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Encyclopedia > Thomas Langley

Cardinal Thomas Langley (b. 1363 - d. 20th November 1437) was a dean of York, bishop of Durham (1406-1437), and Lord Chancellor of England, two times and to three kings (1405-07). In turn keeper of the King's signet and Keeper of the Privy Seal before becoming de facto England's first Foreign Secretary. He was the second longest serving Chancellor of the Middle Ages. Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 - 1363 - 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 See also: 1363 state leaders Events Magnus II, King of Sweden, is deposed by Albert of Mecklenburg. ... (Redirected from 20th November) November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events foundation of All Souls College, University of Oxford. ... Dean is a title given to some institutions senior or supervisory staff: Look up dean in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... York Minster Close The southwest tower of York Minster Inside York Minster The interior of the tower York Minster is an imposing Gothic cathedral in York, northern England. ... Arms of the Bishop of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the officer of the Church of England responsible for the diocese of Durham, one of the oldest in the country. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... The Lord Privy Seal or Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal is one of the traditional sinecure offices in the British Cabinet. ...


Langley was born in Middleton, the third son of Alice and William. In 1375 he was sent to St Mary's Abbey, Thetford, a feeder for Corpus Christi in Cambridge. Langley attended this college until it was ransacked and destroyed by the Poll Tax rioters on 15th June 1381. Middleton is a small town in Greater Manchester, England. ... Full name The College of Corpus Christi and the Blessed Virgin Mary in Cambridge Motto There is a toast, Floreat antiqua domus (May the old house flourish), from which the colleges nickname, Old House, is derived Named after The citys Guilds of Corpus Christi and the Blessed Virgin... A poll tax, soul tax, or capitation is a tax of a uniform, fixed amount per individual (as opposed to a percentage of income). ... (Redirected from 15th June) June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... Events June 12 - Peasants Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath. ...


He returned to Middleton and in 1385 was appointed rector of Radcliffe. The following year saw him appointed Dean of York. This was blocked by Pope Boniface IX, because of Langley's part in the deposition and murder of Richard II. The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings. ... Radcliffe is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester (historically in Lancashire), England. ... Dean is a title given to some institutions senior or supervisory staff: Look up dean in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Boniface IX, né Piero Tomacelli (1356 – October 1, 1404), was the second Roman Pope of the Western Schism from November 2, 1389 – until October 1, 1404). ... Richard II (January 6, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born at Bordeaux and became his fathers heir when his elder brother died in infancy. ...


In October 1404, Langley was elected Bishop of London. The new Pope, Innocent VII, refused to allow his installation and on 2nd March, 1405 he was appointed Chancellor for the first time. From then on until his semi-retirement in 1430, Langley spent 5,670 days in the service of the crown. He now lived in an inn in Holborn in the City of London. Within 20 days [[Archbishop Scrope of York rebelled, was captured and executed after a show trial. Langley was elected as Archbishop which the Pope again disapproved of and excommunicated Langley and King Henry. Events June 14 - Owain Glyndwr of Wales allies with the French against the English and the Henry of Lancaster. ... Arms of the Bishop of London The Bishop of London is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. ... Innocent VII, né Cosimo de Migliorati (ca. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... Events May 29 - Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland, meets Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Earl of Norfolk Thomas Mowbray in Shipton Moor, tricks them to send their rebellious army home and then imprisons them June 8 - Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in... // Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians First use of optical methods in the creation of Art A map of Europe in 1430. ... Holborn (pronounced ho-bun or ho-burn) is a place in London, named after a tributary to the river Fleet that flowed through the area, the Hole-bourne (the stream in the hollow). ... Coat of arms The City of London is a small area in Greater London. ... Richard le Scrope (c1350- June 1405) was born into a prominent Yorkshire family, the fourth son of Henry, first Baron Scrope of Masham. ... Excommunication is religious censure which is used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community. ... // Birth and life before accession - relationship with Richard II - exile - return and usurpation Henry IV (April 3, 1367 – March 20, 1413) was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, hence the other name by which he was known, Henry of Bolingbroke. His father, John of Gaunt was the third and oldest...


