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Encyclopedia > Thomas Stewart

Thomas Stewart was an illegitimate son of King Robert II of Scotland. Thomas was one of dozens of Robert's children, and, as with his other bastards, the father earnestly sought a career for his son. In 1380, Avignon Pope Clement VII provided Thomas with the Archdeaconry of the Bishopric of St. Andrews, as well as the canonry (and prebend) of Stobo in the Bishopric of Glasgow. In 1389, the king petitioned and obtained for Thomas from the Pope the right to hold the deanery of the Bishopric of Dunkeld along with his other offices, and in 1393, the Pope provided a canonry in the Bishopric of Brechin. In this period, Archdeacon Thomas obtained a Bachelor of Canon Law at the University of Paris. Robert the warrior and knight: the reverse side of Robert IIs Great Seal, enhanced as a 19th century steel engraving. ... Events September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols (the Golden Horde), stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Robert of Geneva (1342-16 September 1394) was elected to the papacy as Pope Clement VII by the French cardinals who opposed Urban VI, and was the first Avignon antipope of the Western Schism. ... A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανωνικος relating to a rule) is a priest who is a member of certain bodies of the Christian clergy subject to an ecclesiastical rule (canon). ... A prebendary is a post connected to a cathedral or collegiate church and is a type of canon. ... The Archbishop of Glasgow is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Glasgow. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... In the Church of England and Roman Catholic Church, a deanery is a collection of parishes within an archdeaconry. ... The Bishop of Dunkeld is the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dunkeld in the Province of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh. ... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... A canon (from the Latin canonicus and Greek κανωνικωσ relating to a rule) is a priest who is a member of certain bodies of the Christian clergy subject to a rule (canon). ... The Bishop of Brechin is the Ordinary of the Scottish Episcopal Diocese of Brechin. ... Canon law is the term used for the internal ecclesiastical law which governs various churches, most notably the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Churches and the Anglican Communion of churches. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ...

On July 1, 1401, following the death of Walter Trail, Bishop of St. Andrews, Thomas was elected to fill the see's vacancy. However, because of the problems experienced by Avignon Pope Benedict XIII, who was being besieged by the King of France, Thomas experienced problems obtaining Papal confirmation. In this context, Thomas' election fell victim to the political struggles of the time. Thomas was supported by his half-brother, David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, who actively campaigned in the region of St. Andrews during the year 1401. However, this aligned him against another of his brothers, Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany. In order to obtain control of Dumbarton Castle, the Duke of Albany offered its keeper, Walter de Danyelston, the semi-vacant see of St. Andrews. After a meeting between Albany and the Bishop elect at Abernethy in the summer of 1402, Thomas renounced his rights as Bishop and allowed a new "election" to take place. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... The Lollards, a religious sect taught by John Wycliffe, were persecuted for their beliefs. ... The Bishop of St. ... A see (from the Latin word sedem, meaning seat) is the throne (cathedra) of a bishop. ... Benedict XIII, born Pedro Martínez de Luna, (b. ... Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... David Stewart (October 24, 1378 - 1402) was (from 1390) the heir to the throne of Scotland and (from 1398) the first Duke of Rothesay. ... Robert Stewart or Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany (c. ... Dumbarton Castle has the longest recorded history of any stronghold in Great Britain. ...


  • Boardman, Stephen, The Early Stewart Kings: Robert II and Robert III, 1371-1406, (East Linton, 1996)
  • Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912)
Religious Posts
Preceded by
Walter Trail
Bishop of St. Andrews
(Cill Rìmhinn)

elect only
Succeeded by
Walter de Danyelston
and Gilbert Greenlaw (unconsecrated)
Henry Wardlaw (consecrated)

  Results from FactBites:
Marjorie Lawrence 2001 Thomas Stewart Bio - Opera Music Theater International (364 words)
Thomas Stewart is unique in the world of opera.
Thomas Stewart was the recipient of the 1985 San Francisco Opera medal for 25 years of distinguished performance with that company.
Stewart soon became world-renowned for his repertoire of Wagnerian roles, including thirteen years at the Bayreuth Festival and as the first American baritone to sing all four leading roles in the ring cycle of Wagner at the Festival.
98-3236 -- Stewart v. Thomas -- 04/12/1999 (2198 words)
Stewart's appellate brief challenges the prison's change of religion policy on two grounds: (1) that the policy is unconstitutional on its face; and (2) that the policy was unconstitutional as applied to him to deny him special Ramadan meals in 1997.
Stewart of allowing inmates to prove their religion through circumstantial evidence and affording prison officials the discretion to decide "ad hoc" what religion a particular person practices ­ accommodates prisoners' religious rights at the least costs to prison interests and is "reasonably related to legitimate penological objectives." Mosier, 937 F.2d at 1525.
Stewart has not alleged that the defendants failed to enforce the policy towards all inmates, and he has no right to be exempted from a valid, generally applicable prison regulation.
  More results at FactBites »



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