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Encyclopedia > Thomas U. Walter
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Thomas U. Walter Walt Penner Playing Pool File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Thomas U. Walter
Portrait by Francisco Pausas, 1925,
after a Mathew Brady photograph

Thomas Ustick Walter (September 4, 1804October 30, 1887) of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was the dean of American architecture between the death of Benjamin Latrobe and the work of H.H. Richardson. He was the fourth Architect of the Capitol, responsible for adding the north (Senate) and south (House) wings and the central dome that brought the U.S. Capitol building to essentially its modern appearance. Jump to: navigation, search 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Mathew B. Brady (circa 1823 – January 15, 1896) was a famous photographer of the American Civil War. ... Jump to: navigation, search September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Independence Hall, as it appears today. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Senators Arlen Specter (R) Rick Santorum (R) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... Benjamin Henry Latrobe (May 1, 1764 - September 3, 1820) was an architect best known for his design of the United States Capitol. ... An unflatteringly honest portrait of Henry Hobson Richardson, portrait by Sir Hubert von Herkomer The Trinity Church in Boston is one of Richardsons most famous works. ... United States Capitol . The United States Capitol is the building which serves as home for the legislative branch of the United States government. ...

Walter received early training in a variety of fields including masonry, mathematics, physical science, and the fine arts before studying architecture in the office of William Strickland. He began practicing architecture in 1830 and was one of the founders and second president of the American Institute of Architects. This article is about the 15th century priest. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is the professional organization for architects in the United States. ...

He first came to national recognition for his Greek revival design of Girard College for Orphans (1833-48) in Philadelphia, among the last and grandest expressions of the Greek Revival movement. His plan for Moyamensing Prison was a humane model in its time. Personal residence of Catherine the Great Greek Revival was a style of classical architecture which became fashionable in Europe in the 18th century, and in the United Kingdom and United States in the early 19th century. ...

The US Capitol and its dome

By far the most famous construction of Walter's is the dome of the US Capitol. By 1850 the rapid expansion of the United States had caused a space shortage in the Capitol. Walter, a prominent Philadelphia architect, was selected to design extensions for the Capitol. His plan more than doubled the size of the existing building and added the familiar cast-iron dome. Construction on the wings began in 1851 and proceeded rapidly; the House of Representatives met in its new quarters in December of 1857 and the Senate occupied its new chamber by January of 1859. Walter's fireproof cast iron dome was authorized by Congress on March 3, 1855, and was nearly completed by December 2, 1863, when the Statue of Freedom was placed on top. He also reconstructed the interior of the west center building for the Library of Congress after the fire of 1851. Walter continued as Capitol architect until 1865, when he resigned his position over a minor contract dispute. After 14 years in Washington, he retired to his native Philadelphia. Jump to: navigation, search 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the Senate. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Cast iron usually refers to grey cast iron, but can mean any of a group of iron-based alloys containing more than 2% carbon (alloys with less carbon are carbon steel by definition). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Statue of Freedom is a bronze statue sculpted by Thomas Crawford, placed atop the dome of the United States Capitol in Washington, DC. Freedom is a female figure who holds a sheathed sword in her right hand and her left holds a laurel wreath of victory and the shield... Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...

Then, when financial setbacks forced him to come out of retirement in the 1870s, he worked as second-in-command when his friend and younger colleague John McArthur, Jr. won the competition for Philadelphia City Hall. He continued on that vast project until his death in 1887. Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...

External links

  • http://www.aoc.gov/AOC/walter.htm
  • Brief biography of Thomas Ustick Walter
  • Walter's dawings at the Atheneum of Philadelphia
  • Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography: Thomas Ustick Walter



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