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Encyclopedia > Thomas Jefferson Building
The Thomas Jefferson Building at the Library of Congress
The Thomas Jefferson Building at the Library of Congress

The oldest of the three United States Library of Congress buildings, the Thomas Jefferson Building opened in 1897. It is known for its elaborately decorated facade and interior, for which more than forty American painters and sculptors produced commissioned works of art. Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The word facade (or façade) can mean one of several things. ...


Needing more room for its growing collection the the Library of Congress under Librarian Ainsworth Rand Spofford suggested to the Congress that a new building be built specifically to serve as the American national library. Prior to this the Library existed in a wing of the Capitol Building. The new building was needed partly because of the growing Congress, but also partly because of the Copyright Law of 1870, which required all copyright applicants to send to the Library two copies of their work. This resulted in a flood of books, pamphlets, maps, music, prints and photographs. Spofford had been instrumental in the this law. Ainsworth Rand Spofford Ainsworth Rand Spofford (September 12, 1825 – August 11, 1908) was the sixth United States Librarian of Congress, serving from 1864 to 1897. ... Modern-style library In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... United States Capitol Capitol Hill redirects here. ...

With Congress approving construction of the building in 1886, it would take 11 years to complete. The building opened to the public on November 1, 1897 and was met with wide approval and was immediately seen as a national monument. Originally called simply the "Library of Congress Building" its name was changed on June 13, 1980 to honor former U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, who had been a key figure in the establishment of the Library in 1800. Jefferson offered his personal book collection to Congress in September 1814 a month after the British had burned the Capitol in the War of 1812. 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This page refers to the war between the United States of America and Great Britain. ...


The below references are public domain websites of the Library of Congress

  • http://www.loc.gov/loc/walls/jeff1.html - "On These Walls" Library of Congress website
  • http://www.loc.gov/jefftour/history.html - Thomas Jefferson Building

See also

Seal of Congress United States Capitol Complex United States Capitol
United States Capitol Building
Library of Congress Buildings
John Adams Building | Thomas Jefferson Building | James Madison Memorial Building
Senate Office Buildings
Dirksen Senate Office Building | Hart Senate Office Building | Russell Senate Office Building
House Office Buildings
Cannon House Office Building | Longworth House Office Building | Rayburn House Office Building
Other Buildings
United States Botanic Garden | Capitol Power Plant | Supreme Court | United States Capitol Visitor Center



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