on the nerves and/or blood vessels in the thoracic outlet.
The common underlying cause of the syndrome is compression of the nerves and arteries of the arm in the Thoracic Outlet.
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (699 words)
Thoracic outlet syndrome can be subdivided into neurogenic, venous, and arterial types depending on which structures are compressed in the interscalene triangle or costoclavicular space.
Positional venography is essential in the diagnosis of venous thoracic outlet syndrome; external compression of the vein and filling of venous collaterals are demonstrated by abduction of the arm.
Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome is the least common of these disorders and involves compression of the subclavian artery between the anterior and middle scalene muscles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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