The excommunication was lifted the following year and Langley was installed as Bishop of Durham in St Paul's Cathedral in 1406. In 1407 he resigned his Chancellorship and on the same day he was appointed what was in effect the first Foreign Minister of England[citation needed]. St Pauls Cathedral from the south St Pauls Cathedral is a cathedral on Ludgate Hill, in the City of London, England and the seat of the Bishop of London. ... Events Construction of Forbidden City begins in Beijing. ... Events November 20 - A solemn truce between John, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspicies of John, Duke of Berry. ...


In 1411 he was awarded a Cardinal's hat, an honour he refused. In 1412, in his first visit to his birthplace since 1385, he completed an early rebuilding of the Norman parish church at Middleton, a Grade 1 Listed building, adding a new wooden tower and a chantry for use as a school for local children and reconsecrating it to St Leonard, in 1412, and rededicated it to St Leonard. The same year he also founded a school related to the church (which survives as Middleton Grammar School, now known as Queen Elizabeth's Senior High School, it being the oldest founded school in Greater Manchester). He also founded Durham School. Events February 11 : Peace of ToruÅ„ 1411 signed in ToruÅ„, Poland Births September 21 - Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (died 1460) Juan de Mena, Spanish poet (died 1456) Deaths June 3 - Duke Leopold IV of Austria (born 1371) November 4 - Khalil Sultan, ruler of... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan. ... Events August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese under John I of Portugal and the Castilians, under John I of Castile. ... Chantry is a term for the English establishment of a shrine or chapel on private land where monks or priests would say (or chant) prayers on a fixed schedule, usually for someone who had died. ... Leonard of Noblac or Leonard of Limoges ( - 559) was a Frankish noble in the court of Clovis I. He was converted to Christianity along with the king, by Saint Remigius (Saint Rémy), Bishop of Reims. ... Durham School is an independent British boarding and day school in Durham. ...


Henry IV died the following year in Westminster Abbey, Langley his executor at his side. During the reign of his successor Henry V, he spent 3/4 of his time in the service of the crown - a politician first and churchman second - and at Windsor on 28th September, 1422, as Chancellor, he delivered up the gold seal of England in a purse of white leather to his infant sovereign Henry VI. (Rymer's 'Foedera,' vol. x. fol. 253). He returned to Middleton for the last time in 1424. // Events March 20 - Henry V becomes King of England Project of Annals of Joseon Dynasty began. ... The Abbeys western façade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often considered one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... Henry V, (August 9 or September 16, 1387 – August 31, 1422), King of England (1413-1422), son of Henry IV by Mary de Bohun, was born at Monmouth, Wales, in August or September 1386 or 1387. ... Windsor Castle: The Round Tower or keep dominating the castle, as seen from the River Thames. ... (Redirected from 28th September) September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years). ... Events January 10 - Battle of Nemecky Brod during the Hussite Wars. ... Henry VI (December 6, 1421 – May 21/22, 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 (though with a Regent until 1437) and then from 1470 to 1471, and King of France from 1422 to 1453. ... Events August 17 - Battle of Verneuil - An English force under John, Duke of Bedford defeats a larger French army under the Duke of Alençon, John Stuart, and Earl Archibald of Douglas. ...

Langley's alterations to the Galilee Chapel
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Langley's alterations to the Galilee Chapel

From 1430 until his death he attended to his diocese, something he had, by his own admission, neglected, continuing with various diplomatic work when called upon by the government. He made major alterations to the west end of Durham Cathedral, blocking the Great West Door with an altar and his own tomb, thus necessitating the construction of the two later doors to north and south, and the great buttresses on the outside of the west walls, which prevent the building from slipping into the river (for Hugh de Puiset's architect could not be bothered with foundations and sank the base of his pillars hardly more than a foot or two below the ground). // Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians First use of optical methods in the creation of Art A map of Europe in 1430. ... Durham Cathedral silhouetted against the sunset Durham Cathedral from nearby The Rose Window in the Chapel of the Nine Altars. ... Hugh de Puiset (c. ...


External links

  • Middleton Guardian
Religious Posts
Preceded by:
Walter Skirlaw
Bishop of Durham
1406–1437
Succeeded by:
Robert Neville
Political Offices
Preceded by:
Henry Cardinal Beaufort
Lord Chancellor
1405–1407 etc
Succeeded by:
Thomas Arundel

 
 

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